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Studi Mikroanatomi Pankreas Kodok Lembu Menggunakan Metode Pewarnaan Baku dan Immunohistokimia (MICROSCOPICAL STUDY OF PANCREAS OF BULLFROG USING CONVENTIONAL AND IMMUNOSTAINING METHODS) Adnyane, I Ketut Mudite; ., Supratikno; Winarto, Adi; Agungpriyono, Srihadi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12 No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Morphology, distribution and relative frequency of endocrine cells in the pancreas Bullfrog (Ranacatesbeiana) were studied using conventional and immunohistochemical methods. Samples pancreas takenfrom ten adult Bullfrogs (five males and five females). In general, pancreas of the Bullfrog consists ofexocrine portion, endocrine portion (Langerhans islets) and ducts. The Langerhans islets were distributedamong the exocrine portion of pancreas. Endocrine cells in the pancreas of Bullfrog were polimorph, round,oval or triangular in shapes with bipolar cytoplasmic granules. Glucagon cells were distributed mainly inthe peripheral, insulin cells in the center while the somatostatin cells in the area between glucagon andinsulin cells of Langerhans islet. The number of the glucagon cells were higher compare to the number ofinsulin and somatostatin cells.
PAT-7 A NATURAL CASE LIKE DIABETES RAT AS A NEW APPROACH ON UNDERSTANDING ALERT OF GLUCOSE METHABOLISM Winarto, Adi; Komariah, Komariah; Bambang, Kiranadi; Wasmen, Manalu; Handharyani, Ekowati
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Currently, diabetic case as a degenerative disease has widely known that it can be cure by insulin.  A remain puzzle is proliferation do not found in rest Beta cells, so insulin injection has to be applied entire life of diabetic patient. So far, there is no diagnostic approach that expresses such of thing which may indicate an early anomaly on glucose metabolism process. The aim of this research to get case model of hyperglycemic rat that has long period in process.
Anatomi Organ Reproduksi Jantan Biawak Air Asia, Varanus salvator (Reptil: Varanidae) Mahfud, .; Winarto, Adi; Nisa’, Chairun
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): Januari 2015
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (587.266 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.3.1.1-7

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Indonesia merupakan negara dengan tingkat eksploitasi biawak V. salvator terbesar di dunia yang sebagian besar untuk melayani permintaan perdagangan kulit. Tingginya permintaan kulit biawak di Indonesia mengkhawatirkan menyebabkan turunnya populasi satwa tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari anatomi organ reproduksi jantan biawak air asia (Varanus salvator) (Reptil: Varanidae). Dua ekor biawak jantan dewasa digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Hewan dianestesi, dilakukan exanguinasi, dan difiksasi dengan larutan paraformaldehida 4% secara perfusi. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap situs viscerum, morfologi, dan morfometri organ reproduksi mulai testis sampai hemipenis. Secara makroskopis, organ reproduksi jantan V. salvator terdiri atas testis, ductus epididymidis, ductus deferens dan hemipenis yang masing-masing berjumlah sepasang. Posisi testis menggantung di dinding dorsal coelom melalui mesorchium. Dari bagian dorsal testis terdapat ductus epididymidis yang panjangsampai di ujung kaudal ginjal. Ductus deferens, berupa saluran kecil, lurus dan berakhir di ujung hemipenis yang terletak di dalam pangkal ekor. Pada bagian kranial hemipenis ditutupi oleh papillae berbentuk konikal. Di kaudal dari hemipenis ditemukan otot retraktor yang memanjang ke arah ekor, dan diduga berperan menarik hemipenis ke dalam setelah kopulasi. Organ reproduksi jantan biawak secara umum mirip dengan reptilia lain khususnya ular dan kadal, dengan karakteristik adanya sepasang hemipenis.Kata kunci: Varanidae, Varanus salvator, organ reproduksi jantan, hemipenis, otot retraktor. (Anatomy of The Male Reproductive Organ of Water Monitor, Varanus salvator (Reptil: Varanidae))Indonesia is a country with high levels of exploitation of Varanus salvator that mainly serve the demand of leather trade. The high demand of lizard leather in Indonesian was alarming, cause a decline population of these animals. To improve our understanding on reproduction organs of the animal, we conduct this anatomical study. The study was used two adult male lizards. The animals were anesthetized, exanguinated and fixated in 4% paraformaldehyde by tissue perfusion method. Observations were performed to the visceral site, morphological and morphometrical of the male reproductive organs, from testes to hemipenes. Macroscopically, male reproductive organs of V. salvator were a pair of testes, epididymidis ducts, deferens ducts and hemipenes. The testis attached to dorsal wall of the coelom and fixed by the mesorchium. The epididymidis duct was long tubes that located in the dorsal of testes, winding up at the caudal end of the kidney. The deferens duct was a small duct, running straight and last at the end of each hemipenis, located at the base of the tail. The cranial part of each hemipenis was covered by conical shaped papillae. Furthermore, at the caudal of each hemipenis was found the retractor muscle that extends toward the tail, and is thought to contribute to the retracting hemipenis after copulation. The male reproductive organs of V. salvator are generally similar to the other reptiles, especially snakes and lizards, with peculiar a pair of hemipenes.Keywords: Varanidae, Varanus salvator, male reproductive organs, hemipenes, retractor muscles.
VALIDASI METODE IN VITRO DALAM MEMPERKIRAKAN PENGKATEGORIAN INDEKS GLIKEMIK IN VIVO Nurhayati, Aprinia Dian; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Anwar, Faisal; Winarto, Adi
Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition Vol 6, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe use of in vitro methods that mimic carbohydrate digestion in the gastrointestinal was expected to be able to predict glycemic response in human in a simple, faster and relatively inexpensive way. Englyst et al. (2003) and Argyri et al. (2016) became the selected in vitro method that tested their validity in this study by determine their ability to classify food according to the results of in vivo glycemic index (GI). The test uses rice with different GI categories (low, medium and high). Six rice varieties were cooked using a rice cooker then tested for proximate analysis (protein, fat, water, ash, carbohydrate), total dietary fiber, amylose, amylopectin and starch. A total of 20 subjects who met the inclusion criteria were divided into two comparable groups to measure their blood glucose levels for 2 hours after consuming test food. Cirebon black rice, Cisokan and Inpara 5 have moderate GI value, while Inpari 24, Sintanur and Grendel glutinous rice were classified as high GI value. Glucose levels of six rice varieties as measured by Englyst et al. (2003) at 20th minute and Argyri et al. (2016) at 120th minute has a comparable rank with in vivo glycemic index. Therefore, both methods are suitable for estimating GI value in rice samples.ABSTRAKPenggunaan metode in vitro yang meniru pencernaan karbohidrat dalam gastrointestinal diharapkan dapat memprediksi respon glikemik in vivo secara lebih sederhana, cepat dan relatif murah. Metode Englyst et al. (2003) dan Argyri et al. (2016) menjadi metode in vitro terpilih yang diuji validitasnya dalam penelitian ini untuk mengetahui kemampuan keduanya dalam menggolongkan pangan sesuai hasil pengujian indeks glikemik (IG) in vivo. Pengujian menggunakan nasi dengan kategori IG berbeda (rendah, sedang dan tinggi). Sebanyak enam varietas beras dimasak menggunakan rice cooker kemudian nasi diuji kadar proksimat (protein, lemak, air, abu, karbohidrat), serat pangan total, amilosa, amilopektin dan pati. Sebanyak 20 orang yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dibagi dalam dua kelompok sebanding untuk diukur kadar gula darahnya selama 2 jam setelah mengonsumsi makanan. Nasi hitam Cirebon, Cisokan dan Inpara 5 memiliki nilai IG sedang, sedangkan nasi Inpari 24, Sintanur dan ketan Grendel tergolong berindeks glikemik tinggi. Kadar glukosa nasi yang diukur dengan metode Englyst et al. (2003) menit ke-20 dan metode Argyri et al. (2016) menit ke-120 apabila dibuat pemeringkatan terendah hingga tertinggi menunjukkan urutan peringkat yang sesuai dengan urutan nilai indeks glikemik in vivo. Oleh karena itu, keduanya menjadi metode yang sesuai untuk memperkirakan nilai indeks glikemik in vivo pada sampel nasi.
PROLIFERASI DAN DIFERENSIASI SEL TULANG TIKUS DALAM MEDIUM KULTUR IN VITRO YANG MENGANDUNG EKSTRAK BATANG Cissus quadrangula Salisb. (SIPATAH-PATAH) Djuwita, Ita; Pratiwi, Irma Amalia; Winarto, Adi; Sabri, Mustafa
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 6, No 2 (2012): September
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v6i2.295

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Penelitian mengenai pengaruh ekstrak batang Cissus quadrangula Salisb. (sipatah-patah) terhadap tingkat proliferasi dan diferensiasi sel-sel tulang tikus (Sprague Dawley) prepuber umur empat minggu menggunakan sistem kultur in vitro. Sel-sel tulang dikultur dalam medium dulbecco’s modified eagle’s medium (DMEM) yang diberi tambahan newborn calf serum (NBCS) 10%, non essential amino acid (NEAA) 10%, NaHCO3, ITS 1 µl/ml (mengandung insulin 5 μg/ml, transferin 10 μg/ml, selenium 5 μg/ml; Sigma St Louis USA), dan 50 µg/ml gentamisin (mDMEM), dengan dan tanpa ekstrak Cissus quadrangula (CQ). Penelitian terdiri atas lima perlakuan yakni kontrol positif (mDMEM + deksametason 10-8 M), kontrol negatif (mDMEM), dan tiga konsentrasi CQ: mDMEM + CQ 0,3 mg/ml; mDMEM + CQ 0,6 mg/ml; dan mDMEM + CQ 1,2 mg/ml. Kultur dilakukan dalam inkubator CO2 5%, pada suhu 37° C selama tujuh hari. Parameter yang diamati adalah konsentrasi sel, komposisi, diameter osteoblas, dan diameter osteosit. Konsentrasi sel dihitung menggunakan hemositometer Newbauer. Komposisi osteoblas dan osteosit ditentukan berdasarkan pengamatan morfologi di bawah mikroskop cahaya. Diameter sel diukur menggunakan eyepiece micrometer. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis varians dan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak Cissus quadrangula Salisb. pada konsentrasi 0,3 mg/ml; 0,6 mg/ml; dan 1,2 mg/ml secara signifikan dapat meningkatkan proliferasi sel tulang; dan pada konsentrasi 0,6 mg/ml mampu menginduksi diferensiasi osteoblas menjadi osteosit (P 0,05). Disimpulkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak Cissus quadrangula pada konsentrasi 0,6 mg/ml ke dalam medium kultur dapat meningkatkan proliferasi dan diferensiasi osteoblas.
VIABILITAS OOSIT DOMBA PASCATRANSPLANTASI OVARIUM DOMBA DALAM UTERUS KELINCI PSEUDOPREGNANT Sumarmin, Ramadhan; Winarto, Adi; Yusuf, Tutty Laswardi; Boediono, Arief
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan Vol 11 No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Telah dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui viabilitas oosit domba yang dikoleksi dari ovarium domba pascatransplantasi intrauterus pada kelinci pseudopregnant. Ovarium domba ditransplantasikan dalam uterus kelinci pseudopregnant pada hari pertama bunting semu dan kemudian diambil kembali setelah lima (P5) atau tujuh (P7) hari transplantasi. Sebagai kontrol digunakan ovarium segar. Oosit dikoleksi dari ovarium pascatransplantasi dengan metode slicing (pencacahan) di dalam media phosphate buffer saline (PBS) yang disuplementasi dengan 5% fetal bovine serum (FBS) dan 100 IU penicillin-streptomisin/ml. Oosit hasil koleksi selanjutnya dimaturasi dalam Tissue Culture Medium (TCM)-199 yang disuplementasi dengan 10% FBS, 10 IU follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)/ml dan 100 IU penicillin-streptomisin/ml. Oosit selanjutnya diinkubasi dalam inkubator CO2, dengan kandungan CO2 5% dan suhu 38ºC, selama 24 jam. Setelah dimaturasi, oosit diwarnai dengan aceto-orcein 2% untuk menentukan status inti oosit. Hasilnya memperlihatkan bahwa oosit yang mampu mencapai tahapan perkembangan dengan status inti M-II setelah maturasi pada P5 (35,05%) dan P7 (35,24%) nyata lebih sedikit (p<0,05) dibandingkan dengan kontrol (56,65%). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa viabilitas oosit domba pascatransplantasi di dalam uterus kelinci pseudopregnant masih ditemukan meskipun persentasenya lebih rendah. EWE OOCYTE VIABILITY FROM EWE OVARIAN AFTER INTRAUTERINE TRANSPLANTATION TO PSEUDOPREGNANT RABBIT ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to investigate the ewe oocyte viability from ewe ovary after intrauterine transplantation to pseudopregnant rabbit. The ewe ovary was transplanted intrauterine on day 1 to pseudopregnant rabbit and oocytes recollected on five (P5) or seven (P7) days posttransplantation. The fresh ovary was used as the control. The oocytes were collected from the ovaries by slicing method in Phosphate Buffer Saline (PBS) supplemented with 5% of Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS), and 100 IU/ml of penicillin-streptomycin. Oocytes were matured in Tissue Culture Medium (TCM)-199 supplemented with 10% FBS, 10 IU/ml of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), and 100 IU/ml of penicillin-streptomycin. Oocytes were incubated in CO2 incubator with 5% CO2, 38°C for 24 h. After maturation, the oocytes were stained with 2% aceto-orcein to determine the nuclear oocytes status. The result showed that the oocytes could reach the M-II phase from P5 (35.05%) and P7 (35.24%) decreased significantly (p<0.05) compared to the control (56.65%). However it can be concluded that the oocytes viability still preserved intrauterine in pseudopregnant rabbit.
Kajian In vitro Aktivitas Sel-Sel Trofoblas Blastosis Mencit Aging dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Kegagalan Implantasi Djuwita, Ita; Helmita, Roza; Winarto, Adi; -, Wahyudin
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 10 No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The objectives of this in vitro study were to investigate the hatching rate, the outgrowth diameter andthe activity of mitochondria Nicotiamide Adenin Dinucleotide Dyhidrogenage (NADH)-CoQ reductase ofblastocysts trophoblast cells from aging mice. Blastocysts of aging (age >12 months) and young productive(age 2 months) mice were collected from the cornua utery at day-4 of pregnancy and were cultured inmDMEM medium supplemented with 10% New Born Calf Serum (NBCS), 10% ITS, and 50 ?g/mlgentamicine, in 5% CO2 incubator at 37°C for 10 days. The blastocysts hatching rate and the trophoblastsmonolayer were examined for their diameter outgrowth and the NADH-CoQ reductase activity. The resultsshowed that the hatching rate, the trophoblast outgrowth diameter and the activity of NADH-CoQ reductaseof blastocysts collected from productive mice were significantly higher than those collected from the agingmice (P<0,05). It can be concluded that the impairment of blastocysts implantation especially, in agingmice were caused by the low activity of the NADH-CoQ reductase that play important role in energyproduction needed for the hatching and trophoblast outgrowth.
Effect of Intravenous Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Administration on Gastric Mucosal Integrity in Pig-tailed Macaques with Obstructive Jaundice Makmun, Dadang; Sajuthi, Dondin; Daldiyono, Daldiyono; Winarto, Adi; Sulistiawati, Erni
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 1, April 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/12120118-14

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Background: Acute gastric mucosal injury commonly occurs in patients with obstructive jaundice. We studied the effect of intravenous polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) administration on gastric mucosal integrity in pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina) with obstructive jaundice by ligating common bile duct (CBD). Method: The study was conducted between February 2009 and May 2010 at the Primate Research Center, Bogor Agricultural Institute. Eight selected male pig-tailed macaques with 6.625 ± 0.83 kg of body weight were used and divided into two groups. In both groups, laboratory examination, including liver function tests and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were performed before CBD ligation and every two weeks after ligation. In the first group, intravenous PUFA with the dose of 2 g/day was administered every day since four weeks post-ligation up to four weeks later, and in the second group, intravenous PUFA was administered since before ligation up to eight weeks later. Results: In both groups, increased total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase were obviously found, meanwhile decreased albumin level was detected and the cholinesterase level of both groups remained unchanged. Ulcer formation occurred among the first group during 4 weeks after CBD ligation, and these ulcers showed obvious healing within four weeks after intravenous PUFA administration. In the second group, there was no significant ulcer formation within eight weeks after CBD ligation. Conclusion: The potential appearance of acute gastric mucosal injury which reflected by ulcer formation in pig-tailed macaques with obstructive jaundice was significantly decreased by intravenous PUFA administration. We also have successfully developed animal model of obstructive jaundice by CBD ligation, based on the result of liver function tests. Keywords: acute gastric mucosal injury, intravenous PUFA administration, obstructive jaundice, pig- tailed macaques
Effect of Intravenous Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Administration on Gastric Mucosal Integrity in Pig-tailed Macaques with Obstructive Jaundice Makmun, Dadang; Sajuthi, Dondin; Daldiyono, Daldiyono; Winarto, Adi; Sulistiawati, Erni
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 1, April 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: Acute gastric mucosal injury commonly occurs in patients with obstructive jaundice. We studied the effect of intravenous polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) administration on gastric mucosal integrity in pig-tailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina) with obstructive jaundice by ligating common bile duct (CBD). Method: The study was conducted between February 2009 and May 2010 at the Primate Research Center, Bogor Agricultural Institute. Eight selected male pig-tailed macaques with 6.625 ± 0.83 kg of body weight were used and divided into two groups. In both groups, laboratory examination, including liver function tests and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were performed before CBD ligation and every two weeks after ligation. In the first group, intravenous PUFA with the dose of 2 g/day was administered every day since four weeks post-ligation up to four weeks later, and in the second group, intravenous PUFA was administered since before ligation up to eight weeks later. Results: In both groups, increased total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase were obviously found, meanwhile decreased albumin level was detected and the cholinesterase level of both groups remained unchanged. Ulcer formation occurred among the first group during 4 weeks after CBD ligation, and these ulcers showed obvious healing within four weeks after intravenous PUFA administration. In the second group, there was no significant ulcer formation within eight weeks after CBD ligation. Conclusion: The potential appearance of acute gastric mucosal injury which reflected by ulcer formation in pig-tailed macaques with obstructive jaundice was significantly decreased by intravenous PUFA administration. We also have successfully developed animal model of obstructive jaundice by CBD ligation, based on the result of liver function tests. Keywords: acute gastric mucosal injury, intravenous PUFA administration, obstructive jaundice, pig- tailed macaques
DETEKSI LOGAM BERAT PADA PERAIRAN, SEDIMEN DAN SIRIP IKAN BADUKANG {Anus caelatus HAN A. maculatus) DIMUARA SUNGAI KAHAYAN DAN SUNGAI KATINGAN, KALIMANTAN TENGAH Harteman, Edison; Soedharma, Dedi; Winarto, Adi; Sanusi, Harpasis S
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 9, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v9i3.783

Abstract

The study sites were located in the river mouths of Kahayan and Katingan Rivers of Central Kalimantan. The purpose of this study was to evaluate concentration of heavy metals on the water, sediment, Arius (catfish) fin through concentration and bioconcentration factor (BCF); data were analysed by regression and correlation analysis. Collected samples were water and fish.Water sample and fish bone were analysed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The results indicated that the concentrations of Pb>Cd>Hg were occurred in the water and hard fins, which the bioconcentrations of Hg>Cd>Pb were in the hard fins, while the bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of Pb>Hg>Cd were in the sediment.Moreover, it seems that heavy metals in the waters absorpted and accumulated by sediment and hard fins increased along with heavy metal concentration in the water, whereas heavy metals in the sediment absorpted and accumulated by hard fins increased along with heavy metal concentration .in the sediment.