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PEMAKNAAN PERKAWINAN (STUDI KASUS PADA PEREMPUAN LAJANG YANG BEKERJADI KECAMATAN BULUKERTO KABUPATEN WONOGIRI) Oktarina, Lindha Pradhipti; Wijaya, Mahendra; Demartoto, Argyo
Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi Vol 4, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.2 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/jas.v4i1.17412

Abstract

Marriage is one of human cultures and being apart of the life cycle. It?s a base of forming a family. In ancient era, marriage was considered as conventionally, means women did the marriage because of the culture and society?s persepective. Along with the times growing, changes in the way of human thinking began. Marriage was not only considered as a must in cultural, but it became a personal and rational choice of women. A single woman started to express herself to be involved in many public media, to make her being educated and reach the higher level to catch her desire. Marriage now becomes an important thing, but it?s not the main priority.The purpose of this research is to find the meaning of marriage for a single women workers, social condition of single woman with their job, and marriage preparation of single women. Theory to analize this problem is interpretative understanding of Weber. This is a qualitative research by using case study research strategy, located in Bulukerto district. Sampling technique was purposive sampling. Data collection technique was interview. Data validity using source triangulation and method triangulation.Data analizing technique using interactive analysis model.Research result and discussion analysis showed that women have started to move on the increasing and progress of prosperity in many fields.  Including on the education quality. The involvement of women on the public sphere have opened a new discourse on their way of thinking. This influence on meaning on a perception friction about the meaning of marriage. Single women perception about their life partner is influenced by internal and exsternal factor.  Marriage is considered as an individual freedom right. Social condition of single woman toward her job can be seen from their condition of hard working, achievement of goals, focus on profession, high awarenesss of profession and carrier chances, improvement of work, appreciation of work, and discipline of work. While marriage preparation of single women is to set their life partner criteria, ideal time of marriage, settled and psikologycal readiness, and to make a pre-marital agreement. Keywords: Marriage, Single, Working Women 
Path Analysis: Health Promotion Information Access of Parent Caretaking Pattern through Parenting Education Sunarsih, Tri; Murti, Bhisma; Anantanyu, Sapja; Wijaya, Mahendra
International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE) Vol 5, No 1: March 2016
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.537 KB) | DOI: 10.11591/ijere.v5i1.4524

Abstract

Parents often inhibit learning process organized by education, due to their ignorance about how to educate child well. Incapability of dealing with those changes leads to dysfunctional families, and problematic children. This research aimed: to analyzed the health promotion information access pattern of parent caretaking pattern through parenting education. This study was taken place in Karanganyar Regency area, Central Java. As a survey research with cross-sectional design, this study built on questionnaire as a main instrument of collecting primary data, while secondary data was obtained from recording in the related institutions in Karanganyar Regency. The sample consisted of 108 parents, taken using purposive sampling technique. To address the objective, multiple linear regression and path analyses were used. Its important finding was that interactions with other students’ parent, with other members of family, and with media simultaneously affected significantly the parenting pattern holistically, either directly or indirectly. The largest effect on parenting was exerted by interaction between parent and media. From those findings, the author recommended that the appropriate parenting education strategies were to provide adequate information such as reading books for parent, to facilitate parent discussion to generate interaction between parents so that they shared information more frequently.
STUDI PENERAPAN BANK SAMPAH DALAM UPAYA PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA Haryanti, Sri; Gravitiani, Evi; Wijaya, Mahendra
Bioeksperimen: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi Vol 6, No 1: Maret 2020
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/bioeksperimen.v6i1.10434

Abstract

Waste Bank program is an alternative in waste management by 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) approach. Yogyakarta is one of the cities that has implemented that program. This study was aimed to analyze the composition of the deposited waste to the banks and examine the implementation of waste banks in Yogyakarta city in environment management efforts. The study was conducted in October-December 2016, and  is a quantitative study that was conducted by measurement, interview and observation methods in five waste banks in Yogyakarta City. Data analysis was performed by means of quantitative descriptive in the form of tables and graphs. The results show that total weight of the deposited waste in a month is 3,062.1 kg, in average. The composition of the waste consists of: plastic 23.36%, paper 65.06%, glass 5% and metal 6.56%. The Waste Bank program in Yogyakarta City is able to assist the efforts of environment management, with a potentiton of 97%  waste reduction. After the existence of waste banks, in corresponds with their environment condition, 65 respondents (65%) stated it is clean, and 35 (35%) stated very clean. Respondents who stated that their houses are very clean and clean are 34% and 66%, respectively.
Detection of HBV-DNA and Its Correlation with the HBeAg/Anti-HBe Serological Status in HBsAg-positive Patients Widita, Haris; Soemohardjo, Soewignjo; Muttaqin, Zainul; Wiguna, Putu Aditya; Rhamdiani, Shelly Olivia; Wijaya, Mahendra; Gunawan, Stephanus
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 13, NUMBER 2, August 2012
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: In the past years, HBeAg and anti-HBe status in individuals with positive HBsAg were often correlated to viral replication. This study was aimed to find correlation between the HBV viremia and HBeAg/anti-HBe serological status in HBsAg-positive individuals. Method: An observational-analytic design was performed in this study. The sera of all positive HBsAg patients at Biomedika Hospital Laboratory were collected and examined for HBeAg and anti-HBe using immunochromatography technique between January and April 2012. The sampling method was purposive sampling. Afterwards, the sera were examined for HBV-DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: Sufficient amount of sera were collected from 44 patients consisting of 33 males and 11 females. The mean age was 15-68 years. Positive HBeAg and negative anti-HBe status was found in 11 (42%) patients. Negative HBeAg and positive anti-HBe was found in 26 (59.1%) patients. Both HBeAg and anti-HBe were negative in 7 (16.3%) patients. HBV-DNA was detected in all 11 (100%) patients with positive HBeAg and negative anti-HBe. HBV-DNA was also detected in 11 (42%) patients with negative HBeAg and positive anti-HBe. However, there was only one patient (14.3%) with both negative HBeAg and anti-HBe status, who had detectable HBV-DNA. Conclusion: Positive HBeAg can be used as an indicator of viremia, but negative HBeAg cannot be used as an indicator of the absence of viremia without further HBV-DNA testing. Patients with negative HBeAg and positive HBV-DNA were suspected for having pre-core mutant. Keywords: HBV-DNA, positive HBsAg, HBeAg, anti-HBe, pre-core mutant
Detection of Hepatitis B Virus Pre-core Mutant by Allele Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction Soemohardjo, Soewignjo; Widita, Haris; Muttaqin, Zainul; Gunawan, Stephanus; Wijaya, Mahendra; Wiguna, Putu Aditya; Rhamdiani, Shelly Olivia
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 14, NUMBER 1, April 2013
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Introduction: Mutation in pre-core region is characterized by negative HBeAg and positive anti-HBe despite active replications of the virus. The mutation has diagnostic and prognostic implications. Therefore, detectionof pre-core mutant is important. Standard diagnosis approach for detecting pre-core mutant is through DNA sequencing of hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-core region. Unfortunately, DNA sequencing is not available in mostcenters. Hence, a simpler diagnostic approach is necessary.Method: An observational-analytic design study was performed. Detection of pre-core mutant was conducted in individuals with positive HBsAg and HBV DNA that had various patterns of HBeAg and anti HBe. HBsAg, HBeAg and anti-HBe was detected using immunochromatography technique. The HBV DNA was evaluated by using qualitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. PCR was done by three rounds of amplification with primers derived from wild type pre-core and mutant pre-core. Results: Of 25 sera with HBeAg negative, anti-HBe positive and HBV DNA positive, allele specific (AS) PCR pre-core mutant was detected in 20 (80%) sera. Two sera with HBeAg negative, anti HBe negative and HBV DNA positive were negative for pre-core mutant. Of 8 sera with HBeAg positive, anti HBe negative and HBV DNA positive, pre-core mutant was detected in 2 (25%) sera.Conclusion: Most of individuals with HBV DNA positive, HBeAg negative and anti-HBe positive have harbored pre-core mutant. The finding indicated that all patients with HBsAg positive, HBV DNA positive and HBeAg negative, but anti-HBe positive should be examined for the presence of pre-core mutant. Pre-core mutant is also found in HBeAg positive individual. Keywords: HBV, pre-core mutant, polymerase chain reaction
THE AUTHENTICITY OF YOGA AS TOURIST SPECIAL INTEREST IN UBUD BALI Wijaya, Putu Urip; Warto, Warto; Wijaya, Mahendra
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Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

This article focuses on the characteristics of authenticity concept of tourist attraction. The purpose of this research was to identify the concept of authenticity of yoga as one of the main tourist attractions in Ubud, Bali. Data was collected in Kundalini Tantra Yoga straight from Master Ketut Arsana at Om Ham Resort and Retreat. The interview resulted in several different perspectives of an authenticity of tourist attraction for the stakeholders such as the business owner, tourist itself and the surrounding people. Ubud as the yoga?s largest tourist attraction in Indonesia has influenced the raising number of visit to Bali especially to learn yoga. This phenomenon has encouraged people, both locals and foreigners, to be the yoga instructors due to the raising demand. This variety of yoga instructors offers a new concept because of the instructor diversity. Research findings: 1) There?s a resistant from foreign tourist who cannot experience the pure, unique and authentic yoga which covered in the local wisdom of Bali due to the shifting from local to foreign instructor 2) This is an unsolved issue for local yoga instructor demands coming from foreign tourist whilst the locals are still reluctant to fill the gap.
CULTURAL COMMODIFICATION: REPRESENTATION OF PESAREAN1 OF MOUNT KAWI AS CULTURAL TOURISM IN INDONESIAN MASS MEDIA Sulistyorini, Dwi; Sudardi, Bani; Warto, Warto; Wijaya, Mahendra
ISLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Sastra Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.88 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/um006v1i12017p019

Abstract

Media is a tool to construct meaning to its readers. News that is released to the public is always related to the ideology and interests of the media in responding a problem. This research intends to see a representation of Pesarean of Mount Kawi which is conducted by local, regional, and national mass media in Indonesia. This research is a qualitative research with content analysis method. This study is going to be focused on the value embedded in texts which contain news about pesarean of Mount Kawi. This approach is very useful to figure out meaning that lies behind the news texts of pesarean of Mount Kawi. The result of the research shows that mass media supports the commodification process of pesarean of Mount Kawi. Through the narration of origin, genealogy, and heroism which are based on Indonesia's national historical event became one of the strategies that are used to demolish the representation of Mount Kawi as a haunted and taboo place to be visited by society. There is a similarity of vision in changing the representation of pesarean of Mount Kawi. Modernity and advancement of reasons have been the reasons for discarding cultural values and traditions that have developed within the culture of Javanese society for centuries by adapting them to the contexts of modern human life today.
STUDI FENOMENOLOGI: PERAN DUKUN DALAM KESEHATAN IBU DAN BAYI DI KABUPATEN BREBES Prastiwi, Ratih Sakti; Budihastuti, Uki Retno; Wijaya, Mahendra
Jurnal Kebidanan Harapan Ibu Pekalongan Vol 2 (2017): Jurnal Kebidanan Harapan Ibu Pekalongan
Publisher : LPPM Akademi Kebidanan Harapan Ibu Pekalongan

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Abstract

Dukun bayi merupakan bagian integral kesehatan ibu dan anak dalam masyarakat. Praktek dukun bayi umumnya jauh dari prinsip keamanan dan kebersihan, sehingga dapat berisiko terjadinya kematian. Adanya pembinaan dukun bayi dilakukan dengan harapan dapat meningkatkan kesejahteraan dan kesehatan ibu dan bayinya. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan mendapatkan informaansi mengenai praktek dukun bayi dan bagaimana perannya dalam kesehatan ibu dan bayi. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan fenomenologi dengan informan utama adalah wanita yang menggunakan jasa dukun bayi selama masa kehamilan hingga nifas. Informan diambil secara purposive sampling dan snowballing sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam, focus group discussion (FGD) dan analisis dokumen. Analisis data dilakukan dengan tiga tahapan yaitu reduksi, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan. Dukun bayi memiliki kemampuan khusus dalam hal supranatural. Oleh karena itu dukun bayi masih dipercaya untuk melakukan ritual dan upacara adat yang berkaitan dengan kehamilan dan nifas. Selain itu, dukun bayi dipercaya masyarakat untuk mendampingi ibu selama bersalin. Masyarakat telah tinggal lama dengan dukun bayi sehingga masyarakat lebih nyaman dan tenang apabila dukun bayi mendampingi dan memantau kemajuan persalinan. Dalam pembinaan dukun diajarkan untuk memastikan kebersihan selama proses persalinan. Dukun bayi telah mempraktekkan prinsip bersih sehingga dapat membantu menurunkan risiko terjadinya infeksi. Tradisi di masyarakat Kemurang salah satunya adalah pijat perut. Pijat perut sangat bertentangan dengan ilmu medis karena dapat menyebabkan rupture uteri maupun lilitan tali pusat pada janin. Hal tersebut dapat menyebabkan kematian pada ibu dan bayinya.
Detection of Hepatitis B Virus Pre-core Mutant by Allele Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction Soemohardjo, Soewignjo; Widita, Haris; Muttaqin, Zainul; Gunawan, Stephanus; Wijaya, Mahendra; Wiguna, Putu Aditya; Rhamdiani, Shelly Olivia
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 14, NUMBER 1, April 2013
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/141201319-23

Abstract

Introduction: Mutation in pre-core region is characterized by negative HBeAg and positive anti-HBe despite active replications of the virus. The mutation has diagnostic and prognostic implications. Therefore, detectionof pre-core mutant is important. Standard diagnosis approach for detecting pre-core mutant is through DNA sequencing of hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-core region. Unfortunately, DNA sequencing is not available in mostcenters. Hence, a simpler diagnostic approach is necessary.Method: An observational-analytic design study was performed. Detection of pre-core mutant was conducted in individuals with positive HBsAg and HBV DNA that had various patterns of HBeAg and anti HBe. HBsAg, HBeAg and anti-HBe was detected using immunochromatography technique. The HBV DNA was evaluated by using qualitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. PCR was done by three rounds of amplification with primers derived from wild type pre-core and mutant pre-core. Results: Of 25 sera with HBeAg negative, anti-HBe positive and HBV DNA positive, allele specific (AS) PCR pre-core mutant was detected in 20 (80%) sera. Two sera with HBeAg negative, anti HBe negative and HBV DNA positive were negative for pre-core mutant. Of 8 sera with HBeAg positive, anti HBe negative and HBV DNA positive, pre-core mutant was detected in 2 (25%) sera.Conclusion: Most of individuals with HBV DNA positive, HBeAg negative and anti-HBe positive have harbored pre-core mutant. The finding indicated that all patients with HBsAg positive, HBV DNA positive and HBeAg negative, but anti-HBe positive should be examined for the presence of pre-core mutant. Pre-core mutant is also found in HBeAg positive individual. Keywords: HBV, pre-core mutant, polymerase chain reaction
THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT POLICY IN SMES FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIA: A CASE STUDY ON BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES PROVIDER Akhmad, Khabib Alia; Karsidi, Ravik; Rahayu, Endang Siti; Wijaya, Mahendra
ASIAN JOURNAL FOR POVERTY STUDIES (AJPS) Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Regional Network on Poverty Eradication

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Abstract

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an important part in improving the Indonesia economy and, consequently, the government has a mandatory obligation to maintain their sustainability and development. The fact that government has a limitation in helping solve the problems the SMEs encounter, Business Development Service- Provider (BDS-P) can serve as an alternative partner in improving the performances and finding the solution for the problem faced by the SMEs. This research was conducted on BDS-P existing in Indonesia using the qualitative method to describe and to explore in-depth the role of government policy in BDS-P development in Indonesia. The primary data were collected through interviews and observations, while the secondary data were derived from the documentation, notes, and archives. From the data processing and data analysis, it could be concluded that the government policies concerning the development of BDS-P had resulted in the improvement of the ability and capacity of BDS-P in providing business services, dissemination of the BDS-P roles in developing SMEs, involvement of BDS-P in providing business service for SMEs, and the establishment of the standard on the competency certification for professional consultants/ facilitators.