Articles

TOLERANSI ANTAR UMAT BERAGAMA DALAM FILM “?” (TANDA TANYA) DAN AYAT-AYAT CINTA 2 Zaini, Ahmad
KOMUNIKA: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi Vol 14 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Fakultas Dakwah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24090/komunika.v14i1.2052

Abstract

This paper aims to find out the discourse of tolerance among religious people featured in the film ??? (Tanda Tanya) and Ayat-Ayat Cinta 2. Both are viewed from the level of the text, the level of social cognition, and the level of social context. The research method used is qualitative analysis with Teun van Dijk's theoretical approach, namely data analysis at the level of text, social cognition and social context. The results showed that; First, the discourse of tolerance at the text level in the film ??? (Tanda Tanya) is related to various themes, both about harmony among religious communities, cultural diversity and about tolerance. Likewise the film Ayat-Ayat Cinta 2 also tells the story of religious life in European countries. Second, the discourse of tolerance between religious communities is seen from the level of social cognition. In the film ??? (Tanda Tanya), both the screenwriter and director want to explain the reality of the diversity of religions, cultures and customs that exist in Indonesia. He wants to explain the relationship between religious people in a vulgar way. In contrast to the more refined Ayat-Ayat Cinta 2 movie. Third, the discourse of tolerance between religious communities in terms of the level of social context. The film ??? (Tanda Tanya) is motivated by the number of bombings that occurred at the house of worship three or four years before. At the level of the social context of this film as a sequel to the previous Ayat-Ayat Cinta movie. The background of making this film is because it wants to illustrate that Islam can be used as a way of life wherever we live, including life in the West though.   Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui wacana toleransi antar umat beragama yang ditampilkan dalam film ??? (Tanda Tanya) dan Ayat-Ayat Cinta 2. Keduanya ditinjau dari level teks, level kognisi sosial, dan level konteks sosial. Metode riset yang digunakan adalah analisis kualitatif dengan pendekatan teori Teun van Dijk, yaitu analisis data pada level teks, kognisi sosial dan konteks sosial. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa; pertama, wacana toleransi pada level teks dalam film ??? (Tanda Tanya) berkaitan dengan tema yang beragam, baik itu tentang kerukunan antar umat beragama, keragaman budaya maupun tentang toleransi. Demikian halnya film Ayat-Ayat Cinta 2 juga mengkisahkan tentang kehidupan umat beragama di negara Eropa. Kedua, wacana toleransi antar umat beragama ditinjau dari level kognisi sosial. Dalam film ??? (Tanda Tanya) sang penulis skenario maupun sutradara ingin memaparkan realitas tentang keragaman agama, budaya, adat istiadat yang ada di Indonesia. Ia ingin memaparkan hubungan antar umat beragama secara vulgar. Berbeda dengan film Ayat-Ayat Cinta 2 yang lebih halus. Ketiga, wacana toleransi antar umat beragama ditinjau dari level konteks sosial. Film ??? (Tanda Tanya) dilatarbelakangi banyaknya kejadian bom yang melanda rumah ibadah pada tiga atau empat tahun sebelumnya. Pada level konteks sosial film ini sebagai sekuel film Ayat-Ayat Cinta sebelumnya. Latar belakang pembuatan film ini karena ingin menggambarkan bahwa Islam dapat dijadikan pedoman hidup dimanapun kita tinggal, termasuk hidup di negeri Barat sekalipun.
PERANAN DAKWAH DALAM PENGEMBANGAN MASYARAKAT ISLAM Zaini, Ahmad
Community Development : Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Community Development Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Kudus

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Abstract

Eksistensi dan keberadaan Islam hingga saat ini salah satunya karenaadanya dakwah. Dakwah telah dilakukan oleh zaman Rasulullah saw.hingga sekarang ini. Banyak sekali ayat-ayat al-Quran yang berbicaratentang dakwah, diantaranya Ali Imran ayat 104, 110, an-Nahl ayat 125,dan sebagainya. Bila ditelusuri pada zaman Rasulullah saw., dakwahyang dilakukan oleh beliau bersifat untuk meluruskan dan merubahkejahiliahan perilaku kaum Quraisy. Rasulullah ketika berdakwah diMekah, poin penting yang disampaikan oleh beliau adalah tentangkeesaan Allah (tauhidulllah). Materi ini penting disampaikan pertama kalikarena sebagai pondasi dasar untuk keberlangsungan dakwah berikutnya. Dakwah yang beliau lakukan di Mekah penuh dengan tantangan dan halangan. Berbeda ketika dakwah di Mekah, materi dakwah di Madinahseputar sosial kemasyarakatan. Pembinaan yang dilakukan Rasulullahsaw. lebih banyak ditekankan pada pembentukan masyarakat muslim ditengah-tengah masyarakat non muslim. Madinah selain dihuni oleh umatIslam, juga dihuni oleh kaum Yahudi maupun Kristen. Ayat-ayat al-Quranyang turun di periode ini lebih ditekankan pada masalah muamalah,kenegaraan, hubungan antaragama (toleransi), dan sebagainya. Dakwahyang dicontohkan oleh Rasulullah ketika di Mekah dan Madinahdapat dijadikan sebagai sebagai cerminan untuk berdakwah bagi umat Islam sekarang ini hingga seterusnya. Kehidupan masyarakat Islam di tengah-tengah aliran yang beragam dapat dijadikan contoh bagaimanaseharusnya mengembangkan dakwah di tengah-tengah masyarakat yangplural dan  majemuk.
URGENSI LEADERSHIP BAGI ORGANISASI DAKWAH Zaini, Ahmad
TADBIR : Jurnal Manajemen Dakwah Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Tadbir Jurnal Manajemen Dakwah (Article in Press)
Publisher : TADBIR : Jurnal Manajemen Dakwah

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Abstract

Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk membahas leadership, bagaimana karakteristik leadership bagi organisasi dakwah, bagaimana konsep Islam tentang leadership, serta urgensi leadership bagi organisasi dakwah. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa leadership merupakan kemampuan untuk memengaruhi suatu kelompok/organisasi guna mencapai sebuah visi atau serangkaian tujuan yang ditetapkan. Karakteristik leadership bagi organisasi dakwah terutama dapat jadi teladan yang baik bagi yang dipimpinnya. Adapun konsep leadership dalam perpektif Islam dapat ditinjau dengan tiga pendekatan yaitu pendekatan normatif, historis, dan teoretik. Sedang urgensi leadership bagi organisasi dakwah berfungsi untuk menjalankan fungsi-fungsi manajemen dakwah. Seperti diketahui, setidaknya ada empat fungsi manajemen bagi organisasi dakwah, yaitu: takhthith (perencanaan dakwah), tanzhim (pengorganisasian dakwah), taujih (pelaksanaan dakwah) dan riqabah (pengendalian dakwah).
Pembangunan Sistem Informasi Tiket Pada Travel Merpati Mas Kabupaten Ponorogo Zaini, Ahmad; Purnama, Bambang Eka; ., Sukadi
Speed - Indonesian Journal on Computer Science 2014: IJCSS - Accepted Paper
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Informatika Universitas Surakarta

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Abstrac : Today Information Technology continues to evolve with advances in computers and the ability to provide solutions to problems in various areas. One of the technological developments required information that is the presence of information systems for the data collection process passengers Travel. In the process of assembling information systems Travel Merpati Mas Ponorogo this constituent noticed there are still many issues that are currently done manually in the data management process, so the impact of delays in the delivery of information in the data is very influential for the effort, so the need to create a system of information to facilitate processing of passenger data to the manager. Therefore, in this Script designed a system that is expected to solve problems - problems that occur in the Travel Merpati Mas Ponorogo guest visitors, especially in data collection which is still manual in pendataannya, then the existence of this information system would enhance the yield of information that can handle information in the Travel Merpati Mas Ponorogo this, besides the data - passenger data can be stored more orderly and safer, and the information search process will be easier, faster, and efficient. Key words : Travel passenger data, systems, computerized.   Abstraksi : Sekarang ini Teknologi Informasi terus berkembang seiring dengan kemampuan dan kemajuan komputer untuk memberi solusi bagi permasalahan di berbagai bidang yang ada. Salah satu perkembangan teknologi Informasi yang dibutuhkan yaitu dengan adanya sistem informasi untuk proses pendataan penumpang Travel. Pada proses perakitan sistem informasi Travel Merpati Mas Ponorogo ini penyusun memperhatikan masih banyak permasalahan yang saat ini dikerjakan secara manual pada proses pengelolaan data, sehingga dampak terhadap keterlambatan informasi di dalam penyampaian suatu data sangatlah berpengaruh bagi usaha tersebut, sehingga perlu di buat sistem informasi untuk mempermudah pengolahan data penumpang kepada manajer. Oleh karena itu, dalam Laporan Skripsi ini dirancang sebuah sistem yang dapat mengatasi permasalahan – permasalahan yang terjadi di Travel Merpati Mas Ponorogo khususnya dalam pendataan tamu pengunjung yang masih manual dalam pendataannya, maka dengan adanya sistem informasi ini maka akan memudahkan dalam menghasilkan informasi yang mampu menangani informasi yang ada di dalam Travel Merpati Mas Ponorogo ini, selain itu data – data penumpang dapat tersimpan lebih teratur dan lebih aman, dan proses pencarian informasi akan lebih mudah, cepat, dan efisien. Kata kunci : Data penumpang Travel, Sistem, komputerisasi
FAKTOR PENYEBAB RENDAHNYA MOTIVASI BELAJAR PESERTA DIDIK DI SMP NEGERI 10 SIJUNJUNG Firsal, Firsal; Kasih, Fitria; Zaini, Ahmad
Bimbingan dan Konseling Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal wisuda ke 47 bimbingan & konseling
Publisher : Bimbingan dan Konseling

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This research was stimulated by the background of student’s lower learning motivation at SMPN 10 Sijunjung. A learning motivation of students was influenced by internal and external factors. Internal factors come from students its self consisted their needs, eager, knowledge and aspiration, while external factors come from outside of students, consisted of teachers, environment and teaching strategy was implemented by teacher in the class in the form of reward and punishment, school equipment, friend, family and society. The aim of this research was to know internal and external factors due on the lower student’s learning motivation at SMPN 10 Sijunjung.This research used descriptive, a study aim to describe the find of fact systematically, factual and accurate. The population of this research was all students at the class IX in SMPN 10 Sijunjung totally 221 people. Sample was taken by purposive random sampling totally 64 people. Technique of data collection used questionnaire data was distributed to respondents. To analysis the data used percentage analysis, counting the percentage of respondents’ answer. From the result of research showed that internal factors caused the lower of student’s motivation was in a lot category. While the external factors caused the lower of student’s motivation was in a lot category. To be suggested to students to dig their potency and determine their aspiration that want to be reached in order always have high motivation in each following the learning process. To guiding teacher was expected to do any effort in handling internal and external problem due to lower motivation of students by creating funny teaching and to the next researcher was expected other factors related to reduce the student’s learning motivation.
PERAN GURU BIMBINGAN DAN KONSELING DALAM MENUMBUHKEMBANGKAN MINAT PESERTA DIDIK UNTUK MENGIKUTI KEGIATAN EKSTRA KURIKULER DI SMA NEGERI 1 SITIUNG Haumi, Naufil; Kasih, Fitria; Zaini, Ahmad
Bimbingan dan Konseling Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal wisuda ke 47 bimbingan & konseling
Publisher : Bimbingan dan Konseling

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This research is motivated by character of counselor teachers to create learners’ interesting to do extra curriculer activities. This research aims to describe : character of counselor teachers to create learners’ interesting to do extra curriculer at SMAN 1 Sitiung. That be seen from: 1) affective’s aspect 2) psikomotor’s aspect 3) cognitive’s aspect. This research is descriptive study. Population in this research are all of learners in SMAN 1 Sitiung. Concluded sampel with random sampling, it consist of 83 learners. Instrument that used in this research is inquiry and tehnique analysis data were collected by percentage technique. The result of research are: 1) character of counselor teachers in create learners’ interesting to do extra curriculer that be seen from affective’s aspect is good enough , 2) character of counselor teachers in create learners’ interesting to do extra curriculer that be seen from psikomotor’s aspect is good enough, 3) character of counselor teachers in create learners’ interesting to do extra curriculer that be seen from cognitive’s aspect is good enough. Researcher give recommandation to all of counselor teachers, as a program to do their character at school to help them in create learners’ interesting in extra curriculer  activities.
UPAYA ORANG TUA DALAM MENGEMBANGKAN KREATIFITAS ANAK USIA DINI DI TRIMULYA KECAMATAN TIMPEH KABUPATEN DHARMASRAYA Rahmawati, Dewi; Kasih, Fitria; Zaini, Ahmad
Bimbingan dan Konseling Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal wisuda ke 47 bimbingan & konseling
Publisher : Bimbingan dan Konseling

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The problems in this research based on phenomena that researcher found in the field. the students not active in learning process, old fellow not yet can in developing its child creativity. Pursuant to researcher the mentioned lift problems of research about: How old fellow effort in developing age child creativity early in Trimulya Kecamatan Timpeh Kabupaten Dharmasraya seen from activity develop condition and creativity influencing creativity. This research aim to description (1) Effort old fellow in developing age child creativity is early seen from activity develop creativity (2) Effort old fellow in developing age child creativity is early seen from condition of able to influence in developing creativity.This research represent descriptive research which try depict situation as it is. This Research population is to include;cover entire/all age child early in Trimulya Kecamatan Timpeh amounting to counted 47 people. Research Sampel total sampling. Become sampel in this research counted 47 child. Data collecting in research use enquette, while data analysis the used is descriptive statistic by wearing percentage formula.Result of this research lay open that (1) Effort old fellow in developing age child creativity is early seen from activity develop creativity reside in at good criteria (2) Effort old fellow in developing age child creativity is early seen from condition of able to influence in developing creativity reside in at good criterion. Pursuant to result of research above, researcher can conclude that old fellow effort in developing age child creativity early reside in at good criteria. Writer suggest to old fellow in developing age child creativity early can be done/conducted by process word.
FAKTOR PENYEBAB GURU STRES PADA CARA BELAJAR ANAK TUNAGRAHITA DI SLB KECAMATANSUNGAI AUR KABUPATEN PASAMAN BARAT Miswanti, Miswanti; Hasan, Marwisni; Zaini, Ahmad
Bimbingan dan Konseling Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal wisuda ke 47 bimbingan & konseling
Publisher : Bimbingan dan Konseling

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This research has background with there is students that have latest mentality, the teacher felt stress who has changed rare. The students seldom made strange behavior such as: fall asleep, saliva hatch, playing while studied.  Problem in this research is effect factor teacher stress to the way studied tunagrahita students. Informan in this research is the teacher that teaching tunagrahita students in SLB have two peoples, research date collected through interview, observation and documentation. The result of this research exsplained that (1) effect factor teacher stress to the way tunagrahita students studied seen from fisiologis condition that come from teacher physic that teaching is healthy when teaching still less, in teaching the teacher less spirit saw condition the students that have less spirit in learning process, the teacher often lazy to study or did not spirit. (2) effect factor the teacher stress to the way studied tunagrahita students seen from fisiologis condition the teacher often felt nervous when teaching because the students often went out from class  at the moment. Basen on this research recomended to the to the teacher that teaching in order be fatient in guide students who have latest in guide students who have latest mentality, in order the teacher better made relationship with.
PROFIL PESERTA DIDIK YANG MEMILIKI PRESTASI BELAJAR TINGGI DAN KEMAMPUAN EKONOMI RENDAH Ervin, Oknilia; Kasih, Fitria; Zaini, Ahmad
Bimbingan dan Konseling Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal wisuda ke 47 bimbingan & konseling
Publisher : Bimbingan dan Konseling

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This problems based on  learners who has low economy capacity but has high academic achievement in study, different with learners who has high economy, but ignore to its academic achievement to learn. This research intend to describe 1) Learner’s profil who has high academic achievement and  low economy capacity seen from cognitive aspect. 2) Profil of student who has high academic achievement and low economy capacity seen from psychomotor. 3) Profil of student who has high academic achievement and low economy capacity seen from effective aspect. This Research was descriptive qualitative research consists of learner’s informant, teacher, adviser, coordinator of conseling, counselor and lear ner’s parent. Data were collected through interview and documentation. The result of this research describe that : 1) learner who has high academic achievement and low economy capacity seen from the aspect cognitive described that when a teacher explaine the subject material student pay attention seriously, high motivation, and able to observing, understanding, and analyzing each subjects. 2) learner who has high academic achievement and low economy capacity seen from psychomotor, able to utilize facilities to learn well. 3) from effective aspect learner who has high academic achievement and low economy capacity has good characters, attitude, polite, and loyal to religion.
HUBUNGAN KESEHATAN MENTAL DENGAN PENYESUAIAN DIRI PESERTA DIDIK DI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 6 PADANG Tiyaningsih, Trilis; Kasih, Fitria; Zaini, Ahmad
Bimbingan dan Konseling Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Prodi bimbingan & Konseling
Publisher : Bimbingan dan Konseling

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The problems in this research is relationship of mental health with the adjustment of students in SMP Muhammadiyah 6 Padang. The purpose of this study are : 1. View an illustration of mental health of students. 2. View an adjusment of students. 3. View a relationship between  mental health and adjustment of students. This research is correlational description that attempted to describe the phenomenon specific events in detail, systematically, and it is in accordance with the facts and then sought the context.  its population are students in SMP Muhammadiyah 6 Padang which amount to 373 students. Samples in this study of 40 students. Sampling techniques used stratified random sampling. Instruments used in this study are questionnaire. For the analysis of data correlation or relationship by using the correlation tests of products moment. The Results of this study is 1. An illustration of mental health the students in SMP Muhammadiyah 6 Padang are in good condition. 2. An illustration of adjustment  the students in SMP Muhammadiyah 6 Padang also are in good condition. 3. The relationship of mental health with adjustment of students is very strong relationship. Based on the researcher finding are expected to all school personnel in order to create the harmonious condition, balanced, and comfortable throught the development of mental  health of students, so students can easily to do a good adjustment in school, and can be able to expand their talent as much as possible.