M. Aman Yaman
Syiah Kuala University

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PEMISAHAN SPERMATOZOA BERKROMOSOM X DAN Y KAMBING BOER DAN APLIKASINYA MELALUI INSEMINASI BUATAN UNTUK MENDAPATKAN JENIS KELAMIN ANAK SESUAI HARAPAN Dasrul, Dasrul; Yaman, M. Aman; Zulfan, Zulfan
Jurnal Agripet Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Volume 13, No. 1, April 2013
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v13i1.546

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Separation of spermatozoa with x and y chromosome at boer goat and its application by artificial insemination for kid sex purposeABSTRACT. The purposes of this experiment are to investigate the separation of X and Y spermatozoa by measuring the spermatozoa quality, sex ratio between X and Y, capacity of fertility indicated by conception rate and sex ratio of goat boar kids. Samples, used in this experiment, are fresh semen from Boer goat with high quality consists of 4 group treatments with 6 replications 1) group of spermatozoa without separation (control), 2) group of spermatozoa separated by percoll gradient density centrifugation 3 levels (P1), 5 levels (P2) and swine up (P3). The observed parameters are spermatozoa quality, X and Y spermatozoa ratio, fertility?s capacity and sex ratio on the birth. Quality examination of spermatozoa and identify X and Y spermatozoa is based on the standard method of WHO. The conception rate was based on the ratio of pregnant goat after the first insemination. Data of spermatozoa quality and spermatozoa ratio were analyzed by using analisis of variance (ANOVA) and further analysis by LSD if there were differences between treatments. The results of this experiment showed that spermatozoa quality Boer goat significantly reduced (p 0,05) after separation with percoll gradient density centrifugation  and swim up. Percentage spermatozoa X after percoll gradient density centrifugation was significantly higher (P 0,05) compared to control and swim up. Meanwhile, the Y spermatozoa population was significantly higher (P 0,05) after swim up treatment compared to percoll gradient density centrifugation and control. The percentage of sex ratio (male: female) after insemination from percoll gradient density centrifugation produced more female than male. On the other hand, insemination from swim up produced more male than female. Sex ratio produced from separation of percoll gradient density centrifugation, swim up was difference from control semen (P 0,05). From this experiment, it was concluded that spermatozoa separation by percoll gradient density centrifugation and swim up can be used as one of the methods to separate   X and Y spermatozoa and further can be applied to get preferred sex animals.
RESPON PERTUMBUHAN AYAM LOKAL PEDAGING TERHADAP SUPLEMENTASI PROTEIN ISOLASI BIJI-BIJIAN (PIB) DAN PERBEDAAN LEVEL PROTEIN RANSUM Yaman, M. Aman; Zulfan, Zulfan; Saputra, Andi
Jurnal Agripet Vol 9, No 2 (2009): Volume 9, No. 2, Oktober 2009
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v9i2.630

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The response of local meat chicken growth to supplementation of isolated grain protein and the difference in ration protein levelABSTRACT. A research which aims to determine the response of local meat chicken growth of protein supplementation with Isolation Grains Protein (IGB) and the difference in ration protein level has been conducted in the Laboratory of Experimental Farm, Animal Husbandry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University-Darussalam, Banda Aceh for 90 days. This study used a completely randomized design factorial with 2 factors, consisting of factors namely male gender (JJ) and female (JB) and the ration is a combination of factors and levels IGB in the ration, ie: treatment A: 17% protein and 0.4% IGB; treatment B 19% protein and 0.6% IGB and treatment C 21% protein and 0.8% IGB. Each combination consisted of 4 replications and each replication consists of 5 chickens. Parameters observed in the study were weight gain, achievement of final weight, consumption, conversion and efficiency of ration. DOC used a derivative result of selection of local meat chicken which are in the process of selection. Data acquired and processed by ANOVA.The results showed that supplementation of IGB and ration protein level difference was significantly effect (P 0.01) on weight gain, final weight, rate of consumption, conversion efficiency of rations and rations, but there is no interaction effect between sex and ration factors . The highest weight gain obtained in the male local chicken achieved by feeding a ration B (93.23 grams), while the hen rations achieved by providing treatment C (63.86 grams / week). The highest final body weight of male chicken on treatment B (1491.5 gram/90 days) and hens in treatment C (1061.5 gram/90 days). However, the highest ration consumption in both male and female local chickens obtained from the ration A. Feed conversion value and the best feed efficiency obtained in treatment B for the treatment of male and C for female chicken. The study concluded that there were different responses between male and female local chickens of the use of IGB in the rations. In male local chicken, IGB is more effective when added in the ration with a protein level of 19% whereas in female at the protein level of 21%.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN KOMBINASI PAKAN FERMENTASI DENGAN MULTI ENZIM DAN VITAMIN E DALAM RANSUM TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KUALITAS SEMEN AYAM ARAB Mustafa, Mustafa; Dasrul, Dasrul; Yaman, M. Aman; Wahyuni, Sri; Sabri, Mustafa
Jurnal Agripet Vol 17, No 1 (2017): Volume 17, No. 1, April 2017
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v17i1.6576

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh pemberian kombinasi pakan fermentasi dengan multi enzim pencernaan dan vitamin E dalam ransum komersial terhadap peningkatan kualitas semen ayam arab. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK) yang terdiri dari 4 kelompok perlakuan dengan 5 kali ulangan. 1) kontrol (P0) ayam diberikan ransum komersial 100 %, 2) perlakuan 1 (P1) ayam diberi 89,83% ransum komersial + 10% pakan fermentasi + 0,15% multi enzim + 0,02% vitamin E, (3) perlakuan 2 (P2) ayam diberi 79,83% ransum komersial + 20% pakan fermentasi + 0,15% multi enzim + 0,02% vitamin E, dan (4) perlakuan 3 (P3) ayam diberi 69,83% ransum komersial + 30% pakan fermentasi + 0,15% multi enzim + 0,02% vitamin E. Koleksi semen dilakukan pada hari ke 36 dengan metode masase. Data kualitas semen yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan analysis of variance (ANOVA) satu arah yang dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberian kombinasi pakan fermentasi dengan multi enzim dan vitamin E dalam ransum komersial berpengaruh secara nyata (P 0,05) terhadap peningkatan volume, pH semen, konsentrasi spermatozoa, motilitas, spermatozoa hidup, dan penurunan abnormalitas ayam arab, namun tidak berbeda nyata (P 0,05) terhadap warna, konsistensi dan gerakan massa spermatozoa. Dapat disimpulkan pemberian kombinasi pakan fermentasi dengan multi enzim dan vitamin E dalam ransum komersial dapat meningkatkan kualitas semen ayam arab. (Effect addition of fermented feed with the multi-enzyme digestion and vitamin E in commercial feed on improvement the quality of semen arab chicken)ABSTRACT. The study aimed to determine the effect of fermented feed combination with the multi enzymes digestion and vitamin E addition on the quality of semen arab?s chicken. This research used a randomized block design (RAK) consisting four treatments with five replications : P0: 100% Commercial feed (524), P1: 89.83% commercial feed + 10% fermented feed + 0.02% viamint E + 0.15% multi enzyme, P2: 79.83% commercial feed + 20% fermented feed + 0.02% vitamin E + 0.15% multi enzyme, P3: 69.83% commercial feed + 30% fermented feed + 0.02% vitamin E + 0.05% multi enzyme. Semen sample was collected at 36th  day using a massage method. Data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued by Duncan test. The results showed that addition of combination of fermented feed with digestive multi enzymes and vitamin E has significantly effect (P 0,05) on increases of the volume, pH, spermatozoa concentration, percentage of spermatozoa motility, spermatozoa life, and decreased the percentage of spermatozoa abnormalities. This research can be concluded that the addition of  fermented feed combination with digestive multi enzymes and vitamin E able to improve the quality of arab chicken semen.
DEVELOPMENT OF SELECTION METHOD FOR GENETIC POTENTIAL AND ADJUSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENT TO STIMULATE GENE EXPRESSION OF LOCAL MEAT CHICKEN Yaman, M. Aman; Dasrul, Dasrul; Zulfan, Zulfan
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 3, No 2 (2009): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v3i2.9786

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This study aimed to evaluate the genetic potential of local meat chickens (LMC) to get the candidate of parent stock through the development of the selection method applied, as well as economical and practical approach and adjusment of nutritional requirement, especially protein and energy balance. Research was divided into 2 groups, where the female and male parent was reared for 2 months and the offspring (F1) was reared for 4 months and selected. The parent was mated by the method of artificial insemination (AI). Method of selection was used on the orientation of the meat chicken production parameters with a positive correlation with the gene expression Diet treatments were formulated by optimal nutrition standards in order to drive maximum primary production of local meat chicken, contained 17, 19, and 21% of protein. The result showed that feeding diet with 19% protein can stimulate optimum growth and food conversion of ALPU male, whereas female growth LMC in line with the increasing availability of protein in the diet, wherein feeding 21% of protein result in optimal growth until age 4 months.
EVALUATION OF VIABILITY AND NUTRITIVE VALUE OF INDIGOFERA TINCTORIA AS A POTENTIAL ANIMAL FEEDING IN ACEH PROVINCE, INDONESIA Yaman, M. Aman; Daud, M.; Zulfan, .; Jufri, Yadi; Karmil, T. Fadrial
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

A series of studies related to animal feeding technology to stimulate the egg production and egg quality with the development of a cheap source of protein types and useful has been done through the evaluation of viabilityand nutritive value of Indigofera tinctoria and in vivo treatments on quail and chicken. Research conducted since 2010 to October 2012 with a focus on increasing the ability to grow the Indigofera?s seed under soaking treatment inauxin hormone and testing the nutritional value on quail and chicken. The first study related to the viability testing is done by soaking the seed of Indigofera in auxin hormone before planting in the field. The study consisted of 4treatments and 5 replications of soaking period, namely: control, B (12 hours), C (24 hours) and D (32 hours) in the solution. The parameters measured were: viability and growth of seed and dry matter content of Indigofera leaf. Thesecond study tested the nutritive value of Indigofera in the ration of laying chickens and quail. Treatments were: 0, 2, 4 and 6% of Indigofera leaf in the ration. Parameters observed in were: egg production, fertility, hatchability andegg quality. The results showed that the viability of the Indigofera?s seed with soaking treatment significantly increased to 80% and soaking for 32 hours resulted a higher viability. The treatment of soaking in auxin hormonealso increased nutrient content of indigofera leaf especially protein. In terms of nutritional value, supplement of Indigofera leaf was very useful to improve the production and quality of eggs in both local laying chickens and quail.The addition of Indigofera leaf in the ration up to 5% also reduced the feed consumption and increasead Haugh unit of egg chicken. From these results it was concluded that the viability of Indigofera tinctoria increased by soaking inauxin hormone for 12-32 hours. These treatments also stimulated the dry matter and protein contents in Indigofera?s leaf. The supplement of Indigofera tinctoria leaf as much as 1-5% in the ration also improved the egg production and quality of local chicken and quail. It was indicated that Indigofera tinctoria contains not only protein and amino acids but also vitamin and mineral for egg quality
Penampilan Produksi Telur Ayam ALPU yang Diberi Bahan Pakan Fermentasi Berbasis Indigofera (Indigofera sp) Daini, Maghfira; Zulfan, Zufan; Yaman, M. Aman
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 4 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrak.  Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui penampilan produksi telur Ayam Lokal Petelur Unggul (ALPU) yang diberi bahan pakan fermentasi  yang tersusun dari indigofera (Indigofera sp),  dedak padi, dedak jagung, dan bungkil kedelai sebagai substitusi sebagian ransum komersil.  Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP), Univeritas Syiah Kuala tanggal 16 Februari‒30 Mei 2017.  Penelitian ini menggunakan 48 ekor ALPU.  Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Ransum perlakuan adalah ransum komersil yang disubstitusi dengan bahan pakan fermentasi berbasis 15% indigofera sebanyak  0, 5, 10, dan 15%.   Berdasarkan hasil penelitian  disimpulkan bahwa bahan pakan fermentasi berbasis indigofera dapat digunakan sampai 15%  tanpa berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) terhadap produksi   dan massa telur ayam ALPU. Performances of Egg Production of  ALPU Chickens  Fed Fermented Feed Based on Indigofera spAbstract.   The objective of this study was to determine effect of inclusion of fermentation feed constituted of 15%  Indigofera sp + 40% rice bran+ 25% corn bran + 20% soybean meal as partial substitution of commercial diet  on egg production of selected native chickens.   As many as 48 selected native pullets were used in this study.  The study was performed in to completely randomized design, consisted of  4 treatments and 4 replications.  Replication was an experimental unit consisted of 3 birds.   The results of study indicated that including of 15% fermentation feed based on 15% Indigofera sp could be used up to 15% to  substitute commercial diet without adverse effect on egg production of selected native chickens.  It was supposed that using fermentation feed based on 15% Indigofera sp had no adverse effect on egg production and egg mass. 
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN KULIT NANAS (ANANAS COMOSUS L. MERR) FERMENTASI TERHADAP PERSENTASE KARKAS DAN KOLESTEROL AYAM POTONG Noviandi, Idham; Yaman, M. Aman; Rinidar, Rinidar; Nurliana, Nurliana; Razali, Razali
Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 2 (2018): Volume 18, No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v18i2.8239

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemanfaatan kulit nanas dalam pakan fermentasi terhadap persentase karkas dan kolesterol daging ayam potong. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan ternak percobaan sebanyak 80 ekor anak ayam umur 2 hari selama tiga puluh lima hari yang diacak dan dibagi menjadi empat perlakuan dan empat ulangan. Adapun perlakuan ransum disusun berdasarkan tingkat penggunaan kulit nanas yang difermentasi, yaitu: P1 (0,0%), P2 (10%), P3 (20%), dan P4 (30%). Parameter yang diamati adalah persentase karkas dan kolesterol daging ayam potong. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan sidik ragam menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dan bila terdapat perbedaan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan?s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pakan yang mengandung kulit nanas difermentasi dalam pakan komersil berpengaruh nyata menurunkan (P 0,05) persentase karkas dan menurunkan kadar kolesterol pada ayam potong. Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa kulit nanas yang difermentasi dalam pakan komersil pada ayam potong mampu menurunkan persentase karkas dan kolesterol pada daging dada ayam potong.  (Effect of green leather generation (Ananas comosus L. Merr) fermentation on the percentage of carcass and cholesterol chicken pieces) ABSTRACT. The study was conducted to determine the effect of pineapple skin utilization in fermented feed on carcass and cholesterol percentage of chicken meat. The design used is Completely Randomized Design (RAL) with experimental as many as 80 day old chicken (DOC) aged 2 days, randomly selected, divided into four treatments and four replications and treated for thirty five days. The ration treatment was prepared based on the level of fermented pineapple skin use, namely: P1 (0,0%), P2 (10%), P3 (20%), and P4 (30%). The parameters observed were the percentage of carcass and cholesterol of chicken meat. The data obtained were analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and if the were differences followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test. The results showed that feed containing fermented pineapple skin significantly decreased (P 0,05) percentage of carcass and lower cholesterol levels in chicken meat. It can be concluded that the utilization of fermented pineapple skin in commercial feed have a significant effect on reducing the percentage of carcass and cholesterol in chicken breast meat.
Analisis Pendapatan Usaha Ikan Nila (oreochromis niloticus) dengan Pemberian Pakan Pelet Organik (ppo) dari Limbah Feses Sapi, Bungkil Kedelai, Dedak, dan Probiotik Zaman, Muhammad Khomarun; Zulfan, Zulfan; Yaman, M. Aman
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Mei 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract. The objective of present study was to determine effect of feeding tilapia  fishes (Oreochromis niloticus) with the commercial diets partially substituted by Organic Pelet Feed  (OPF) composed by cattle feces,  soybean meal, rice bran, and probiotic on total income.  The study was conducted  in  Research Station II Ie Sueum,  Syiah Kuala University,  June 1 until  August 29,  2016.  The study used 1600 of  a week old of tilapia fish.  The study was performed into completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 4 replications.  Each replication was an experimental unit, consisting of 100 fishes.  The treatment tested was feeding tilapia fishes with  commercial diets partially substituted by OPF with the level of  0, 10, 20, and 30%, respectively.  The OPF was made up of cattle feces 50%+rice bran 30%+soybean meal 19%+probiotic 1%.  Parameters measured were final body weight (FBW),  total feed consumption (TFC), and Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC) as well as total income.  The data of  FBW and TFC were analyzed by Analysis of  Variance (ANOVA) (Ott, 1993), while  the data of IOFC and total income were analyzed by the economical parameters of R/C and B/C ratio (Soekartawi, 1995).  The results of study showed that OPF could be used up to 20% to substitute commercial diet in raising tilapia fish with the best level was  10% most significantly (P<0,01) increasing body weight of tilapia fish.  It was considered that the highest income of  raising tilapia fish was resulted by administrating 10% OPF.   
Pemanfaatan Limbah Feses Sapi sebagai Pembuatan Pakan Pelet terhadap Pertambahan Berat Badan Ikan Lele Dumbo Zulhelmi, Zulhelmi; Yaman, M. Aman; Fitri, Cut Aida
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memanfaatkan limbah asal feses sapi sebagai bahan pembuatan pakan pelet guna memacu pertumbuhan ikan Lele Dumbo.  Penelitian ini dilakukan di Station Riset II (dua) Ie Suum, UPT. University Farm, Aceh Besar,  tanggal 22 Mei‒14 Agustus 2016. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) terdiri dari 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Setiap ulangan merupakan unit percobaan, masing-masing terdiri dari 50 ekor ikan Lele Dumbo. Perlakuan menggunakan pakan komersil ikan 781 Hiprovite yang disubtitusikan dengan pakan pelet organik. Parameter yang diamati adalah berat badan, pertambahan berat badan, konsumsi pakan, konversi pakan, efisiensi pakan, kelangsungan hidup, dan kualitas air (pH, suhu, kelembaban, cahaya). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlakuan pakan limbah asal feses sapi berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0.01), terhadap berat badan, pertambahan berat badan, dan konsumsi ransum ikan Lele Dumbo, namun tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05)  terhadap konversi dan efisiensi pakan. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa pakan pelet organik asal feses sapi dapat memacu pertumbuhan ikan Lele Dumbo. Utilization of Cattle Feces as Materials for Pellet Feed to The Weight Gain of Catfish Abstract. The aim of present study was to utilizase cattle feces as materials for making organic pellet feed to improve the growth of catfish.  The study was conducted  in Station Research II (two) Ie Seum Unit, University Farm, Aceh Besar, May 22-August 14, 2016. The study was designed into completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 4 treatments and 4 replications. Each relication was an experimental unit consisting of 50 catfishes.The treatment was substition of commercial feed fish (781 Hiprovite) with  organic pellet feed with the level of 0, 10, 20, and 30%, respectively.  Parameters  measured were body weight, feed intake, feed conversion, feed efficiency,  livebility, and water quality  (pH, temperature, moisture, light). The results of study showed that administration of organic pellet feed  affected highly significant (P<0.01) on body weight, body weight gain and feed intake of catfish. However, there were no significant effect (P>0.05) on feed conversion and feed efficiency.  It was concluded that the organic pellet feed composed mainly from cattle feces could  improve the growth of catfish
Evaluasi Pertumbuhan Ayam Kamaras Jantan dengan Pemberian Tepung Ampas Tahu + Tepung Kulit Telur + Feed Supplement Zulfiza, Iza; Yaman, M. Aman; Zulfan, Zulfan
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan ayam kamaras jantan dengan pemberian ransum komersil yang sebagian disubstitusi dengan tepung ampas tahu + tepung kulit telur + feed supplement. Penelitian dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP), Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh tanggal 7 Januari‒16 Maret 2016. Penelitian menggunakan 64 ekor DOC (Day Old Chick) ayam kamaras. Perlakuan yang dicobakan adalah ransum komersil broiler 512 Bravo yang disubtitusi dengan tepung ampas tahu + tepung kulit telur + feed supplement sebanyak 0% (P1), 5%+1%+1% (P2), 10%+2%+1% (P3), dan 15%+3%+1% (P4). Parameter yang diamati adalah berat badan akhir, pertambahan berat badan, konsumsi ransum, konversi ransum, dan mortalitas. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa meskipun secara statistik perbedaannya tidak nyata (P>0,05), penggunaan tepung ampas tahu + tepung kulit telur + feed supplement cenderung menaikkan berat badan dan pertambahan berat badan, konsumsi ransum, dan memperbaiki angka konversi ransum ayam kamaras. Evaluation of Male Kamaras Chicken Growth Fed Tofu Waste Meal + Egg Shell Meal + Feed Supplement Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the growth of male kamaras chickens fed a broiler commercial ration partially substituted with tofu waste meal + egg shell meal + feed supplement. The research was conducted at the Field Lab, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh on January 7 until March 16, 2016. The study used 64 DOC (Day Old Chick) of male kamaras. The treatments were using broiler commercial ration partially substituted with tofu waste meal + egg shell meal + supplement with different level. Parameters measured were final body weight (FBW), average body weight gain (BWG), feed intake, and feed conversion. The results of study showed that although statistically no significant effects were detected (P>0.05) using tofu waste meal up to 15% + eggshell meal 3% + feed supplement 1% as a partial substitution of broiler commercial ration tended to increase final body weight, average body weight gain (BWG), and feed intake and repair feed conversion of male kamaras chickens