Yuni Wijayanti
Jurusan Teknik Mesin, FT, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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The Affecting Factors Occurring of Worms in Roof Tile and Bricks Craftsmen in Boyolali hayani, Nur; Wijayanti, Yuni; Indriyanti, Dyah Rini
Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Worms is a worm infestation of one or more intestinal parasites consisting of intestinal nematodes class. Including transmission through soil or worm species commonly called the Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) are Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichuira, Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus. The purpose of this study analyzes the factors that influence the incidence of worm craftsman tiles and bricks in the Village Karanggeneng Boyolali. This research is quantitative, with cross sectional approach. These samples included 88 respondents obtained by simple random sampling technique. Data collection techniques were interviews, observation (observation) and laboratory testing. Analysis of the data in this study using Fisher's Exact test and Multiple Logistic Regression Test. Results of the study found no effect on knowledge variable (p = 0.007), handwashing (p = 0.003), latrine ownership (p = 0.001) on the incidence of intestinal worms in the village Karanggeneng Boyolali. The most influential variable in this study is the latrine ownership variable with OR = 0.406.
PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT PADA PROGRAM BANK SAMPAH Yuliana, Ina; Wijayanti, Yuni
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 3 No 4 (2019): HIGEIA: October 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v3i4.30681

Abstract

Abstrak Di Indonesia salah satu bentuk partisipasi masyarakat dalam kegiatan pengelolaan sampah adalah dengan dibentuknya bank sampah yang merupakan pengembangan konsep 3R (reuse, reduce, recycle). Ungaran Barat merupakan kecamatan dengan jumlah dan tingkat kepadatan penduduk tertinggi di Kabupaten Semarang. Ungaran Barat memiliki 4 bank sampah dengan jumlah penabung 320 penabung. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan rancangan penelitian cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini sebesar 100 ibu rumah tangga dengan teknik proportional sampling. Data dianalisis dengan uji chi square untuk mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan partisipasi masyarakat dalam program bank sampah. Hasil menunjukkan ada hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku memilah, fasilitas pemilah sampah, dan keuntungan bank sampah dengan partisipasi masyarakat. Sedangkan, variabel tingkat pendidikan, pekerjaan, dan ketersediaan lahan tidak berhubungan dengan partisipasi masyarakat. Simpulan dari penelitian ini adalah ada hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku memilah, fasilitas pemilah sampah, dan keuntungan bank sampah dengan partisipasi masyarakat. Disarankan pengurus bank sampah untuk lebih aktif mengajak masyarakat untuk berpartisipasi dan menjalin mitra dengan pihak pemerintah dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan perilaku memilah sampah di masyarakat.   Kata kunci: Bank Sampah, Partisipasi Masyarakat, Sampah   Abstract In Indonesia, one form of community participation in waste management activities is the establishment of a waste bank which is the development of the 3R concept (reuse, reduce, recycle). Ungaran Barat is a sub-district with the highest number and population density in Semarang Regency. Ungaran Barat has 4 waste banks with a total of 320 savers. The type of this research was observational analytic with cross sectional research design. The sample of this study was 100 housewives with proportional sampling technique. Data were analyzed by chi square test to determine factors related to community participation in the waste bank program. The results show that there was a relationship between knowledge, attitudes, sorting behavior, waste sorting facilities, and waste bank benefits with community participation. Meanwhile, the variable level of education, employment, and availability of land were not related to community participation. The conclusion of this study was that there was a relationship between knowledge, attitudes, sorting behavior, waste sorting facilities, and the benefits of waste banks with community participation. It was suggested that the management of the waste bank to be more active in inviting the public to participate and establish partnerships with the government in increasing knowledge and behavior in sorting waste in the community.   Keyword: Waste Bank, Community Participation, Waste
PENINGKATKAN KEMANDIRIAN DASA WISMA KELURAHAN SEKARAN DALAM PENCEGAHAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE Wijayanti, Yuni
Jurnal Abdimas Vol 14, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (LP2M), Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Untuk memutuskan rantai penularan penyakit demam berdarah dengue, pemberantasan vektor dianggap cara yang paling mamadai saat ini. Kemandirian dasa wisma dapat digunakan untuk mengembangkan pembangunan kesehatan di tingkat kelurahan sebagai persiapan menuju desa siaga. Melalui kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini diharapkan dapat bermanfaat bagi masyarakat khususnya di Kelurahan Sekaran untuk meningkatkan Kewaspadaan terhadap terjadinya penyakit demam berdarah. Masyarakat diharapkan dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan, kesadaran, kemauan, dan kemampuan untuk dapat ikut mencegah penyakit demam berdarah di lingkungannya secara mandiri. Metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini yaitu melalui komunikasi, informasi, dan edukasi serta pendampingan oleh mahasiswa. Hasil yang didapatkan yaitu adanya peningkatan nilai pretes dari peserta kegiatan sebesar 19,88%, dan peserta dapat menyelesaikan atau memecahkan masalahmasalah penyakit demam berdarah yang diberikan selama kegiatan. Pengetahuan dan pemahaman peserta diharapkan dapat disebarluaskan kepada masyarakat di sekitarnya, sehingga dapat ikut serta dalam rangka pencegahan penyakit demam berdarah dengue.Kata Kunci; demam berdarah dengue, dasa wisma
Analysis Factors of Bacteria in The Refill Water at Semarang District Lusi, Lusi Aprilia; Wijayanti, Yuni; Rini Indriyanti, Dyah
Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Refill Drinking Water is a drinking water industry business that processes raw water into drinking water. Semarang is an industrial city in Central Java, an increase in the number of industrial companies is raised so that the development activities in various fields can directly cause microbial pollution in raw water. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of raw water sources, filtration processes, disinfection processes, environmental sanitation conditions and personal hygiene in the presence of bacteria in refill drinking water in Semarang district. This research was a quantitative research, with a cross sectional approach. The research sample amounted to 33 refill drinking water stations with simple random sampling technique. The instrument used was the observation sheet and the form of laboratory test results. Data collection techniques used interviews, observations and laboratory tests. Data analysis in this study used Simple Logistic Regression. The results of the study were influential on raw water source variables (p = 0.019), filtration process (p = 0.017), disinfection process (p = 0.013), environmental sanitation conditions (p = 0.017), personal hygiene of employees (p = 0.013) on existence bacteria in refill drinking water in Semarang district. The presence of E. coli bacteria in refill drinking water indicates microbial pollution in drinking water, which can result.
PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH PETERNAKAN SAPI UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KAPASITAS PRODUKSI PADA KELOMPOK TERNAK PATRA SUTERA Saputro, Danang Dwi; Wijaya, Burhan Rubai; Wijayanti, Yuni
Rekayasa Vol 12, No 2 (2014): December 2014
Publisher : Unnes Journal. Research and Community Service Institute, Semarang State University

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Kelompok ternak Patra Sutera di Desa Ledok Kecamatan Sambong Kabupaten Blora yang berdiri pada tahun 2013 telah mempunyai sapi 8 ekor yang berada di kandang komunal yang dikelola oleh 6 anggota kelompok. Dalam satu hari setiap ekor sapi dapat menghasilkan limbah padat sebanyak 20-30 kg dan limbah cair sebanyak 100-150 liter yang selama ini belum dikelola dengan baik. Limbah dari kegiatan ternak belum terolah dengan baik dan dibuang ke lingkungan sehingga menimbulkan dampak negatif bagi kesehatan masyarakat sekitar kandang. Salah satu cara untuk mengatasi kondisi ini adalah dengan memberikan pelatihan keterampilan atau pendampingan bagaimanakah teknik pembuatan pupuk organic dan reaktor biogas sederhana, mengoperasikan, serta memanfaatkan gas yang dihasilkan. Dalam kegiatan ini akan diberikan pelatihan keterampilan bagaimana cara mengolah limbah ternah untuk dijadikan pupuk dan pestisida organik,serta pengelolaan biodigester. Dari kegiatan ini Anggota kelompok ternak Patra Sutera mendapat pengetahuan dan mengolah limbah kotoran ternak (padat dan cair) yang keliar dari biodigester menjadi pupuk yang lebih bermanfaat.
Gangguan Mental Emosional Siswa Sekolah Dasar Prihatiningsih, Erika; Wijayanti, Yuni
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 3 No 2 (2019): HIGEIA: April 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v3i2.26024

Abstract

Abstract. Mental disorders in children and adolescents are the focus of global health because of their relationship to suffering, functional impairment, stigmatized exposure, discrimination, and the potential for death. Based on global epidemiological data 12-13% of children and adolescents suffer from mental disorders. This study aims to determine the factors that affect emotional mental disorders in elementary school students. The cross-sectional method was used with 222 respondents from six different elementary schools. Chi-Square test analysis is used for data analysis.  121 (53.3%) subjects experienced symptoms of emotional mental disorders. The results show that the education level of the father (PR= 1,785 ;p <0.05), the level of family income per month (PR=2,345 ;p <0.05), sleep disorders (PR= 1,79 ;p <0.05), and vegetable consumption affects the incidence of emotional mental disorders (PR= 2,023; p <0.05)  Keywords: children, elemtary school, mental health disorder   Abstrak. Gangguan mental pada anak dan remaja menjadi fokus kesehatan global karena hubungannya dengan penderitaan, fungtional impairment, paparan stigma, diskriminasi, hingga potensi kematian. Berdsasarkan data epidemiologi global 12-13% anak dan remaja menderita gangguan mental. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor yang memepengaruhi gangguan mental pada siswa sekolah dasar. Metode cross-sectional digunakan dengan jumlah responden 222 dari enam sekolah dasar yang berbeda. Analisis uji Chi-Square digunakan untuk analisa data. Hasil menunjukan 121 (53,3%) subjek terdeteksi mengalami gejala gangguan mental emosional, selanjutnya bahwa tingkat pendidikan ayah (PR=1,785; p<0,05), tingkat penghasilan keluarga per bulan (PR=2,345; p<0,05), gangguan tidur (PR= 1,79; p<0,05), dan konsumsi sayur mempengaruhi kejadian gangguan mental emosional (PR= 2,023; p<0,05).  Kata kunci: anak-anak , gangguan mental emosional, sekolah dasar
Dasa Wisma Bebas Penyakit Berbasis Lingkungan Melalui Home Environmental Health and Safety Wijayanti, Yuni; Widyastari, Hasty
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 2 No 2 (2018): HIGEIA
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v2i2.18321

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Abstrak Dukuh Persen pada tahun 2016 mendapat sertifikat “Daerah Kumuh” di Kota Semarang. Kondisi lingkungan sekitar rumah warga sebagian besar terlihat masih kotor tidak sehat, kejadian penyakit berbasis lingkungan masih ada, pengetahuan dan sikap tentang Home Environmental Health and Safety (HEHS) juga masih kurang. Tujuan dari intervensi ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh peningkatan pengetahuan penjamah makanan melalui implementasi Home Environmental Health and Safety (HEHS). Penelitian eksperimen ini menggunakan desain One Group Pre test-Post test. Metode pelaksaan intervensi terdiri dari diskusi dengan tokoh masyarakat, pembentukan kader, pelatihan, praktik, dan metode pemecahan masalah. Evaluasi terhadap keberhasilan kegiatan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini dilakukan dengan instrumen-instrumen yang berupa tes, kuesioner, dan observasi langsung. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa sebelum intervensi nilai rata-rata pretes dari peserta kegiatan sebesar 6,57 memiliki pengetahuan tentang penerapan HEHS. Setelah dilakukan intervensi, tingkat pengetahuan peserta meningkat menjadi 7,80. Terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan pada peserta yang ditunjukkan dengan meningkatnya persentase pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah kegiatan intervensi dilakukan. Abstract Dukuh Percent in 2016 was certified "Slum Area" in Semarang City. The environmental conditions surrounding the residents' homes were largely seen to be unhealthy, the incidence of environment-based diseases still existed, knowledge and attitudes about the Home Environmental Health and Safety (HEHS) were also lacking. The purpose of this intervention was to examine the effect of increased knowledge of food handlers through the implementation of the Home Environmental Health and Safety (HEHS). This experimental study used the design of One Group Pre test-Post test. Intervention method consisted of discussions with community leaders, cadre formation, training, practice, and problem-solving methods. Evaluation of the success of community service activities was done with the instruments in the form of tests, questionnaires, and direct observation. From the research results it was known that before the intervention the average value of pretest from the participants of activity of 6.57 have knowledge about the application of HEHS. After intervention, the participant's knowledge level increased to 7.80. There was an increase in knowledge to the participants as indicated by the increased percentage of knowledge before and after the intervention activity was carried out. Keyword : environment-based disease, homeless mother, HEHS
Faktor Risiko Lingkungan Kejadian Kusta Siswanti, Siswanti; Wijayanti, Yuni
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 2 No 3 (2018): HIGEIA
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v2i3.23619

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Abstrak Jumlah penderita kusta di kota Semarang pada tahun 2017 sebanyak 68 dan di Puskesmas Bandarharjo sebanyak 33 kasus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara faktor risiko lingkungan dengan kejadian kusta di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bandarharjo tahun 2018. Penelitian dilakukan pada Mei 2018. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan kasus-kontrol. Besar sampel masing-masing kelompok adalah 29 responden, diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Data diolah menggunakan uji chi-square dan regresi logistik. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara ketinggian lantai (p-value= 0,008), kepadatan hunian kamar (p-value= 0,002), luas ventilasi (p-value= 0,015), kebiasaan membuka jendela (p-value= 0,032), jenis lantai (p-value= 0,007), jenis dinding (p-value= 0,004), riwayat kontak serumah (p-value= 0,002) dan status ekonomi (p-value= 0,002) dengan kejadian kusta. Ketinggian lantai, kepadatan hunian kamar kamar, luas ventilasi rumah, kebiasaan membuka jendela rumah, jenis lantai, jenis dinding, riwayat kontak serumah dan status ekonomi merupakan faktor risiko kejadian kusta di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bandarharjo.  Abstract The number of leprosy patients in the city of Semarang in 2017 was 68 cases and at Bandarharjo Health Center was 33 cases. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between environmental risk factors with the incidence of leprosy in Bandarharjo Health Center’s work area in 2018. The study was conducted in May 2018. This research was analytic observational with case-control approach. The samples of each case and control groups were 29 taken by purposive sampling. Data were processed using chi-square test and logistic regression. The result shows that there was correlation between floor height (p-value= 0,008), occupancy density (p-value= 0,002), ventilation area (p-value= 0,015), habit of opening window (p-value= 0,032), floor type (p-value= 0,007), type of wall (p-value= 0,004), household contact history (p-value= 0,002) and economic status (p-value= 0,002) with the incidence of leprosy. Floor height, occupancy density, ventilation area, habit of opening window, floor type, type of wall, household contact history and economic status were risk factors of leprosy in Bandarharjo Health Center’s work area.  Keyword : Risk Factors, Environment, Incidence of leprosy
Dust Exposures, IgE Levels, History of Allergy, and Symptoms of Allergy in Poultry Workers Wijayanti, Yuni; Sutomo, Adi Heru; Astuti, Indwiani; Asmara, Widya
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v14i1.10232

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Poultry dust exposure may increase workers’ health risks, particularly in the form of respiratory allergic reactions. This study aimed to identify mold content of the dust and to analyze the association between dust exposure, IgE level, history of allergy, and symptoms of allergy. This study used cross sectional design with total samples of 33 workers. The data were analyzed using chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression. This study found 93.33% growth of Aspergillus sp., 69.7% work duration > 3 years, 84.8% high IgE levels, 18.2% history of allergy, and 69.7% symptoms of allergy. Dust exposure and history of allergy did not show significant correlation with symptoms of allergy while IgE levels had significant correlation with p-value of 0.036. Workers with high IgE-level were 15.986 times more likely to have symptoms of allergy (p-value 0.028). Aspergillus sp. as dust allergen potentially increased IgE levels and might become the base for facilitation of early and independent preventive and promotive efforts of workers’ health.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HEALTH EDUCATION METHOD ON EARLY DETECTION CARCINOMA MAMMAE IN TEENAGE GIRLS OF MADRASAH ALIYAH IN MIJEN SUB-DISTRICT Yuslikhah, Aronida Mutia; Wijayanti, Yuni; Rustiana, Eunike Raffy
Public Health Perspective Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2019): August 2019
Publisher : Public Health Perspective Journal

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Carcinoma Mammae or Breast Cancer is a type of malignant tumor which is the number one killer for women. In Semarang, there were 1182 new cases in 2017, this number increased from 2016 which was 749 cases of breast cancer. This research aims to analyze the level of effectiveness of health education between video media and demonstration methods on changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of independent early detection of carcinoma mammae in teenage girls of Madrasah Aliyah in Mijen Sub-District. This research is a quantitative research using the Quasi-Experiment method with pre-test post-test design. The research sample was 130 respondents with purposive sampling technique. The instrument was a research questionnaire and observation sheet. The results showed that health education with a demonstration method was more effective on changes of knowledge (p-value 0.022), attitudes (p-value 0.041), and behavior (p-value 0.036) in independent early detection of carcinoma mammae in teenage girls of Madrasah Aliyah in Mijen Sub-District. Whether a change occurs or not is related to the stimulus given to someone. Training is a part of education which is related to the learning process to improve skills in a relatively short period and also through methods which prioritize practice (demonstration) rather than theory.