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Nutrient Digestibility of Beef Cattle Ration with Total Mixed Fiber Amoniation (TMFA) as Basal Feed and Organic Mineral Supplementation by In Vitro Imsya, Afnur; Windusari, Yuanita; Riswandi, Riswandi
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i1.12

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The research was aimed to obtain the level of organic minerals supplementation with Total mixed fiber Amoniation (TMFA) as basal feeding for the improvement of nutrient digestibility in rumen. Technique of research conducted by In Vitro technique. The method used in this research is a Completely Randomly Designed (CRD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications. P1: 60% amoniation TMF + 0 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legumes. P2: 60% ammonia TMF + 0.75 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legum, P3: 60% ammonia TMF + 1 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Legum Swamp P4: 60% amoniation TMF + 1.5 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legum. Each treatment was added with an organic micro-mineral consisting of 40 ppm organic Zn, 10 ppm organic Cu, 0.10 ppm organic Se, and 0.30 ppm organic Cr. The parameters measured in the in-vitro technique were, measurement of nutrient digestibility which consists of dry matter and organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, NDF and ADF. The results showed that organic mineral supplementation had significantly different effect (P <0.05) on nutrient digestibility (dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, ADF, NDF). The conclusion of this study was that organic mineral supplementation of Ca, P and S 1.5 times of requirement according to NRC (2000) gave the best results for in vitro nutrient beef digestion with Total mixed fiber ammoniation (TMFA) as basal feed and supplementation of l5% legume swamp (Kemon air).Keywords: Amoniation, total mixed fiber, organic mineral, nutrient digestibility
ANALISIS PAPARAN KADMIUM, BESI, DAN MANGAN PADA AIR TERHADAP GANGGUAN KULIT PADA MASYARAKAT DESA IBUL BESAR KECAMATAN INDRALAYA SELATAN KABUPATEN OGAN ILIR Sunarsih, Elvi; Faisya, Achmad Fickry; Windusari, Yuanita; Trisnaini, Inoy; Arista, Dini; Septiawati, Dwi; Ardila, Yustini; Purba, Imelda Gernauli; Garmini, Rahmi
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 17, No 2 (2018): Oktober 2018
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.399 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.17.2.68-73

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Latar Belakang : Air merupakan unsur yang vital dalam kehidupan manusia. Kualitas air bersih menurun akibat tingkah-laku manusia seperti sisa pembuangan pabrik-pabrik kimia/industri, zat-zat detergen, dan asam belerang.  Dampak dari terpaparnya air yang mengandung bahan kimia seperti kadmium, besi, dan mangan dapat menimbulkan efek gangguan terhadap kesehatan kronis maupun akut.Metode : Penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi potong lintang (cross sectional) dengan teknik purposive sampling. Besar sampel yang diambil sebanyak 100 sampel.Hasil : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi rata-rata kadmium (Cd) 0,277 mg/L, besi (Fe) 0,414 mg/L, dan mangan (Mn) 0,213 mg/L masih memenuhi syarat Permenkes Nomor 32 Tahun 2017. Proporsi responden yang mengalami gangguan kulit sebanyak 45%. Variabel lama pajanan dan status alergi mempunyai hubungan yang bermakna (p value < 0,05), sedangkan variabel konsentrasi Cd, Fe, Mn, jenis kelamin, dan umur tidak mempunyai hubungan yang bermakna (p>0,05) terhadap gangguan kulit.Simpulan : Konsentrasi rata-rata Cd, Fe, Mn masih memenuhi syarat Permenkes, tetapi belum memenuhi syarat fisik karena memiliki rasa dan berwarna keruh. Gangguan gatal pada kulit disebabkan lama pajanan terhadap air sungai dan status alergi responden. Perlu dilakukan upaya promotif dan edukasi seperti pembuatan pengolah air sederhana skala rumah tangga kepada masyarakat. ABSTRACTTitle: Analysis of Cadmium, Iron, and Manganese Exposure on Water Cause of Skin Disorders in Desa Ibul Besar Kecamatan Indralaya Selatan Kabupaten Ogan IlirBackground : Water is a vital element in human life. The quality of clean water decreases because of human behavior such as waste disposal of chemical / industrial plants, detergent, and sulfuric acid. The impact of exposure from water containing chemicals such as cadmium, iron, and manganese that cause chronic and acute health effects.Methods : This study used cross sectional study design with purposive sampling technique. There are 100 samples.Results : The results showed that the average concentration of cadmium (Cd) 0.277 mg / L, iron (Fe) 0.414 mg / L, and manganese (Mn) 0.213 mg / L still appropriate quality standard from Permenkes Number 32 Year 2017. The proportion of respondents got skin disorders 45%. The variables of exposure and allergic status had significant relationship (p value < 0.05). The concentration variables Cd, Fe, Mn, sex, and age had no significant relationship (p > 0.05) to skin disorders.Conclusion : The average concentrations of Cd, Fe, Mn still appropriate quality standard from Permenkes, but they are not appropriate the physical requirements because they have a taste and muddy. Itchy skin disorders are caused by exposure of river water and allergic status of respondents. It needs promotive and educational efforts such as making simple household water processing to the community. 
CHARACTERISTICS OF HABITAT, DISTRIBUTION, AND DIVERSITY OF ANOPHELES SPP IN KEMELAK BINDUNG LANGIT VILLAGE, OGAN KOMERING ULU REGENCY, SOUTH SUMATRA Maretasari, Giri; Windusari, Yuanita; Lamin, Syafrina; Hanum, Laila; Septiawati, Dwi
Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development Vol. 2 No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Abstract

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium andis transmitted through the bite of a female Anopheles vector. Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) is a district in South Sumatra that is endemic to malaria. The study aims to determine habitat type, environmental factors that influence larvae development, and distribution of Anopheles larvae. The experiment was conducted from January to February 2019 in the Kelurahan Kemelak Bindung Langit, OKU. Species identification was carried out in the Entomology Laboratory, Baturaja Health Research and Development Center, OKU. Sampling locations were determined based on field observations, through simple purposive sampling. Identification of mosquito larvae which were maintained in the laboratory, showed that they originated from four Anopheles species namely An. vagus, An. barbirostris, An. kochi, and male Anopheles. The dominant habitat (76,89%) was rice fields. The characteristics of larval breeding habitats included water pH of 5-6, water temperature of 280C-320C, light intensity of 756 - 761 mmHg, visual clear water, muddy substrates, and habitat distance with houses of 10 -60 m. The Anopheles type diversity index (H ') was low (0.04-0.36). The larval density was the highest in RT 1 and RT 2 (as many as 2.5 larvae/cauldrons), and the lowest in RW 3 locations (as many as 0.1 larvae/cauldron), which had the same habitat type, namely, rice fields. The highest dominance index (C) was found in male Anopheles (C = 1), and the lowest was detected in An. kochi (C = 0.02) and An. barbirostris (C = 0.01). The pattern of the spread of Anopheles based on the Morishita index was grouped (Id> 1) and uniform (Id <1).
Kualitas Perairan Sungai Musi di Kota Palembang Sumatera Selatan Windusari, Yuanita; Sari, Netta Permata
Bioeksperimen: Jurnal Penelitian Biologi Vol 1, No 1: Maret 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas perairan Sungai Musi di perairanKelurahan 5 Ulu (titik 1 pada ordinat  02o59’41.2”S dan 104o 45’39.3’’E dan 7 Ulu (Titik 2 pada ordinat 02o59’39.3’’S dan 104o45’42.1’’E) di Kecamatan Seberang Ulu IKota Palembang. Parameter fisika, kimia, dan biologi perairan diukur di lapangan dan di laboratorium. Hasil menunjukkan kualitas perairan Sungai Musi untuk nilai-nilai dari beberapa parameter kimia seperti amonia, sulfida, besi, mangan, klorida lebih tinggi dari standar nilai yang diperbolehkan dalam suatu perairan sungai. Total colifrom sebesar 2400 koloni/100 ml  pada di Titik 1 juga melebihi batas kelayakan untuk nilai total coliform di perairan sungai.Berdasarkan hasil ini dapat dinyatakan kualitasperairan Sungai Musi, khususnya di lokasi sampling tidak layak digunakan untuk konsumsi karena terindikasi tercemar polutan dari industri dan feses.
ANALISIS POLIMORFISME PADI VARIETAS LOKAL SUMATERA SELATAN BERDASARKAN PENDEKATAN PCR-RAPD Adriansyah, Fikri; Hanum, Laila; Muharni, Muharni; Windusari, Yuanita
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 7, No 1 (2018): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (602.039 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.7.1.2018.347

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Adriansyah et al, 2018. Polymorphism Analysis of Local Varieties of South Sumatra Rice Based on PCR-RAPD. JLSO 7(1):50-58.The existence of rice germplasm is threatened because of the introduction of various high-yielding varieties. This study aimed to analyze rice kinship and conservation of local varieties of South Sumatra rice. This study was conducted in August 2015 to December 2015. DNA isolation using the Promega Wizard Purification Systems KIT. This study uses OPA-9 primer, OPA-10, OPA-13, OPA-16. All primers can amplify DNA with optimal quality. OPA-9 primers produced 5 DNA bands, OPA-10 primers produced 9 DNA bands, OPA-13 primers produced 12 DNA and Primary OPA-16 bands producing 9 ppita DNA.
Analysis and Identification of Landuse on The East Coast of South Sumatera Using GIS Windusari, Yuanita; Hanum, Laila; Lestari, Margareta Sri
Proceeding of the Electrical Engineering Computer Science and Informatics Vol 2: EECSI 2015
Publisher : IAES Indonesia Section

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/eecsi.2.567

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Analysis and identification of land use in coastal areas to study the coastal environment Sembilang National Park in South Sumatra using remote sensing system (Geoinformation System) has been conducted from June until November 2014. The objective to study the changes that occur in the coastal environment as well as to identify and estimate the area use change existing mangrove areas in Region I of the Section of Sembilang National Park Management, South Sumatra. Methods for the analysis and identification based on Landsat image data 8 in 2013 using ENVI 4.3 and Arc GIS 9.3 software as well as the conversion of ground check. The results showed the use of land in the mangrove areas in the region I of the Section of Sembilang National Park Management classified into 5 classes, namely mangrove, water area, mangrove shrubs, mainland mud, and ponds areas. The area of each class were observed in sequence as follows 8921.19 ha (41.69%) is a mangrove area; 3934.3 ha (23.28%) is water areas; 3.608,52ha (17.41%) is an area of mangrove shrubs; 1.649,11ha (9.05%) is mainland mud and settlement area; and 1.561,04ha (8.57%) is the ponds areas. The percentage of the class obtained as a result of the conversion of ground check is based on the land use map data with the total area observed.
The Diversity of the dragonfly (Odonata) as an indication of water quality Agus, Muhammad; Pujiastuti, Yulia; Windusari, Yuanita
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 4 (2017): October
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (712.004 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.4.80-84

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Information on the diversity of dragonfly in the University area is still not much. Reduced areas that support the growth and development of dragonfly species are thought to have an impact on the decline of the population and the diversity of these species. The purpose of this study identified and analyzed the diversity of dragonfly species. Dragonfly are collected through direct capture and using sticky traps, then visual observations are made for identification. Environmental conditions in the area of Sriwijaya University Campus is still good, with the visibility of environmental parameters in the form of DO, BOD and COD still meet environmental quality standards so that dragonflies are still able to lay eggs to keep their generation. Sriwijaya University campus found 19 species of Odonata belonging to 5 families and 2 sub-ordo, with the value of species diversity index of 2.05 and moderate
KELIMPAHAN DAN KEKAYAAN ARTROPODA PREDATOR PADA TANAMAN PADI YANG DIAPLIKASI BIOINSEKTISIDA BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS Irsan, Chandra; Sunariah, Fina; Herlinda, Siti; Windusari, Yuanita
JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA Vol 16, No 1 (2016): MARET, JURNAL HAMA DAN PENYAKIT TUMBUHAN TROPIKA
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.276 KB) | DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.11642-50

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Abundance and species richness of the predatory arthropods on paddy treated with Bacillus thuringiensis bioinsecticide. Application of bioinsecticide from bacterial entomopathogen has not been reported yet that can decrease abundance and species richness of predatory arthropods, such as spiders and predatory insects. This research was aimed to analyze the abundance and species richness of predatory arthropods paddy fields applied by B. thuringiensis bioinsecticide on paddy in fresh swamp area. Areas observed were 2 ha paddy field’s at Situ Bagendit variety. Predatory arthropods inhabiting canopy were sampled using sweep but soil dwelling arthropods were trapped using pitfall traps. The result showed that abundance of spiders inhabiting canopy decreased significantly after B. thuringiensis bioinsecticide application on paddy compared to control without bioinsecticide but the abundance of predatory insects were not significantly affected by the bioinsecticide. Application of the bioinsecticide did not significantly affect the abundance and species richness of soil dwelling predatory arthropods, such as spiders and predatory insects.
Kelimpahan Arthropoda Karnivora di Pertanaman Padi Ratun di Sawah Lebak yang Diaplikasikan Bioinsektisida Bacillus thuringiensis Sunariah, Fila; Herlinda, Siti; Windusari, Yuanita
Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 18, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

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Kelimpahan Arthropoda karnivora di pertanaman padi ratun di sawah lebak yang diaplikasikan bioinsektisida Bacillus thuringiensis telah dilakukan di sawah lebak Pemulutan, Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan selama Agustus-Oktober 2013. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui kelimpahan Arthropoda karnivora padi ratun yang diberi aplikasi Bacillus thurngiensis dan tanpa diberi aplikasi bioinsektisida. Pengambilan sampel spesies Arthropoda dilakukan dengan menggunakan jaring serangga pada tajuk tanaman padi dan pitfall trap untuk serangga tanah. Keanekaragaman Arthropoda dihitung menggunakan Indeks Keanekaragaman Shannon, Indeks Dominasi Berger-Parker dan Indeks Kemerataan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kelimpahan populasi Arthropoda karnivora didominasi famili Tetragnatidae, Coccinalidae, Lycosidae dan Carabidae.
Efek Pemberian 2-Metoksietanol Selama Selama Neurulasi Terhadap Menurunnya Kemampuan Kognitif Anak Mencit (Mus Musculus) Swiss Webster Jantan Jantan pada Uji Menggunakan Shuttle Box Windusari, Yuanita
Jurnal Penelitian Sains No 14 (2003)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

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Abstract

The study to investigate the effects of prenatal 2-methoxyethanol (2-ME) exposure , a solvent extensively used in various industries, and is derived from the plastizicer calles dimethoxyethyl phthalate (DMEP), on the learning behaviour and memory of male Swiss Webster mice (Mus musculus) has been conducted. Dams on gestation days 7-10 (group I) or gestation days 14-17 (group II) were injected subcutaneously with 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight (bw) a single dose of 2-ME with a volume of 0.1 ml/10 g bw. Controls were given sterilized bidistilled on gestation days 7-17. The dams were allowed to deliver spotaneously and to rare their offsping, which were ajusted at postnatal day 4, until wearing postnatal day 21. Postweaning bahavior was performed by 9 weeks ols males for learning and memory ability by avoideance learning test using shuttle box. Brains were weighed and fixed in Bouin’s solution untul tough, then the lenght and width of cerebrum were measured, and the razor blade sectioning on the brain was performed to observe were performed to observe the ventricular dilatation for detecting the presence of internal hydrocephaly. The results showed that prenatal 2-ME esposure caused postweaning behavioural deviations in the offsping. The postweaning F1 generation, 2-ME lowered the learning and memory ability showed by the decrease of the avoidance rate in the avoidance learning test. It can be concluded that prenatal 2-ME esposure administered subcutaneously produces behavioural deviations in the postnatal F1 generation of Swiss Webster mice (Mus musculus). The brains weigh and cerebral width decreased.