Articles

Found 15 Documents
Search

PENGARUH KOMPOSISI MINERAL AIR TANAH TERHADAP FISIOLOGI DAN HISTOLOGI UDANG VANAME LITOPENAEUS VANNAMEI Dwiono, Agus; Widigdo, Bambang; Soewardi, Kadarwan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 10 No. 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v10i3.21049

Abstract

ABSTRAKBanyak petambak udang vaname L. vannamei di pantai utara Jawa menggunakan air tanah (groundwater) sebagai media budidaya dengan tujuan untuk menghindari berbagai kontaminan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi komposisi mineral utama air tanah di kabupaten Karawang (Jawa Barat), serta pengaruhnya terhadap performa pertumbuhan, fisiologi dan histologi udang vaname. Penelitian dengan metode ex post-facto didasarkan pada pengamatan tiga kolam budidaya selama 83 hari masa pemeliharaan. Antar kolam penelitian terdapat perbedaan nyata (p<0,05) pada parameter salinitas (12-16 ppt), SO42? (148-642 mg/L) dan Na/K (26,6-45,2). Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan udang memiliki bobot tubuh rata-rata (ABW) sebesar 8,83; 17,3; dan 18,5 g serta sintasan (SR) sebesar 37,7; 81,7; dan 78,3% masing-masing untuk kolam A, B dan C. Rendahnya ABW dan SR kolam A diperkirakan karena pengaruh infeksi Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei. Udang dari kolam C (Na/K=45,2) memiliki konsentrasi glukosa hemolim lebih tinggi dibanding kolam B (Na/K=26,6), yang mengindikasikan bahwa udang kolam C lebih terpapar stres. Hepatopankreas udang kolam C mengalami beberapa kelainan berupa atrofi tubulus, sloughing cell, dan penurunan jumlah sel sekretori, sementara kelainan tersebut tidak ditemukan pada kolam B. Meskipun relatif tidak ada perbedaan performa pertumbuhan antara kolam B dengan kolam C, namun secara fisiologis dan histologis terdapat perbedaan yang dimungkinkan akibat dari perbedaan rasio Na/K media. ABSTRACTMany shrimp farmers on the northern coast of Java used groundwater as a culture media in order to avoid various contaminants. This study aimed to evaluate the major mineral composition of inland saline groundwater (ISGW) in Karawang (West Java, Indonesia) and its effects on the growth, physiology, and histology of L. vannamei. Ex post-facto study was done based on observations of three ponds during 83 days of shrimp culture. Between ponds there were significant differences (p <0.05) on salinity (12-16 ppt), SO42? (148-642 mg/L) and Na/K (26.6-45.2). The results showed that shrimp?s average body weight (ABW) and survival rate (SR) of pond A, B and C was 8.83, 17.3, and 18.5 g; and 37.7, 81.7, and 78.3% respectively. The low ABW and SR of pond A were possibly due to the influence of Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei infection. Pond C (Na/K=45.2) significantly has a higher shrimp?s hemolymph glucose concentration than pond B (Na/K=26.6), indicated more exposed to stress. Similarly, shrimp?s hepatopancreas of pond C has some abnormalities that were not found in pond B. Although relatively there was no difference in the growth performance between pond B and pond C, but physiologically and histologically there were some differences that possibly due to the difference in Na/K ratio of the media.
THE RESEARCH AIMS TO FIND OUT THE EXISTENCE AND THE MOST DOMINANT ROTIFERA IN COASTAL TERRITORIAL WATERS AND ESTUARIES IN NORTH SULAWESI, AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH TEMPERATURE, SALINITY, TURBIDITY, DISSOLVED OXYGEN, AND NUTRIENTS.  THE RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED IN MANEMBO-NEMBO, MINANGA, WORI, AND TUMPAAN.  IDENTIFICATION OF ROTIFERA REVEALED THREE SPECIES OF ROTIFERA FROM ALL LOCATIONS, I.E. BRACHIONUS ROTUNDIFORMIS, BRACHIONUS CAUDATUS, AND BRACHIONUS QUADRIDENTATUS, WITH ABUNDANCE VALUE OF 1 Rimper, Joice R.T.S.L.; Kaswadji, Richardus F.; Widigdo, Bambang; Sugiri, Nawangsari
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol. 31 No. 1 (2008): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The research aims to find out the existence and the most dominant rotifera in coastal territorial waters and estuaries in North Sulawesi, and their relationship with temperature, salinity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients.  The research was conducted in Manembo-nembo, Minanga, Wori, and Tumpaan.  Identification of rotifera revealed three species of rotifera from all locations, i.e. Brachionus rotundiformis, Brachionus caudatus, and Brachionus quadridentatus, with abundance value of 1984.4 ind/m3; 26.1 ind/m3; and 212.9 ind/m3 respectively.  Result of analysis indicates that abundance of those three rotifera are significantly different both between locations and sampling sites.  The  abundance of B. rotundiformis in Manembo-nembo and Minanga is higher compared to those in Wori and Tumpaan.  The abundance of B. caudatus is higher in Manembo-nembo and Minanga compared to those in Wori and Tumpaan.  The abundance of B. quadridentatus is also different from the other two species, the abundance is sifnificantly different in Minanga compared to those in Manembo-nembo and Tumpaan, but is not significantly different with those from Wori.  The highest abundance of B. rotundiformis was found in brackishwater pond and the lowest was in coastal area.   Key words: bioecology, rotifera, coastal water, estuary
NITRIFIKASI DALAM BIODEGRADASI LIMBAH TAMBAK Sitorus, Hasan; Widigdo, Bambang; W . Lay, Bibiana; Soewardi, Kadarwan
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 12 No. 1 (2005): Juni 2005
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.515 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui laju nitrifikasi dan bakteri yang paling efektif membentuk nitrat dalam biodegradasi limbah tambak udang. Percobaan dilakukan dengan 6 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan dengan media percobaan limbah tambak biasa dan limbah tambak steril. Hasil percobaan memperlihatkan bahwa semakin tinggi kadar OSS dalam media percobaan, laju nitrifikasi semakin rendah, tetapi populasi mikroba nitrifikasi semakin tinggi. Laju nitrifikasi berkisar antara 0.0059 ? 0.0089 ppm/hari, dengan laju tertinggi diperoleh pada perlakuan T2 (kadar TSS 200 ppm, OSS 147.30 ppm, amonia 0.22 ppm) dan terendah pada perlakuan T0 (kadar TSS 100 ppm, OSS 58.20 ppm, amonia 0.19 ppm). Bakteri nitrifikasi yang paling efektif membentuk nitrat dalam media percobaan adalah Nitrococcus sp. untuk perlakuan T0 dan T1, Nitrospira sp.untuk perlakuan T2 dan T3, dan Nitrobacter sp. untuk perlakuan T4 dan T5. Dalam media limbah tambak steril, laju nitrifikasi setiap jenis bakteri berkisar antara 0.0039 ? 0.0069 ppm/hari dengan tingkat efektivitas rata-rata 72.02%. Bakteri yang paling efektif membentuk nitrat dalam biodegradasi limbah tambak udang adalahNitrospira marina.Kata Kunci: biodegradasi, limbah tambak udang, nitrifikasi.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN BAHAN ORGANIK TERLARUT (GLUKOSA) TERHADAP KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP LARVA IKAN BETUTU ,OXYELEOTRIS MARMORATA (BLKR) Jamal, Muhammad; Affandi, Ridwan; Widigdo, Bambang; Soewardi, Kadarwan
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 2 No. 2 (1994): Desember 1994
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10.661 KB)

Abstract

Suatu penelitian untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian glukosa ke dalam media pemeliharaan terhadap kelangsungan hidup laIVa ikan betutu, Oxyeleotris mamlOrata, Blkr telah dilaksanakan di laboratorium. LaIVa ikan betutu yang baru menetas (0 hari) dipelihara pada stoples beIVolume 1 liter dengan penambahan glukosa tertentu, sehingga tekanan osmotik berkisar antara ° -476,0 mOsm/kg H20. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa media pemeliharaan laNa terbaik adalah 91,0 mOsm/kg H20 dan memberikan derajat kelangsungan hidup laIVa tertinggi sebesar : 94,44 % ,82,22 % dan 27,44 % pada jam ke 40,72 dan 120.Kata-kata kunci : glukosa, larva, derajat kelangsungan hidup
TINGKAT PEMANFAATAN PAKAN DAN KELAYAKAN KUALITAS AIR SERTA ESTIMASI PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI UDANG VANAME (LITOPENAEUS VANNAMEI, BOONE 1931) PADA SISTEM INTENSIF Budiardi, Tatag; Muluk, Chairul; Widigdo, Bambang; Praptokardiyo, Kardiyo; Soedharma, Dedi
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 2 (2008): Desember 2008
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (304.405 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAKPenelitian tingkat pemanfaatan pakan dan kelayakan kualitas air serta estimasi pertumbuhan dan produksi udang vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei) pada sistem intensif telah dilakukan di Pelabuan Ratu, Jawa Barat pada bulan Mei sampai Agustus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi tingkat pemanfaatan pakan dan kelayakan kualitas air pada sistem budidaya udang vaname intensif. Penelitian ini didasarkan pada observasi enam tambak selama satu masa pemeliharaan (100 hari) dengan desain kausal dan metode ex postfactountuk mendapatkan data kualitas air dan produksi udang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, bahwa penurunan kualitas air mulai terjadi pada pemeliharaan hari ke-40 dan terus menurun sampai akhir pemeliharaan. Tingkat pemanfaatan pakan yang tinggi menghasilkan kelayakan kualitas air dan laju pertumbuhan yang tinggi sehingga menghasilkan produksi biomassa udang yang tinggi. Model hubungan jumlah pakan yang diberikan (x) dan biomassa yang dihasilkan (y) berupa regresi kuadratik y = 0.00006x2 + 1.3506x + 7.3864 (R2 = 0.9801) sehingga biomassa maksimum tercapai pada 7 593 kg dengan pemberian pakan sebanyak 11 255 kg atau FCR sebesar 1.48.Kata kunci: sistem intensif, udang, pakan, kualitas air, biomassa, tambak.ABSTRACTA study on feed utilization, and the suitability of water quality and the estimation of vaname shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) growth and production of an intensive system was conducted in Pelabuan Ratu, West Java during Mei-Agustus. The research was aim at evaluating feeding practices, and suitability of its water quality obtained. This study was based on observations six ponds during one growout period (100 days) with causal design and ex post-facto method to obtain data on water quality and production. The result showed that degradation of water quality occurred not until the 40th day of cultivation, and progressively decreased up to the end of the growout period. The high level of feed utilization produced suitable water quality, and high shrimp growth rates, thus, yielding high shrimp biomass. Feed-shrimp biomass relationship could be expressed by the following quadratic regression: y = 0.00006x2 + 1.3506x + 7.3864 (R2 = 0.9801), from which the maximum shrimp biomass was reached at 7 593 kg on 11 255 kg feed, giving a feed conversion ratio of 1.48.Keywords: intensive system, shrimp, feed, water quality, biomass, tambak.
KAJIAN DAYA DUKUNG LINGKUNGAN KAWASAN PERTAMBAKAN DI PANTURA KABUPATEN GRESIK JAWA TIMUR D. Prasita, V.; Widigdo, Bambang; Hardjowigeno, S.; Budiharsono, S.
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 2 (2008): Desember 2008
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.483 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengkaji daya dukung lingkungan kawasan pertambakan di Gresik Jawa Timur. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode survei dan pengumpulan data sekunder dari berbagai hasil penelitian lain maupun hasil laporan instansi terkait. Penelitian ini menggunakan tiga pendekatan analisis daya dukung lingkungan, yaitu: analisis regresi, metode kuantitatif ketersediaan air di perairan, dan metode pembobotan yang diambil dari kelas kesesuaian lahan. Hasil kajian memperlihatkan bahwa pemanfaatan lahan pesisir untuk pertambakan di daerah studi sudah melampaui daya dukung lingkungannya. Fenomena ini terlihat dari produksi tambak maksimum 12 134.4 ton pada saat luas lahannya 10 943.5 ha pada tahun 1999. Dengan pendekatan pertama, analisis regresi, luas lahan yang dapat didukung untuk budidaya tambak tradisional sebesar 9 378.89 ha. Pendekatan kedua dengan metode kuantitatif menghasilkan luas lahan yang dapat didukung untuk budidaya tradisional, semi-intensif dan intensif berturut-turut 9 413.49 ha, 1 647.36 ha dan 941.35 ha. Pendekatan terakhir menghasilkan luas area yang dapat didukung untuk kegiatan budidaya bandeng (Chanos chanos) sebesar 9 882.89 ha dan budidaya udang secara tradisional sebesar 9 457.28 ha. Hasil penilaian daya dukung lingkungan pertambakan dengan tiga pendekatan tersebut saling mendukung dan melengkapi dalam proses penentuan batas pengembangan maupun pengelolaan kawasan pertambakan di daerah studi secara berkelanjutan.Kata kunci: kawasan pertambakan, kesesuaian lahan, daya dukung lingkungan.ABSTRACTThis research was carried out to analyze the environmental carrying capacity of brackishwater fishponds. The research had been conducted in Gresik, East Java by using the survey method and collecting secondary data from the other researches and related institutions. In this research, three approaches used for analyzing the environmental carrying capacity of the brackishwater fishponds zone, ie.: regression analysis, quantitative method for water availability and weighted methods for land suitability grade. The result showed that utilization of coastal land for the brackishwater fishponds surpassed to its environmental carrying capacity. This phenomenon had once showed in 1999 that maximum production of brackishwater ponds of 12 134.4 tons occupied 10 943.5 ha land areas. By using regression analysis, land area suggested for aquaculture is 9 378.89 ha. By using water quantity method, the land areas suggested for traditional, semi-intensive and intensive cultures are 9 413.49 ha, 1 647.36 ha and 941.35 ha, respectively. The third approach suggested that the land which can be used for milkfish (Chanos chanos) culture is 9 882.89 ha and for shrimp culture is 9 457.28 ha. Those results are useful to assess sustainable development and management of brakishwater pond zone in the North Coast of Gresik Regency.Key words: brackishwater pond area, land suitability, environmental carrying capacity.
Produktitvitas Diatom Perifitik yang Ditumbuhkan pada tipe Subtrat Berbeda Sebagai Alternatif Penyediaan Pakan Alami Udang Pratiwi, Niken T.M.; Adiwilaga, Enan M.; Widigdo, Bambang; Soedharma, Dedi
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 4, No 3 (2007): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5695.068 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v4i3.3262

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe Productivity of Periphytic Diatom Grown on Different Types of Substrates asan Alternative on Providing Natural Feed for shrimp. Providing natural feed is anattempt to support fisheries culture in a polite way for the sustainability of environment.Periphytic community is living aquatic resources that have a potential value for thispurpose. The major component of saline water periphytic community is diatom.The study was emphasized on diatom presentation grown on two types of artificialsubstrates: biocrete (sand, palm fiber, cement) and zeocrete (zeolite, palm fiber, cement).The reseach was conducted in laboratory with an experimen design follows split splitplot in times. The aim of the research is to study the ecological factor and availablenutrients to support the growth of periphitic diatoms (Amphora, Cyclotella, Melosira,Navicula, Phaeodactylum, and Thallassiosira) on two different substrates. Theproductivity of diatom, and the effect of shrimp larvae on the diatom productivity werealso analyzed. Two fertilized materials (biocrete and zeocrete) with two main treatmentsand three levels of treatments each, and unfertilized materials were used as artificialsubstrates for periphitic diatoms. The results show that all treatment could give sufficientbiological available nutrient for the diatoms. The highest diatom productivity was achievedby the population on third level ratio of fertilized biocrete and zeocrete (added by fertilizedwith N:P ratio of 30:l). Diatom productivity follows the shrimp larvae grazing. Theshrimp larvae could grow well on the media with diatom that were grown on fertilizedbiocrete.Key words: periphytic diatoms, natural feed, biocrete, zeocrete, productivity
ESTIMASI DAYA DUKUNG LINGKUNGAN PESISIR UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN AREAL TAMBAK BERDASARKAN LAJU BIODEGRADASI LIMBAH TAMBAK DI PERAIRAN PESISIR KABUPATEN SERANG Sitorus, Hasan; Widigdo, Bambang; W . Lay, Bibiana; Soewardi, Kadarwan
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 12 No. 2 (2005): Desember 2005
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.001 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengestimasi daya dukung lingkungan pesisir Kabupaten Serang untuk pengembangan budidaya tambak berdasarkan laju biodegradasi limbah organik tambak di perairan pesisir. Laju biodegradasi OSS adalah 10.78 ppm/hari untuk perlakuan T0 (kontrol), 14.24 ppm/hari untuk perlakuan T1 (TSS 100 ppm, OSS 58.08 ppm), 12.75 ppm/hari untuk perlakuan T2 (TSS 200 ppm, OSS 145.72 ppm),11.34 ppm/hari untuk perlakuan T3 (TSS 300 ppm, OSS 234.22 ppm), 9.38 ppm/hari untuk perlakuan T4(TSS 400 ppm, OSS 321.86 ppm), dan 8.40 ppm/hari untuk perlakuan T5 (TSS 500 ppm, OSS 410.35 ppm). Dengan musim tanam udang 2 kali dan laju biodegradasi OSS 14.76 ppm/hari, daya dukung maksimum lingkungan pesisir Kabupaten Serang untuk budidaya tambak udang adalah 1 090.55 ha untuk tambak intensif,2 220.82 ha untuk tambak semi intensif, dan 12 595.07 ha untuk tambak tradisional plus. Kombinasi optimum luas tambak yang sesuai dengan potensi lahan tambak adalah 149.16 ha (13.6%)tambak intensif, 975.61 ha (42.6%) tambak semi intensif, dan 5 875.23 ha (43.8%) tambak tradisional plus.Kata kunci: daya dukung, budidaya udang, biodegradasi, zona pesisir.
DISTRIBUTION OF MONOGONONT ROTIFERS, Branchionus spp IN NORTH SULAWESI Rimper, Joice; Kaswadji, Richardus; Widigdo, Bambang; Sugiri, Nawangsari; Rumengan, Inneke
Marine Research in Indonesia Vol 32, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Research Center for Oceanography - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (7372.399 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/mri.v32i2.443

Abstract

In order to characterize the distribution pattern of rotifers Brachionus spp. in North Sulawesi, sample collections have been conducted at four locations, two at east coast and other two at west coast of North Sulawesi peninsula, which are connected to Maluku and Sulawesi Seas, respectively. At each location, a 40 p.m mesh size plankton net with a 0.3 m opening diameter was horizontally towed at three sites to represent coastal water, estuary and brachkiswater pond. Sampling periods were in January and August 2005 to represent west monsoon and east monsoon, respectively. Each sampling was performed twice a day during high and low tide. Some environmental factors were also measured in situ during the sampling. Three species of Brachionus were found during the survey, Brachionus rotundiformis, B. caudatus and B. quadridentatus. Their abundances were significantly different, both between locations and sampling sites. However, among the similar habitat such as between Manembo-nembo and Minanga brachkishwater ponds, B. rotundiforms abundance was not significantly different. This species was the most abundant compared to the other two species, in average 1984,4 ind/m3, while the other species was as low as 26,1 ind/m3 and 212,9 ind/m3 for B. caudatus and B. quadridentatus, respectively. The abundance of rotifers in northern areas connected to Molluccas Sea is higher compared to those in the southern areas connected to Sulawesi Sea. Distribution of B. caudatus is very similar to those of B. rotundiformis, while B. quadridentatus appears to have its specific pattern. Results of this study suggest that the abundance and species composition of the rotifers reflect trophic status of the aquatic ecosystem in the area. It is still awaiting future studies to elaborate the impacts of the trophic gradients in horizontal distribution of rotifers. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct a long term monitoring with emphasis on the structure of rotifer assemblages in a variety of sites subjected to environmental perturbations, including anthropogenic contaminant inputs.
KAJIAN PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PESISIR BERBASIS PENGELOLAAN BERKELANJUTAN PADA BUDIDAYA BANDENG DI PESISIR KABUPATEN KARAWANG Rachmanzah, Dicky; Widigdo, Bambang; Wardiatno, Yusli
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 9, No 1 (2014): Juni (2014)
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Sosial Eonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (746.144 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jsekp.v9i1.31

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) menilai kesesuaian pelaksanaan dan capaian tujuan program penberdayaan melalui penilaian Indeks Pelaksanaan Program dan Indeks Pencapaian Tujuan;  (2) mengidentifikasi  pengaruh  variabel  pelaksanaan  sebagaimana  disebutkan  dalam  pedoman pemberdayaan terhadap tujuan program pemberdayaan dalam dimensi ekologis, ekonomi, dan  sosial, serta; (3) merumuskan strategi perbaikan yang perlu dilakukan sehingga pelaksanaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat pesisir dapat terlaksana dan berlanjut secara efektif. Metode penelitian  yang digunakan adalah metode survey. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) Indeks Pelaksanaan Program adalah sebesar 2,39 dengan kategori ‘Baik’. Indikator yang memerlukan upaya perbaikan  yaitu indikator ketepatan waktu penyaluran bantuan; (2) Indeks Pencapaian Tujuan sebesar 2,11 dengan kategori Cukup. Indikator capaian tujuan peningkatan kualitas lingkungan dan peningkatan kelembagaan kelompok memerlukan upaya perbaikan guna pencapaian kategori yang lebih baik; (3) Terhadap pencapaian tujuan dalam dimensi ekonomi berupa peningkatan produksi budidaya, variabel ketepatan waktu penyaluran, kecukupan jumlah bantuan, dan aktivitas pendampingan berpengaruh positif, sedangkan variabel kejadian kekeringan berpengaruh negatif; (4) Untuk pencapaian tujuan dalam  dimensi  sosial,  hanya  variabel  aktivitas  pendampingan  yang  berpengaruh  signifikan  terhadap peningkatan kelembagaan kelompok, dan; (5) Keseluruhan variabel pelaksanaan tidak berpengaruh terhadap capaian tujuan dalam dimensi ekologis berupa peningkatan kualitas lingkungan. Dengan memperhatikan hasil analisis, beberapa opsi kebijakan yang perlu dilakukan oleh Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan yaitu: (1) penyesuaian waktu penyaluran bantuan dengan musim tanam untuk meningkatkan efektifitas capaian tujuan dalam dimensi ekonomi; (2) peningkatan dukungan terhadap aktivitas pendampingan oleh tenaga penyuluh, untuk meningkatkan capaian tujuan dalam dimensi sosial, dan; (3) peningkatkan capaian tujuan dalam dimensi ekologis, berupa peningkatan kualitas lingkungan melalui pemberian intensif bagi pembudidaya yang memiliki sertifikat cara budidaya ikan yang baik (CBIB)(Title: Implementation Study of The Coastal Communities Empowerment Program Based on Sustainable Management of Milkfish Cultured In The Coastal Regency of Karawang)This study aimed to: (1) assess the suitability of the empowerment program implementation and  goals through the introduction of programs implementation Indexes and achievement of goals indexes;  (2) identify influences of enforcement variable mentioned in empowerment guidelines against goals of empowerment programs, the objectives in the form of economic, social, and ecology dimensions, and; (3) formulate strategy that needs to be done so the program can continue and be implemented effectively  in achieving its goal. Survey was used as the research method. The result of studies have shown that:  (1) Program Implementation Index that states performance level of coastal community empowerment program is worth 2.39 with the Good category. Performance indicators that require improvement efforts in order to achieve a better category , i.e. punctuality indicators of aid distribution; (2) Achievement Index that states the level of achievement goals of empowerment program is worth 2.11 with moderate 14 categories. The whole purpose of indicators that include increased production, increased institutional  farmer group, and improving the quality of the environment in the category of quite and require attention  and improvement efforts in order to achieve a better category; (3) against the objectives in the form of economic, variable aid delivery timeliness,adequacy of the amount of aid, and mentoring activity has a positive effect, while the incidence of drought has negative impact; (4) against the objectives in the form of social, only mentoring activities has a positive effect, and; (5) all of implementation variable hasn’t  effect against the objectives in the form of ecology. By considering the results of the analysis, some policy options that need to be done by Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries are: 1) timing adjustment aid to the fish cultivation to increase the effectiveness of objectives in the form of economic; (2) Improved support for mentoring activities, to increase the objectives in the form of social; (3) and improvement of objectives in the form of ecology objectives through the rovision of intensive to the farmers who are  certified best aquaculture practiced