Articles

Found 11 Documents
Search

Analisis Kelembagaan Kelompoktani Sistem Integrasi Sapi Dan Kelapa Sawit (Siska) Di Kabupaten Pelalawan Edwina, Susy; Maharani, Evy; Kusumawaty, Yeni; Yusri, Jumatri; Yusmini, Yusmini
Jurnal AGRISEP JURNAL AGRISEP VOL 19 NO 01 2020
Publisher : Badan Penerbitan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31186/agrisep.19.1.145-166

Abstract

Optimalisasi areal lahan perkebunan kelapa sawit dapat dilakukan melalui Sistem Integrasi Sapi dan Kelapa Sawit (SISKA), dalam upaya  peningkatan efisiensi dan produktivitas melalui keterpaduan sub sektor perkebunan dengan sub sektor peternakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis peran kelompoktani dan aspek kelembagaan kelompok dalam mendukung program SISKA di Kabupaten Pelalawan. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah teori kelembagaan dari Syahyuti.  Analisis tentang peran kelompoktani sebagai kelas belajar, unit produksi dan wahana kerjasama serta aspek kelembagaan kelompoktani dilihat dari nilai, norma dan perilaku menggunakan skala likert; uji Korelasi Spearman untuk melihat hubungan antara peran dan aspek kelembagaan kelompoktani. Peran kelompoktani secara keseluruhan berada pada kategori baik dengan skor 3,49, sebagian besar anggota (69,60%) menjawab pada kategori cukup baik dan baik.  Aspek kelembagaan berdasarkan nilai, norma dan perilaku pada kelompok tani SISKA secara keseluruhan termasuk kategori baik dengan skor 4,05. Korelasi  pada sub variabel nilai, norma dan perilaku terhadap peran kelompoktani sebagai unit produksi merupakan korelasi searah kuat, menunjukkan bahwa nilai, norma dan perilaku dalam kelompoktani mempengaruhi, mendorong dan meningkatkan peran kelompok sebagai kelas belajar yang mendukung tingkat pengetahuan petani serta peran sebagai unit produksi.
Efisiensi Produksi Kelapa Sawit Pola Swadaya Di Desa Senama Nenek Kec Tapunng Hulu Kabupaten Kampar Ridho, Zulhamid; Hadi, Syaiful; Yusri, Jumatri
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study aims to how level for the  factors of production in non former-farmers in the Senama Nenek  village  from  the  aspects  of  technical  efficiency,  allocative  efficiency  and  economic efficiency. The samples were calculated using purposive sampling is done by taking as many as 40 non former-farmers. Data were analyzed using two functions, the Cobb-Douglas production function  and  frontier  Cobb-Douglas. Cobb-Douglas  used  see  whether  there  is  the  classical assumptions. Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier as an approach based on the consideration for the measurement of technical efficiency, allocative and economical by using the approach in terms of input and output are integrated. Factors affecting the production of palm oil by the method of Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) is urea, KCl, SP36, and Dolomite. Factors affecting the level of palm oil production inefficiencies are aged farmer, aged Palm Oil. Oil palm plantation businesses are efficient in the use of a combination of factors of production, but not allocative efficient, and economical. Keywords:  Technical , allocative, Economic
Analisis Daya Saing Ekspor Karet Alam (Natural Rubber) Indonesia di Pasar Internasional Syahputra, Yogi Rahmad; Tarumun, Suardi; Yusri, Jumatri
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the development of Indonesia's natural rubber exports and analyze the competitiveness of Indonesian natural rubber in the international market. The data used in this study was a secondary data export raw natural rubber Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia during the period 1996-2010. The data was taken from the value and volume of exports of natural rubber in the international market. The analytical method used was the Revealed Comparative Advantage ( RCA ) and Constant Market Share ( CMS ). The results of this study indicate that the development of Indonesia's natural rubber exports tend to increase every year. The level of the comparative advantage of Indonesia's natural rubber exports relatively higher than Malaysia. Meanwhile during the period 1996-2006, the level of the comparative advantage of Indonesia was lower than Thailand. While during the period 2007-2010, the level of the comparative advantage of Indonesia's natural rubber is relatively higher than Thailand. This data indicated that Indonesia has a comparative advantage exports of natural rubber were getting better every year. From the CMS analysis note that the competitiveness of Indonesia's natural rubber exports more influenced by standard growth and competitiveness effects. This represents an increase of Indonesia's natural rubber exports more influenced by the growth of the world's natural rubber exports. Additionally, Indonesia also exports natural rubber has high competitiveness due to the excellence of product quality or better price.   Keywords: natural rubber, competitiveness , Revealed Comparative Advantage ( RCA ) , Constant Market Share ( CMS )
KEBIJAKAN PENGEMBANGAN USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP KOTA DUMAI PROVINSI RIAU Arief, Hazmi; Dewi, Novia; Yusri, Jumatri
Berkala Perikanan Terubuk Vol 42, No 1 (2014): Februari 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.119 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/terubuk.42.1.92-105

Abstract

This research aimed to determine contribution and base level fisheriessector, sustainability potention and forms of fishing effort management in Dumaiaccording biological and economic aspects and form of capture fisheriesinstitutional development in Dumai. This research used survey method bypurposive sampling. The analysis method was conducted by Shift Share, LocationQuotient, Bioeceonomic Model, Stakeholder Analysis, Policy Analysis (PRA),Descriptive Analysis of policy formulation for sustainable fishery resourcesdevelopment. Macroeconomic analysis indicated that fisheries sector was thedevelopment bases which provide significant contribution to economic growth ofDumai that was strongly influenced by activity of capture fisheries production sothat can served as a regional economic development policy priorities. Accordingto bioeconomy analysis of three products fisheries resources ( shrimp, fish source,lomek ), the utilization of fishery resources in Dumai. The result of this researchalso obtained optimal management regime by used MEY management or SoleOwner. Stakeholder involved in this policy were KKP, DPKP and localgoverment. Policy analysis (PRA) based on Matrix Ranking concluded thatcarrying out the policy directives of quality development and human resourcesquality assosiated with development of training and educational programs forlocal fishermen in improvement of quality and value added of fishery product.This research concluded that the proper policy to be implemented in Dumai wasoptimal improvement / optimization the production of sustainable fisheryresources through provision the conducive fishery facilities in order to increaseparticipation and stakeholders synergy to prosperity. Optimization of fisheryresources productivity need support of all stakeholders to achieve co-managementin order to achieve public prosperity.Keywords : Shrimp, Fish Source, Lomek, Policy Analysis, Fishery Resources,Bioeconomic, Sustainability, Dumai, Riau
PROFIL SOSIAL EKONOMI DAN KEMISKINAN KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PULAU SUMATERA TAHUN 2012 Ramadhansyah, Eka; Restuhadi, Fajar; Yusri, Jumatri
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

One of the most significant current discussions in development country is poverty, including in Indonesia.  Indonesia is one of the most populous in the worlds with 237.6 million people in 2010, where 76.93 % of povertyareconcentratedin Java(55.33%) andSumatra(21.6%). This paper attempted to create profiling poverty of 151 residences and cities in Sumatera. The poverty characteristics included in the profiling are:levelof education, manpower distribution, expenditures per capita, health, housing facilities, and government’s poverty eradication programs. Data resources are from Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). The data were analyzed by principle component analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical Data Analysis.Factor analysis produced as many as 32 variables as the main components, adequate for further analysis as 'key factors' for social economic characteristic profile of residences and cities in Sumatera.  These main components demonstrated the adequate values of KMO, MSA, and Bartlett's Test of Sphericity. Following the result from Factor Analysis to obtain the important factors of poverty, the method of hierarchical cluster analysis was, further, used to classify the profiles of 108 residences and cities in Sumatera. The results of cluster analysis with 5interesting clusters of poverty profile of socio-economic indicators show that Cluster 1 comprises of 7 residences with similar characteristic of level of educationand manpower distribution. Cluster 2 includes 9 residences with similar level of education and expenditures per capita. Cluster 3 consists of 36 residences and 2 cities with similar manpower distribution and expenditures per capita patterns. Cluster 4 comprises of 23 residences and 3 cities showing its own distinct characteristics in their similarity patterns of expenditures per capita and housing facilities. Then, the cluster 5 consists of 2 residences and 27 cities showing the similar patterns in level of education and housing facilities.   Keywords: economic social, poverty, factor analysis, cluster analysis.
PENERIMAAN PANELIS DAN ANALISIS USAHA ES KRIM SOYGHURTYANG MENGANDUNG Lactobacillus acidophilus TERENKAPSULASI Perdana, Mazhar; Efendi, Raswen; Yusri, Jumatri
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The porpose of study was to determine the level of panelistsacceptance and analysis of business by ice cream soyghurt the encapsulated Lactobacillus acidophilus. The study began with the manufacture of encapsulated Lactobacillus acidophilus and proceed with the making of ice cream soyghurt then tested by comparing the reception panelists soyghurt encapsulation ice cream and yoghurt ice cream commercial. The result of T test analysis showed that soyghurtencapsulation ice cream and yoghurtice cream commercial significantly different (P<0.05) on the attributes of flavor, texture and color, while the smell and flavor attributes were not significantly different (P>0.05). Chi Squared results show that there is a difference between soyghurt encapsulation ice cream and yoghurtice cream commercial. The analysis of business shows the soyghurt encapsulationice cream able to compete with commercial yoghurt ice cream on the market. Keywords: Soyghurt, Yoghurt, Analysis ofbusiness and Acceptance panelists.
Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Produksi Usahatani Kopi Di Kecamatan Rangsang Pesisir Kabupaten Kepulauan Meranti Syahrial, Ryan E; Restuhadi, Fajar; yusri, Jumatri
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This research aims to determine and analyze the factors that affect the production of  coffee in RangsangPesisirSub District. This research uses survey method to conduct interview with 75 sample of coffee farmers obtained by using the slovin method with field trips to their farms. Factors affecting agricultural production are analyzed using the Cobb Douglass production function and using the least estimated squares method. There are four factors of coffee production are assessed influen : number of coffee crops, amount of manure, pesticides, and labor. The variable significantly affect coffee production in RangsangPesisirSub District is the number of coffe crops and labor. Keyword : coffee, production factor, cobbdouglas, rangsang pesisir 
PENGARUH TENAGA KERJA DAN TINGKAT OPTIMASI PENGGUNAAN TENAGA KERJA PADA USAHATANI NENAS LAHAN SKALA SEMPIT DAN SKALA LUAS DI KABUPATEN KAMPAR Febriandi, Ridho; Hadi, Syaiful; Yusri, Jumatri
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of this research are analyze the effect of labor on production pineapple, analyze the level of optimization of the use of  labor, and analyze the optimization of the use of labor between broad and narrow area of land in Kampar. The methods of analysis used in this study is regression analyze. Based on the result of the analysis of effect labor on production pineapple, the amount of labor significantly affect the amount of production of pineapples, it applies to farming in a narrow area, wide area, and also overall. labor is a factor of production is greatest effect on farm production pineapple research area. labor used in the farming of pineapple consists of labor within the family and outside the family labor, in which the activities carried out are weeding and harvesting.The use value of labor in the area showed that the use of labor is not optimal, it should be increasing the number of workers, in order to increase productivity. level optimization on large tracts of land is better than the narrow land, it demonstrates the use of labor on a large area is optimal from the narrow land. then to optimize the use of labor on a narrow piece of land is necessary to increase the amount of labor. keywords: pineapple production, labor, optimazation.
Perception of Farmers of Communal and Individual Stalls Towards the Role of Extension on Integrated Farming in Pelalawan District Edwina, Susy; Maharani, Evy; Kusumawaty, Yeni; Yusri, Jumatri; Yusmini, Yusmini
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 15 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (607.471 KB) | DOI: 10.25015/15201919248

Abstract

Provision of government assistance to the SISKA (integration of cattle and oilpalm) program has encouraged farmers to form groups. One component of the aid was the communal stall which is a joint enclosure developed in one location. The development of communal stalls is not always successfully maintained by the groups. This study aimed to analyze the perception of SISKA farmers on the role of extension as well as the driving and inhibiting factors of the extension role. The study was conducted in Kecamatan Pangkalan Lesung and Kerumutan Subdistrict of Pelalawan District based on the existence of 11 groups of farmers who still apply SISKA. The analytical method used was perception analysis by average scoring method and perceptual mapping by spiderweb graph. Sampling was conducted by census in 11 farmer groups with a total of 125 members (38 farmers who applied individual stalls and 87 farmers who applied communal stalls). The results showed that the perception towards extension of farmers applying communal stalls was in “good”category, while the perception of farmers applying individual stalls was in “less good” category. The role of extension workers in both systems that has not been functioning was in facilitating farmers to partner.
ANALISIS EFISIENSI PRODUKSI PADI ANORGANIK DI KECAMATAN RAKIT KULIM KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HULU Safal, Fris; Hadi, Syaiful; Yusri, Jumatri
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment Vol 2 No 2 (2019): September
Publisher : Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Payakumbuh

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.371 KB) | DOI: 10.32530/jace.v2i2.72

Abstract

Padi menjadi komoditas penting karena merupakan sumber makanan pokok hampir seluruh masyarakat Indonesia. Salah satu cara untuk meningkatkan produksi padi dengan cara menggunakan sumberdaya yang tersedia secara lebih efisien. Penggunaan faktor-faktor produksi seperti lahan, benih, pupuk, pestisida dan tenaga kerja akan mempengaruhi total produksi padi yang dihasilkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui teknis budidaya tanaman padi anorganik, menghitung biaya produksi dan menganalisis efisiensi produksi usahatani padi anorganik di Kecamatan Rakit Kulim. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif, analisis biaya usahatani dan analisis DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis). Jumlah sampel sebanyak 40 petani padi anorganik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa teknik budidaya padi anorganik di Kecamatan Rakit Kulim belum sesuai dengan rekomendasi.Ketidaksesuaian disebabkan belum tersedia buku teknis budidaya tanaman padi anorganik dari balai pengkajian tanaman pertanian yang spesifik lokalita. Total biaya produksi usahatani padi anorganik di Kecamatan Rakit Kulim adalah sebesar Rp. 23.622.481,-/Ha/MT. Sedangkan penerimaan rata-rata sebesar Rp. 24.230.168,-/Ha/MT dengan pendapatan bersih sebesar607.687,-/Ha/MT dan RCR sebesar 1,07. Hasil analisis efisiensi produksi menggunakan DEA menunjukkan bahwa proporsi jumlah petani yang efisien secara teknis sebesar 50% dengan nilai rata-rata sebesar 0,946. Proporsi jumlah petani yang efisien secara alokatif relatif kecil yaitu sebesar 32,5%dengan nilai rata-rata sebesar 0,975. Efisiensi ekonomi relatif kecil yaitu sebesar 32,5% dengan nilai rata-rata sebesar 0,927.