I Dewa Putu Wijana
Indonesian Department, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gajah Mada

Published : 43 Documents
Articles

VARIATIONS OF DIRECTIVE SPEECH ACT IN TEMBANG DOLANAN Winarti, Daru; Wijana, I Dewa Putu; Poedjosoedarmo, Soepomo; Ahimsa-Putra, Heddy Shri
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 27, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.029 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.10591

Abstract

This article discusses the directive speech acts contained in tembang dolanan. Using a pragmatic approach, particularly the framework of speech act theory, this article analyzes the different types of directive speech acts, the context which it embodies, and the level of decency. The data used in this research consisted of various tembang dolanan that contain directive statements. These data were analyzed using interpretation and inference by presenting it in the form of descriptive analysis. Descriptive analysis is meant to describe, systematically illustrating or elaborating the facts and relationships between phenomena. In the dolanan song, directive speech acts can be expressed directly or indirectly. Direct expression is conventionally used to rule, invite, and forward, while indirect expression is used when instead of by a command line, the intention is ruled by statement sentences, obligation-stating sentences, and questions. The use of direct speech acts generally does not have the value of politeness because they tend to still contain elements of coercion, have no effort to obscure the form of an order, and show the superiority of the speakers. On the other hand, the use of indirect speech acts seems to be an attempt to obscure the commandments to be more polite in the hope opponents would happily respond to commands.
PERNYATAAAN KALA ABSOLUT DAN RELATIF DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Humaniora No 3 (1991)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2695.638 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.2080

Abstract

Pernyataan kala suatu bahasa sangat menarik untuk diteliti karenadengan menyelidikinya dapatlah diketahui bagaimana bahasa bersangkutan menyatakan konsep waktu yang melatari situasi tuturan yang diungkapkan oleh pembicaranya. Pernyataan kala di dalam bahasa Indonesia telah pernah dibicarakan oleh beberapa ahli. Alisjahbana (1960 : 71) membicarakan pernyataan kala dalam hubungannya dengan pembahasannya mengenai keterangan waktu. Pembicaraannya terbatas pada penjenisan keterangan waktu yang menurutnya dapat dibeda-bedakan menjadi bermacam-macam berdasarkan kemungkinan pengujiannya dengan kala tanya. Dalam hubungan ini didapatkan keterangan waktu yang memberi jawaban atas pertanyaan pabila, bila, bilamana, manakala, dan kalamana; keterangan waktu yang memberi jawaban atas pertanyaan beberapa lama; keterangan waktu yang memberi jawaban atas pertanyaan sejak (dari) apabila atau hingga (sampai); dan keterangan waktu yang menyatakan perulangan peristiwa yang dinyatakan predikat: serta keterangan waktu yang bersifat kata bantu predikat yang biasa ditulis atau diucapkan sebelum predikat.
SINESTESIA : STUDI TENTANG MEKANISME PERPINDAHAN, DOMINASI, DAN TINGKAT KEKONGKRETAN TANGGAPAN INDERA SECARA LINGUISTIS Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Humaniora No 8 (1998)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (799.606 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.2063

Abstract

Metafora adalah ciri fundamental setiap bahasa yang masih berkembang. Di samping sebagai alat untuk mengembangkan potensi kosakata, unsur bahasa ini merupakan alat yang penting untuk mengongkretkan pengalaman manusia, baik pengalaman mental maupun kultural sehingga pengalaman-pengalaman itu lebih mudah dibayangkan. Sehubungan dengan fungsinya itu, makna metafora tidak dapat dijangkau secara langsung dari lambang kiasnya karena makna yang dimaksud terdapat pada prediksi ungkapan kebahasaan itu (Wahab, 1990:1421). Jadi, motatara adalah pengalaman akan sejenis hal yang dimaksudkan untuk perihal yang lain Verhaar (1977:129) dalam hal ini menggunakan istilah "penyimpangan" untuk istllah "untuk perihal yang lain" ini. Menurutnya metatora adalah penyimpangan penerapan makna kata untuk referen yang lain. Di dalam pemakaian yang literal makna kata dan referennya bersifat konjungtif, sedangkan di dalam metafora hubungannya bersifat disjungtif.
PERBANDINGAN BENTUK TINDAK TUTUR MEMINTA OLEH PEMBELAJAR BIPA DARI KOREA DAN PENUTUR ASLI BAHASA INDONESIA: KAJIAN BAHASA ANTARA Primantari, Adista Nur; Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/kls.v1i2.3629

Abstract

This study is aimed at comparing the form of request utterances in bahasaIndonesia produced by Korean learners of Indonesian with the native speakers.Data in this research were collected through a direct fieldwork by recordingand taking notes on conversations produced by Korean learners of Indonesianin Yogyakarta. After collecting the data, we analyze them through comparisonof the data between the Korean and Indonesian speakers. It turns out thatthe Korean learners of Indonesian produce different request utterance formscompared to the native speakers. The patterns of the request utterances can beseen in three different forms: the structure, the variation, and the strategy of theutterances. The difference between utterances produced by the learners and thenative speakers found in the choice of formal and informal styles, strategy ofrequest, semantic formulas, and personal pronouns.
CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON CELEBRITY NEWS IN THE ONLINE MEDIA Degaf, Agwin; Wijana, I Dewa Putu; Poedjosoedarmo, Soepomo
LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 14, No 2 (2019): LiNGUA
Publisher : Laboratorium Informasi & Publikasi Fakultas Humaniora UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (989.401 KB) | DOI: 10.18860/ling.v14i2.7428

Abstract

This research examines online media related to the cases of Indonesian celebrities using critical discourse analysis approach. It aims to explain the textual strategies used by online media upon reporting the cases. The textual strategy focuses on the selection of certain vocabulary and the use of specific grammar. The data are collected through reading and note taking techniques on news texts in the online media, liputan6.com and kapanlagi.com, with certain topics such as: the divorce of Marshanda, Asmirandah interfaith marriage, and the case of celebrity prostitution. The current descriptive qualitative research employs critical discourse analysis proposed by van Dijk which generally believes that media always contains interests and partisanships. Therefore, they tend to provide positive picture of themselves/groups (positive self-presentation) and negative images about others (negative other-presentation).The picture can be analyzed through the way the media use the diction and build certain sentences inside the news. The result shows that media uses the vocabulary such as mothers who have an affair, women who cannot be emulated, presumptuous women, a liar man, no longer Muslim, etc. when reporting on the case of Marshanda?s divorce and Asmirandah?s interfaith marriage. Furthermore, the researcher finds the use of passivation, abstraction, categorization, identification and anonymity strategies in grammar.
KATA-KATA KASAR DALAM BAHASA JAWA Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 20, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (52.866 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.941

Abstract

This article deals with Javanese indecent words in relation to the state and activities to which such expressions can be applied. A careful study of the data elicited from two native informants shows that in addition to their ngoko and krama equivalents, indecent expressions are found in some things and activities in Javanese. The appropriate use of these indicent words should be understood in order to better understand the Javanese community, and to communicate better with them.
CERITA RAKYAT DARI BALI: BEBERAPA KEJANGGALAN LINGUISTIS Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 16, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (54.622 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.809

Abstract

This paper aims to show the role of linguistic competence in the Indonesian folk tale writing activities, especially the writer for whom Balinese is not his or her native language. Some linguistic mistakes found in the story book entitled "Cerita Rakyat dari Bali" indicate that the linguistic competence is as important as the cultural knowledge has to be owned by every writer. The linguistic clumsiness will certainly disturb the smoothness of the story telling and the nature of the folk tales.
PEMERTAHANAN DIALEK BANYUMAS TERHADAP DOMINASI DIALEK SOLO-YOGYA Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 17, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (45.103 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.840

Abstract

This essay is about the maintenance of Banyumas dialect. This dialect is considered more inferior compared to its standard variant of the Solo-Yogya dialect. Because of its less prestigous status, the speaker of this rural variant, especially those who belong to the younger and educated generation do not speak their own native tongue anymore, but shift to a wider means of communication, the standard variant, Yogya Solo dialect or their national language, Bahasa Indonesia. There are at least two ways which should be carried out to maintain the existence of Banyumas dialect. Firstly the government must create a condition which allows its speakers to use their mother tongue and pass it down to younger generation. Secondly, all Banyumas speakers should posses linguistic pride and awareness that all languages are linguistically the same. Differences in status which exist between languages are a matter of social judgment.
PEMANFAATAN TEKS HUMOR DALAM PENGAJARAN ASPEK-ASPEK KEBAHASAAN Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Humaniora No 2 (1995)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1391.385 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.1973

Abstract

Keberhasilan sebuah proses belajar mengajar tidaklah semata-mata ditentukan oleh pengajar yang handal, input yang baik, fasilitas pengajaran (gedung sekolah, alat-alat pengajaran, perpustakaan, dsb.) yang memadai, tetapi pemilihan bahan pengajaran yang tepat juga memegang peranan yang cukup dominan. Makalah ini akan membahas pemanfaatan teks humor untuk mengajarkan aspek-aspek kebahasaan dalam berbagai cabang ilmu bahasa, seperti fonologi, morfologi, sintaksis, semantik, dan pragmatik.
PROBLEMA SEKSUAL DALAM PLESETAN PERIBAHASA Wijana, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 11, No 3 (1999)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (416.443 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.676

Abstract

Peribahasa, menurut sebagian besar pakarbahasa dan sastra, adalah kalimat-kalimatpendek berkias yang tetap bentuknya .Ungkapan-ungkapan ini oleh masyarakatempunya dimanfaatkan untuk berbagai tujuan,seperti menyindir, menyerang lawanbicara, menasihati, atau sebagai pegangandan tuntunan dalam menghadapi berbagaipersoalan hidup sehari-hari .