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TINGKAT PARTISIPASI PETANI HUTAN DALAM PROGRAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN BERSAMA MASYARAKAT (PHBM) PERHUTANI Winata, Adi; Yuliana, Ernik
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 28, No.1, Year 2012 (Accredited by Dikti)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v28i1.340

Abstract

Program Pengelolaan Hutan Bersama Masyarakat (PHBM) dibentuk oleh Perhutani untuk lebih melibatkan masyarakat dalam mengelola hutan di Jawa. Partisipasi aktif petani hutan dalam program PHBM menjadi kunci utama dalam pencapaian tujuan program PHBM. Tulisan ini menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik petani hutan terhadap tingkat partisipasinya dalam program PHBM. Berlokasi di Desa Buniwangi, Kecamatan Palabuhanratu, Kabupaten Sukabumi, riset didasarkan pada survei kuantitatif  dengan analisis deskriptif dan regresi. Sebagian besar petani hutan berpartisipasi dalam rapat perencanaan PHBM, rapat pelaksanaan, dan rapat evaluasi PHBM. Umur petani hutan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap partisipasi petani hutan dalam perencanaan dan evaluasi program PHBM.
BIODIVERSITY OF REEF FISHES IN MARINE PROTECTED AREA OF KARIMUNJAWA NATIONAL PARK Yuliana, Ernik; Boer, Mennofatria; Fahrudin, Achmad; Kamal, M. Mukhlis
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 9 No. 1 (2017): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (690.654 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v9i1.17915

Abstract

Karimunjawa National Park (KNP) has a high diversity of coral reef and fish. This study is aimed to analyze the biodiversity of reef fish in KNP. Field survey was conducted in KNP, District of Jepara, Central Java, in April-Juni 2015. Primary data was obtained by using survey and observation method,   includes the number of reef fish individuals per family, coral cover, turbidity, total nitrogen (N), and PO4. Secondary data were obtained from KNP authority. Belt transect method was used for counting the number of reef fish individuals, while coral cover was measured using line intercept transect (LIT) method. Abundance and biomass of reef fishes were analyzed descriptively, followed by cluster analysis. The results indicated that the average of coral cover in 2015 was 44.70%. The highest coral cover was in Taka Malang with 65.65% and the lowest was in Nirwana with 35.45%. The reef fish?s abundance in 2015 was dominated by Pomacentridae (60.46%) with an abundance of 14,850 no/ha, the second position was Caesionidae (11.77%) with an abundance of 2,892 no/ha, the third was Scaridae (6.27%) with an abundance of 1,540 no/ha. The highest biomass in 2015 was Scaridae (122.33 kg/ha), the second order was Caesionidae (104.91 kg/ha), and the third was Serranidae (50.80 kg/ha). Reef fish biodiversity in KNP is considering properly maintained, as demonstrated by high abundance and biomass of fish families.  Keywords: biodiversity, reef fish, Karimunjawa, marine protected area
PENGARUH KARAKTERISTIK DAN PERSEPSI TERHADAP TINGKAT PARTISIPASI ANGGOTA DALAM KELOMPOK MASYARAKAT PENGAWAS (POKMASWAS) SUMBER DAYA KELAUTAN DAN PERIKANAN Yuliana, Ernik; Winata, Adi
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 12 No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

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Abstract

This article is objected to identify the member?s participation level on Pokmaswas and the factor?s were be influence. Research design was explanatory research design. Data were collected by data using survey method. The population of study was Pokmaswas?s member in Sukabumi, which is 160 people. Samples are taken randomly from each Pokmaswas, numbering 5-6 people, so the number of samples is 50 people. Data were analyzed with descriptive and multiple regression. The results showed that members of Pokmaswas be in the range of mid-age adults (36-50 years), junior high and high school level education, most are public figures, and have experience of being a member Pokmaswas more than 5 years. Characteristics Pokmaswas members who have a significant effect on the perception Pokmaswas members, is the level of education and experience of being a member Pokmaswas. The participation rate in the reporting of violations Pokmaswas member in writing and in capturing the perpetrators of violations is significantly influenced by the perception of the adequacy of Pokmaswas member. Based on research results, some suggestions can be given is to increase members' experience in running the Pokmaswas Pokmaswas, especially for members Pokmaswas derived from fishing.
SIKAP MAHASISWA MEMANFAATKAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DAN KOMUNIKASI DALAM PEMBELAJARAN TERBUKA DAN JARAK JAUH Farida, Idha; Yuliana, Ernik
Jurnal Pendidikan Terbuka Dan Jarak Jauh Vol. 15 No. 2 (2014)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33830/ptjj.v15i2.594.2014

Abstract

Utilization of information and communication technology (ICT) in open and distance education is very important. Universitas Terbuka (UT-The Indonesia Open University) gradually began developing and using ICT applications for a variety of purposes, both academic and administrative. In the academic services, UT provides learning materials specifically designed for independent learning. The students can using learning materials provided by UT through the internet such as online tutorial (tuton), web supplement, internet television (I-TV), and online exercise independent (LM-Online). The objectives of the research were: (i) to describe students attitude for using information and communication technology in open and distance learning, and (ii) to describe the relationship between the students characteristics with their attitude for using information and communication technology in open and distance learning. This research was conducted with the survey methods and observations in the Regional Office (UPBJJ-UT) in Serang dan Bengkulu. The 52 students samples were randomly selected as respondents. The data were analyzed through Spearman rank correlation test. The result showed students attitude for using information and communication technology in open and distance learning is pretty good. The result showed educational students background were significantly correlated with their attitude for using web supplement and I-TV. A student region of residence were significantly correlated with their attitude for using I-TV. There was also a significant correlation between the availability of internet facilities and computer ownership with their attitudes for using tuton, web supplement and I-TV. Pemanfaatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi ( TIK ) dalam pendidikan terbuka dan jarak jauh sangat penting. Universitas Terbuka (UT) secara bertahap mulai mengembangkan dan menggunakan aplikasi ICT untuk berbagai keperluan, baik akademik dan administratif. Dalam pelayanan akademik, UT menyediakan bahan ajar yang dirancang khusus untuk belajar mandiri. Para mahasiswa dapat menggunakan bahan pembelajaran yang diberikan oleh UT melalui internet seperti tutorial secara online (Tuton), suplemen web , televisi internet (I- TV), dan latihan mandiri online (LM - Online). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) untuk menggambarkan sikap mahasiswa untuk menggunakan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi dalam pembelajaran terbuka dan jarak jauh, dan (2) untuk menggambarkan hubungan antara karakteristik mahasiswa dengan sikap mereka dalam menggunakan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi pada media pembelajaran terbuka dan jarak jauh. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode survei dan pengamatan di Kantor Wilayah (UPBJJ-UT) di Serang dan Bengkulu. Sampel sebanyak 52 mahasiswa dipilih secara acak sebagai responden. Data dianalisis melalui uji korelasi Rank Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sikap mahasiswa menggunakan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi dalam pembelajaran terbuka dan jarak cukup bagus. Selanjutnya hasil penelitian menunjukkan latar belakang pendidikan mahasiswa secara signifikan berkorelasi dengan sikap mereka untuk menggunakan suplemen web dan I-TV. Tempat tinggal mahasiswa secara signifikan berkorelasi dengan sikap mereka untuk menggunakan I- TV. Ada juga hubungan yang signifikan antara ketersediaan fasilitas internet dan kepemilikan komputer dengan sikap mereka untuk menggunakan Tuton , suplemen web dan I- TV .
PENINGKATAN KUALITAS BUKU MATERI POKOK BERDASARKAN HASIL UJI COBA LAPANGAN Sadjati, Ida Malati; Yuliana, Ernik; suparti, suparti
Jurnal Pendidikan Terbuka Dan Jarak Jauh Vol. 15 No. 2 (2014)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33830/ptjj.v15i2.593.2014

Abstract

Printed teaching materials (PTM) is the main source of student learning Open University (OU). In the learning process, PTM commonly known as the subject matter of the book (BMP), which presents the material in the module. BMP in higher education open and distance (PTJJ) is designed using a tight structure with a load of information and knowledge-intensive. The purpose of writing this article is to analyze the level of legibility BMP material and effectiveness of instructional design through field trials. The study design was a formative evaluation with a qualitative approach, by taking the object of research BMP Training Management. The informants were 30 students who have not taken the PS Agribusiness Management Training courses. Informants were selected from UT Jember with criteria GPA <2,00; 2,00 to 2,50; and GPA> 2,50, selected 10 students in each criterion. The collection of data through questionnaires and interviewing students directly. Data were analyzed with data reduction, classifying, and draw conclusions. The results showed that in general the material module can be understood, but there are some sentences that are too long and thus require full concentration for students to understand and still found the words that are difficult to understand. For some students, there are examples of confusing and difficult to understand. Images can support material explanation, but there are some images that need to be refined appearance to the students more easily understand. Effectiveness was measured effectiveness of instructional design guidance and encouragement in modules to help students understand the module. Most students do not understand the meaning of the solicitation and guidance. Small tasks can help students to recall the material that has been read. Student formative tests can be understood as the question in accordance with the contents of the module. These results are then used to revise the module. Bahan ajar cetak (BAC) merupakan sumber belajar utama mahasiswa Universitas Terbuka (UT). Dalam proses pembelajaran, BAC biasa dikenal dengan buku materi pokok (BMP) yang menyajikan materi dalam modul. BMP pada pendidikan tinggi terbuka dan jarak jauh (PTTJJ) didesain menggunakan struktur yang ketat dengan memuat informasi dan pengetahuan yang padat. Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah menganalisis tingkat keterbacaan materi BMP dan efektivitas desain instruksional melalui uji coba lapangan. Rancangan penelitian adalah evaluasi formatif dengan pendekatan kualitatif, dengan mengambil objek penelitian BMP Manajemen Pelatihan. Informan penelitian adalah 30 orang mahasiswa PS Agribisnis yang belum mengambil mata kuliah Manajemen Pelatihan. Informan dipilih dari UT Jember dengan kriteria IPK <2,00; 2,00-2,50; dan IPK>2,50, dipilih 10 mahasiswa pada setiap kriteria. Pengumpulan data melalui kuesioner dan mewawancarai mahasiswa secara langsung. Data dianalisis dengan mereduksi data, mengelompokkan, dan mengambil kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara umum materi modul dapat dimengerti, tetapi ada beberapa kalimat yang masih terlalu panjang sehingga membutuhkan konsentrasi penuh bagi mahasiswa untuk memahaminya dan masih ditemukan kata-kata yang sulit dimengerti. Bagi sebagian mahasiswa, ada contoh yang membingungkan dan sulit difahami. Gambar dapat menunjang penjelasan materi, namun ada beberapa gambar yang perlu disempurnakan tampilannya agar mahasiswa lebih mudah memahami. Efektivitas desain instruksional diukur efektivitas bimbingan dan ajakan dalam modul untuk membantu mahasiswa memahami modul. Sebagian mahasiswa belum memahami makna ajakan dan bimbingan. Tugas-tugas kecil dapat membantu mahasiswa dalam mengingat kembali materi yang sudah dibaca. Tes formatif dapat difahami mahasiswa karena pertanyaannya sesuai dengan isi modul. Hasil penelitian ini selanjutnya digunakan untuk merevisi modul.
PERAN MASYARAKAT PESISIR DALAM PENERAPAN STRATEGI KONSERVASI SUMBERDAYA LAUT (KASUS DI KELURAHAN PALABUHANRATU, KECAMATAN PALABUHANRATU, KABUPATEN SUKABUMI) Winata, Adi; Yuliana, Ernik
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol. 11 No. 2 (2010)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

This article is objected to measure the coastal communities role in the implementation of marine resource conservation strategies. The population were all coastal communities in Palabuhanratu, Sukabumi. Respondents of 50 people were chosen randomly. Data were collected by using survey method, and were analyzed by Pearson correlation. The results indicated that the level of education of coastal communities was a primary school. Respondents have been working more than 10 years. Those who knew the meaning of the protection and conservation of marine resources was 56%, while 88% of them did not know the meaning of preservation of marine resources. The role of coastal communities in aspects of marine resource protection was low, in the aspects of marine resource conservation was high, and in the preservation of marine resources was low. The characteristics of coastal communities correlated positively with the level of knowledge of coastal communities (0,3 and ? = 0,05). Furthermore, the level of knowledge of coastal communities associated with the role of coastal communities in the implementation of conservation strategies (0,5 and ? = 0,05).
TINGKAT PARTISIPASI PEREMPUAN PENGOLAH IKAN DALAM KELOMPOK USAHA BERSAMA DI CISOLOK, SUKABUMI Yuliana, Ernik; Farida, Idha; Kusumawati , Enny
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol. 9 No. 1 (2008)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

Traditional fish processing industries in Cisolok Sukabumi is operated mainly by women organized in Kelompok Usaha Bersama (KUB). This study is aimed to explain the influence of women characteristics on their participatory level in KUB activities exploratory research design with survey method were used to collect data. Sample populations of this study were all fisherwomen who process fish product in KUB. Forty samples were chosen with random sampling and datacollected were analysed by using structural equation model (SEM). The results show that participation level of fisherwomen in KUB is still low. Fisherwomen characteristics have no significant influence to participation level in KUB activities. Structural model obtained is not fit between hypothetic model and sample data. Therefore the model can not be applied in the field. But at the other hand, KUB have to intensify means to give the skill extension for fisherwomen so that participatory rate will increase.
KONTRIBUSI INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN HASIL PERIKANAN TRADISIONAL TERHADAP PENDAPATAN NELAYAN PENGOLAH Yuliana, Ernik; Indrawati, Endang; Farida, Idha
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol. 8 No. 1 (2007)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

Traditional fish processing industries in Muara Angke Jakarta have been involving many labor from the local fishermen or others. This study describes the contributions of many small industry to the labor incomes based on every small industry profit distribution. Survey method had been applied to collect the data. The population are all small traditional fish processing industries in Muara Angke. The samples are chosen based on their product, either salty fish or smoked fish. ?Hayami method? was applied to calculate the added value of each small industry. The results of this study shows that salty squid has the highest value added (Rp2167,61/kg) and highest profits (Rp2072,61/kg), Indian mackerel smoked fish gives the highest contributions to labor incomes (Rp663,36/kg). Sardinella salty fish gives the highest profit level, followed by salty squid and salty mackerel scad. Salty stingray and salty Indian mackerel gives high value for labor return. In addition, salty sardinella, salty squid, and salty ?lesi? fish have high added value ratio. Salty stingray gives the highest other input contribution, followed by smoked Indian mackerel.
TINGKAT KEBERHASILAN PENANAMAN POHON MANGROVE (KASUS: PESISIR PULAU UNTUNG JAWA KEPULAUAN SERIBU) Winata, Adi; Yuliana, Ernik
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol 17 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

Increased land demand for human life tends to lead the most transitional allotment of land conservation in the coastal zone into settlements, ports, aquaculture, and other means of livelihood. Including mangrove ecosystem in the coastal region of Kepulauan Seribu (Thousand Islands). The purpose of study was to measure the success rates of mangrove trees planting and the growth rates of mangrove trees. The design of the study was exploratory research using a quantitative approach. The population were the mangrove trees planted under the Community Services Program of Universitas Terbuka held on October 28th 2013. The planted mangrove species was Rhizophora mucronata. The sample was selected from several land areas with 3 x 3 m survey plots available in 10 locations on the Untung Jawa Island. The study used both primary and secondary data. Data were collected using a survey method, and presented both in the form of frequencies and descriptions, and then analyzed descriptively. The primary data covered the number of mangrove trees, mangrove tree height, the number of leaves, leaf length, and leaf width. The results indicated that the success rate of mangrove tress planting reached 72%. This indicates that Rhizophora mucronata had fairly wide range of habitats, hence it is easy to live in the research location. Overall, the growth rate of mangrove trees showed good results, in terms of tree height, the number of leaves, leaf length and leaf width. Meningkatnya kebutuhan akan lahan untuk kehidupan manusia, mengakibatkan banyaknya peralihan peruntukan lahan konservasi di kawasan pesisir menjadi permukiman, pelabuhan, pertambakan, dan sarana kehidupan lainnya. Tidak terkecuali ekosistem mangrove di wilayah pesisir kepulauan Seribu. Tujuan khusus penelitian adalah mengukur tingkat keberhasilan penanaman pohon mangrove dan tingkat pertumbuhan pohon mangrove. Rancangan penelitian adalah exploratory research dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian adalah semua pohon mangrove yang ditanam pada saat Program Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Terbuka pada tanggal 28 Oktober 2013. Jenis mangrove yang ditanam adalah Rhizophora mucronata. Penentuan sampel pohon mangrove diambil dari beberapa luasan lahan dengan membuat plot-plot survei di 10 lokasi di Pulau Untung Jawa Setiap plot berukuran 3 x 3 m. Data yang dikumpulkan pada penelitian ini adalah data primer yaitu jumlah pohon yang hidup, tinggi pohon, jumlah daun, panjang daun, dan lebar daun. Pengumpulan data menggunakan metode survei. Data primer yang diperoleh dari survei lapangan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel frekuensi dan uraian. Selanjutnya, data diolah dan dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat keberhasilan penanaman pohon mangrove mencapai 72%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa pohon bakau (Rhizophora mucronata) adalah jenis mangrove yang mudah hidup pada range habitat yang cukup luas. Secara keseluruhan, tingkat pertumbuhan pohon mangrove menunjukkan hasil yang baik, dari sisi tinggi pohon, jumlah daun, panjang daun, dan lebar daun.  
POTENSI TEGAKAN SEBAGAI INDIKATOR TINGKAT KEBERHASILAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN BERSAMA MASYARAKAT (PHBM) PERHUTANI Winata, Adi; Yuliana, Ernik
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol 15 No 2 (2014)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

Program pengelolaan hutan bersama masyarakat (PHBM) melibatkan masyarakat desa sekitar hutan untuk mengelola hutan secara berkelanjutan. Tujuan penulisan artikel adalah menganalisis potensi tegakan sebagai indikator keberhasilan program PHBM. Populasi penelitian adalah semua tegakan pohon yang ditanam oleh petani pada hutan PHBM di Kesatuan Pemangku Hutan (KPH) Sukabumi, tepatnya di Desa Buniwangi, Kecamatan Palabuhanratu, Kabupaten Sukabumi. Sampel penelitian adalah tegakan pohon yang ditanam oleh 20 orang petani terdiri atas 10 petak lahan yang dirawat secara intensif dan 10 petak yang tidak intensif. Satu petak lahan berukuran 0,1 ha. Data yang dikumpulkan adalah data primer, yaitu lingkar batang pohon, tinggi pohon, jenis dan jumlah pohon, diameter pohon, dan luas bidang dasar. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan jumlah pohon di lahan yang dikelola dengan intensif dan tidak intensif. Distribusi pertumbuhan pohon di antara kedua lahan cenderung sama. Jumlah jenis pohon hanya berbeda 1 pohon. Struktur vegetasi mempunyai perbedaan, terutama pada tanaman masyarakat. Indeks keragaman pohon mempunyai nilai yang hampir sama, yaitu 0,36 dan 0,35. Keduanya menunjukkan heterogenitas yang hampir sama, meskipun jumlah pohon lebih banyak pada lahan yang dikelola dengan intensif. Tanaman yang dominan mempunyai kecenderungan yang hampir sama, yaitu pinus pada tanaman pokok dan karet pada tanaman masyarakat. Rata-rata diameter pohon lebih besar pada lahan yang tidak dikelola dengan intensif. Program PHBM yang dikelola dengan intensif lebih menguntungkan dibandingkan dengan program PHBM yang tidak dikelola dengan intensif, dari sisi jumlah pohon, keragaman jenis pohon, dan manfaat yang dapat diambil oleh petani dalam jangka pendek.