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Journal : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat

KNOWLEDGE AND HISTORY OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AMONG HOUSEWIVES IN THE YEAR 2013 OGAN ILIR-SOUTH SUMATERA-INDONESIA Najmah, Najmah; Mutahar, Rini; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Background: Indonesia as a developing country experiencing epidemiologic transition in which communicable diseases are still main concern in Indonesia, while non-communicable diseases (degenerative) is starting to increase and to be major cause of death. Degenerative diseases are caused by many risk factors including lifestyle, eating habits, smoking, physical inactivity, genetics and other causes. Basic Health Research in 2007 showed the prevalence of the disease in Indonesia among other degenerative joint disease (30.3%), hypertension (29.8%), stroke (0.8%), heart (7.2%), diabetes mellitus (1,1%), and cancer (0.4%).Methods: This research is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach. The study design used was a cross sectional study. The samples in this study were 99 housewives in Ogan Ilir. Sampling technique in this study is a cluster random sampling to select four villages as clusters. The analyses conducted in this study are univariate analysis and correlation tests.Results: The results of this study were 29 (29.3%) of respondents had received counseling on non-communicable diseases, 40.4% of respondents considered overweight (obesity) can reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases, 79.8% knew that reducing caffeine consumption may decrease the risk of non-communicable diseases, and 77% know that reducing smoking can reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases. The disease is the most common rheumatic respondents (20.2%), traffic accidents (19.2), and hypertension (17.2%). Non-communicable diseases most suffered by the elderly respondents were hypertension (42.4%), arthritis (38.4%), and heart (19.2%). Correlation test results demonstrate a positive correlation between the respondent and the history of disease in the elderly (r = 0.172).Conclusion: Health promotion in order to improve the knowledge of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases in the housewife needs to be done both through education and the mass media. This encourages housewives to avoid the risk factors of non-communicable diseases which mainly caused by unhealthy eating patterns.Keywords: Non communicable diseases, knowledge, disease history, risk factors, prevention, housewives.
PREDICTIVE MODELS OF NEONATAL MORTALITY INCIDENCE IN SUB PURBOLINGGO EAST LAMPUNG REGENCY OF LAMPUNG PROVINCE Oktarina, Silvia; Fajar, Nur Alam; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: The infant mortality rate is one of indicators in determining children’s health status. Neonatal mortality rate in Indonesia on 2012 is 19 per 1000 live births. Meanwhile, neonatal mortality rate at Lampung Province is 20 per 1000 birth. The aim of this research is to predict the most influential variable to the case of neonatal mortality. Methods:This study is quantitatif research by case-control approach with 45 cases and 45 controls. The sample of this research is mothers who gave birth to a live infant. The data obtained were processed by using computer’s application for statistic and it is done by univariat, bivariat, and multivariat analysis. Result:Based on the results of this research, it can be known that there is correlation between birthweight to neonatal mortality (OR = 29,421), mother’s age to neonatal mortality (OR = 2,957), parity to neonatal mortality (OR = 6,143), ANC frequency (OR = 7,818), childbirth complications to neonatal mortality (OR = 9,250). Birthweight is the most influential variable to neonatal mortality (OR = 17,969; 95% CI = 3,507-92,053; p = 0,001) after being controlled by variable child birth complications, birth order, parity and ANC frequency. Conclusion:This research expected health workers to be more focus on monitoring maternal health passively and actively, conducting supplementary feeding for pregnant women, and socialization to pregnant women about the importance of family planning through counseling, role play, booklets, leaflets.Keywords: neonatal mortality, low birth weight, childbirth complication DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2017.8.1.49-55  
THE EFFECT OF ANTENATAL VISITS TO THE OCCURANCE OF MATERNAL NEAR MISS IN INDONESIA (ADVANCED ANALYSIS IDHS 2012) Susanti, Deni; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 6, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Health services especially for pregnant women in Indonesia is manifested in the form of antenatal care done at least four times during pregnancy. This study aims to determine the effect of antenatal visits is one protective factor for the occurrence of maternal near miss or close to death in Indonesia. Method: This study used cross sectional design study and used secondary data from the Demographic and Health Survey 2012. The study population in this study were women 15 to 49 years who were interviewed is 45.607 people. The sample was women aged 15-49 years who had pregnancy / childbirth in the time between 2008-2012 in Indonesia and answered questions about the complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Data analysis was performed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate risk factor model. Result: The prevalence of maternal near miss in Indonesia is 2,9% or 29 per 1000 live births. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that no significant relationship between antenatal visits (RP: 0.591 95% CI: 0.411 to 0,851) and the type of delivery (RP:2,010; 95% CI: 1,381 to 2.926) with the incidence maternal near miss. Multivariate results indicate there is an influence antenatal visits on maternal near miss after controled by the type of birth (RP: 0,612; 95% CI: 0,423 to 2.847). Conclusion: Antenatal visit has the effect for events MNM after controlling for the type of birth. For the improvement of the quality of antenatal care is very good for preventing any cases of maternal near miss. Keywords: Antenatal visits, maternal near miss
DETERMINANT PREMARITAL SEXUAL BEHAVIOR OF ADOLESCENT IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 1 NORTH INDRALAYA Nurhayati, Anissa; Fajar, Nur Alam; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Adolescents in their growth and development are aggregate that is risky to health problem, including adolescents premarital sexual behavior. Negative influence from peers and exposure to pornography increasing risk of occurence of adolescents premarital sexual behavior.This study aims to determined investigate factors associated with premarital sexual behavior among adolescents in Senior High School 1 North Indralaya. Methods: This is quantitative research while the data collected is cross-sectional. Samples taken from the students Senior High School 1 North Indralaya as much as 165 research subjects. Result: The results of the bivariate analysis showed that there is a significant relationship between knowledge (p value = 0,047; PR 0,487: 95% CI 0,252-0,953), self efficacy  (p value = 0,010; PR 2,561: 95% CI 1,291-5,079), influence of peers (p value = 0,0001; PR 4,626: 95% CI 2,229-9,598), influence of parents (p value = 0,030; PR 2,292: 95% CI 1,135-4,626 with premarital sexual behavior in Senior High School 1 North Indralaya. There is no relationship between family status, parental education, attitudes, exposure to pornography with premarital sexual behavior of adolescents in Senior High School 1 North Indralaya. Conclusion: The role of peers is the most influential premarital sexual behaviorofadolescents in Senior High School 1 North Indralaya. From the results of this study are expected the school to provide education about sexuality early so students can avoid risky sexual behavior before marriage.Keywords: Attitude, Premarital Sexual, Adolescents, Peers https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.8.2.83-90 
CAUSAL FACTORS OF ABORTUS SPONTANEOUS OCCURENCE IN DR. MOHAMMAD HOESIN GENERAL STATE HOSPITAL PALEMBANG Sitilonga, Jernita Megawati; Sitorus, Rico Januar; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Maternal mortality are one of many health problems in the world especially in Indonesia. In indonesia, one of maternal death the highest factors is abortus. abortus is conception excretion or the pregnancy termination before the fetus could survive outside the womb (viable) without considering the causal with weight <500 gram or gestation age <20 weeks. In the Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang hospital there are 126 case of abortus spontaneous in 2015. The objective is to know the causal factors of abortus spontaneous occurance in Dr.Mohammad Hoesin General State Hospital PalembangMethod: This research used case control design by analyze the secondary data obtained form the hospital medical record. The population of this research were pregnant women which inpatient in the polyclinic Obstetric and Gynecology. The sample of the research were the patient that has been diagnosed of experiencing the abortus spontaneous and giving birth spontaneous in the january untill december 2015 with 48 case and 144 control. the way of sampling was done using simple random sampling. The data were analyzed with univariate, bivariate and multivariate.Results: The causes of abortus spontaneous based on bivariate analysis is maternal age, parity and spacing pregnancies.Multivariate results showed no effect of parity on the incidence of abortus after controlled by age, history of body mass index (OR=11.683;95%CI 4.931 to 27.678). Conclusion: Maternal age, parity and spacing of pregnancy has no effect on the incidence of abortus spontaneous.Keywords: Risk, Abortion, Miscarriage. https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.8.2.100-108
CORRELATION OF SMOKING DEGREE WITH TUBERCULOSIS ON SMOKERS IN INDONESIA (ANALYSIS OF IFLS 2014) Harahap, Indah Wahyuni; Mutahar, Rini; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Tuberculosis is one of infectious disease that has special attention in Indonesia. Based on WHO report, in 2015 Indonesia is the second country with the largest tuberculosis cases in the world which number of tuberculosis reach 10% of all TB cases in the world. This condition also consist by the higher number of smokers in Indonesia where Indonesia is the third rank of the largest number of smokers in the world. This study conducted to know the correlation between smoking degree with tuberculosis. Method: This study is an analytical study using cross sectional approach. The sampel in this study are 9.639 people. Statistical analysis used in this study are univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis using complex sample analysis. Result: The result of univariate analysis of this study showed the percentage of respondents who suffer from tuberculosis is 6,7%. Bivariate analysis showed a correlation between smoking degree , age, sex, education level, income level, body mass index, occupancy density, type of house floor, and the type of wall of the house with the incidence of tuberculosis. The result of multivariate analysis showed that there was a correlation between the smoking degree and the incidence of tuberculosis after controlling for age, sex, education level, income level, body mass index, and type of house wall. Conclusion: The smoking degree influences the incidence of tuberculosis in Indonesia, so it should be given special attention to smokers in Indonesia in order to decrease the incidence of tuberculosis and can optimize the health status of Indonesian people, especially the group of smokers in Indonesia.Key Word: Tuberculosis, degree of smoking, smokers DOI: 10.26553/jikm.2017.8.3.169-179 
ANALYZE THE PARTICIPATION OF JUMANTIC CADRES IN DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (DHF) IN THE WORKING AREA OF INDRALAYA’S CENTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH Rahayu, Yusvita; Budi, Iwan Stia; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a disease that is common in the tropics area and often causes extraordinary events. Indonesia is a tropical area, so Indonesia is prone to occur outbreaks of DHF. The government needs community participation in the effort of controlling DBD (mosquito larvae) through periodic and continuous larva examination and mobilize the community in eradicating mosquito breeding. To increase the participation of community, cadres of jumantik is needed. This study aims to determine the factors that influence the participation of jumantic cadres in the prevention of DHF.Methods: This research used cross sectional design. The sample of this research is jumantik cadre in the working area of Indralaya’s center of public health which amounts to 86 people selected using simple random sampling technique. Data analysis using univariate analysis, bivariate analysis using chi square test, and multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regression test prediction model. Result: The result of uni chi square analysis showed that there was a relation between work (p=0,005), motivation (p=0.0001), communication (p=0.0001), reward (p=0,0001), and cooperative (P=<0.0001) with the participation of jumantik cadres, but no relation between age (p=0,088) and education (p=0,522) with participation of jumantik cadres. Conclusion: The most dominant factor toward the participation of jumantik cadres in the working area of Indralaya’s center of public health is reward. Researcher’s suggestions for the center of public health is given to incentives jumantik cadres in order to increase the participation of  jumantik cadres.Keywords: Participation, DHF, cooperation. DOI: 10.26553/jikm.2017.8.3.200-207