Articles

Keandalan Manusia (Human Reliabilily Assesmenl) Pada Masinis PT. KAI Daop IV Kota Semarang Mustika Hati, Arlina; Widjasena, Baju; Wahyuni, Ida
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.361 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.11.1.1-7

Abstract

Tuntutan tugas masinis terhadap keselamatan penumpang serta pengguna jalan menuntut masinis untuk memiliki keandalan tinggi dalam pengoperasian KA. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis keandalan masinis dengan mengidentifikasi kesalahan yang mungkin teriadi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif dengan menggunakan metode HEART dalam perhitungan keandalan masinis dan NASA TLX sebagai pengukuran beban kerja mental secara subjektif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dari perhitungan NASA TLX, pekerjaan masinis termasuk dalam beban kerja berat dimana 81,41% informan mengalami beban kerja mental tinggi. Nilai R total yang dihitung dengan metode HEART diperoleh 0,66 dengan urutan nilai keandalan terbesar hingga terkecil adalah perjalanan KA di jalan bebas (0,99), persiapan dinas (0,99), persiapan keberangkatan (0,99), pemberangkatan masinis (0,99) dan penggunaan radio loko (0,70). Kata kunci : keandalan manusia, HEART, NASA TLX, masinis Human Reliahility Assesment of Train Engineer of PT. KAI DAOP IV Semarang City; Therefore, assessment of reliability and the factors that affect the operator error PT. KAI DAOP IV is significant for analysis. The purpose of this study is to analyze the reliability engineer to identify probability error. This study is a descriptive qualitative research method with the calculation of reliability HEART and NASA TLx to measuring subjective mental workload machinist. The result sof this research from NASA TLx that machinist jobs included in the heavy mental workload in which 81.41% of informants. The Reliability total value by HEART method obtained is 0.66 with the order of largest to smallest value is the train trip on the railway (0.99), preparation of service (0.99), preparation for departure(0.99), departure machinist (0.99) and the use of radio cab (0.70). Keyword : human reliability, HEART, NASA TLX, train engineer  
THE RELATION OF PHYSICAL WORKLOAD AND QUALITY OF SLEEP WITH FATIGUE OF CONSTRUCTION WORKER IN PT. X CITY OF SEMARANG Anggorokasih, Virgi Hesti; Widjasena, Baju; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): OKTOBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Construction workers are working use more physical strength so it results high physical workload. If the physical workload of workers increases, then workers will feel fatigue quickly. In addition, excessive work time causes the worker's rest and sleep time to be reduced and results in decreased stamina. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between physical workload and sleep quality with work fatigue in construction workers at PT. X City of Semarang. This research was a quantitative study with cross sectional design. The population of the study were 174 respondents. The sample were 52 workers at PT. X City of Semarang. This study used a pulse oxymeter to measure physical workload and a Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire to measure sleep quality of workers. Moreover, the Deary Liewald Reaction Time Tester was used to measure the level of work fatigue. The result showed that there is no relationship of physical workload (p-value = 0.326) with work fatigue and there is a relationship between sleep quality (p-value = 0.020) with work fatigue. Researcher suggest to improve existing dwellings, supervise hygiene and environmental sanitation of dwellings and do regular stretching at work.
Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Keselamatan Pada Kepala Proyek Terhadap Angka Kecelakaan Kerja PT. X Dan PT. Y Di Kota Solo Jawa Tengah Kartikawati, Marina; Widjasena, Baju; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 5 (2014): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Pada tahun 2003 terdapat 60.000 (enam puluh ribu) orang yang mengalami kecelakaan di lokasi kerja di sektor konstruksi. Satu per sepuluh (1/10) diantaranya mengalami kecelakaan berat yang mengakibatkan kematian atau kecacatan. Keselamatan kerja sangat erat kaitannya dengan kecelakaan kerja. Middle manager adalah orang yang memiliki kekuasaan penuh dalam keberlangsungan pelaksanaan suatu proyek konstruksi. Keputusan yang diambil merupakan hasil pemikiran dengan mempertimbangkan situasi problematis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tipe kepemimpinan dan pengaruhnya terhadap angka kecelakaan di PT. X dan PT. Y. Desain penelitian kualitatif dibuat agar dapat mendeskripsikan tipe kepemimpinan dan angka kecelakaan yang dihitung dengan menggunakan rumus. Subyek utama penelitian adalah pimpinan proyek yang terlibat dan terjun langsung ke lapangan yaitu Kepala Proyek,sedangkan untuk subyek triangulasi adalah staf K3 dan pekerja di proyek. Setelah dilakukan penelitian, didapatkan data bahwa kepemimpinan yang buruk memiliki pengaruh buruk terhadap tingginya angka kecelakaan di suatu lokasi kerja
HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI PEKERJA, KETERSEDIAAN DAN TATA LETAK SAFETY SIGN DENGAN KEPATUHAN PEKERJA (Studi kasus Pada Pekerja di Gudang Finished Goods PT Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur Tbk Semarang) Nugroho, Adhiatma Setiawan; Kurniawan, Bina; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): OKTOBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Safety sign is a risk hazard control that is administrative. Safety sign consists of safety information that must be understood by everyone who enters the work environment.The activity of lifting work in Finished Goods Warehouse has the potential to cause work accidents. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factor of the perception of employee, availability of infrastructure facilities, and placement of safety sign that iscorrelated with the workers in Finished Goods Warehouse. The dependent variable of this study was the compliance of workers. Meanwhile, the independent variables were the perception of employee, availability of infrastructure facilities, and placement of safety sign . This research was included as observational analytic study with a cross sectional study approach. The instruments of this study were questionnaires, and observation sheets. The sample of the study was 40 workers using the total sampling method.Based on the results of the Chi-Square statistical test, it isshowed that there was a correlation between the perception of workers(p-value = 0,018; α = 0.05), and the placement of safety sign (p-value = 0,006; α = 0.05) with the complianceof employee. However, there was no correlation between the availability of infrastructure (α = 0.05) withsafety sign . PT. Indofood CBP Sukses Makmur Tbk. Semarang Division Noodle is suggested to review the correct usage of language on safety sign s and use luminous materials in making safety sign . The writer advised the workers to obey and comprehend the existence of a safety sign in order to work safely.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA BEBAN KERJA MENTAL DENGAN STRES KERJA DOSEN DI SUATU FAKULTAS Pertiwi, Ella Marliani; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): MEI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Universities are the main pillar in the education system that is as a supporter of qualified human resources (HR). Therefore, lecturers are important components that determine whether a higher education is developed in academics or not. The number of demands and responsibilities that the lecturers should take, plus the environmental conditions and other triggering factors if the lecturers cannot adapt themselves then this will give pressure to the lecturers which will cause stress. The purpose of this research is to know the existence of the relation between mental workload and work stress of lecturers at Faculty, X University. This research used Cross Sectional design. The population is the lecturers in Faculty X,  X University in Semarang. The sample taking was done by total sampling technique, the sample in the research was 50 respondents. The independent variable is mental workload and the dependent variable is work stress. Data were collected by using a General Health Questationary (GHQ) -12 questionnaire to measure the work stress, while to measure the mental workload, it used questionnaires referring to NASA-TLX. The data obtained were analyzed by using Product Moment Pearson statistic test with the significance level of p = 0,05. The results showed that there is a relation between workload and work stress (ρ value: 0.25). The researcher suggested the Faculty to do mapping for lecturers’ workload in order to make it more structured.
ANALISIS SISTEM TANGGAP DARURAT KEBAKARAN DI AREA PRODUKSI INDUSTRI KIMIA PT. X TAHUN 2015 Ashary, Ifan Zanuar; Kurniawan, Bina; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

In indonesia, some of the accident there has been caused by dangerous chemicals, for example because of methane gas explosion in west sumatra, rubber and forth in a factory fire. Industry especially those who manage the level of harmful substances having a high fire risk. Causing industrial fire in a very large losses related to asset value because of high , the process of production and employment opportunities. PT . X is one of a company that has the potential dangers of fire and blasting great considering the materials used are among other combustible material ethanol, benzene, acetate of manganese, spiritus and so forth. The purpose of this research is analyzing emergency response system of fire in the area of the production of the chemical industry PT. X 2015. The research is descriptive qualitative research by in-depth interviews and observations. The subject of this research is 3 main informants and 2 informants triangulation.The research results show that in the implementation of the emergency response systems fire, PT. X have had emergency response organization which is made up of all the employees who has a duty and the functions of each that have received training every year that is held by the company and has also have a procedure emergency response according to the writer. director general of the ppk no .84/ 2012. Protection system active consist of apar , a fire hydrant and a yard that are already in accordance with criteria NFPA 10 and NFPA 14, also equipped with alarm tocsin. PT. X has also provided evacuation routes and scene of the evacuation. In this case the researchers suggest that exercise program continue and done a simulation unexpected preparedness in order to assess personnel and assess the achievement of emergency response systems fire.
ANALISIS KEANDALAN DELIVERY MAN SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCEGAHAN KECELAKAAN PT. COCA COLA DISTRIBUTION DI SEMARANG Nuansa, Nurul Ufuk; Ekawati, Ekawati; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 2 (2016): MARET
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Indonesian National Police (INP) recorded 80 per day or 3 people per hour die in road traffic accidents during 2013. Some of the causes of traffic accidents is the use of drugs, use of personal protective equipment compliance is low, the condition of the machine , breaking traffic lights and or other disciplinary action in driving. This study aimed to analyze the reliability of Delivery Man in PT.Coca Cola Distribution Semarang in conducting pre-drive inspection. This research is a quantitative and qualitative descriptive through cross sectional approach using SPAR-H method in calculating the reliability Delivery Man. Sampling techniques saturate some 24 of Delivery Man and seven informants triangulation. The results showed that the reliability Delivery Man without considering the dependence factor is 0.999958367 relatively high reliability with 3 negative PSF are the availability of time, experience / training, and work processes. While reliability Delivery Man by taking into account relatively low dependence upon examination tread components (0), the condition of the fan belt worn / crack (0), tire pressure (0.4999979184), spare tire (0.4999979184), comprehensiveness and firmness tire wheel bolts (0,499995838), the completeness of the jack lock (0,499995838), batteries (0,499995838), radiators (0,499995838), engine oil (0,499995838), brake fluid (0,499995838), horn (0,499995838), belts (0,499995838), safety element (0,499995838) and brakes (0,499995838). While reliability Delivery Man by taking into account a relatively high reliance for electrical inspection large lamps (0,857135721), the turn signal (0,857135721), the brake lights (0,857135721), reverse light (0,857135721), and light box (0,857135721).
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STRES KERJA PADA ANGGOTA POLISI SATUAN LALU LINTAS POLRES METRO BEKASI KOTA Pranomo, Nurafian Majid; Jayanti, Siswi; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

ABSTRACTJob stress is an emotional state that arises because of the mismatch between the level of demand and the ability of individuals. Job stress can occur in any job including working as a police officer who is responsible for maintaining security and public discipline. Indonesia Police Watch (IPW) data shows that dozens of police officers have committed suicide from 2011 to 2016. According to research findings by Police Headquarters, 80% of detective criminal police and traffic police officers experience stress due to workload or work pressure. This research aims to analyze the factors relating to job stress on the traffic unit police officer of Polres Metro Bekasi Kota. The research design used in this research is explanatory research with cross-sectional approach. The population in this research is all members of the police who served in the traffic unit of Polres Metro Bekasi Kota with the total amount 142 people. The sampling technique uses proportional random sampling with sample of 105 people. The research instrument used is a questionnaire. For job stress measurements, the writer uses the GHQ-12, and for statistical analysis, the writer uses chi-square test. The results showed that there was a relationship between career development (p= 0,013) with work stress, where as there was no correlation between age (p=0,176), length of work (p = 0,680), task demand (p=0,242), individual role in organization (p=1,000), occupational relations (p=0,254), and organizational structure and climate (p=0,345) with job stress. The writer recommends providing education and training or dissemination of occupational hazards and counseling to help to prevent and to manage stress, and to create and to socialize transparency of assessment in appointing the head of the unit.
ANALISIS KEPATUHAN SUPERVISOR TERHADAP IMPLEMENTASI PROGRAM OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY (OHS) PLANNED INSPECTION DI PT. CCAI Sarah, Dewi; Ekawati, Ekawati; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The Government has issued Regulation Legislation No. 50 Year 2012 on Health and Safety Management System (SMK3). CCAI is a company that has implemented SMK3. The application of the CCAI SMK3 supported by K3 program one of them is OHS Planned Inspection. This study aimed to analyze the implementation of Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) program Planned Inspection in CCAI. The subjects of this study amounted to five people as the main informants and 2 as an informant triangulation. The results showed key informants already knew this progrtam, goals, objectives, and program execution time. The attitude of key informants agreed with this program and in this  implementation need a good communication to superiors, as well as to the team below. The availability of facilities in the form is a checklist. The main informant had never been trained filling checklist. SOP that there has not been spread widely disseminated to all employees including key informants. Supervision only from an informant triangulation and has not from the respective. The results showed a less training and supervision provided by the OHS (Occupational Health Safety). This resulted in the knowledge and attitudes of employees is still low on the implementation of Planned Inspection program. CCAI need to provide training to fill the key informant checklist to improve the capability and compliance in conducting Planned Inspection program. Improve the surveilance and communication in the implementation of the program.
Pemakaian Kacamata Las Menurunkan Visus Mata Pekerja Las Astna, Azizatul; Muliawati, Ratna; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Volume 13. No. 2. Tahun 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Latar Belakang: Kondisi lingkungan kerja di bengkel las berpotensi menimbulkan dampak terhadap pekerja karena adanya sinar  tampak, sinar  infra  merah  dan  sinar  ultra  violet yang dapat mempengaruhi penglihatan. Oleh karena itu, pekerja las perlu memakai kacamata las. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan pemakaian kacamata las dengan penurunan visus mata pada pekerja las di Kecamatan Patebon Kabupaten Kendal. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah pekerja bengkel las di Kecamatan Patebon sejumlah 32 responden. Sampel diambil secara total populasi. Data pemakaian kacamata las diperoleh melalui observasi, dan data visus mata diukur menggunakan alat opototype Snellen. Analisis data dilakukan dengan uji chi square. Hasil: Hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa 34,4% pekerja las di Kecamatan Patebon mengalami penurunan visus mata. Hasil analisis statistik diperoleh nilai p value sebesar < 0,001, dapat disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan pemakaian kacamata las dengan penurunan visus mata pada pekerja las di Kecamatan Patebon Kabupaten Kendal. Kesimpulan: Pekerja las yang tidak menggunakan kacamata las lebih berisiko mengalami penurunan visus mata daripada yang menggunakan kacamata las saat bekerja.
Co-Authors - Ekawati - Fathimah - Ghaniysara - Suroto Amanda, Faricha Nur Aminarto, Bambang Amrulloh, Fikri Fahmi Anggorokasih, Virgi Hesti Anggrianti, Siska Maulina Annida Khusnul Mualifah, Annida Khusnul Apoina Kartini Aprilia Listiarini, Aprilia Ari Suwondo Arif Setiawan Arifah, Hayyun Naha Ariniawati, Laila Arlina Mustika Hati Arumbi, Maria Visca Aryaningsih, Siti Asali, Alberto Astna, Azizatul Azmi Faiq Azza Ivana Bagoes Widjanarko Bahtiar, Rizal Berek, Noorce Christiani Bina Kurniawan Charisma, Yuwan Martus Tegar Christi, Wina Adelia Cindy Amalia Syabilah, Cindy Amalia Daru Lestantyo Delvi Nur Oktaviani, Delvi Nur Destari, Nurhuda Dewi Sarah, Dewi Dewi, Puti Andam Dhiny Sartika Larasandi, Dhiny Sartika Dian Putri Nastiti, Dian Putri Dina Lusiana Setyowati Dwi Cahyanti, Dwi Ekawati Ekawati Ellita Ersa Afiani, Ellita Ersa Evi Sondang Sidabutar, Evi Sondang Fadilla Nela Chairana, Fadilla Nela Fahrudin, Muhammad Afif Farah Yudhistira Putri, Farah Yudhistira fatmasari, ikka fitria feby Fikar, Fiqih Naila Fitri Rizki Adzhani, Fitri Rizki Hanifa Maher Denny, Hanifa Maher Hesti Meylia Pratiwi, Hesti Meylia Iandri, Margaretha Ida Wahyuni Ifan Zanuar Ashary, Ifan Zanuar Ikha Bayu Yanuar Aji, Ikha Bayu Inayati, Dian Indri Setyaningrum Ira Destiana, Ira Iriyanto Pagala, Iriyanto Irwan Hermawan Ismiarni, Hanifah Jayanti, Siti Nur Jihantama, Zalffarona Kartikawati, Tabita Kawi, Kawi Kawi, Kawi Kevin Reira Christian, Kevin Reira Kevin Yudhistira Pribadi, Kevin Yudhistira Khoiriyah, Intan Alfina Kusumaningtyas Windi Astuti, Kusumaningtyas Windi Larisca, Novia Lestyanto, Daru Lisanti, Lisanti Mardiana Mardiana Marina Kartikawati Martini Martini Melati, Vita Mardhiyanti Mohammad Afief, Mohammad Muhammad Rais Muhammad Septian Hadi, Muhammad Septian Muhammad Taufik Hidayat Mukaromah, Esti Muliawati, Ratna Muliawati, Ratna Mushidah Mushidah, Mushidah Nabilah Fairusiyyah, Nabilah Natalia CS, Laura Negara, Dharurendra Ningrum, Novita Ayu Nino, Bagus Putra Nisak, Khoirotun Novianti, Brigita Nugraheni, Marina Nugroho, Adhiatma Setiawan Nugroho, Ardhianto NURUL HIDAYAH Nurul Ufuk Nuansa, Nurul Ufuk Octa Hermanto, Octa Pandega, Arif Pertiwi, Ella Marliani Pramasari, Adhinda Lili Pranomo, Nurafian Majid Prasena Aji Buwana, Prasena Aji Priambudi, Bagas Satrio Priska Ruth Dantje, Priska Ruth Priyadi Nugraha Prabamurti Pujasakti, Muchamad Satria Putri Chairun Nissa, Putri Chairun Putri, Pratiwi Kusuma Putri, Puja Asari Raden Adhi Warsyah Saputra Rakhmat Eddy Wicaksono, Rakhmat Eddy Ramadhiani, Khansa Fauzia Retno Kamilia Mutiara, Retno Kamilia Rizka Tamimi Budhiasih, Rizka Tamimi Rizqi Haidar, Rizqi Rohkaeni, Sikis Rossyana Fatimah, Rossyana Safitri, Aulia Gita Saidah, Nur Salsabilah, Putri Nauragesti Sarah Retno Astrini, Sarah Retno Senjaya, Mahdia Noer Adiba SEPTI WULANDARI Setiarsih, Yunita Setiorini, Ayu Setyoaji, Dhaniswara Setyowati Setyowati Simanjuntak, Johannes P H Siswi Jayanti Siti Musyarofah, Siti Siti Nur Chasanah, Siti Nur Situmorang, Chriselyns Kinski Suroto Suroto Suryaningtyas, Istiqomah Sutopo Patria Djati, Sutopo Patria Syifa Chairunnisa, Syifa Thoha, Muhammad Tidy, Tiara Tomi Raya Triana Primadewi Vina Alzahra, Vina Wachidah, Siti Nur Wahyu Mariyanto Waluyo, Hevita Windryani Putri Waoma, Lela Vista Atrika Sari Weningtyas, Kartika Windi Dwi Hapsari, Windi Dwi Wulandari, Santi Yohana Amelia Gabriella, Yohana Amelia Youlan Septiani, Youlan Yuliani Setyaningsih Yulita, Iqlima Intan Zahroh Shaluhiyah Zhagita Puspa Trisna Lautama F., Zhagita Puspa Trisna