Articles

DETECTION OF POTENTIAL FISHING ZONES OF BIGEYE TUNA (THUNNUS OBESUS) AT PROFUNDITY OF 155 M IN THE EASTERN INDIAN OCEAN Fachruddin-Syah, Achmad; Gaol, Jonson Lumban; Zainuddin, Mukti; Apriliya, Nadela Rista; Berlianty, Dessy; Mahabror, Dendy
Indonesian Journal of Geography Vol 52, No 1 (2020): Indonesian Journal of Geography
Publisher : Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijg.43708

Abstract

Remotely sensed data and habitat model approach were employed to evaluate the present of oceanographic aspect in the Bigeye tuna's potential fishing zone (PFZ) at a profundity of 155 m. Vessel monitoring system was employed to acquire the angling vessels for Bigeye tuna from January through December, 2015-2016. Daily data of sub-surface temperature (Sub_ST), sub-surface chlorophyll-a (Sub_SC), and sub-surface salinity (Sub_SS) were downloaded from INDESO Project website. Vessel monitoring system and environmental data were employed for maximum entropy (maxent) model development. The model predictive achievement was then estimated applying the area under the curve (AUC) value. Maxent model results (AUC>0.745) exhibited its probable to understand the Bigeye tuna's spatial dispersion on the specific sub-surface. In addition, the results also showed Sub_ST (43,1%) was the most affective aspect in the Bigeye tuna dispersion, pursued by Sub_SC (35,2%) and Sub_SS (21,6%).
THE IMPACT OF OCEANOGRAPHIC PARAMETERS CHANGES ON THE DISTRIBUTION AND ABUNDANCE OF SKIPJACK TUNA KATSUWONUS PELAMIS IN MAKASSAR STRAIT Istnaeni, Zabhika Dinda; Zainuddin, Mukti
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v11i1.24776

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the changes of oceanographic parameters and to analyze the effects of the parameter changes on the distribution and abundance of skipjack tuna captured by purse seine fishing gear operated in Coastal Waters of Makassar Strait. This study collected fishing and field oceanographic data from May to October 2017. A survey method was used to obtain primary data (skipjack catch per unit effort/CPUE) and secondary data including sea surface temperature (SST) and Chl-a level 3 with a monthly temporal and spatial resolution of 4 km from 2007-2017, interview, and study literature. The data were processed by using SeaDAS and ArcGIS software packages and were analyzed by anomalies, standard deviation, and Generalized Additive Models (GAMs) analyses. The results showed there were anomalies for both SST and Chl-a near study area reflecting the significant changes in the oceanographic conditions. The changes for both SST and Chl-a were 1.5ºC and -0.97 mg.m-3 respectively. This study suggests that the Chl-a parameter has more significant effects on skipjack tuna distribution and CPUE than SST. Understanding of the areas of the oceanographic changes strongly supports the available habitat for the fishing operation and conservation
THE EFFECT OF OCEANOGRAPHIC FACTORS ON SKIPJACK TUNA FAD VS FREE SCHOOL CATCH IN THE BONE BAY, INDONESIA: AN IMPORTANT STEP TOWARD FISHING MANAGEMENT Zainuddin, Mukti; Safruddin, .; Ridwan, Muhammad; Putri, Andi Rani Sahni; Hidayat, Rachmat
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v11i1.24775

Abstract

The aims of this study were to compare skipjack catch between FAD and free school fishing grounds and to describe the effect of the oceanographic factors on either skipjack tuna Fish Aggregating Device (FAD) or free school.  We used a field survey method for collecting the skipjack catch and the fishing positions for both near FAD and free school areas.  Remotely sensed satellite data of sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a) were also used to extract the oceanographic data corresponding with both the fishing locations. To find out the vital oceanographic factors, we examined the characteristics of the oceanographic variables and skipjack catch using t-test. Results indicated that the fishing operations of skipjack tuna at FAD tended to locate areas of relatively higher Chl-a than at free school locations. We also found that skipjack tuna catch was higher near the FAD than the other area, where the Chl-a was the most significant factor that affected the difference. This study suggests that the number of skipjack tuna FAD in the coastal waters of Bone Bay should be calculated accurately to ensure and support the tuna fishing management in that study area.
APPLICATION OF SATELLITE MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING DATA TO SIMULATE MIGRATION PATTERN OF ALBACORE TUNA Zainuddin, Mukti; Saitoh, Katsuya; Saitoh, Sei-Ichi
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 8, (2011)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2011.v8.a1741

Abstract

To simulate migration pattern of albacore tuna in the western North Pacific Ocean during the winter period, a kinesis model driven by high accuracy of sea surface temperature (SST) maps was used. The SST data were derived from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission/TRMM Microwave Imager (TRMM/TMI). Simulations showed that albacore tuna aggregated in areas of thermal preference indicated by contour line of 20°C SST. Results are compared with empirical observation maps of albacore tuna fishing locations determined from longline fishing operation during the same time periods. Albacore tuna distributions along thermal fronts generating from Simulations were fairly consistent with fishing data especially during November-January, although seasonal variations in surface temperature ranges occupied suggest that additional oceanographic factors are involved particularly during February-March. Simulations and empirical data had similar temperature distributions at approximately 18-21°C and one-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test reinforced the result performance. These results suggest that kinesis model driven by satellite microwave remote sensing is one of effective mechanisms for describing migration pattern of tuna in the open ocean environment. Keywords: Kinesis model, Microwave remote sensing, SST, Albacore tuna, Migration pattern
POTENCIAL UTILIZATION OF SKIPJACK TUNA (KATSUWONUS PELAMIS) IN BONE BAY Umar, Moh. Tauhid; Safruddin, Safruddin; Zainuddin, Mukti
TORANI: Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science VOLUME 2 NOMOR 2, JUNI 2019
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (15.153 KB) | DOI: 10.35911/torani.v2i2.7053

Abstract

The skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) resource in Bone bay has long been exploited, but information about the sustainable potential of this fish resource in Bone bay waters is still very limited. The aim of this research is to estimate potential of fish resources that include catch per unit effort (CPUE ), the maximum sustainable yield (MSY), optimum effort, exploitation rate and total allowable catch (TAC) of skipjack tuna in the waters of Bone bay. This study uses time series data, namely annual data from the fisheries statistics report at Marine and Fisheries Service, South Sulawesi Province from 2006-2015. The method used to estimate the potential of fish resources in this study is the surplus production method with the Schaefer model. The results showed that the average production and standard efforts in the 10-year period were 14689.7 tons and 914 standard units respectively. The estimation results obtained MSY and optimum effort per year are 22561.4 tons and 1730 standard units, and allowed catches (TAC) of 18049.2 tons per year. The level of exploitation of skipjack tuna resources in the waters of Bone Bay does not over exploited every year except in 2017.Keywords: potential of fish resources, skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), MSY, TAC, Bone bay 
OCEANOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS ON SMALL PELAGIC FISHERY IN THE GULF OF BONE WATERS Safruddin, Safruddin; Hidayat, Rachmat; Zainuddin, Mukti
TORANI: Journal of Fisheries and Marine Science VOLUME 1 NOMOR 2, JUNI 2018
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (15.153 KB) | DOI: 10.35911/torani.v1i2.4442

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the dinamic oceanographic condition and fluctuation in the catch of small pelagic fish. Study on the dinamic oceanographic conditions were focused on the sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll-a concentration (SSC) and water depth. The study took place in the area of Gulf of Bone located, data collection was started from April to September 2017. The data were collected using experimental fishing metode (large liftnet) and applications of remote sensing in satellite oceanography, which then analysed using Geographic Information System (GIS) dan Generalized Additive Models (GAMs). The result showed that the distribution of small pelagic fish tends to be within the area of temperature ranging from 29.5 to 30.0oC, the chlorophyll-a from 0.7 to 0.9 mg.m-3 and concentrated within the coastal area with in waters depth maximum of 100 m.Keywords: Oceanography, small pelagic fish, distribution, fishing ground, Gulf of Bone
SKIPJACK TUNA IN RELATION TO SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE AND CHLOROPHYLL-A CONCENTRATION OF BONE BAY USING REMOTELY SENSED SATELLITE DATA Zainuddin, Mukti
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 3 No. 1 (2011): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (718.945 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v3i1.7837

Abstract

Skipjack tuna is an important species targeting by pole and line fishery in Bone Bay. The distribution and abundance of this species tended to aggregate to the preferred bio-physical environments. To describe the short term relationship between skipjack tuna and oceanographic conditions and to visualize the predicted high catch areas, remotely sensed satellite based-oceanographic sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll-a together fisheries data were used. Results indicated that the highest skipjack CPUEs were mainly found in coastal areas of Palopo and Kolaka both in 2007 and in 2009 during the period of study. The high tuna concentrations corresponded well with chlorophyll-a of 0.15-0.40 mg mg-3 and SST of 29.0-31.5 °C. The preferred ranges provide a good indicator for initially detecting potential skipjack fishing grounds. This study suggested that thermal and chlorophyll fronts as well as upwelling may important mechanisms in explaining the temporal and spatial dynamics of skipjack tuna distribution and abundance in Bone Bay.Keywords: skipjack tuna, potential fishing grounds, satellite images and fronts
Analisis Spasial dan Temporal Hasil Tangkapan Ikan Cakalang (katsuwonus pelamis) dan Thermal Front pada Musim Peralihan di Perairan Teluk Bone Angraeni, Angraeni; Rezkyanti, Nur Indah; Safruddin, Safruddin; Zainuddin, Mukti
Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The main problem facing by fishermen for capturing skipjack tuna is limited information of potential skipjack fishing areas such as the frontal locations. The purpose of this study was to analyze the spatial and temporal skipjack tuna distributions and thermal fronts, and to determine the effect of climate change on their distribution and abundance during transitional seasons. We used a survey method, in which catch and fishing position data were collected by following pole and line fishing operations. This study also collected secondary data that consisted of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and chlorophyll-a derived from Aqua / MODIS. Fronts were determined by calculating SST gradient, SSTs preferences, chlorophyll-a, bathymetry and distance from coastline, whereas SST anomaly was calculated from the difference between monthly SST and mean SST. We mapped satellite and field data using ArcGIS 10.0. The results showed that the highest catch of skipjack tuna with an average of 205 fish/set were found inOctober 2013, which occurred in the areas of 4 o40S-5o10S and 120o40E-121oE. The locations had a temperature gradient of 0.4oC and chlorophyll-a density from 0,15 to 0,23 mg m-3. Potential fishing areas may associate with negative SST anomalies of -2.1373 - -0.6469oC, reflecting that skipjack tuna tend to be at thermal fronts with relatively lower SST compared with an average of seven years.  
Karakteristik Daerah Potensial Penangkapan Ikan Cakalang di Teluk Bone-Laut Flores Berdasarkan Data Satelit Suhu Permukaan Laut dan Klorofil-A pada Periode Januari-Juni 2014 Zainuddin, Mukti; Safruddin, Safruddin; Farhum, St. Aisjah; Nelwan, Alfa; Selamat, M. Banda; Hidayat, Sarip; Sudirman, Sudirman
Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan

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Abstract

ABSTRAKTeluk Bone-Laut Flores merupakan salah satu daerah potensial penangkapan ikan cakalang terbaik di Indonesia timur.  Perairan tersebut menjadi target utama operasi penangkapan bagi nelayan pole and line. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik daerah potensial penangkapan ikan tersebut menggunakan data suhu permukaan laut (SPL) dan klorofil-a pada periode Januari-Juni 2014.  Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan mengumpulkan data hasil tangkapan dan posisi penangkapan setiap kali melakukan kegiatan penangkapan.  Data SPL dan klorofil-a dari citra satelit Terra/MODIS kemudian diekstrak dari lokasi penangkapan ikan cakalang untuk mempelajari kondisi oseanografi yang sesuai dengan keberadaan ikan tersebut.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil tangkapan ikan cakalang tertinggi didapatkan pada bulan Mei yaitu sekitar 138 ekor/setting.  Hasil tangkapan tersebut bersesuaian dengan kondisi SPL berkisar antara 29,75°C dan 30,25°C dan konsentrasi klorofil-aantara 0,125 dan 0,213 mg m-3.  Kenyataan ini menunjukkan bahwa kedua faktor oseanografis tersebut menjadi indikator penting untuk memahami dinamika spasial pergerakan dan konsentrasi ikan cakalang di Teluk Bone terutama pada periode Januari-Juni.
Prediksi Daerah Potensial Penangkapan Ikan Pelagis Besar di Daerah Kabupaten Mamuju Safruddin, Safruddin; Zainuddin, Mukti; Rani, Chair
Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan

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Abstract

Large pelagic species such as tuna are known to be abundant in Mamuju Waters,  Makassar Strait.  The distribution and abundance of the fish in that area are expected to be  related to the distributions of sea surface temperature and chlorophyll-a concentration. This study aims to predict spatial and temporal distribution of the species during the period of June 2013-May 2014.  Probability indices used for detection of tuna potential fishing zones (PFZs) were constructed from a model of satellite-based SST and chlorophyll data in relation to tuna fishery. Results showed that the occurrence of tuna species in Mamuju Water were mostly predicted in areas of 118°12’-118°48’ E 1°48’ – 2°30’S with the total area of approximately 7,495 km2.   The potential fishing zones were mainly found in August.  It was likely that tuna potential fishing zones associated with the preferred oceanographic factors throughout the study area.