Articles

KEBERHASILAN OKULASI VARIETAS JERUK MANIS PADA BERBAGAI PERBANDINGAN PUPUK KANDANG Yusran, Yusran; Noer, Abdul Hamid
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 4, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk  mengetahui pengaruh varietas dan takaran pupuk kandang terhadap keberhasilan okulasi pada tanaman jeruk telah dilaksanakan bulan Maret-Juli 2010. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok (RAK) pola faktorial yang terdiri dari dua faktor. Faktor pertama adalah  varietas jeruk yang terdiri dari 2 macam yaitu varietas Keprok So E dan varietas Keprok Tejakula. Faktor kedua adalah perbandingan tanah dan pupuk kandang  yang terdiri dari 4 taraf, yaitu: tanpa pupuk kandang, tanah + pupuk kadang (1 : 1), tanah + pupuk kadang (1 : 2), dan tanah + pupuk kadang (2 : 1), sehingga diperoleh 8 kombinasi perlakuan yang diulang tiga kali dan total percobaan adalah 24 unit percobaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa varietas Keprok Tejakula menghasilkan  persentase okulasi jadi, persentase bibit mati, panjang tunas, dan jumlah daun pada tunas yang lebih baik. Perbandingan tanah dan pupuk kandang 1 : 1 memberikan waktu mencapai 50% tumbuh tunas, persentase okulasi jadi, persentase bibit mati, panjang tunas, jumlah daun pada tunas, dan diameter tunas okulasi  yang lebih baik dibanding dengan dosis lainnya.
KONDISI FISIK TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN PINUS (PINUS MERKUSII JUNGH. ET DE VRIESE) DAN PADANG RUMPUT DESA WATUTAU KECAMATAN LORE PEORE KABUPATEN POSO SULAWESI TENGAH kasih, Gabriella Cahya; Yusran, Yusran; Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah
ForestSains Vol 16, No 2 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Watutau Village is one of the villages in the Napu valley plains of Central Sulawesi, can be found stands pine breadth ± 500ha. In addition to pine stands there are also grasslands, which are located adjacent to pine stands, it attracts attention for research because it has two distinct land cover vegetations. Differences in vegetation composition of land cover can also affect the physical condition of the soil. The purpose of this study was to determine the physical condition of the soil under the stands of pine and grassland. The study was conducted from November 2017 till January 2018, located in Watutau Village, Lore Peore Sub-district, Poso District, Central Sulawesi. This research starts from field survey, location determination, soil sampling, analysis of soil sampled laboratory. Determination of location done purposive sampling by considering slope condition that is section of valley, slope and peak. Soil sampling is done at two depths 0-30cm and 30-60cm. The results showed that the soil under pine stands had dust clay soil texture and clay, granular soil structure, bulk density 1.26gr / cm3 (High) and 1.3gr / cm3 (High), porosity 50.2% (Good) and 48.6% (Less good). Permeability 2.45cm / hr (Medium) and 2.9cm / hr (Medium), soil colors yellowish red, very dark gray, gray irish, very dark grayish brown, grayish brown. While the soil conditions in the grassland area have clay soil texture, granular soil structure, Bulk density 1,34gr / cm3 (High) and 1,4gr / cm3 (Very High), 50% Porosity (Good) and 47,63% Not good), Permeability 2.14cm / hr (Medium) and 3.66cm / hr (Medium), soil colors dark grayish brown color, brown, strong brown.
PRODUKSI BIBIT BUAH NAGA DAGING MERAH MELALUI STEK DAN HASIL KULTUR JARINGAN UNTUK PETANI LAHAN KERING DESA SIDERA DAN JONO OGE KECAMATAN SIGI BIROMARU Basri, Zainuddin; Maemunah, Maemunah; Kasim, Hawalina; Yusran, Yusran
Agroland: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Pertanian Vol 25, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Geography and climate of Palu and Sigi Regency has been markedly suitable for dragon fruit supported by the available land in the areas.  Unfortunately, development of the commodity has been restricted by less available qualified seedlings and unskill farmers.  Dragon fruit seedling production can be achieved through cuttings and tissue culture acclimatized planlets.  This program aimed to transfer the technology on cultivation, seedling production through cuttings and tissue culture planlets of dragon fruit, which is turn can increase the income of the farmers.  The method used to solve the problems justified were:  extension, training and accompaniment on cultivation, seedling production through cuttings and tissue culture planlets acclimatized of dragon fruit.  The extension, training and accompaniment were conducted both in class and on farm.  The results of this program:  The farmers or the program partners understand and become skillful in:  dragon fruit cultivation; producing dragon fruit seedlings through cutting and tissue culture planlets acclimatized.  The farmers got more than 250 qualified seedlings from tissue culture propagation and 200 seedlings obtained from cuttings grown in a nursery, and the farmers have willingness to be nursery man.
KARAKTERISASI MORFOLOGI VARIETAS JAGUNG KETAN DI KECAMATAN ULUBONGKA KABUPATEN TOJO UNA-UNA Yusran, Yusran; Maemunah, Maemunah
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 4, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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The research aiming to invent, characterize, and identify the character varieties of cultivar cluster of glutinous maize at Mire, Watusongu, and Paranonge Villages of Ulubongka Subdistric Tojo Una-una Residence was conducted in January to March 2010. The research employs survey and observation where sample locations is based on information taken from Agriculture, Estate,  Animal Husbandry and Animal Healthy Agencies of Tojo Una-una Regency. Observation was focused on morphological characters such as plant weight, stem diameter, length and width of leaf flowering time, knob length, knob circle with and without seeds, length of stem stalk, number of seed per knob, number of seed rows per knob, number of seeds per row, length of seed row per knob, seed weight per knob, knob weight, weight of knob without seed, weight of 100 seeds, and number of seed colour. Cluster analysis was done further using SYSTAT 8,0 Software Program. The result shows that based on sub regency dendrogram there are six cultivar groups with genetic relationship, of each was represented by PR01 and PR04 from Paranonge Village, MR04, MR05 and MR01 from Mire Village, and WT04 from Watusongu Village as chosen cultivars at Ulubongka Subdistrict
KARAKTERISASI MORFOLOGI VARIETAS JAGUNG KETAN DI KECAMATAN AMPANA TETE KABUPATEN TOJO UNA-UNA Maemunah, Maemunah; Yusran, Yusran
MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG Vol 3, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : MEDIA LITBANG SULTENG

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Penelitian yang bertujuan untuk menginventarisasi dan mengkarakterisasi kultivar  ?Jagung Ketan? serta mengidentifikasi keragaman karakter dari hasil pengelompokkan (cluster)  kultivar Jagung Ketan yang terdapat di Desa Pusungi, Uebone, dan Kajulangko Kecamatan Ampana Tete Kabupaten Tojo Una-una dilaksanakan bulan Januari-Maret 2010. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dan observasi dimana lokasi penelitian ditentukan berdasarkan informasi yang diperoleh Dinas Pertanian, Perkebunan, Peternakan, dan Kesehatan Hewan Kabupaten Tojo Una-una. Pengamatan dilakukan berdasarkan karakter morfologi tinggi tanaman, diameter batang, panjang daun, lebar daun, umur bebunga, lebar daun, panjang tongkol, lilit tongkol tanpa biji, lilit tongkol dengan biji, panjang tangkai tongkol, jumlah biji per tongkol, jumlah baris biji per tongkol, jumlah biji per baris, panjang baris biji per tongkol, bobot biji per tongkol, bobot biji dan tongkol, bobot tongkol, bobot 100 biji, dan warna biji.  Analisis dilanjutkan dengan menggunakan analisis cluster program software SYSTAT 8.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan karakter morfologi yang diamati  berdasarkan analisis cluster yang digambarkan dengan dendrogram kecamatan terlihat antar desa menghasilkan tiga kelompok kultivar yang memiliki hubungan kekerabatan, masing-masing diwakili oleh sampel UB01 dari desa Uebone, KJ02 dan KJ04 dari desa Kajulangko yang merupakan kultivar terpilih di Kecamatan Ampana Tete.
ANALISIS SALURAN, MARGIN DAN EFISIENSI PEMASARAN KOMODITI PERIKANAN DI KOTA BAUBAU Nikoyan, Anas; Yusran, Yusran
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL AGRIBISNIS PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL PANGAN DAN PERKEBUNAN (Realitas Pangan dan Perkebunan saat ini dan Prospe
Publisher : Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Halu Oleo Kendari Sulawesi Tenggara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37149/11339

Abstract

Kota Baubau memiliki potensi perikanan yang dapat menjadi salah satu pemasok utama dalam distribusi komoditi hasil perikanan di daerah-daerah lain di provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui (1) saluran pemasaran perikanan; (2) marjin pemasaran perikanan; (3) efisiensi pemasaran perikanan.Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu analisis saluran pemasaran hasil perikanan, analisis margin pemasaran hasil perikanan, analisis efisiensi pemasaran ikan.Hasil dari penelitianmenunjukan bahwa terdapat 3 jenis saluran pemasaran di lokasi penelitian yaitu 1.Nelayan-pengumpul besar-pengumpul kecil-pengecer-konsumen, 2.Nelayan-pengumpul besar-konsumen, 3.  Nelayan-pengecer-konsumenMargin share saluran pemasaran I untuk komoditi ikan tongkol dan layang masing-masing sebesar 18,18% dan 14,29%, Margin share saluran pemasaran II oleh pedagang besar untuk komoditi ikan tongkol dan layang masing-masing sebesar 28 % dan 25,69 %, Margin share saluran pemasaran III untuk komoditi ikan tongkol dan layang masing-masing sebesar 17,39 % dan 20%.Pada saluran pemasaran I, jenis komoditi ikan tongkol kurang efisien dibanding dengan komoditi ikan layang, pada saluran pemasaran II, jenis ikan tongkol maupun ikan layang memiliki tingkat efisiensi yang tinggi, pada saluran pemasaran III, jenis ikan tongkol maupun ikan layang memiliki tingkat efisiensi yang tinggi.
PENERAPAN NILAI PENDIDIKAN DALAM BUDAYA BUGIS BAGI PESERTA DIDIK SMA DAN SMK DI KABUPATEN SIDENRENG RAPPANG Yusran, Yusran
JKIP (Jurnal Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan) Vol 4 No 2 (2017): JKIP
Publisher : Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

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Kenyataan yang ada di lingkungan sekolah di kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang saat ini, telah banyak kasus yang menyalahi nilai pendidikan seperti; sudah mulainya memudar nilai agama, nilai akhlak/moral, nilai sosial, dan nilai karakter pada siswa khususnya SMA dan SMK. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pustaka jenis deskriptif kualitatif. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengungkap nilai pendidikan dan menjadikan nilai pendidikan tersebut sebagai salah satu sumber bahan ajar yang dapat dintegrasikan ke dalam mata pelajaran bahasa Indonesia di SMA dan SMK yang terkandung di dalam kumpulan pappaseng “Seuntai Mutiara yang Terpendam” oleh A.M. Ali. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui kajian pustaka dengan teknik pencatatan/pengkodean. Data dalam penelitian ini adalah ungkapan/pernyataan yang mengandung nilai pendidikan agama, akhlak/moral, sosial, dan karakter dengan. Sumber data penelitian ini dari “Kumpulan ‘Seuntai Mutiara yang Terpendam’ oleh A.M. Ali”. Di dalamnya terkandung nilai-nilai luhur, seperti nilai pendidikan. Oleh karena itu rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah (i) Bagaimanakah nilai pendidikan yang ada di dalam Pappaseng (Pesan-pesan) dalam kumpulan “Seuntai Mutiara yang Terpendam” oleh A.M. Ali? (ii) Bagaimanakah penerapan nilai pendidikan dalam kumpulan “Seuntai Mutiara yang Terpendam” oleh A.M. Ali sebagai bahan ajar dalam pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia di SMA dan SMK? Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada 60 pesan nilai pendidikan yang disampaikan oleh cendikiawan yang berbeda. Nilai pendidikan tersebut terdiri atas; 10 pesan yang bernilai pendidikan agama, 19 pesan bernilai pendidikan akhlak/moral, 12 pesan bernilai pendidikan sosial, dan 19 pesan bernilai pendidikan karakter. Adapun nilai pendidikan karakter itu dapat dijadikan acuan dan diterapkan di dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia di SMA dan SMK.
KONDISI KIMIA TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN PINUS (PINUS MERKUSII JUNGH. ET DE VRIESE) DAN PADANG RUMPUT DESA WATUTAU KECAMATAN LORE PEORE KABUPATEN POSO SULAWESI TENGAH Tongka, Gretty Natalia Tongka Natalia; Wardah, Wardah; Yusran, Yusran
ForestSains Vol 16, No 2 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

The area of pine stands 25 year old are 500 ha grow at advacent of grassland. The pine stands and grassland have different effect on chemical properties of soil. The objective of tree study are to determine the soil chemical propertie of pine stand and grassland. The research was conducted from November 2017 to January 2018, located at pine and grassland area of Watutau Village, Lore Peore Sub-district, Poso District, Central Sulawesi. Analysis of chemical properties of soil samples including pH, C-organic, N-total, P-available, K-total and CEC was conducted at the Soil Science Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Tadulako University. The results showed that pine stands had soil chemical conditions at a depth of 0-30 cm lower in (C-organic, P-available, K-total, and CEC) but higher in pH and N-total than on grassland areas. The soil chemical conditions in pine stands consist of pH 4.90 acid, C-organic 0.55% very low, N-total 0.09% very low, P-available 5.26 mg / 100g very low, K-total 11 , 81 mg / 100g low, CEC 4.29 cmol (+) kg-1 is very low. While soil chemical conditions on grassland area consist of pH 4.79 acid, C-organic 1.61% low, N-total 0.08% very low, P-available 9.24 mg / 100g very low, K-total 19.45 mg / 100g average, CEC 4.76 cmol (+) kg-1 is very low.
BEBERAPA SIFAT KIMIA TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN NYATOH (PALAQUIUM OBTUSIFOLIUM BURCK) DI DESA SINDOSA KECAMATAN SINDUE TOBATA KABUPATEN DONGGALA Ibrahim, Yusnita; Yusran, Yusran; Umar, Husain
ForestSains Vol 16, No 1 (2018): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Nyatoh (Palaquium obtusifolium Burck) is a type of tree that is very much in demand by local and international communities. Nyatoh stands (Palaquium obtusifolium Burck) which is adjacent to the agricultural crops owned by residents in the village, is interesting because it will show that, the level of soil fertility is influenced by vegetation. Not only that, according to local residents, after the land was planted with Nyatoh plants (Palaquium obtusifolium Burck) erosion and landslides had not occurred again.The research was conducted from October to December 2017 located in the village of Sindosa, Sindue Tobata district, Donggala district. This research was started from a field survey, determination of sampling points, soil sampling and analysis of soil samples in the laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tadulako. Soil sampling is done by taking intact soil samples at several predetermined locations namely peaks, backs, and valleys. Each slope is determined by 5 soil sampling points to represent each location with 2 types of depth, namely 0-30 cm and 30-60 cm. Then the samples obtained from these 5 points will be compiled. From the three locations there were 30 soil samples before they were compiled. Overall soil samples after being compiled will get 6 soil samples analyzed at the Soil Science Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture to determine the chemical condition of the soil. Data obtained from the laboratory are then analyzed descriptively, namely by describing the chemical properties of the soil, namely pH, CEC, C-Organic and soil organic matter.The results showed an average pH with a depth of 0-30 cm, which is 6.64, while at a depth of 30-60 cm showed a pH with an average of 6.43, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) on average below the Nyato stand at Sindosa village Sindue Tobata District Donggala Regency at a depth of 0-30 cm, which is 25.87 (cmol (+) kg ¹) is in the medium category, while at a depth of 30-60 cm is 3.23 (cmol (+) kg kedalaman ¹) belongs to the very low category. The C-Organic content at a depth of 0-30 cm with an average of 2.45 is included in the medium category and at a depth of 30-60 cm that is 0.65, including very low. The content of Soil Organic Materials (BOT) with an average depth of 0-30 cm, which is 4.23 included in the high category and at a depth of 30-60 cm with an average of 1.11 is low.
PENGARUH BEBERAPA INOKULUM SPESIES FUNGI MIKORIZA ARBUSKULAR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN SEMAI JABON (Anthocephalus cadamba Roxb.) Annadira, Annadira; Yusran, Yusran; Irmasari, Irmasari
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Jabon is a plant that is being developed because including fast growing spesies, Jabon an Indonesian native spesies wich valuable high economic and have qualities that do not compote with other spesies . Jabon is a spesies of seed that can be developed trough industri plantation forest and community forest but the aspect of cultivation in the nursery often experience barries in maintenance for example wilting occurs that causes death. This research aimed to know the effect of some inoculum species of FMA ( Fungi Micorrhizal Arbucular) on the growth of jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba Roxb) seedlings. The research was conducted at green house, Forestry Faculty, Tadulako University from Desember 2013 to February 2014. The study was laid out in a Randomized Complete Design (RCD)  with four threatments, i.e : Control/without treatment (M0), Glomus mosseae (M1), Glomus clorum (M2), and Glomus deserticola (M3). The observation parameters consits of seedling height increment, diameter increment, leaf number increment, fress weight of roots and shoots, dry weight of roots and shoots and seedling quality index. The result showed that inoculation of FMA spesies significantly affected seedling growth of A. cadamba Roxb. Generally Glomus mosseae spesies was highly improves seedling of A. cadamba Roxb compared to Glomus clorum, and Glomus deserticola spesies and control. Keywords:  FMA (Fungi Micorrhizal Arbuscular), Jabon (Anthocephalus cadamba Roxb.), Seedling growth
Co-Authors Abdi Abdi, Abdi Abdul Hamid Noer Agus Setiawan Agustinur, Agustinur Ahmad Hilmi Fahmi, Ahmad Hilmi Ahmad, Fahrum Ammarsyah, Ammarsyah Annadira Annadira Arafat, Andi Armin Nursin Asnelly, Afri Asri Saleh Asriani Ilyas Awal, Syahrul Ayu Elita Sari, Ayu Elita Azmul, Azmul Baso, Nur Fadliah Basrul, Basrul Batari, Andi Bau Toknok Buntulayuk, Herman Darmawan Salman Erniwati Erniwati Evisilvia, Evisilvia Fahria Nadiryati Sadimantara Faizal Arya Samman Fauzia Fauzia Gobel, Sri Amaliah Gunadin, Indar Chaerah Haranti, Mefa Harso, Wahyu Hawalina Kasim, Hawalina Hijrawati Hijrawati, Hijrawati Husain Umar Ibrahim, Yusnita Ilma Sarimustaqiyma Rianse, Ilma Sarimustaqiyma Ira Yuliati Yuliati, Ira Yuliati Irmasari Irmasari Isna Isna Joko Suyono Ola Barek, Joko Suyono kasih, Gabriella Cahya Lasa, Lasa Lisda, Lisda Lomba Sultan Maemunah Maemunah Majid, Basrul Abdul Makkarennu, Makkarennu Mando, La Ode Agus Salim Marno Marno Marwan Marwan Misnawati Misnawati Muh. Dassir Muhammad Sukron, Muhammad Mukrin, Mukrin Mus?af, M. Muslimin Muslimin Naela Nabiela, Naela Nasution, Rachmad Saleh Nikoyan, Anas Oktaviana, Givani Rahmat Hidayat Rahmawati Rahmawati Reski, Nur Awaliyah Rinti, Darwis K Risnawati Risnawati Ristiyanti Ristiyanti Rustam Rustam Sabar, Adrayanti Sahide, Muhammad Alif K Saldi Saldi, Saldi Salni, Dempu Satriana, Nadia Siti Amina Siti Rahmah Suparmi Suparmi Supratman Supratman, Supratman Sustri Sustri Sutriyani, Sutriyani Syarni, Pertiwi Tajuddin Tajuddin, Tajuddin Tongka, Gretty Natalia Tongka Natalia Umrah Umrah Usman Rianse, Usman Victor Victor Wa Kuasa Baka, Wa Kuasa Wahyuningsih Wahyuningsih Wardah Wardah Yuniasih, Tulus Zainuddin Basri Zulkaidhah Zulkaidhah, Zulkaidhah