Khamami zada
Fakultas Syari’ah dan Hukum UIN Syarif Hidayatullah

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ARUS UTAMA PERDEBATAN HUKUM PERKAWINAN BEDA AGAMA Zada, Khamami
AHKAM : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah Vol. 13, No. 1, Januari 2013
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (350.804 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v13i1.949

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Abstract: Mapping the Mainstreaming Debate Regarding to Interfaith Marriage Law. This article intends to observe the linkage of the implementation of interfaith marriage law  with the opinion of  Islamic jurists? and to political and social change in a country. Interfaith marriage law?as occurred in (former) North Yemen, Jordan, Algeria, and Iraq?is not influenced by the Islamic school of thought of the majority population. In contrary, interfaith marriage in the aforementioned states is not inline with the mainstream opinion of islamic jurists that forbidding softly (makr?h) Muslim man to marry a woman of Ahl al-Kit?b. The regulation is obviously influenced by  the rise of Islamism, such as the Muslim brotherhood in Jordan, Front Islamic Salvation in Algeria, and the growing influence of Shiite movements in Iraq and North Yemen in establishing religious conservatism in matters of interfaith marriage. Thus, it can be understood why those countries prefer to refer  text of the Quran that regulate interfaith marriage law.Keywords: interfaith marriage law, islamic family law, Ahl al-Kit?bAbstrak: Arus Utama Perdebatan Hukum Perkawinan Beda Agama. Artikel ini ingin menguji keterhubungan pemberlakuan hukum perkawinan beda agama dengan pendapat-pendapat ulama fikih dan perubahan sosial politik suatu negara. Hukum perkawinan beda agama di Yaman Utara, Yordania, Aljazair, dan Irak tidak begitu sepenuhnya dipengaruhi oleh mazhab fikih yang dianut mayoritas penduduknya. Justru perkawinan beda agama di negara-negara tersebut sedikit keluar dari mainstream pendapat ulama fikih yang memakruhkan laki-laki Muslim yang menikah dengan wanita Ahl al-Kit?b. Posisi ini diambil bukan karena dipengaruhi oleh kolonialisme Barat yang berlangsung lama dalam memberlakukan hukum, melainkan kuatnya Islamisme, seperti Ikhwanul Muslimin di Yordania, Front Islamic Salvation di Aljazair, dan kuatnya pengaruh gerakan Syiah di Irak dan Yaman Utara dalam membangun konservatisme agama dalam urusan perkawinan beda agama. Tidak heran jika empat negara ini mengambil jalan kembali ke teks Alquran untuk mengatur hukum perkawinan beda agama.Kata Kunci: hukum perkawinan beda agama, hukum keluarga Islam, Ahl al-Kit?b
SENTUHAN ADAT DALAM PEMBERLAKUAN SYARIAT ISLAM DI ACEH (1514-1903) zada, Khamami
JURNAL KARSA (Terakreditasi No. 80/DIKTI/Kep/2012) Vol 20, No 2 (2012): Islam, Budaya dan Hukum
Publisher : STAIN PAMEKASAN

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Abstract

Abstrak: Artikel ini ingin menguji akar pemberlakuan hukum jinayah (hudud dan kisas) di Aceh pada masa Kerajaan Aceh Darussalam (1496-1903). Terjadi perdebatan, manakah yang diberlakukan di Aceh: syariat Islam (hudud dan kisas) atau hukum adat masyarakat Aceh. Pendapat pertama menyatakan bahwa hukum jinayah pernah diberlakukan pada beberapa masa Sultan Aceh dan pendapat kedua mengatakan bahwa hukum jinayah tidak diberlakukan di Aceh, melain-kan hukum adat yang diberlakukan. Titik singgung pemberlakuan syariat Islam dengan adat di Aceh justru memperlihatkan bahwa pemberlakuan syariat Islam di Aceh tidak murni sesuai dengan ketentuan syariah, melainkan terjadi dinamika sosial, yakni masuknya unsur adat ke dalam pemberlakuan syariah.     Abstract This article tends to examine the basis of  jinayah (crime) law implementation in Aceh during the Aceh Darussalam Kingdom period (1496-1903 AD). QanunJinayah is argued by the Acehness, it goes around that which must be implemented the shari’a, Islamic law (hudûd and qishâsh) or customary law (hukum adat) of Aceh society. First side states that jinayah law had ever been valid during the Sultan of Aceh period of time but the second side argues that it was the customary law that had been implemented. It indicates that in Aceh the enforcement of Islamic law does not genuinely match the shari’a provision, in contrast it has been influenced by customary law factor. In brief, there is a social dynamics in the implementation of shari’a.   Kata Kunci: Syariat Islam, Aceh, adat, hudud,dan kisas
GELOMBANG REVOLUSI DAN TRANSISI POLITIK DI TIMUR TENGAH DAN AFRIKA UTARA* Zada, Khamami
SALAM: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Syar-i Vol 2, No 1 (2015): SALAM
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sjsbs.v2i1.2242

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Abstract: Revolutionary Waves and Political Transition in Middle East and North Africa. Political transition in Tunisia has greatly influenced to neighboring countries, especially Egypt. Libya and Yemen have been disturbed by the government’s opposition. Political transition in Middle East is a fruit of authoritarian in which has been taking place since years ago. In addition, the high level of poverty gives effect to the transition process. Political transition in Tunisia and Egypt was happened in a peaceful way, marked by the resignation of Zain al-Din Ben Ali and Husni Mubarak. On the other hand, the armed conflict has been occurred in Libya and Yaman, heading the government’s loyalties and the opposition groups.  After the fall of Ben Ali and Husni Mubarak, it exist the struggle between radical groups and liberal ones in competing optical power.Key Words: political transition, revolution, Islamism, radicalism and liberalism Abstrak: Gelombang Revolusi dan Transisi Politik di Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara. Efek domino transisi politik di Tunisia menjalar ke negara-negara tetangganya, terutama Mesir. Libya dan Yaman pun sedang menghadapi tuntutan mundur dari kelompok oposisi. Transisi politik di Timur Tengah dan Afrika Utara merupakan akibat dari otoritarianisme yang berlangsung lama dan tingginya kemiskinan. Transisi politik yang terjadi di Tunisia dan Mesir berlangsung dengan pola damai dengan mundurnya Zain al-Din Ben Ali dan Hosni Mubarak. Di tempat lain, Libya dan Yaman juga berlangsung konflik bersenjata antara kelompok yang setia terhadap pemerintah dan kelompok oposisi. Paska Ben Ali di Tunisia dan Mubarak di Mesir terjadi pertarungan antara kelompok Islamisme, radikalisme dan liberalisme dalam memperebutkan sumber politik kekuasaan dan kultural.Kata Kunci: transisi politik, revolusi, Islamisme, radikalisme, liberalisme  DOI: 10.15408/sjsbs.v2i1.224
Jihad: Memperebutkan Makna Perang Suci Zada, Khamami
ULUMUNA Vol 10, No 1 (2006): June
Publisher : State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v10i1.429

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Jihad is nowadays often misunderstood and misused, especially by militant Moslems translating it as a fight against unbelievers in order to destroy them and/or to convert them to Islam. Such a view has reduced the real meaning of jihad. In the time of Muhammad, jihad was not necessarily acted as a fight against the “enemy” of God or the holy war as it is being widely understood today. It was applied as a hard effort to establish Islamic values in society.This article is all about the reduction and misunderstanding of jihad among moslems and nonmoslems. It delivers a historical analysis of view shifting on jihad, from its,wider meaning to its specific one that is using forces and practicing violance. It also launches some cases of misuse of jihad in society from its precedent to modern era. This article suggests a way back to the meaning of jihad as it was.
SENTUHAN ADAT DALAM PEMBERLAKUAN SYARIAT ISLAM DI ACEH (1514-1903) zada, Khamami
KARSA: Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman Islam, Budaya dan Hukum
Publisher : STAIN Pamekasan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (272.838 KB) | DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v20i2.42

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Abstrak: Artikel ini ingin menguji akar pemberlakuan hukum jinayah (hudud dan kisas) di Aceh pada masa Kerajaan Aceh Darussalam (1496-1903). Terjadi perdebatan, manakah yang diberlakukan di Aceh: syariat Islam (hudud dan kisas) atau hukum adat masyarakat Aceh. Pendapat pertama menyatakan bahwa hukum jinayah pernah diberlakukan pada beberapa masa Sultan Aceh dan pendapat kedua mengatakan bahwa hukum jinayah tidak diberlakukan di Aceh, melain-kan hukum adat yang diberlakukan. Titik singgung pemberlakuan syariat Islam dengan adat di Aceh justru memperlihatkan bahwa pemberlakuan syariat Islam di Aceh tidak murni sesuai dengan ketentuan syariah, melainkan terjadi dinamika sosial, yakni masuknya unsur adat ke dalam pemberlakuan syariah.     Abstract This article tends to examine the basis of  jinayah (crime) law implementation in Aceh during the Aceh Darussalam Kingdom period (1496-1903 AD). QanunJinayah is argued by the Acehness, it goes around that which must be implemented the shari’a, Islamic law (hudûd and qishâsh) or customary law (hukum adat) of Aceh society. First side states that jinayah law had ever been valid during the Sultan of Aceh period of time but the second side argues that it was the customary law that had been implemented. It indicates that in Aceh the enforcement of Islamic law does not genuinely match the shari’a provision, in contrast it has been influenced by customary law factor. In brief, there is a social dynamics in the implementation of shari’a.   Kata Kunci: Syariat Islam, Aceh, adat, hudud,dan kisas
POLITIK PEMBERLAKUAN SYARI`AT ISLAM DI ACEH DAN KELANTAN (1993-2014) Zada, Khamami
Al-Ihkam: Jurnal Hukum dan Pranata Sosial Vol 10, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : APHI (Islamic Law Researcher Association) & STAIN Pamekasan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (410.612 KB) | DOI: 10.19105/al-ihkam.v10i1.588

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The application of Islamic rules in Aceh and Kelantan is also related to the political power. There is a significant difference about political treatment on the application of Islamic law in Aceh and Kelantan. In Aceh, the central government (Indonesia) thinks that it is needed to apply jinâyah law in Aceh as a strategy to solve conflicts. This political rule has been applied in the republic of Indonesia since the leadership of Habibie, Abdurrahman Wahid, Megawati Soekarno Putri to Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. The main factor that influences the Indonesian political government rule is the central conflict with the Acehnese in the leadership of Soeharto presidential to the Helsinski Agreement 2005. Some vertical conflicts happened between the central government and the Acehnese were solved by giving special autonomy in applying the Islamic rules. Not only family law and economic law which are given autonomy to be applied in Aceh, but also the autonomy to apply jinâyah Law. In Kelantan, Federal government (Malaysia) did not have political wish to apply Jinayah Law in Kelantan since the leadership of Mahathir Muhammad, Abdullah Badawi to Najib Razak. Moreover the federal government made the issue of the application of jinâyah law as the political commodity to get the political sympathy from the people, who are the partner of non Moslem voters in the national ranks and some Moslem voters who are not affiliated with PAS. This political needs factor is kept by the Federal Government to respond the Kelantan’s government wish to apply Islamic rules.Copyright (c) 2015 by Al-Ihkam. All right reserved DOI : 10.19105/al-ihkam.v10i1.588 
THE ROHINGYA’S MUSLIM ASYLUM SEEKERS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: FROM NATIONAL TO INTERNATIONAL LAW PERSPECTIVE Zada, Khamami
AHKAM : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah Vol. 17, No. 1, Januari 2017
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3550.757 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v17i1.6227

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The Rohingya?s Muslim asylum seekers have recently been global issues. International, regional, and national law have provided legal basis that they have the right to look for asylum and to be protected. By normative and empiric approach, this study analyze the respect of Indonesian and Malaysian goverment to international, regional, and national law on refugees. This study found that both of Indonesian and Malaysian goverment have respected the international customary law, regional law, and national law that fulfill their rights to seek asylum, have agreed that they welcomed them and will take care of them. The implication is to protect them in some areas in these country.DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v17i1.6227
RADIKALISME DALAM PAHAM KEAGAMAAN GURU DAN MATA PELAJARAN FIKIH DI MADRASAH ALIYAH Zada, Khamami
Penamas Vol 28 No 1 (2015): Volume 28, Nomor 1, April-Juni 2015
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Jakarta

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The radical religious thought can be traced from the Competences Standard and Basic Competences (SKKD), textbooks, teachers, and religious understanding. This research focuses on SKKD materials and textbooks, which potentially to increase understanding intolerant and radicalism. The study shows that intolerant and radicalism concepts were not found in SKKD materials, textbooks and the understandings of jurisprudence teachers in Islamic Senior High School in terms of marriage, inheritance, and politics. However, this study found that there is restriction on the rights of non- Muslims in the area of marriage, inheritance, and politics. This restriction is based on Islamic doctrine, which states that non-Moslems have no certain rights, such as inheritance, leadership, and representation. Keywords: Radicalism, jurisprudence, Islamic Senior High School, textbooks Paham keagamaan radikal di lembaga pendidikan dapat dilacak dari Standar Kompetensi dan Kompetensi Dasar (SKKD), buku ajar, dan paham keagamaan guru. Penelitian ini memfokuskan materi SKKD dan buku ajar yang berpotensi pada paham intoleran dan radikal. Penelitian ini menemukan, bahwa materi SKKD, buku ajar, dan pemahaman guru-guru fikih MA tidak ditemukan paham intoleran dan radikal dalam wilayah pernikahan, kewarisan, dan politik. Namun penelitian ini menemukan pembatasan hak-hak non-Muslim dalam wilayah pernikahan, kewarisan, dan politik. Pembatasan ini didasarkan pada doktrin Islam yang menegaskan, bahwa non-Muslim tidak mendapatkan hak-hak tertentu, seperti kewarisan, kepemimpinan, dan perwakilan. Kata Kunci: Radikalisme, fikih, Madrasah Aliyah, buku ajar.
ORIENTASI STUDI ISLAM DI INDONESIA: MENGENAL PENDIDIKAN KELAS INTERNASIONAL DI LINGKUNGAN PTAI Zada, Khamami
INSANIA : Jurnal Pemikiran Alternatif Kependidikan Vol 11 No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1490.939 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/insania.v11i2.179

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Enthusiasm growth to comprehend the Islam more as ?religious tradition that exist?, historical, compared to ?set of doctrine? in al-Qur?an and Hadits, finding its momentum in growth of Islamic study in some notable and big university in United States. This then applied in religious Islam colleges. There also shift from more normative character of Islamic study to more historical, sociologic, and empiric one. Second, there?s tendency, broader scientific orientation. If at previously period scholar orientation tends to middle easterly, especially al-Azhar University, in the last two decade looked to be progressively wide of and immeasurable. Because that, nowadays started development of Islamic education instructing at demand of enhancing implementation quality, management, curriculum with the international standard. One of them is by opening international class (Islamic education), that expected can compete in global level..
RADIKALISME DI JANTUNG PENDIDIKAN ISLAM Zada, Khamami
EDUKASI: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Agama dan Keagamaan EDUKASI | VOLUME 7, NOMOR 4, DESEMBER 2009
Publisher : Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.977 KB) | DOI: 10.32729/edukasi.v7i4.256

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AbstractThis paper is a critical reflection on radicalism phenomenon which emerges at the heart of Islamic education, especially at Madrasah and Islamic boarding school, which is enhanced more by its development at schools and campus. This educational institution is chosen since it it at this place the character development is begun as a cadre forming facility. The aspiration of radical Islamic group is to change a state, replace its basis as well as its law. The emerge of this radicalism has shifted Islam in Indonesia, i.e. from the one dominated by moderate-ism to radicalism. Islamic education as a people liberation facility is faced against a challenge on how to develop a moderate religious consciousness so in turn among the people will grow an inclusive understanding