Articles

Keefektifan ekstrak daun kecubung (Datura metel L.) dalam menghambat penetasan dan siklus hidup Aedes aegypti L. Martini, Martini; Astriana, Novi; Yuliawati, Sri; Hestiningsih, Retno; Purwantisari, Susiana
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.15.1.50

Abstract

Kecubung (Datura metel L.) merupakan jenis tanaman perdu yang mempunyai batang kayu, keras, dan tebal. Daun kecubung mengandung senyawa kimia alkaloid, saponin, flavonoida, dan fenol. Dilihat dari kandungan kimianya daun kecubung memiliki potensi sebagai insektisida nabati yang dapat menggantikan penggunaan insektisida sintetik. Penggunaan insektisida sintetik dalam mengendalikan populasi Aedes aegypti L. telah menimbulkan dampak negatif, diantaranya adalah polusi lingkungan, masalah kesehatan masyarakat, dan resistensi vektor. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui keefektifan ekstrak daun kecubung dalam menghambat penetasan telur dan  siklus hidup Ae. aegypti. Jenis penelitian ini adalah true experiment dengan 4 kali pengulangan dan perlakuan 6 konsentrasi, yaitu 125, 250, 500, 750, 1.000, dan 1.250 ppm. Subyek penelitian adalah telur Ae. aegypti fertil. Setiap unit perlakuan ditempatkan 25 telur sehingga jumlah total telur yang dibutuhkan adalah 800 butir telur nyamuk. Metode yang digunakan untuk ekstraksi adalah maserasi. Hasil analisis probit menunjukkan aktivitas insektisida ekstrak daun kecubung dengan nilai LC50 sebesar 199,340 ppm dan nilai LC90 sebesar 749,080 ppm. Hasil uji ANOVA menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan rata-rata jumlah telur yang tidak menetas akibat paparan ekstrak daun kecubung (P = 0,001). Persentase kegagalan penetasan telur Ae. aegypti paling rendah pada konsentrasi 125 ppm, yaitu sebesar 41% dan yang paling tinggi pada konsentrasi 1250 ppm, yaitu sebesar 98%. Daya hidup larva, pupa, dan nyamuk paling tinggi pada konsentrasi 125 ppm, yaitu masing-masing sebesar 49,18%; 55,17%, dan 43,75%. Sebagai kesimpulan, ekstrak daun kecubung memiliki potensi sebagai insektisida nabati terhadap telur Ae. aegypti.
PENGUKURAN GATRA SOSIAL BUDAYA DI PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan Vol 15, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Graduate School, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/pep.v15i1.1091

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kondisi dan fenomena sosial budaya secara empirik. Metode yang digunakan adalah survai data dikumpulkan melalui observasi, wawancara, dan Fokus Group Discussion (FGD) sumber data adalah pejabat pemerintah, tokoh adat, tokoh agama, tokoh masyarakat, dan para pemuda di Provinsi NTT. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gatra sosial budaya dapat memperkuat ketahanan nasional masyarakat NTT untuk berpacu bersama daerah lainnya di Indonesia. Di propinsi NTT, gatra ?Sosial Budaya? termasuk kategori cukup tangguh, gatra ?Kerukunan Sosial? dan ?Perilaku Sosial? sangat tangguh, gatra ?Pendidikan? dan ?Kesehatan? termasuk dalam kategori kurang tangguh, ?Penya-kit Sosial? dan ?Ketertiban Sosial? termasuk dalam kategori tangguh, Indikator ?Keluarga? dan ?Pemberdayaan Perem-puan? dalam kategori cukup tangguh.Kata kunci: Pengukuran, Gatra Sosial Budaya, Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT)______________________________________________________________ MEASUREMENT OF SOCIOCULTURAL DIMENSIONS IN THE PROVINCE OF EAST NUSA TENGGARAAbstract This study aimed to investigate socioclutural conditions and phenomena empirically. The data were collected through observations, interviews, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The data sources included government officials, traditional leaders, religious figures, community leaders, and youth in the Province of East Nusa Tenggara (ENT). The findings show that sociocultural dimensions are capable of strengthening the national endurance of the ENT society to go along together with other provinces in Indonesia. In the province of ENT, the sociocultural dimensions are moderately strong, the dimensions of social cohesion and behaviors are very strong, the dimensions of education and health are not strong, the dimensions of social pathology and order are strong, and the indicators of family and women?s empowerment are moderately strong.Keywords:  measurement, sociocultural dimensions, East Nusa Tenggara (ENT) SimakBaca secara fonetik
HUBUNGAN HIGIENE SANITASI DENGAN KUALITAS MIKROBIOLOGIS PADA MAKANAN GADO-GADO DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG Yuniatun, Tuti; Martini, Martini; Purwantisari, Susiana; Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Gado-gado is one of traditional foods from Indonesia which sold in Tembalang District. Gado-gado is made from various vegetables mixed with peanut sauce, served at temperature 5-60oC which is the "temperature danger zone" for any food. This situation makes gado-gado such a watery yet not-so-hot food when its served, so has a potency to be contaminated by microbes and fungis. The purpose of this research is to understand correlation between hygiene sanitation and microbiological quality of gado-gado in Tembalang District, Semarang City. This research is observational research using cross sectional design and consists of three variables, namely sellers health condition, sellers hygienic practice, and places sanitation. The samples of this research are 36 gado-gado and respondents of this research are 36 gado-gado sellers which is observed their hygienic sanitation while processing gado-gado. Data were analyzed by frequency distribution and bivariate analysis using chi square. The results showed that sellers health condition categorized as good condition (88,9%); sellers hygienic practice categorized as good condition (33,3%); and places sanitation categorized as good condition (22,2%). There was statistically significant correlation between sellers hygienic practice (p=0,008) and places sanitation (p=0,028) with gado-gado microbiological quality. While there is no corrrelation between sellers health condition (p>0,999) with gado-gado microbiological quality.Gado-gado sellers should pay attention to their personal hygiene and the places sanitation when processing gado-gado, to improve gado-gado microbiological quality.
IDENTIFIKASI KEBERADAAN COLIFORM DAN ESCHERICHIA COLI PADA ES JERUK KEMASAN (STUDI DI WILAYAH SEKOLAH DASAR KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG) Paramita, Prajna; Martini, Martini; Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Need of drinking water becomes a matter that can not be separated from human life, even for primary school aged children. Microbiological quality of the snack drink based on SNI is Coliform <3/g, and have negative in Escherichia coli. The purpose of this study is to describe the microbiological quality of citrus ice instants that sold in elementary school areas by the presence of coliform and Escherichia coli. The study design of this research was cross-sectional with study types is descriptive. The number of sample is 39 samples with 39 subject study. The collect of data using laboratory results. The results showed that samples did not qualify of Coliform numbers is 84.6%, while the presence of Escherichia coli is 56.4%. So that the microbiological quality has 33 qualify samples and 6 unqualify samples. Traders in the area of primary school should pay attention to personal hygiene that can be a factor of contamination of citrus ice snacks. Increasing awareness of trader?s personal hygiene practices with routine monitoring from the primary school?s rules is needed.
GAMBARAN SANITASI TEMPAT BERDAGANG WARUNG PENYET DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG Wasisto, Barkah Haryo; Martini, Martini; Yuliawati, Sri; Purwantisari, Susiana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

District Tembalang is one of the sub-district in the city of Semarang with many colleges so that there are many penyet restaurant. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the contamination of Salmonella sp on a vegetables penyet in District Tembalang, Semarang City. This study is observational analytical survey method using cross sectional design. These samples included 40 penyet restaurant observed water and vegetables fresh vegetables supplied to consumers. Data were analyzed by frequency distribution and bivariate with chi square test. The results showed the storage of vegetables vegetables using plastic bags (50%); the basket (27.5%) and sacks (22.5%). Sanitation trade places category is good (57.5%). There is a statistically significant relationship between sanitation trade places (p = 0.006) with Salmonella sp contamination in fresh vegetables. Traders are paying less attention sanitation and personal hygiene as well as a sanitation vegetables can contaminate vegetables in the vegetable vegetables Salmonella sp. Penyet restaurant traders should begin to attention about hygiene and sanitation where trade, personal hygiene when to trade, and improve the way the vegetable washing vegetables to reduce the risk of contamination of Salmonella sp.
HUBUNGAN SANITASI TPM TERHADAP KEPADATAN KECOA DI PELABUHAN PEMENANG KKP KELAS II MATARAM Kusumaningrum, Budi; Ginandjar, Praba; Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Port Health Office of Class II Mataram in Pemenang port must be freed from vectors including cockroaches. High density of cockroaches may become disease transmission risk factor at port region. This research aims to understand the cockroach density related sanitation food processing facilities at class II Port Health Mataram, Pemenang. It is an analytic observational research by cross sectional approach. Samples in this research were all caught cockroaches in 26 food processing facilities at Pemenang Port. Chi square test result between cockroach density and food processing facilities sanitation (p=0,0001;OR=32,5). There were significant relationship between cockroach density at Pemenang Port and buildings food processing facilities sanitation. It is recommended to those in charge in food processing facilities to always control sanitation and perform cockroach control efforts when cockroach present in those buildings/structures and food processing facilities.
GAMBARAN PELAKSANAAN RUMAH PEMOTONGAN HEWAN BABI (STUDI KASUS DI RUMAH PEMOTONGAN HEWAN KOTA SEMARANG) Rambu Lawu, Michelia; Yuliawati, Sri; Dian Saraswati, Lintang
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Rumah Pemotongan Hewan adalah bangunan yang memenuhi persyaratan teknis dan hygiene untuk memotong hewan bagi masyarakat sehingga dapat menjadi titik kritis pertama penentuan keamanan produk daging yang dijual. Kementerian pertanian mengungkapkan bahwa RPH yang telah memenuhi standar penyembelihan sesuai dengan standar operasional prosedur hanya berkisar 41,42% dari jumlah  RPH yang tersebar di seluruh Indonesia tahun 2010. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional dimana variabel penelitian ini merupakan standar operasional prosedur rumah pemotongan hewan babi dengan tujuan untuk memberikan gambaran pelaksanaan operasional RPH Babi Kota Semarang yang sesuai dengan standar operasional prosedur yang telah dipersyaratkan. Dan dari penelitian ini ditemukan ada beberapa persyaratan berdasarkan SNI No 01-6159-1999 dan berdasarkan peraturan menteri pertanian No 13/permentan/OT.140/2000, Standar operasional prosedur berdasarkan peraturan daerah (Keputusan Dewan No 48 tahun 2000) serta berdasarkan standar operasional prosedur RPH babi yang tidak terpenuhi dan tidak dilaksanakan dimana salah satunya adalah tidak dilakukannya pemeriksaan antemortem dan postmortem sehingga tidak memperoleh nomor kontrol veteriner dari dokter hewan RPH. Dalam hal ini pengawasan yang rutin dan berkala dari dinas peternakan merupakan hal penting yang harus dilakukan untuk memperbaiki pelaksanaan standar operasional prosedur di RPH babi Kota Semarang ini
GAMBARAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN DAN DERAJAT SERANGAN ASMA PADA PENDERITA DEWASA ASMA BRONKIAL (STUDI DI WILAYAHKERJA PUSKESMAS GUNUNGPATI, KOTA SEMARANG TAHUN 2016) Putra, Yusnik Adi; Udiyono, Ari; Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease infected respiratory tract caused by the onset of someone airway due to a stimulation from extrinsic factor such as allergic or intrinsic factor such as anxiety. This study aims to know anxiety level overview and the degree of asthma attack in bronchial asthma patient at Health Center of Gunungpati working area. This study  was a descriptive observational study with cross sectional study design. The sample of this study were 48 bronchial asthma patients. Descriptive analyisis showed that bronchial asthma patient who experienced more anxiety (79,2%) compared to patient who did not experience anxiety (20,8%).  The level of anxiety experienced by most is severe anxiety (55,3%) occured on women (52,4%), aged 46-65 years (61,9%), with revenues ?UMR (85,7%), did not work (52,4%), last in elementary education (52,4%). The level of asthma attack degree by most is moderate asthma attack (54,2%), occured on women (69,2%), aged 46-65 years (53,8%), with revenues ?UMR (76,9%), did not work (50,0%), last in elementary education (50,0%). Asthma patient who experienced mild asthma attack, moderate nor severe by most experienced severe anxiety. Conclused that most bronchial asthma patient experienced moderate asthma attack with severe level of anxiety before attack occured. It is advisable to people with asthma and their families to frequently follow counseling to health workers in order to apply efforts and a healthy lifestyle to prevent the onset of anxiety in asthma sufferers who can trigger asthma attacks.
GAMBARAN SKOR KARIES MENURUT STATUS KEHAMILAN DI PUSKESMAS BAYAT KABUPATEN KLATEN Aini, Anisah Nur; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Increasing the incidence of dental caries is a health problem in Indonesia. Based on Riskesdas 2013, caries patients in the women group (70.7%) were higher than the men group (64.8%). Pregnancy is one cause of high dental caries in the group of women. This is caused by physiological and hormonal changes during pregnancy. The prevalence of dental caries in pregnant women in developing countries as much as 60-87%. The purpose of this research to describe differences in a score caries between nonpregnant women and pregnant women at the Bayat Health Center. This research is descriptive research with Cross sectional approach. The population of this study were all women who examined the teeth and mouth in April 2018 with the age of 20-35 years. The sample is taken as many as 50 pregnant women and 50 non-pregnant women was selected based on the consecutive sampling method. Assessment of dental caries using DMF-T index. Data analysis using frequency distribution and Crosstab. The results showed that non-pregnant women had decay teeth (56%) more than non-pregnant women. Pregnant women have missing teeth (18%) more than non-pregnant women. However, pregnant women have a filling tooth (36%) more than non-pregnant women. Pregnant women have higher dental caries more than non-pregnant women (20%). The advice that can be given to pregnant women is expected by pregnant women to keep more dental hygiene and mouth by reducing sweet foods and more often to clean teeth.
KAJIAN IMPLEMENTASI TRI DHARMA PERGURUAN TINGGI SEBAGAI FENOMENA PENDIDIKAN TINGGI DI INDONESIA Yuliawati, Sri
MAJALAH ILMIAH WIDYA 2012
Publisher : MAJALAH ILMIAH WIDYA

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Abstract

Tri Dharma Perguruan Tinggi has three activities namely: (1) Educational field aims to intellectual life of the nation, and culturaltransmission, (2) Research which is to carry out of the new discoveries in science and culture, and (3) the field of dedication tocommunity which is to carry out the service to the community in speeding the process of improving the welfare and progress of thesociety. The objective of this paper is to discuss the implementation the Tri Dharma perguruan Tinggi in order to give input andthought to the government, educational institutions and other stakeholders, as their consideration to take strategic policies for betterand perfect development. The method used is survey through observation at several private universities in Jakarta, interviews to somecollege personnel equipped with several related references. The data was collected from December 2010 until February 2011. It canbe concluded that several obstacles factors in the implementation of the Tri Dharma College are: (1) the lack of higher school facilitiesand infrastructures; (2) the performance of educator and educational which has not been optimum (3) the improper higher schoolmanagement system; and (4) the quality of higher school graduate has not been optimum.