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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENERIMAAN RETRIBUSI DAERAH DI KOTA JAMBI Romiyati, Ica; Yulmardi, Yulmardi; Bhakti, Adi
Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika Vol 14 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (423.448 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/paradigma.v14i2.8963

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perkembangan jumlah penduduk, pertumbuhan ekonomi, belanja daerah dan retribusi daerah, untuk mengetahui pengaruh jumlah penduduk, pertumbuhan ekonomi dan belanja daerah terhadap retribusi daerah di Kota Jambi periode 2000-2016. Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). Dalam penelitian ini digunakan metode analisis deskriptif dan kuantitatif menggunakan regresi berganda metode OLS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan jumlah penduduk, pertumbuhan ekonomi, belanja daerah dan retribusi daerah mengalami peningkatan dari tahun 2000-2016. Berdasarkan hasil regresi berganda metode OLS menunjukkan jumlah penduduk, pertumbuhan ekonomi dan belanja daerah berpengaruh signifikan terhadap retribusi daerah di Kota Jambi tahun 2000-2016
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENGANGGURAN TERBUKA DI PROVINSI JAMBI Sirait, Anzas Fernando; Yulmardi, Yulmardi; Bhakti, Adi
e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 7 No 3 (2018): e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze: 1) the development of open unemployment, investment, wages, economic growth and inflation in Jambi Province; (2) the effect of investment, wages, economic growth and inflation on open unemployment in Jambi Province. The data used are secondary data for the period 2000 - 2016 sourced from BPS Jambi Province. Data were analyzed descriptively as well as multiple regression models. The results of the study found: 1) The average level of open unemployment in Jambi Province during 2000-2016 was 5.44 percent per year. On the other hand, in the same period, domestic investment grew by an average of 1.16 percent per year, wages grew on average by 1.54 percent per year, economic growth averaged 6.45 percent per year, inflation averaged by 8.96 percent per year, and investment grew by an average of 11.64 percent per year; 2) Simultaneously, wages, economic growth, inflation and investment have a significant effect on open unemployment. Partially wages have a positive and significant effect, economic growth has a negative and significant effect, inflation has no significant effect and investment has a negative and significant effect on open unemployment. 
INTERAKSI SPASIAL PEREKONOMIAN DAN KETENAGAKERJAAN ANTAR KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI JAMBI Heryanti, Yanti; Junaidi, Junaidi; Yulmardi, Yulmardi
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 2 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

Abstrak Analisis pembangunan daerah perlu mempertimbangkan masalah dalam daerah (intraregional) dan keseimbangan pembangunan antar wilayah (antar). Masalah antar seperti pengaruh yang berasal dari luar daerah akan menciptakan interaksi spasial dan hubungan antar daerah (ketergantungan spasial). Oleh karena itu, menjadi penting untuk mengetahui pengaruh riil interaksi spasial perkembangan perekonomian daerah dalam hal PDRB dan tenaga kerja pada kabupaten dan kota di Provinsi Jambi. Indeks Morans'I yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan hubungan antara daerah menunjukkan bahwa kabupaten atau kotamadya tidak bisa mandiri dalam membangun ekonomi, tetapi dipengaruhi oleh aktivitas ekonomi di daerah sekitarnya. Dengan menggunakan Moran scatterplot, Kota Jambi menjadi satu-satunya daerah dengan ekonomi yang tinggi dikelilingi oleh daerah ekonomi yang tinggi. Sementara sebagian besar kabupaten dan kota di Provinsi Jambi berada di daerah kelompok dengan ekonomi rendah yang dikelilingi oleh wilayah ekonomi rendah. Kata kunci : interaksi spasial, keterkaitan regional, indeks Morans?I   Abstract An analysis of the regional development needs to take into account the problems within regions (intraregional) and the balance of development between regions (interregional). Interregional problems such as influence which comes from the outside of the region will create spatial interaction and linkages between regions (spatial dependence). Therefore, it becomes important to know the real effect of spatial interaction toward the development of regional economy in term of GDRP and labor of regencies and municipalities in Jambi Province. Morans?I index that is used to describe the linkages between regions  indicates that a regency or municipality can not be independent in establishing its economy, but affected by economic activity in the surrounding areas. By using Moran scatterplot, Jambi Municipality being the only region with high economic surrounded by high economic regions. While most of the regencies and municipality in Jambi Province are on the group areas with low economic which surrounded by low economic regions. Keywords: spatial interaction, regional linkage, Morans?I index
ANALISIS PRODUKTIVITAS TENAGA KERJA SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI SUMATERA Oktavia, Awina; Zulfanetti, Zulfanetti; Yulmardi, Yulmardi
Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika Vol 12 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.085 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/paradigma.v12i2.3940

Abstract

The aims of this study was to analyze the effect of education and the exchange rate of farmers on the level of labor productivity in the agricultural sector in Sumatra. The data used is panel data of provinces in Sumatra during 2010-2014. The analysis used a panel data regression model. The results showed that education had significant positive effect, while the farmer exchange rate had a significant negative effect on the level of agricultural sector labor productivity in Sumatra.
STUDI TENTANG KEMISKINAN DI KABUPATEN BATANG HARI DAN KABUPATEN MUARO JAMBI Nasution, Deyra Qatrunnada; Yulmardi, Yulmardi; Hardiani, Hardiani
e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 7 No 2 (2018): e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

The study aims to analyze: 1) the development of poverty levels, the poverty gap index and the poverty severity index in Batang Hari Regency and Muaro Jambi Regency; 2) differences in poverty levels, poverty gap index and poverty severity index between Batang Hari Regency and Muaro Jambi Regency. The data used are secondary data for the period 2002 - 2016, sourced from the Central Bureau of Statistics of Batang Hari Regency and Muaro Jambi Regency. Data were analyzed descriptively and used the Independent Sample T-test. The results of this study found that the average poverty rate in Batang Hari Regency during the period 2002 - 2016 was 13.37%, the poverty gap index was 1.87%, and the poverty severity index was 0.44%. In the same period, the average poverty rate in Muaro Jambi District was 6.51%, with the poverty gap index of 0.82%, and the poverty severity index of 0.17%. There were significant differences in poverty levels, the poverty gap index and the poverty severity index between Batang Hari District and Muaro Jambi District.
PARTNERSHIP MODEL FOR SMALL INDUSTRY IN CLUSTER PERSPECTIVE IN ENCOURAGING REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT (CASE STUDY ON SOME SMALL INDUSTRIES IN JAMBI CITY) Erfit, Erfit; Yulmardi, Yulmardi
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6 No 2 (2018): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.724 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/ppd.v6i2.5856

Abstract

This study aims to analyze: 1) the profile of the small industry clusters in Jambi City, those are batik industry cluster, tofu/tempeh industry cluster and furniture industry cluster; 2) the collaboration/partnership between various business actors and other parties in small industry cluster in Jambi City works; 3) an effective partnership models for small industry clusters. This research is a collective case study (survey and case study). The analysis was carried out on the profile of the small industry cluster and the partnership between various industrial groups in the small industry cluster. The results of the study showed that Jambi City has potential for the development of small industries. It can be seen from the development of business and employment in small industries. Based on the partnership between industry groups, in Batik industry cluster and tofu/tempe industry cluster, it showed the existence of upstream partnership to the source of raw materials, downstream partnership to the consumers, and partnership with supporting industries. In terms of pattern, the partnerships are directed towards traditional partnerships which are based on trust. Meanwhile in the furniture industry cluster, there is no partnership at all, both upstream and downstream, as well as partnership with the supporting industries. However, the partnerships have not been effective. For this reason, it is necessary to build a partnership in small industry cluster that pays attention to the principle of mutual benefit, equality, legality, empowerment, and social capital.
PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI, PERTUMBUHAN PENDUDUK DAN PRODUKTIVITAS TENAGA KERJA TERHADAP PENYERAPAN TENAGA KERJA DI KOTA JAMBI Sari, Nurvita; Yulmardi, Yulmardi; Bhakti, Adi
e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan Vol 5 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan
Publisher : e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.289 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian   ini   bertujuan   untuk   mengetahui   pengaruh   pertumbuhan   ekonomi, pertumbuhan penduduk, dan produktivitas tenaga kerja terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja di Kota Jambi.. Penelitian  ini  menggunakan  data  sekunder. Metode  analisis  data  yang  digunakan dalam    penelitian    ini    adalah  Ordinary  Least  Square  (OLS).  Data  yang  digunakan  dalam penelitan ini adalah data time  series  dari  tahun  2000-2013. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa  ketiga variabel yaitu pertumbuhan ekonomi, pertumbuhan penduduk, dan produktivitas tenaga  kerja  memilki  pengaruh  signifikan  terhadap  penyerapan  tenaga  kerja  di  Kota Jambi. Secara parsial variabel pertumbuhan ekonomi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja, produktivitas tenaga kerja berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja, sedangkan pertumbuhan penduduk berpengaruh positif dan tidak signifikan  terhadap  penyerapan  tenaga  kerja di  Kota Jambi,  dengan  nilai  R-squared  sebesar 0.9853 angka ini menunjukkan sekitar 98% dari variasi penyerapan tenaga kerja di Kota Jambi periode 2000-2013 dipengaruhi oleh pertumbuhan ekonomi, pertumbuhan penduduk dan produktivitas tenaga kerja, sedangkan  sisanya  2 %  dipengaruhi  oleh  faktor-faktor  lain  diluar model estimasi
FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI PETANI PINANG DI DESA SUNGAI GEBAR BARAT KECAMATAN KUALA BETARA Arifullah, Ridho; Yulmardi, Yulmardi; Hardiani, Hardiani
e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6 No 3 (2017): e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze: 1) socio-economic conditions of areca nut farmers; 2) factors that influence the production of areca nut farmers. The data used is sourced from surveys on areca nut farmers in the Sungai Gebar Barat Village. Data were analyzed descriptively and used multiple regression models. The results of the study found: 1) The average age of areca farmers in the Sungai Gebar Barat Village was 42 years. The average number of areca nut farmer family members is 4 people. Education level is dominated by senior secondary education; 2) The average production of areca nut farmers in the Sungai Gebar Barat Village is 256.94 kg per month. Land area and labor have a significant positive effect on areca nut production, while production costs and prices have no significant effect
ANALYSIS CLUSTER OF PALM PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA Erfit, Erfit; Yulmardi, Yulmardi
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5 No 4 (2018): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.234 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/ppd.v5i4.5134

Abstract

The purposes of this research are:  1) to analyze profile of palm processing cluster from upstream up to downstream in various regions in Indonesia; 2) to analyze strength, weakness, threats, and opportunity in palm processing industry, moreover to identify the role of existing various institutions in palm processing industry cluster in steering palm processing industry development; 3) to formulate the policy of palm processing cluster to encourage agricultural development. Data used in this research is secondary data that obtained from related institutions. Data is analyzed descriptively and quantitatively, utilizing frequency of distribution?s table, crosstable, and SWOT analysis. The result of this research concludes that Indonesia has big potential to palm processing industry, particularly in upstream industry. This thing can be seen from wide of area and palm production, which are owned. From the region side, majority wide of the area and palm production in Sumatera, from wide of area?s viewpoint is approximately 63.26% in Sumatera region, from production?s viewpoint is approximately 68.71%. In the meantime, from the downstream product, palm-processing industry in Indonesia is still limited. Less or more 100 products derived from palm in Indonesia, are only able producing 23 kinds of derived products, meanwhile in Malaysia almost reaching out 70 varieties.
ANALISIS DETERMINAN SOSIAL EKONOMI PERJALANAN WISATA PENDUDUK DALAM RANGKA PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI PARIWISATA DI PROVINSI JAMBI Amril, Amril; Yulmardi, Yulmardi; Hardiani, Hardiani
Jurnal Sains Sosio Humaniora Vol 1 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Sains Sosio Humaniora
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.863 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jssh.v1i1.3719

Abstract

Provinsi Jambi adalah satu daerah di Indonesia dengan potensi kepariwisataan yang relatif beragam. Agar potensi kepariwisataan tersebut dapat berkembang menjadi industri pariwisata yang mampu mendukung pembangunan daerah, maka pemerintah daerah dan stakeholder kepariwisataan terkait perlu memahami berbagai aspek baik karakteristik wisatawan maupun faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perjalanan wisata dari masyarakat. Hal ini bertujuan agar dalam menyusun strategi kepariwisataannya dapat lebih efektif menarik wisatawan melakukan perjalanan ke objek-objek wisata di Provinsi Jambi. Untuk menganalisis karakteristik  perjalanan penduduk, dan karakteristik individu wisatawan dilakukan secara deskriptif melalui pengolahan “raw data” Susenas Provinsi Jambi Tahun 2015. Untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perjalanan wisata penduduk digunakan model regresi binary logistik. Hasil penelitian menemukan: 1). Secara umum, aktivitas perjalanan penduduk di Provinsi Jambi masih relatif rendah. Hanya 14,14 persen dari total penduduk yang pernah melakukan perjalanan dalam enam bulan terakhir dari saat pencacahan SUSENAS 2016; 2)  Selain rendahnya aktivitas perjalanan tersebut, aktivitas perjalanan untuk wisata juga masih relatif terbatas. Hanya 17,79 persen dari total penduduk yang melakukan perjalanan, yang maksud utamanya untuk berwisata; 3) Objek tujuan wisata penduduk Provinsi Jambi didominasi oleh objek wisata yang ada di Provinsi Jambi sendiri, selain objek wisata yang ada di provinsi-provinsi yang berdekatan yaitu Sumatera Selatan, Sumatera Barat dan Bengkulu; 4). Karakteristik perjalanan wisata penduduk di Provinsi Jambi adalah perjalanan wisata keluarga, sehingga dari karakteristiknya terlihat bahwa relatif dominannya anak-anak dan orang tua dalam melakukan perjalanan wisata. Sebaliknya, relatif sedikitnya penduduk pada usia puncak produksi (20 – 39 tahun) yang melakukan perjalanan wisata; 5) Faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang berpengaruh nyata terhadap perjalanan wisata penduduk di Provinsi Jambi adalah umur, pendidikan dan status dalam keluarga. Selain itu, terdapat perbedaan probabilita perjalanan penduduk untuk wisata antara kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi.