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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS IN RELIGIOUS RITUALS IN THE WOMEN FARMERS GROUP OF JEMPIRING KABUPATEN BADUNG, BALI, INDONESIA Suryathi, Ni Wayan; Antara, Made; Atmaja, Nengah Bawa; Windia, Wayan
International Journal of Biosciences and Biotechnology Vol 6 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University in cooperation with Asia-Oceania Bioscience and Biotechnology Consortium (AOBBC)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/IJBB.2018.v06.i01.p07

Abstract

This study aims to analyse the science and technological values in religious rituals in the women farmers group of Jempiring Kabupaten Badung. The data was analysed qualitatively. The results show: science and technological values in religious rituals which are implemented through Tri Hita Karana which are harmonious relationship with God, harmonious relationship with other people, and harmonious relationship with the environment, it is evident from Banten Pejati that is complete with segehan Agung which is given on piodalan at Pura Melanting. Ans it is also followed by pemerastitaan and pelukatan rituals for the group?s members. Daksina in Banten Pejati is the symbol of God?s palace. This symbol provides a scientific-psycho-theological effect that makes the minds of the people moored in the presence of a metaphysical god in the support of physical daksina. This value is also found in the sound of kul-kul, genta, gamelan, kidung and mantra during rituals. A harmonious relationship with other people is also seen from the behavior of good and honest members with a basis of menyame braya.
MODEL PENGEMBANGAN AGROWISATA DI BALI WINDIA, WAYAN; WIRARTHA, MADE; SUAMBA, KETUT; SARJANA, MADE
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 7, No. 1 February 2007
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Basically, agrotourism is to place the primary sector (agricultural sector) in the tertiary sector (tourism sector), in order to increase farmers income. Farmers in agricultural sector have to get some benefits from the agrotourism activities. Beside that, agrotourism may secure the agricultural sustainability, and avoid the agricultural sector from the marginalization process. Aftermoment, there are some opinions that tourist interest tend to see natural activities, and agrotourism activities. In Bali, there are some agrotourism regions with several different management models. That is way, in this article have been explained about the general model of agrotourism development in Bali, and hope there are usefulness to the other regions in Indonesia. Key words : Agriculture, Agrotourism, and Agrotourism model. ABSTRAK Pada dasarnya agrowisata adalah menempatkan sektor primer (sektor pertanian) di sektor tersier (sektor pariwisata) yang bertujuan untuk membantu meningkatkan pendapatan petani. Petani dan sektor pertanian akan mendapat keuntungan dari aktivitas agrowisata. Agrowisata juga mampu menjaga keberlajutan sektor pertanian dan menghindarkan sektor pertanian dari proses marginalisasi. Ada banyak alasan bagi wisatawan tertarik untuk melihat keindahan alam dan melakukan berbagai aktivitas di alam terbuka termasuk menikmati aktivitas agrowisata. Sejumlah kawasan di Bali kini sedang dikembangkan sebagai kawasan agrowisata, namun model pengelolaan agrowisata yang satu dengan yang lainnya sangat berbeda. Keberagaman model pengelolaan agrowisata itu menjadi bahan kajian untuk menyusun model pengembangan agrowisata yang diberlakukan dalam kondisi yang berbeda di masing-masing obyek agrowisata tersebut. Artikel ini memaparkan secara gamblang bagaimana model pengembangan agrowisata di Bali dan diharapkan dapat digunakan untuk pengelolaan agrowisata di daerah lain seluruh Indonesia. Kata kunci: Pertanian, Agrowisata, dan Model Agrowisata
TRANSFORMASI SISTEM IRIGASI SUBAK YANG BERLANDASKAN KONSEP TRI HITA KARANA WINDIA, WAYAN; PUSPOSUTARDJO, SUPRODJO; SUTAWAN, NYOMAN; SUDIRA, PUTU; SUPADMO ARIF, SIGIT
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 5, No. 2 Juli 2005
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Subak irrigation system beside as an appropriate technological system, but as acultural system as well. This fenomenon indicate that basically subak irrigationsystem is a technological system that has been developed as a part of cultural society.Because subak system is viewed as a technological system, so this system has anability to be transformed. Meanwhile, limitation of the ability of subak irrigationsystem to overcome the extreem conditions, basically can be solved through theharmony and togetherness, based on the Tri Hita Karana (THK) principles as a basicof subak system. Futhermore, through inverse technique, it can be seen the ability ofsubak system, that can be transformed. And then, through Fuzzy Set Theory, it can beseen the dominance or ranks of the all elements of subak system, which are also as aconsideration on the transformation process.
STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN EKOWISATA DI SUBAK JATILUWIH KECAMATAN PENEBEL KABUPATEN TABANAN Kama Wijaya, Gusti Ngurah; Antara, Made; Windia, Wayan
ECOTROPHIC : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science) Vol 9 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Science, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2015.v09.i02.p04

Abstract

Subak Jatiluwih in 2012 has been named as one of the World Heritage nomination from UNESCO. The level of tourist visits to Subak Jatiluwih continues to increase each year. The rate of environmental damage due the development of tourism is also expected to increase, and therefore need to be efforts to minimize environmental damage from tourism development. This study aims to identify the potential of ecotourism in Subak Jatiluwih, knowing how to manage the environment at the moment and assess environmental management strategies ecotourism, so that tourism development is carried out to provide benefits not only to the social and economic fields surrounding communities but also to the preservation of the environment in Subak Jatiluwih. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach. The method of collecting data in this study using the observation, interviews and questionnaires. The data obtained were analyzed by descriptive qualitative analysis equipped with IFAS (Internal Factor Analysis Summary), EFAS (Exsternal Factor Analysis Summary), SWOT (Strength Weakness Opportunities Threats) analysis and QSPM (Quantitative Strategies Planning Matrixs) analysis to determine strategic priorities has been produced. Based on the observation the environmental potential of ecotourism in Subak Jatiluwih is abiotic potential consisting of rice field panorama, Besi Kalung Temple panorama, wellsprings, waterfall, hot springs, river. Biotic potential include brown rice, Kokokan bird. Social and cultural potentials include the existence of subak organization, technology used in water distribution system, myth, potential of 13 traditional ceremonies conducted in Subak Jatiluwih. The results of SWOT analysis, there are four strategies that is Strength Opportunities Strategy (SO), Strength Threats Strategy (ST), Weaknesses Opportunities Strategy (WO) and Weaknesses Threats Strategy (WT). Each of these strategies are translated into programs in environmental management of ecotourism in Subak Jatiluwih. QSPM analysis results a functional strategy with highest scale priority to be implemented is the development of tour packages based on agriculture, culture and nature. Ecotourism environmental management in Subak Jatiluwih requires completeness of supporting facilities and infrastructures such as improved roads, irrigation channels, parking and toliet. In addition to support of the empowerment local communities should reduce the use of migrants labor and involve local communities especially members of Subak as a tour guide, forming subak cooperatives and perform packaging of agriculturebased tourism, culture and nature, by limiting the number of tourists visit if its felt beyond the carrying capacity.
STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN SUMBERDAYA PESISIR DAN LAUT BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL DI KOTA ADMINISTRATIF ATAURO KOTA MADYA DILI TIMOR-LESTE Mesquita, Domingos; Suarna, I Wayan; Windia, Wayan
ECOTROPHIC : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science) Vol 10 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Science, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2016.v10.i02.p04

Abstract

Coastal and marine resources today are degraded as a result of destructive use and short-term interests. People in the Town of Atauro have their own indigenous traditions of ancestors that are applied in the customary law, known by the locals as Tara Bandu (prohibitions). The objectives of this research are: 1) to find out the potential of coastal and marine resources as well as the extent of their utilization , 2) to determine the values of local wisdom of the coastal communities that have a relationship with the management of coastal and marine resources, 3) to determine the attitudes and behavior of the people as well as components related to management of coastal and marine resources, 4) to obtain management strategies of coastal and marine resources that is based on the local wisdom in the Town of Atauro. This study is a survey research using qualitative descriptive approach combined with SWOT analysis. Data were collected by field observations, interviews, and documentation. While the methods and techniques of data analysis used were qualitative descriptive analysis and SWOT analysis. The research results showed that the values of local wisdom that have a role in the management of coastal and marine resources are the tradition to install traps (bubur), local wisdom of Tara Bandu (prohibition), local wisdom in the Kampung Maquer to prohibit the capture of some types of slow-moving marine life, tradition of baku tasi and baku lai, the tradition of worshipping wooden statues and the Saint Peter?s festival. In the Village of Biqueli, there is a tradition of the prohibitions on smoking, chewing betel nut, and drinking alcoholic beverages in public places. SWOT analysis concluded that the management of coastal and marine resources in the Administrative Town of Atauro is in quadrant / conservative position, i.e. the position of improvement strategies. The strategies used in the management of coastal and marine resources are, a) preparing the regional spatial layout plan (RTRW) with the concept of one island management strategy so that the development programs do not have a negative impact on coastal and marine resources, b) preparing for annual action plans and allocating funds for the provision of facilities and infrastructure, c) human resource development through formal education, training profession, and comparative studies in the more developed areas, d) conducting a study of environmental impacts of coastal development, e) tradition to install traps and lubuk larangan/customary prohibition needs to be done to maintain the harmony of human relationships with the environment, f) giving education and extension programs for public awareness about the conservation of coastal and marine resources.
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN SUBAK MENJADI LEMBAGA BERORIENTASI AGRIBISNIS DI KABUPATEN BADUNG (KASUS SUBAK SENGEMPEL, DESA BONGKASA, KECAMATAN ABIANSEMAL) BUDHIARTI, KADEK AYU RATNA; WINDIA, WAYAN; ASTITI, NI WAYAN SRI
Jurnal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.5, No.4, Oktober 2016
Publisher : Agribusiness Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University

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Abstract

Strategy of Subak Development into an Agribusiness-Oriented Institution in Badung Regency (The Case of Subak Sengempel, Bongkasa Village,Abiansemal District) Agricultural development is done through an approach of agribusiness system which constitutes the whole subsystems of farming which are interrelated, interdependent and mutually influential. The aim of this study was to formulate strategies of Subak development into an agribusiness-oriented institution. This research was conducted in Subak Sengempel, Abiansemal District Badung regency. This study used 16 respondents (14 internal respondents and two external respondents) by means of purposive sampling. Data analysis method used was descriptive, qualitative, and quantitative method in order to obtain alternative strategies by using SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity, threat). The results showed that Sengempel Subak position was in cell one, Growth position. This growth position stated that Subak Sengempel was currently experiencing growth. Based on the SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity, threat) analysis, six alternative strategies can be recommended. The prioritized alternative strategy was the strategy of Subak development into an agribusiness-oriented institution. This Subak development into agribusiness-oriented institution was expected to become an independent and profit-oriented organization, able to survive and compete in the era of modernization. The recommended suggestion in this research is the development of Subak into an agribusiness-oriented institution is very possible with a real program. It can promote farmers? independence, coordination with relevant parties, and create a pilot area of agribusiness that could be a motivation and foster the spirit of farmers in developing Subak into to an agribusiness-oriented institution.
PERANAN SUBAK DALAM AKTIVITAS PERTANIAN PADI SAWAH (KASUS DI SUBAK DALEM, KECAMATAN KERAMBITAN, KABUPATEN TABANAN) ARYAWAN, I PUTU SONY; WINDIA, WAYAN; WIJAYANTI, PUTU UDAYANI
Jurnal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.2, No.1, Januari 2013
Publisher : Agribusiness Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University

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ABSTRACT Subak Role in Agricultural Activities Rice Rice Fields Subak as an organization that regulates the distribution of water in the rice is one of Bali's cultural heritage that has been recognized worldwide. Where existence is in dangered due to start behavioral changes manners subak.The purpose of this study was to determine the role of subak in rice farming activity seen from the five subak role. The approach taken in this study with descriptive qualitative method by conducting in-depth interviews about the problems facing subak seen from the five subak role in rice farming activities. The results showed the role of subak in rice farming activities begin reduced. If this is going to endanger the continued existence of subak. There fore, it needs to be more participation of farmers to assist in ferforming subak rice farming activities. Subak role in the distribution and operation of Dalem Subak irrigation water, there is a problem due to lack of attention to soil conditions that cause distriubusi Dalem Subak irrigation water is not adequate for the needs of area farmers' fields.Subak role in the operation and maintenance of irrigation networks, the results of in-depth interviews with key informants. Irrigation channel in Subak Dalem still often blocked due to garbage thrown into. Keywords: Subak?s role, rice farming, existence of subak
SOSIALISASI SUBAK SEBAGAI WARISAN BUDAYA DUNIA KEPADA SISWA SMU DI KECAMATAN TAMPAKSIRING, KABUPATEN GIANYAR WINDIA, WAYAN; WIDYANTARA, I WAYAN; DJELANTIK, A.A.A WULANDIRA SAWITRI; WIJAYANTI, PUTU UDAYANI; DEWI, IDA AYU LISTIA; HANDAYANI, M.TH.
Jurnal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.4, No.5, Desember 2015
Publisher : Agribusiness Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University

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Abstract

Abstract Noble values ??contained in Subak finally set to make UNESCO as World Cultural Heritage in need of protection. The challenge is not only coming from the onslaught of tourism alone but the biggest challenge comes from farmers themselves, namely the lack of interest of young generation to carry on the profession as a farmer. This led to concerns about the sustainability and preservation of the water control system. Subak as one of the world's cultural heritage contained in Sub Sukawati Gianyar regency which Subak Kulub Atas, Subak Kulub Bawah, and Subak Pulagan. Very important for the socialization of Subak as a world heritage, especially on the definition and management to the surrounding communities and the general location of the high school students in the District Sukawati Gianyar regency. Service activities that have been conducted in SMU 1 Sukawati, these students showed enthusiasm in listening to the material that we provide. After counseling, community service our team provides time for students to discuss around the water control system and world heritage, and there are many students who are interested and ask questions about how to preserve Subak and what they should do as the younger generation. As their young people are less interested in working in the agricultural sector, but they have the desire to preserve subak. Keywords: subak, world cultural heritage, agricultural
MANAGEMENT STRATEGY OF NINO CONI SANTANA NATIONAL PARK AT TUTUALA VILLAGE, TUTUALA SUB-DISTRICK, LAUTEM DISTRCK, TOMOR-LESTE Jose De Deus, Edelmiro; Windia, Wayan; Astarini, Ida Ayu
ECOTROPHIC : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan (Journal of Environmental Science) Vol 10 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Master Program of Environmental Science, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/EJES.2016.v10.i02.p05

Abstract

Nino Coni Santana National Park had been suffered by illegal logging, and other activities that are not environmenknowleage. Lack of a security and knowledgeabout forest also contributeto increasethe damage of Nino Coni Santana National Park (1)The purpose of this research is to determine management strategy of Nino Coni National Park due to illegal logging in the area Tutuala and Mehara village at Tutuala sub-district,Lautem district, Timor Leste and determine management strategy of Nino Coni Santana National Park. Public perception obtained through questionnaires with purpose sampling method. The formula of management strategy for the damage in Nino Coni Santana National park use SWOT analysis to identify internal and external factors. The level of damage known by identifiy thearea due damaged by illegal logging.(2) The results showed that the damage by illegal logging at Nino Coni Santana national park caused because people are not involved in management of Nino Coni Santana National Park. The problems are illegal logging, encroachment,of forest, slash the wood harting wild animals, lack organization,andillegal grazing.(3) The management strategy of Nino Coni Santana National Park based on local culture, the establishment of a special UPTD that manage Coni Nino Santana forests, HKM and tourism programs, public development programs and cooperation of local people in order to utilize, surveillance and patrolling forests. In order to develop local knowledge as a base inNino Coni Santana National park,through HKM and tourism, Public socialization about the importance of forest. To measure the success of this management,should do monitoring, controlling andevaluation periodically by the government and involve the local people around Nino Cono Santana National Park.
SISTEM SUBAK UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN LINGKUNGAN YANG BERLANDASKAN TRI HITA KARANA Windia, Wayan; Suamba, I Ketut; Sumiyati, Sumiyati; Tika, Wayan
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol.12, No.1, 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/SOCA.2018.v12.i01.p10

Abstract

Subak di Bali memiliki berbagai kearifan. Diantaranya kearifan ekologis. Kearifan ekologis subak pada dasarnya berlandaskan pada filsafat yang diterapkannya yakni Tri Hita Karana (THK). Pengakuan UNESCO terhadap subak sebagai warisan budaya dunia pada prinsipnya disebabkan karena subak menerapkan secara langsung filsafat hidup THK tersebut. Adapun komponen THK itu adalah parhyangan, pawongan, dan palemahan. Dalam komponen parhyangan, subak mengembangkan harmoni dalam lingkungan spiritual, melalui berbagai upacara di tingkat petani dan juga di tingkat subak. Dalam komponen pawongan, subak mengembangkan harmoni lingkungan sosial, melalui kegiatan gotong royong, dan pelaksanaan saling pinjam air irigasi antar petani dan juga antar subak. Dalam komponen palemahan, subak mengembangkan harmoni lingkungan fisik, dengan pembuatan sawah sesuai dengan kontur lahan. Sistem ini menghasilkan terasering sawah yang indah pada beberapa subak di Bali, yang sangat terkenal di dunia.