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MIKROENKAPSULASI MINYAK SAWIT MENTAH DENGAN PENYALUT MALTODEKSTRIN DAN ISOLAT PROTEIN KEDELAI Hasrini, Reno Fitri; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat; Adawiyah, Dede R.; Suparto, Irma Herawati
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 28 No. 1 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (79.504 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2017.28.1.10

Abstract

Microencapsulation techniques have been used to improve the stability of carotenoids and in the development of food fortification. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the ratio of the coating material formulation (maltodextrin (MD) and soy protein isolate (SPI)) to the core material crude palm oil (CPO) on the physicochemical characteristics of the CPO microcapsules. Microencapsulation were carried out with ratios of coating material (MD:SPI = 2:1(w/w)) and CPO of 1:1.0, 1:1.2, 1:1.4, and 1:1.6 (w/w). The mixtures were homogenized at 12.000 rpm for 3 minutes and then spray dryed at inlet temperature of 180°C and outlet temperature at 80°C. The CPO microcapsules were analysed for yield, moisture content, solubility, and encapsulation efficiency. The results showed that the formulation ratio of 1:1.6 (w/w) was the best because it had the highest yield (20.12±0.02%), total carotenoids (295.2±0.32 µg/g) and encapsulation efficiency (59.95±1.50%). The best CPO microcapsules had spherical shape and smooth surface with an average size of microcapsules of 1-12 ?m. The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that microcapsules were in crystalline state with crystallinity and amorphous value of 69.3 and 30.7%, respectively.
PERAN FISIOLOGIS SARI KEDELAI HITAM DIPERKAYA MIKROENKAPSULAN MINYAK SAWIT MENTAH PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS TIPE-2 Irwanto, Reno; Adawiyah, Dede Robiatul; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 27 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (407.224 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2016.27.1.1

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus type-2 (DM-2) is a disease characterized by high level of blood glucose which may result in complications of other diseases. Currently, the  disease prevalence of DM-2 has been  increasing. Appropriate diet patterns can be a solution for DM-2 control. Black soybean milk (BSM) enriched with microencapsulated crude palm oil (CPO) is an example. The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of BSM containing microencapsulated CPO in controlling and improving the condition of DM-2 patients. The intervention consist 2 group with 15 people DM-2 was given BSM 240 mL containing 0.4 g microencapsulated CPO daily for 28 days, while a control group with 11 people DM-2 without intervention product. Data were analyzed using software SPSS 15.0 with student-t test at significant level ?=5%. Medicines prescribed to all volunteer were not terminated during the intervention period. The microencapsulated CPO usedin this study has a moisture content of 1.77±0.15%, solubility value of 65.39±2.71%, and total carotene of 295.24±7.40 ppm while BSM has protein content of 2.76±0.13%, fat 1.17±0.06%, ash 0.12±0.08%, moisture 94.69±0.04%, and carbohydrate (by difference) 1.27±0.10%. The consumption of BSM containing microencapsulated CPO showed insignificant effects on Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) levels (P>0.05), but significantly reduced cyclooxygenase 2 levels (P<0.05) and MDA levels (P<0.05). The control group showed insignificant differences for FBG (P>0.05), cyclooxygenase 2 (P<0.05), and MDA level (P>0.05). The significant changes indicated that BSM containing microenca-psulated CPO has against DM-2 disease.
PENGARUH MINUMAN BEROKSIGEN TERHADAP SISTEM IMUN, KADAR MALONALDEHIDA DAN PERFORMA RESPONDEN MAHASISWA OLAHRAGAWAN [EFFECT OF OXYGENATED WATER ON IMMUNE SYSTEM, MALONALDEHYDE CONTENT AND STUDENT-ATHLETE PERFORMANCE] Refdi, Cesar Welya; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat; Giriwono, Puspo Edi
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 25 No. 1 (2014): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (489.684 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2014.25.1.90

Abstract

PENGARUH MINUMAN BEROKSIGEN TERHADAP  SISTEM IMUN, KADAR MALONALDEHIDA DAN PERFORMA RESPONDEN MAHASISWA OLAHRAGAWAN[Effect of Oxygenated Water on Immune System, Malonaldehyde Content and Student-Athlete Performance]Cesar Welya Refdi, Fransiska Rungkat Zakaria* dan Puspo Edi GiriwonoDepartemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor Diterima 23 Agustus 2013 / Disetujui 01 Juli 2014ABSTRACT   Exercise requires more oxygen input and cannot be fully obtained through breathing. The body has a homeostatic system, when more ATP is needed, the more oxygen is required by the body. Limited supply of oxygen such as those happens in athlete?s body automatically switches the respiration from aerobic into anaerobic. This situation results in building up of lactic acid which in turn lowers the energy for cellular metabolism as well asenergy for exercise. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of short-term and long-term drinking of oxygenated water on lactic acid and energy expenditure (EE) in exercise performance; Cluster of Differentiation-4 (CD4), CD8, CD56, Interleukin-6 (IL-6) contents; and level of malonaldehyde. During short-term intervention, 12 male student volunteers drank oxygenated (50, 80 and 130 ppm) water and normal mineral water, 15 minutes before treadmill and after treadmill (10 Kmh). The lactic acid concentration was measured before and after treadmill, and 5 minutes after the reconsumption of the oxygenated water. During long-term intervention, 17 male student volunteers drank oxygenated (100 ppm) water twice a day for 21 days. The blood plasma and lymphocyte sampled before and after intervention were analyzed for the same parameters. The results showed that oxygenated water had no effect on lactic acid accumulations and EE. Similarlyt he long-term study showed that oxygenated water did not affect CD4 and CD8, had no harmful effect on IL-6 and malonaldehyde, yet it significantly increased the CD56 content.  
ASPEK KEAMANAN PANGAN : UJI TOKSISITAS SECARA IN VITRO PEPES IKAN MAS (CYPRINUS CARPIO ) YANG DISTERILKAN DENGAN IRADIASI GAMMA Irawati, Zubaidah; Putri, Kallista Rachmavika; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat
Jurnal Ilmiah Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi Vol 7, No 2 (2011): Desember 2011
Publisher : BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17146/jair.2011.7.2.80

Abstract

Aspek Keamanan Pangan : Uji Toksisitas Secara In Vitro Pepes Ikan Mas. (Cyprinus carpio) yang Disterilkan dengan Iradiasi Gamma. Iradiasi pengion merupakan salah satu teknik fisika untuk pengawetan bahan pangan yang menggunakan proses ionisasi tanpa mengubah secara nyata karakteristika fisikokima dan kandungan gizi dari bahan yang diiradiasi. Pembentukan senyawa radikal bebas dan senyawa radiolitik dalam produk akibat iradiasi dikhawatirkan akan membentuk senyawa yang bersifat toksik, mutagenik, ataupun karsinogenik sehingga membahayakan konsumen.Uji toksisitas yang merupakan bagian dari uji keamanan pangan pada sampel pepes ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio ) di dalam kemasan secara vakum dan diiradiasi dengan sinar gamma pada dosis 45 kGy dalam kondisi beku dilakukan melalui uji proliferasi limfosit dan pengukuran kandungan malonaldehida. Limfosit merupakan sel yang berfungsi terhadap respon imun spesifik dan sensitif terhadap ketidakseimbangan antara oksidan dan antioksidan di dalam tubuh manusia, sedangkan kadar malonaldehida merupakan indikator keberadaan radikal bebas sekaligus berfungsi sebagai indikator kerusakan oksidatif di dalam matriks suatu material biologis. Baik pada sampel kontrol (K) maupun pada sampel yang diiradiasi dalam waktu penyinaran yang berbeda yaitupada tanggal 11 November 2006 (A), 14 Juni 2007(B), pada tanggal 5 April 2008 (C), dan pada tahun 2008 (kode: ?no label?) (D), masing-masing dilakukan pengenceran pada tingkat yang berbeda. Proliferasi sel limfosit diukur berdasarkan Nilai Indeks Stimulasi (IS), sedangkan kadar radikal bebas diukur berdasarkan kadar malonaldehida (pmol/ml) terhadap seluruh sampel yang diamati. Hasil pengukuran IS pada sampel tanpa pengenceran, menunjukkan bahwa nilai tertinggi terdapat pada sampel B (1,356), yang terendah terdapat pada kontrol (K) (1,161); pada pengenceran 1x nilai tertinggi dicapai oleh sampel D (1,344), terendah pada B (1,084) bila dibandingkan dengan kontrol (1,259). Pada pengenceran 2x nilai tertinggi terdapat pada Kontrol (1,293), tetapi nilai terendah pada sampel D (0,984). Hasil pengukuran kadar malonaldehida (pmol/ml) menunjukkan bahwa tanpapengenceran, nilai tertinggi terdapat pada sampel A (0,1182 pmol/ml), terendah pada sampel C (0,1178 pmol/ml) apabila keduanya dibandingkan dengan kontrol (0,1180 pmol/ml). Ekstrak sampel tanpa pengenceran dari seluruh pepes ikan mas yang diiradiasi 45 kGy tidak menghambat proliferasi dari sel limfosit ketika dibandingkan dengan sampel kontrol (p<0.01). Baik sampel kontrol maupun sampel iradiasi tidak menginduksi proliferasi sel limfosit bila dibandingkan dengan kontrol standar (p<0.01). Konsentrasi malonaldehida sampel ikan tersebut masih dapat diterima dan tidak berbahaya bila dibandingkan dengan sampel pepes kontrol (p<0.01). Berdasarkan pengujian proliferasi limfosit dan pengukuran kadar malonaldehida ekstrak sampel, pepes ikan mas yang diiradiasi dengan dosis 45 kGy dapat dinyatakan aman untuk dikonsumsi.
PENGARUH KONSUMSI MINUMAN BEROKSIGEN TERHADAP INFLAMASI DAN KAPASITAS ANTIOKSIDAN PENDERITA PENYAKIT-PARU-OBSTRUKTIF-KRONIK (PPOK) [INFLUENCE OF OXYGENATED WATER CONSUMPTION IN CHRONIC-OBSTRUCTIVE-PULMONARY-DISEASE (COPD) PATIENTS] Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat; Azni, Intan Nurul; Syamsir, Elvira; KM., Amalia; Yamani, Cholid
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 25 No. 1 (2014): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.969 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2014.25.1.31

Abstract

PENGARUH KONSUMSI MINUMAN BEROKSIGEN TERHADAP INFLAMASI DAN KAPASITAS ANTIOKSIDAN PENDERITA PENYAKIT-PARU-OBSTRUKTIF-KRONIK (PPOK) [Influence of Oxygenated Water Consumption in Chronic-Obstructive-Pulmonary-Disease (COPD) Patients]Fransiska Rungkat Zakaria1), Intan Nurul Azni2)*, Elvira Syamsir2), Amalia KM.3) dan Cholid Yamani3)1)Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor2)Program Studi Ilmu Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor3) Klinik dr. Katili, Jl. Raya Dramaga, Bogor Diterima 01 Agustus 2013 / Disetujui 05 Februari 2014ABSTRACT  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the leading cause of death in the world that represents an important public health problem. Oxygenated water is water added with high concentration of oxygen such that the oxygen concentration is higher than normal water. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of oxygenated water consumption on the alteration of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-?, IL1-?, and IL6) and antioxidant capacity of COPD patients. Sixteen COPD patients were allowed to drink 385 mL oxygenated water two times a day for 21 days. The alteration of proinflammatory cytokines and antioxidant capacity are measured by comparing plasma concentration before and after intervention. The results suggest that oxygenated water consumption significantly reduce proinflammatory cytokines plasma (TNF-?, IL1-?, and IL6) at 5% significance level with 81.25% of respondents having lower TNF-?, 75% of respondents with lower IL-1?, and 62.25% of respondents having lower the IL-6 in plasma concentration after 21 days intervention. There were 43.75% of respondents with decreased antioxidant capacity concentration. However, it was not significant at the 5% level significance. Decrease in antioxidant capacity was probably a resulted from poordiet and drugs consumption during the intervention period.   
STRATEGI PEMBERIAN FASILITAS KREDIT MODAL KERJA KEPADA PENGUSAHA INDUSTRI KECIL MENENGAH BERORIENTASI EKSPOR (KASUS DI BNI JAKARTA) Sulistya, Yudha Iman; Hubeis, Musa; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (144.84 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.6.1.29-38

Abstract

In the middle of 1997 Indonesia?s economic was destroyed by a long economy crisis which had influenced the US foreign currency (USD) against Rupiah (IDR). On the other side, Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) still survives and grows absorbing more than 35 million labors active in agriculture sectors. Up to this time, almost 60% of domestic earnings bruto comes from SME commerce and agriculture. SME is expected to expand, from what initially in the form of a small industry unit into a middle industry unit and hereinafter become a big industry unit. Along with the growth of entrepreneurs of SME, the number of absorbed labors also increased equal to 20% per year consisting of small industries 15,9% and middle industries 4,1%. The objective of this research is to analyze the characteristic and behavior of SME having effect on financial pattern, study constraints in giving working capital loan, determining financial pattern according to characteristics of SME, and also compile strategy for BNI in improving market compartment and facing competition in banking industry. Data analysis was done with methods of descriptive qualitative and analysis of strenghts, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT). According to the responses stated in the questionnaire by the clients of BNI, 84.5% expressed that working capital loan was  proper to SME?s, 82,5% expressed easy access to bank and there was relationship between bank and SME?s important. Meanwhile 77,5% expressed constraints in distribution and application of working capital loan from BNI.According to the analysis of chi square with db = 14, and expected result frequency (fh), working capital loan was proper to UKM with highly significant effect with chi square = 26,72, and easy access to bank influenced the distribution of working capital loan to UKM with highly significant effect with chi square = 25,48. There were constraint in distribution of working capital loan which was also highly significant with chi square = 28,55. The results of total and internal strategic factor score and strategic factor score of external with total score of IFAS = 2,55 and EFAS = 2,30 by matrix of IE indicates that BNI resides in condition of growth or of stability. The result of SWOT analysis, showed that there were alternative strategies to improve BNI performances, including : opening more center of SMEs credit (SKC) in and outside Java, cooperation with local government and upgrading services
IMUNOMODULATOR ACTIVITY OF ALGINATE OLIGOSACCHARIDES FROM ALGINATE SARGASSUM CRASSIFOLIUM Subaryono, Subaryono; Perangiangin, Rosmawati; Suhartono, Maggy Thenawidjaja; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 1 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (690.154 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i1.16434

Abstract

Alginate oligosaccharides (AOS) are oligosaccharides produced from depolimerization of the alginate polymer, and is reported to have various biological activities. The study aims is to determine the effect of AOSproduction conditions and their effects on products and its activities as an immunomodulatory compound. Production of alginate oligosaccharides (AOS) enzymatically carried out with the help of alginate lyase enzyme produced from the bacterium Bacillus megaterium S245. Variation of incubation time is 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours at concentrations of alginate lyase enzyme addition of 25, 50, 75 and 100U. Treatment of enzyme concentration and the duration of incubation in the production of AOS produces a degree of polymerization (DP) 2-7. In vitro activity test showed AOS is have ability to induce cell proliferation of human lymphocytes.This type of cell lymphocytes proliferation induced by AOS is a CD 8 cells or cytotoxic T cell and non cell CD4 / CD8. AOS production conditions with the addition of alginate lyase enzyme 50 U and incubation period 2 hours has produce AOS with the highest index of lymphocyte proliferation  117.6+3.6% or an increase of 43.24% compared to the native alginat polymer.
PENGARUH PERBEDAAN WAKTU PANEN TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK KIMIA BIJI KECIPIR Setiawan, Rizki Dwi; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat; Sitanggang, Azis Boing; Prangdimurti, Endang; Adawiyah, Dede Robiatul; Erniati, Erniati
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 30 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (559.897 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2019.30.2.133

Abstract

In Indonesia, the utilization of winged bean seeds as a food source is very limited. Currently there is inadequate information on the characteristics of the seeds, especially the chemical properties associated with its maturity. This research aimed to analyze the chemical properties of winged bean obtained from different harvesting time. Three different harvesting times were investigated, i.e. eight (K1), twelve (K2), and as six (6) weeks after the first flowering stage as a control. K1 and K2 were dried at 40°C (24 h) to mimic the conventional preparation of beans practiced in Indonesia, while K3 was unripe seeds commonly consumed fresh thus it is analyzed as fresh seeds. K1 and K2 have water content between 12.3-13.0% (wb), ash content 4.7-4.8% (db), lipid content 13.4-15.4% (db), protein content 38.9-40.7% (db), carbo-hydrate content 40.8-41.0% (db), total phenolic content 7.6 and 5.3 mg GAE/g (db), antioxidant activity (IC50) 558.3 and 511.1 µg/mL, starch content 25.6-29.1%, reducing sugar content 1.3-1.7 mg/g. Mean-while, the unripe winged bean seeds (K3) has water content of 75.5% (wb), ash content 5.0% (db), protein content 19.6% (db), carbohydrate content 68.4% (db), total phenolic content of 59.4 mg GAE/g (db), anti-oxidant activity (IC50) 485.6 µg/mL, starch content 7.2% and reducing sugar 5.4 mg/g. Based on these che-mical properties and time efficiency, harvesting winged bean at 8 weeks (K1) was sufficient to produce winged bean potential as protein source, as well as a potential functional foods with good antioxidant acti-vity, total phenolic content, low starch and reducing sugar.
UJI TOKSISITAS TERHADAP KADAR MALONDIALDEHIDA DAN KAPASITAS ANTIOKSIDAN PADA RENDANG STERIL IRADIASI : IN VITRO Irawati, Zubaidah; Pertiwi, Kamalita; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat
Jurnal Ilmiah Aplikasi Isotop dan Radiasi Vol 6, No 1 (2010): Juni 2010
Publisher : BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17146/jair.2010.6.1.509

Abstract

Keamanan pangan olahan siap saji tradisional yang diiradiasi dengan dosis tinggi masih mengundang pertanyaan dan keengganan sehingga dapat menghambat perkembangan komersialisasi pada umumnya. Masyarakat masih sajamengkawatirkan bahwa radiasi dapat menyebabkan terbentuknya zat radioaktif pada produk yang disinari akibat pembentukan radikal bebas dan turunannya. Oleh karena itu, perlu dipelajari tentang kemungkinan adanya pengaruh iradiasi pada bahan pangan terhadap sistem biologi tubuh manusia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk meyakinkan keamanan pangan olahan siap saji yang diiradiasi dengan dosis tinggi melalui uji toksisitas menggunakan limfosit dan eritrosit darah manusia, dan menentukan kapasitas antioksidan rendang yang disterilisasi dengan sinar gamma pada dosis 45 kGy. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah persiapanekstraksi sampel rendang, persiapan media biakan, isolasi limfosit, pengujian proliferasi limfosit menggunakan garam tetrazolium MTT, pengujian hemolisa eritrosit, menentukan kapasitas antioksidan, dan pengukuran kadar malonaldehida. Sampel rendang steril iradiasi yang diuji terdiri dari 4 macam yang berbeda waktu pembuatan dan sudah disimpan selama 6 ? 18 bulan pada suhu 28-30oC. Sampeltersebut adalah sampel yang diiradiasi di PATIR BATAN pada tanggal 11 Nopember 2006 (sampel A), sampel yang diiradiasi tanggal 14 Juni 2007 (sampel B), ?tanpa label? tanggal 14 Juni 2007 (sampel C), dan rendang yang tidak diiradiasi sebagaikontrol. Hasil yang diperoleh pada uji proliferasi menunjukkan bahwa baik pada kontrol, maupun pada seluruh sampel yang diiradiasi tidak menyebabkan terjadinya proliferasi secara nyata. Pada umumnya, laju hemolisa dari seluruh sampel yang diamati menunjukkan peningkatan dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi atausebaliknya, pengenceran tidak menyebabkan peningkatan laju hemolisa ataupun hemolisa pada eritrosit secara nyata. Hasil pengujian kapasitas antioksidan sampel rendang yang diiradiasi lebih tinggi dibandingkan kontrol sedangkan perlakuan iradiasi tidak berpengaruh pada kadar malonaldehida rendang yang diteliti.
INTERVENSI TAHU UNGU MAMPU MEMPERBAIKI PROFIL LIPID DARAH SUBJEK PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS TIPE-2 Amrizal, Sri Novalina; Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat; Chasanah, Ekowati; Suliantari, Suliantari
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 12 No. 3 (2017)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.862 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2017.12.3.225-230

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This study aimed to determine the effect of purple tofu intervention made from black soybean seeds in improving blood lipid profile of diabetics. Intervention of purple tofu was performed for 28 days and 20 subjects selected purposively and divided into two groups, control and treated. Tofu was served in soup form as much as 85 g. Significant improvement was identified in blood lipid profile of subjects after intervention (p&lt;0.05). Decreased lipid profile occurred in triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL), total cholesterol, and high density lipoproteins (HDL) (175.60±72.61 mg/dl to 123.70±29.50 mg/dl; 133.76±47.00 mg/dl to 98.96±13.81 mg/dl; 207.00±52.26 mg/dl to 154.40±50.89 mg/dl; 48.90±3.24 mg/dl to 30.80±7.09 mg/dl, respectively). Overall, black soy improves blood lipid profile of type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects, involving decreased triglycerides, LDL, and total cholesterol levels, but has not been able to increase HDL levels.