Widyastutik Widyastutik
Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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FASILITASI PERDAGANGAN, KINERJA EKSPOR, DAN KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI NEGARA-NEGARA RCEP Imadidin, Raiyatu; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 6 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (972.088 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.6.2.32-46

Abstract

The growth of global economic integration has added pressure for countries to reduce trade cost to make trades more profitable and to encourage their further development. As tariffs have progressively fallen, efforts in trimming trade costs have focused increasingly on non tariff measures, which have a detrimental impact on the free flow of international trade, as such trade facilitation is considered an important complement to trade liberalization efforts aimed at fostering economic integration. Trade is expected to increase overall national income. The increase in national income can be used to improve welfare by increasing household income which translates into inequality alleviation. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a form of cooperation between 16 countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nation and other major trading partner countries. This study uses a simultaneous panel method to identify the trade facilitation, export performance, and income inequality by using 12 countries in the RCEP region during 2011-2015 period. The results show that the advantages of trade facilitation in RCEP associated with export performance to decrease inequality in RCEP region and RCEP developing countries, but increase increase in RCEP developed countries. Keywords: Export performance, Inequality, RCEP, Trade facilitation
ANALISIS PENGARUH EKSPOR-IMPOR KOMODITAS PANGAN UTAMA DAN LIBERALISASI PERDAGANGAN TERHADAP NERACA PERDAGANGAN INDONESIA Yusuf, Yusuf; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 4 No. 1 (2007): Vol. 4 No. 1 Maret 2007
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (8940.875 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.4.1.46-56

Abstract

Peran utama sub sektor tanaman pangan adalah pemenuhan kebutuhan pokok penduduk Indonesia. Berdasarkan data BPS sebagian besar pangan masih diimpor dari luar negeri, akibatnya neraca perdagangan produk pangan Indonesia selalu mengalami defisit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh ekspor-impor komoditas pangan utama terhadap neraca perdagangan non-migas Indonesia dan menganalisis pengaruh liberalisasi perdagangan komoditas pangan terhadap neraca perdagangan non-migas Indonesia. Dalam penelitian ini metode analisa yang digunakan adalah erorr correction model (ECM) dan data yang digunakan adalah data time series triwulanan dari tahun 1993 sampai 2005 dengan tahun dasar 1996. Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ekspor, impor dan liberalisasi perdagangan komoditas pangan berpengaruh negatif terhadap neraca perdagangan Indonesia baik dalam jangka pendek maupun dalam jangka panjang.
TRADE BARRIER ELIMINATION, ECONOMICS OF SCALE AND MARKET COMPETITION: COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Nazara, Suahasil; Oktaviani, Rina; Simarmata, Djamester
Signifikan: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Economic and Business Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (555.958 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v6i2.5279

Abstract

The ASEAN and its dialogue partner countries agreed to reduce trade barriers in the services sector, one of which is sea transport services. The purpose of this study is to estimate the equivalent tax of non-tariff barriers in the sea transport services. Besides that, this study is going to analyze the economic impacts of the regulatory barriers elimination in the sea transport services of ASEAN and its dialogue partner countries. Using the gravity model, it can be identified that trade barriers of sea transport services sector of ASEAN and dialogue partner countries are still relatively high. Additionally, by adopting IC-IRTS model in Global CGE Model (GTAP), the simulation results show consistent results with the theory of pro-competitive effects. The greater gain from trade is obtained in the CGE model assuming IC-IRTS compared to PC-CRTS. China gains a greater benefit that is indicated by the highest increase in welfare and GDP followed by Japan and AustraliaDOI: 10.15408/sjie.v6i2.5279
ANALISIS STRATEGI KEBIJAKAN MUTU DAN STANDAR PRODUK KAYU LAPIS DALAM RANGKA MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING EKSPOR Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Arianti, Reni Kristina
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JAI Vol 2 No 1 Juni 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Developed countries use a standard as instrument to conduct trade barriers. The issues about quality and standard are also applicated to Indonesian plywood exports. Consumer countries led to the requirements of the international timber legality, for example USA with Amandemen Lacey Act, Uni Eropa with EU Timber Regulation, Australia with Prohibition Bill, and Japan with Green Konyuho. Standard is a main instrument to increase of competitiveness. The aims of this study are: (1) to analyze the competitiveness of Indonesia plywood in the major export destinations, (2) to analyze strategy of policies to improve the quality and standard of plywood in order to increase competitiveness. The analytical methods used in this study are Revealed Comparative Advantage and Analytical Hierarchy Process. The result of study shows that an average value RCA between Indonesia and UK is high. According to AHP, government should facilitate exporter to solve the problem in the cost of certificate of plywood legalcy (SVLK).
NON-TARIFF BARRIERS AND FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE INDONESIAN COCOA EXPORT TO EUROPE Anggoro, Raditya; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
Signifikan: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Economic and Business Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (494.124 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v5i1.3131

Abstract

The aim of this study are: first, to analyse the competitiveness of Indonesian cocoa in the European Unio market; second, to analyse the competitiveness and the factors that influence the Indonesian cocoa exports to the EU market; third, to calculate the non-tariff barriers imposed by the European Union market for Indonesian cocoa. Methods used are the RCA index and gravity models. The differences between actual and potential trade flows are indicated as non-tariff barriers. Results of the calculation RCA is showed that all destinations of a cocoa export have a high competitiveness (RCA> 1) but tend to decrease. Results of the estimate gravity models show the factors influencing the Indonesian cocoa exports are the real per capita GDP of Indonesia and the destination country, CPI of destination countries, the economic distance, exchange rates, and tariff. The result of non-tariff barriers indicated that the Netherlands is the state which has the largest non-tariff barriers among the most other EU countriesDOI:  10.15408/sjie.v5i1.3131 
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PRODUKSI GULA PTPN VII (PERSERO) Savitri, Rizky; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 10 No. 3 (2013): Vol. 10 No. 3, November 2013
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (791.55 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.10.3.175-181

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to analyze the influence of the level of sugar cane yield, labor, production process period, and supporting materials on the production of PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis, as well as analyzing the elasticity of production and business scale  of PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. The method used to analyze the data were quantitative analysis of Cobb Douglas production function with ordinary least square method to observe variable influences of PG. Cinta Manis sugar production. Cobb Douglas estimation results indicate that the level of sugar cane yield, labor, production process period, and supporting materials affect sugar production in PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Production elasticity of each production factor shows that the use of production factors is not yet optimal, while the production scale of the company is Increasing Return to Scale (IRTS) in which the proportion of additional input will produce output with the larger proportion. Accordingly, company should utilize the factors of production optimally, improve the quality of human resources with various activities to improve skills, increase the productivity of land by having land intensification, and optimize milling period by improving the quality of machine.Keywords: PG. Cinta Manis, increasing return to scale, Cobb Douglas function, PTPN VIIABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh tingkat rendemen, tenaga kerja, bahan pembantu dan lama lama giling terhadap produksi gula PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis, sekaligus menganalisis elastisitas produksi dan skala usaha PTPN VII (Persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah  analisis kuantitatif. Analisis kuantitatif pada penelitian ini menggunakan fungsi produksi cobb douglas dengan metode ordinary least square untuk melihat pengaruh variabel-variabel yang telah ditentukan terhadap produksi gula PG. Cinta Manis. Hasil estimasi cobb douglas menunjukkan  bahwa tingkat rendemen, tenaga kerja, jumlah penggunaan bahan pembantu, dan lama giling berpengaruh terhadap produksi gula PTPN VII (persero) PG. Cinta Manis. Elastisitas produksi dari masing-masing faktor produksi menunjukkan penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi belum optimal. Skala usaha dari perusahaan yang berada pada daerah increasing return to scale dimana proporsi penambahan input akan menghasilkan penambahan output dengan proporsi yang lebih besar. Sehubungan dengan itu, perusahaan perlu pemanfaatan faktor-faktor produksi secara optimal, peningkatan kualitas sumber daya manusia juga diperlukan dengan berbagai kegiatan peningkatan skill, meningkatkan produktifitas lahan dengan intensifikasi lahan, dan mengoptimalkan lama giling dengan meningkatkan kualitas mesin.Kata kunci: PG. Cinta Manis, increasing return to scale, fungsi cobb douglas, PTPN VII
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PENGEMBANGAN KLASTER UMKM ALAS KAKI DI KOTA BOGOR YANG BERDAYA SAING Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Mulyati, Heti; Putri, Eka I. K.
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 7 No. 1 (2010): Vol. 7 No. 1 Maret 2010
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (646.117 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.7.1.16-26

Abstract

Klaster UMKM alas kaki merupakan klaster yang potensial dikembangkan di Kota Bogor. Pendekatan klaster dianggap strategis untuk proses penumbuhan kembali modal sosial, peningkatan kapasitas internal UMKM, serta menghadapi tantangan eksternal secara bersama-sama. Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis karakteristik Klaster UMKM alas kaki  dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi pengembangan Klaster UMKM alas kaki di Kota Bogor.   Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Data diolah dan dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif  dan analisis multivariat yaitu analisis komponen utama. Klaster yang berada di Kota Bogor termasuk ke dalam klaster tidak aktif. Hal ini dicirikan dengan kurangnya interaksi antar anggota yang intensif dan  keterkaitan antara industri terkait maupun industri pendukung masih rendah. Responden sekitar 85% menginginkan  proses pembentukan klaster industri sebaiknya terbentuk dengan sendirinya, misalnya karena kesamaan jenis usaha, atau kesamaan bahan baku yang dibutuhkan.  Jenis kemitraan yang dilakukan hanyalah sebatas kerjasama perdagangan umum. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap pengembangan klaster UMKM adalah modal sosial (X5) dan kondisi permintaan (X2).
Analisis Dampak Implementasi Komitmen Indonesia di Sektor Jasa Konstruksi dalam Kerangka AFAS Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Puspitawati, Eka; Fawaiq, Muhammad
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 15 No 1 (2014): Juli
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v15i1.446

Abstract

The implication of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 is free mobilization of goods, services, labours, and capital among the member countries. This encourages Indonesia to strengthen its commitments on the construction service sector. This study aims to map Indonesia's commitments in the construction service sector under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) with Hoekman Index and investigates the impacts on the macroeconomic and sector performances. The GTAP model analysis shows that Indonesia does not gain from the service liberalization, there is only slight increase of macroeconomic and sector performance. A 50% or full liberalization cause few increase on the real GDP. Positive impact of liberalization is only seen in the construction sector itself.AbstrakImplikasi terbentuknya Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN tahun 2015 adalah kawasan ASEAN akan menjadi suatu kawasan bebas mobilisasi barang, jasa, investasi, tenaga kerja, dan arus modal. Kondisi ini mendorong peningkatan komitmen Indonesia, salah satunya di sektor jasa konstruksi. Studi ini bertujuan memetakan posisi komitmen sektor jasa konstruksi Indonesia di AFAS berdasarkan indeks Hoekman dan menganalisis dampak peningkatan komitmen tersebut. Hasil analisis GTAP menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia belum memperoleh manfaat dari adanya implementasi komitmen tersebut. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan peningkatan yang relatif kecil terhadap indikator ekonomi makro dan sektoral Indonesia. Liberalisasi 50% maupun penuh hanya menyebabkan peningkatan PDB riil yang kecil. Dampak sektoral hanya tampak pada peningkatan di sektor konstruksi sendiri.
STRATEGI KEBIJAKAN MUTU DAN STANDAR PRODUK EKSPOR DALAM MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING (STUDI KASUS PRODUK EKSPOR BIJI KAKAO) Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Arianti, Reni Kristina
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 10 No. 2 (2013): Vol. 10 No. 2, Juli 2013
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (957.625 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.10.2.98-108

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to 1) analyze the competitiveness of cocoa bean as an exported commodity which obligated  to  standardized  quality control and 2) analyze the strategies to increase policies and strategies to enhance the standard and the quality of cocoa bean in order to have a better competitiveness. This study used RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage) and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) as the analytical methods. The resulted show that the highest average value of the cocoa beans RCAB is Indonesian-German trade. In series, the value of cocoa beans RCAB tend to be stable for all major export destinations except to India. Based on the AHP results, the recommendation to the government as well as to the quality and standard institution as a strategy to enhance exported cocoa beans? quality and standard is by increasing the quality and quantity of infrastructures standard and quality.Keywords: competitiveness, cocoa beans, RCA, AHP, quality policy ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan 1) menganalisis daya saing biji kakao sebagai produk ekspor yang ditetapkan  pengawasan mutunya secara wajib dan 2) menganalisis  strategi  kebijakan  peningkatan  standar dan mutu biji kakao dalam rangka peningkatan daya saing. Penelitian ini menggunakan RCA (Revealed Comparative Advantage) dan AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) sebagai metode analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan nilai rata-rata RCA untuk biji kakao tertinggi adalah perdagangan Indonesia-Jerman. Secara series, nilai RCAB biji kakao cenderung stabil untuk semua negara tujuan ekspor utama kecuali ke India. Hasil AHP, rekomendasi yang dapat diajukan kepada pemerintah dan lembaga mutu dan standar sebagai strategi peningkatan mutu dan standar produk ekspor biji kakao adalah dengan meningkatkan kualitas dan kuantitas infrastruktur standar dan mutu.Kata kunci: daya saing, biji kakao, RCA, AHP, kebijakan mutu
ANALISIS DAYA SAING DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI EKSPOR CPO INDONESIA KE CHINA, MALAYSIA, DAN SINGAPURA DALAM SKEMA ASEAN-CHINA FREE TRADE AGREEMENT Widyastutik, Widyastutik; Ashiqin, Ahmad Zaenal
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 8 No. 2 (2011): Vol. 8 No. 2 Oktober 2011
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (561.249 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.8.2.65-73

Abstract

The Objective of this research is to analyze the competitiveness and the factors that influence Indonesia CPO export to China, Malaysia, and Singapore in the ACFTA. Revealed Comparative Advantage was used to analyze competitiveness in China, Malaysia, and Singapore. Panel data regression method with fixed effect (cross section weight) was used to analyze export supply model as an impact of ACFTA. The results shows that all dependent variables (domestic production of CPO), international price of CPO, price domestic of CPO, price of soybean oil, price of gasoline, exchange rate, lag of export, and dummy of ACFTA have the significant influence on CPO export to China, Malaysia, and Singapore.   Keywords: CPO, ASEAN-China, Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA)