Hilda Zulkifli
Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University , Palembang, Indonesia Jl. Raya Palembang-Prabumulih Km.32 Indralaya, Sumatera Selatan 30662 Indonesia

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STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MAKROZOOBENTOS DI ESTUARIA KUALA SUGIHAN PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN Irmawan, Rizky Nurul; Zulkifli, Hilda; Hendri, Muhammad
Maspari Journal : Marine Science Research Vol 1, No 1 (2010): Edisi Juli
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.481 KB) | DOI: 10.36706/maspari.v1i1.1086

Abstract

Researches on the spatial distribution of sediment characteristics and community structure of macrozoobenthos have been executed on November 17th to 20th 2009 in Kuala Sugihan estuaries. The purpose of this study is, to measure water quality, study the spatial distribution of sediment characteristics, knowing the structure of macrozoobenthos communities and study the spatial distribution of macrozoobenthos in estuaries Kuala Sugihan. Data analysis was done of macrozoobenthos community structure analysis performed by determining the value of diversity index (H'), uniformity index (E) and dominance index (C) species. The research that physical-chemical water parameters measured showed values that are still at the threshold quality standard that allowed for marine life (KLH Ministerial Decree No. 51 of 2004). Caracteristics (physics-chemistry) in estuarine sediments Kuala Sugihan showed that sediment texture of clay to the clay berliat and dusty clay is a suitable habitat for life and affect the density of macrozoobenthos and species composition of each observation station. Macrozoobenthos found in estuarine waters of Kuala Sugihan as many as 21 species included in four classes Polychaeta (nine species), gastropods (nine species), Bivalvia (2 species) and crustaceans (one species). Diversity index (H') at the study sites were the highest 3.238. Station 1 is located on the inside of the mouth is found only one type of spatial Polychaeta.   Keywords: Kuala Sugihan Estuarine and Makrozoobenthos Penelitian mengenai struktur komunitas makrozoobentos telah dilaksanakan pada tanggal 17-20 November 2009 di estuaria Kuala Sugihan. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu, mengukur kualitas perairan, mengukur kualitas sedimen dan mengetahui struktur komunitas makrozoobentos dan mempelajari sebaran spasial makrozoobentos di estuaria Kuala Sugihan. Analisis data yang dilakukan yaitu analisa struktur komunitas makrozoobentos dilakukan dengan menentukan nilai indeks keanekaragaman (Hâ??), indeks keseragaman (E) dan indeks Dominansi (C) spesies. Hasil penenlitian bahwa parameter fisika-kimia air yang terukur menunjukkan nilai-nilai yang masih berada pada ambang batas baku mutu yang diperbolehkan bagi kehidupan biota laut (Kepmen KLH No. 51 Tahun 2004). Karakteristik (fisika-kimia) sedimen di estuaria Kuala Sugihan menunjukkan bahwa tektur sedimennya berupa lempung ke arah lempung berliat dan lempung berdebu merupakan habitat yang cocok bagi kehidupan makrozoobentos dan berpengaruh kepada kepadatan serta komposisi jenis dari setiap stasiun pengamatanMakrozoobentos yang ditemukan di perairan estuaria Kuala Sugihan sebanyak 21 jenis yang termasuk di dalam 4 kelas yaitu Polychaeta (9 jenis), Gastropoda (9 jenis), Bivalvia (2 jenis) dan Crustacea (1 jenis). Nilai indeks keanekaragaman jenis (Hâ??) pada lokasi penelitian yang tertinggi yaitu 3,238 dan yang terendah yaitu 0. Stasiun 1 yang berada di bagian dalam muara hanya ditemukan satu jenis dari kelas Polychaeta.   Kata kunci : Estuaria Kuala Sugihan dan makrozoobentos
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MAKROZOOBENTOS DI ESTUARIA KUALA SUGIHAN PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN Irmawan, Rizky Nurul; Zulkifli, Hilda; Hendri, Muhammad
Maspari Journal : Marine Science Research Vol 1, No 1 (2010): Edisi Juli
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36706/maspari.v1i1.1086

Abstract

Researches on the spatial distribution of sediment characteristics and community structure of macrozoobenthos have been executed on November 17th to 20th 2009 in Kuala Sugihan estuaries. The purpose of this study is, to measure water quality, study the spatial distribution of sediment characteristics, knowing the structure of macrozoobenthos communities and study the spatial distribution of macrozoobenthos in estuaries Kuala Sugihan. Data analysis was done of macrozoobenthos community structure analysis performed by determining the value of diversity index (H'), uniformity index (E) and dominance index (C) species. The research that physical-chemical water parameters measured showed values that are still at the threshold quality standard that allowed for marine life (KLH Ministerial Decree No. 51 of 2004). Caracteristics (physics-chemistry) in estuarine sediments Kuala Sugihan showed that sediment texture of clay to the clay berliat and dusty clay is a suitable habitat for life and affect the density of macrozoobenthos and species composition of each observation station. Macrozoobenthos found in estuarine waters of Kuala Sugihan as many as 21 species included in four classes Polychaeta (nine species), gastropods (nine species), Bivalvia (2 species) and crustaceans (one species). Diversity index (H') at the study sites were the highest 3.238. Station 1 is located on the inside of the mouth is found only one type of spatial Polychaeta.   Keywords: Kuala Sugihan Estuarine and Makrozoobenthos Penelitian mengenai struktur komunitas makrozoobentos telah dilaksanakan pada tanggal 17-20 November 2009 di estuaria Kuala Sugihan. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu, mengukur kualitas perairan, mengukur kualitas sedimen dan mengetahui struktur komunitas makrozoobentos dan mempelajari sebaran spasial makrozoobentos di estuaria Kuala Sugihan. Analisis data yang dilakukan yaitu analisa struktur komunitas makrozoobentos dilakukan dengan menentukan nilai indeks keanekaragaman (Hâ??), indeks keseragaman (E) dan indeks Dominansi (C) spesies. Hasil penenlitian bahwa parameter fisika-kimia air yang terukur menunjukkan nilai-nilai yang masih berada pada ambang batas baku mutu yang diperbolehkan bagi kehidupan biota laut (Kepmen KLH No. 51 Tahun 2004). Karakteristik (fisika-kimia) sedimen di estuaria Kuala Sugihan menunjukkan bahwa tektur sedimennya berupa lempung ke arah lempung berliat dan lempung berdebu merupakan habitat yang cocok bagi kehidupan makrozoobentos dan berpengaruh kepada kepadatan serta komposisi jenis dari setiap stasiun pengamatanMakrozoobentos yang ditemukan di perairan estuaria Kuala Sugihan sebanyak 21 jenis yang termasuk di dalam 4 kelas yaitu Polychaeta (9 jenis), Gastropoda (9 jenis), Bivalvia (2 jenis) dan Crustacea (1 jenis). Nilai indeks keanekaragaman jenis (Hâ??) pada lokasi penelitian yang tertinggi yaitu 3,238 dan yang terendah yaitu 0. Stasiun 1 yang berada di bagian dalam muara hanya ditemukan satu jenis dari kelas Polychaeta.   Kata kunci : Estuaria Kuala Sugihan dan makrozoobentos
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MAKROZOOBENTOS DI PERAIRAN SUNGAI MUSI KAWASAN PULOKERTO SEBAGAI INSTRUMEN BIOMONITORING Zulkifli, Hilda; Setiawan, Doni
Jurnal Natur Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.346 KB) | DOI: 10.31258/jnat.14.1.95-99

Abstract

The Pulokerto region has been planned for agrocity tourism by the Palembang City Government. The changing function of these areas givesome effects to quality of water and biota around the river. The aims of this research is to study of macrozoobenthos structure communityas biomonitoring instrument. The research was conducted during September until December 2010. The location sampling was determinedby purpossive random sampling method in 8 stations. The sampling in the moody area was carried out by Eckman grab. The results showedthat 14 genera have been classified into 5 classes such as Oligochaeta, Gastropoda, Insecta, Bivalvia and Crustacea. Population og. generais in around 75-600 ind/m 2. Diversity index is low until moderate with value 0.27-0.74 and there is no domination of species in thecommunity. The cluster analysis showed that 2 community groups of macrozoobenthos have relation with population of individu tophysicochemical quality of water. The overall study shows the balancing of community in the Pulokerto region but still susceptible topressure effect of environment.
ABUNDANCE OF PHYTOPLANKTON IN THE COASTAL WATERS OF SOUTH SUMATERA Aryawati, Riris; Bengen, Dietriech G.; Prartono, Tri; Zulkifli, Hilda
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.479 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.1.31-39

Abstract

Phytoplankton in the ocean has an important role in forming the base of food chain,  responsible in primary production. Its abundance and number of phytoplankton species will indirectly affect the level of water?s fertility. This study aimed to determine the presence of phytoplankton as bio-indicators of water quality in terms of abundance, diversity index, uniformity index, and saprobic coefficient in coastal waters of South Sumatera. The study was conducted on May 2013 - February 2014, at ten stations during high and low tides. Phytoplankton samples were taken vertically using plankton nets,  cone-shaped with a diameter of 30 cm, length 100 cm and mesh size 30 ?m. The study found 41 genera of phytoplankton, consisted of family Bacillariophyceae (26 genera), Dinophyceae (7 genera) Cyanophyceae (7 genera) and Chlorophyceae (1 genus). The highest number of genera was recorded while low tides in November (24 genera), and the lowest was on May while high tides (16 genera). The highest abundance of phytoplankton was recorded in August during high tides (2,68 x 107 cell.m-3), and the lowest was in May during high tides (6,59 x 105cell.m-3). The diversity index (H'),  the uniformity index (E), and the dominance index (D) ranged between 0,64?3; 0,15?0,71 and 0,15?0,83 respectively.  Keywords: phytoplankton, abundance, diversity index, South Sumatera coast.
Adsorption of procion red and congo red dyes using microalgae Spirulina sp Mohadi, Risfidian; Hanafiah, Zazili; Hermansyah, Hermansyah; Zulkifli, Hilda
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 2 No 4 (2017): October
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (408.734 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2017.2.4.102-104

Abstract

Adsorption of procion red and congo red dyes using microalgae Spirulina sp was conducted. Spirulina sp was obtained by cultivation and production in laboratory scale. Spirulina sp was used as adsorbent for adsorption of dyes. Adsorption process was studied by kinetic and thermodynamic in order to know the adsorption phenomena. The results showed that kinetically congo red is reactive than procion red on Spirulina sp. On the other hand, thermodynamically procion red was stable than congo red on Spirulina sp which was indicated by adsorption capacity, enthalpy, and entropy.  
The Rapid Changes of the Landscape Structure of the Meranti-Dangku Tropical Lowland Forest in the South Sumatra Province, Indonesia Zulfikhar, Zulfikhar; Zulkifli, Hilda; Kadir, Sabaruddin; Iskandar, Iskhaq
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Green Environment For Human Welfare
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The fragmentation of forest vegetation cover can be measured quantitatively, using tools that can characterize the geometry and spatial properties of the patch or patches of mosaic, which depicts the forest loss and the changes in the temporal pattern.   The aims of this paper are to observe the process of the forest fragmentation, to find out the changes of spatial patterns of habitat continuum by applying the spatial dynamics change analysis of the forest fragmentation phases, and to provide the comprehensive approach in determining the rapid change of the forest landscape structure in the spatial transformation process, based on the decision tree models.  We find three phases of the forest fragmentation were identified, namely dissection, dissipation, and attrition.  This study shows that the production forest area and a wildlife conservation area that contiguous or borders, has the same phases in the process of fragmentation of the forest, but both have a difference of the magnitude of forest loss.  We find there are at least five effects of forest fragmentation to the landscape structure, those are  increasing in a number of habitat patches, decreasing in a size of habitat patches, reduction in a habitat amount, increasing in a dispersion and interspersion of patch types, and reduction in a size of spatial connectedness between patches.Keywords: fragmentation, landscape metrics, spatial transformation.
Blood clams community (Anadara granoasa) in The Eastern Coastal Waters of Banyuasin Regency South Sumatera Setianingsih, Rini; Zulkifli, Hilda; Hanafiah, Zazili
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 1, No 1 (2016): The First Issue: Green Environment for Future Life
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22135/sje.v1i1.9

Abstract

Abstract: This research aimed to study existence of blood clams population and the environmental factors that affect them. This research was conducted in the coastal waters of Banyuasin in February 2015. The blood clamp sample was collected using Ekman Grab at low tide. From the observation in the research site, the highest population density was 60 ind/m2 with clay substrate texture, while the lowest density was 20 ind/m2 on the dusty clay substrate. Blood clams population was not found on the sand substrate texture station. Morphometric data showed that the blood clam population in the research site, including the medium category with b < 3 growth pattern (allometric negative). The results of PCA analysis proved that the habitat texture and sediment organic habitats were dominant factors besides the chemical physics environmental factors of the waters (temperature, salinity, pH).Keywords: Blood clams, density, morphometric, PCA Abstrak (Indonesian): Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari keberadaan  populasi kerang-darah dan faktor lingkungan yang mempengaruhinya. Penelitian ini dilakukan di perairan pesisir Banyuasin pada bulan Februari 2015. Sampel kerang-darah diambil dengan mengunakan Ekman Grab pada saat air surut. Dari hasil pengamatan pada lokasi penelitian, kepadatan populasi kerang-darah tertinggi  adalah 60 ind/m2 dengan tekstur substrat lempung, sedangkan kepadatan terendah adalah 20 ind/m2 pada substrat lempung berdebu. Populasi kerang-darah tidak ditemukan pada stasiun dengan tekstur substrat pasir. Data morfometrik menunjukan bahwa populasi kerang-darah di lokasi penelitian termasuk kategori sedang dengan pola pertumbuhan  b < 3 (allometrik negatif). Hasil analisis PCA membuktikan bahwa tekstur habitat dan bahan organik sedimen merupakan faktor dominan disamping faktor lingkungan fisika kimia perairan (suhu, salinitas, pH).Kata kunci: Kerang-darah, kepadatan, morfometrik, PCA
Biodiversity of Birds in the Green Urban Area of Petrochemical Industry, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia Selvia Arma Dewita, Yona; Zulkifli, Hilda; Harmida, Harmida
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Developing Without Destruction
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2016.1.2.28-31

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Abstract: The study on "The Biodiversity of Birds in the Region of Green Open Space (GOS) of The Petrochemical Industry, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia" was conducted from August to September 2014 with the objective to determine the diversity of bird species. The method used to inventory bird species was Indice Ponctuels Abondance (IPA) method. The results of the study revealed that there were at least 19 species of birds included in 14 families, in which four of the bird species were the species protected by the law, namely Halcyonchloris, Haliasturindus, Halcyonsmyrnensis, and Nectariniajugularis. The plant species as the habitat of the birds included Pterocarpus indicus Willd. (16.74%), Polyalthialongifolia Sonn. (14.02%), Cocosnucifera L. (12.98%), Elaeisguineensis Jacq. (7.76%) and Mangiferaindica L. (7.71%) with the diversity index of 2.96. These data prove that the area of green urban industry can also serve as a habitat for wildlife such as birds provided that the management of the green open space remains the concern of the industry.Key words:  Birds Biodiversity, Urban Industrial AreaAbstrak (indonesian): Penelitian “Keanekaragaman Burung di Kawasan  Ruang  Terbuka  Hijau  (RTH) Industri petrokimia, Palembang, Sumatra Selatan, Indonesia” dilakukan pada bulan Agustus sampai dengan September 2014 bertujuan  untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman jenis burung,. Metode yang digunakan metode Indice Ponctuels’ Abondance (IPA) untuk inventarisasi jenis burung. Hasil penelitian mencatat terdapat minimal 19 jenis burung yang tercakup dalam 14 famili., dimana diantaranya tercatat 4 jenis burung yang merupakan jenis yang sudah dilindungi undang-undang  yaitu Halcyon chloris, Haliastur indus, Halcyons myrnensis, dan Nectarinia jugularis. Jenis tumbuhan sebagai habitat burung tercatat Pterocarpus indicus Willd. (16,74%), Polyalthialongi folia Sonn. (14,02%), Cocosnucifera L. (12,98%), Elaeisguineensis Jacq. (7,76%) dan Mangiferaindica L. (7,71%) dengan indeks keanekaragaraman (diversity index)  2,96. Data ini membuktikan bahwa pada kawasan green urban industry juga dapat berfungsi sebagai habitat satwa seperti burung dengan catatan pengelolaan ruang terbuka hijau tetap menjadi perhatian industri.Kata Kunci: keragaman burung, daerah industri perkotaan
Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study Removal of Co(II) Using Biosorbent Spirulina sp. in Aqueous Solution Mohadi, Risfidian; Hermansyah, Hermansyah; Hariani, Poedji Loekitowati; Hanafiah, Zazili; Zulkifli, Hilda
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 3 (2017): October 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i3.83

Abstract

Kinetic and thermodynamic adsorption study of Co(II) ions from aqueous solutions by dried Spirulina sp. biomass was investigated in the batch system. The Spirulina sp. was isolated and cultured from algae swamp ecosystem in South Sumatera. The adsorption properties of Co(II) onto dried Spirulina sp. biomass was studied by the influence of contact time, initial metal ion concentration and reaction temperature. The experimental results were the rate of adsorption followed the second-order kinetic model with the rate of reaction k2 is 0.023 g mg-1 min-1  and the thermodynamic studies showed that the adsorption was well fitted to the Langmuir’s model, and the amount of Co(II) removed from solution increased with increasing Co(II) concentration with the higher adsorption energy was 10.38 kJ/mol at 30 °C.Keywords: Spirulina sp, Co(II), adsorption, algae swamp, South Sumatera
The Relationship of Culture Media Composition and Chemical Composition on Spirulina sp for Metal Ion Adsorbent Zulkifli, Hilda; Hanafiah, Zazili; Jasantri, Didi; Lesbani, Aldes
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 1, No 3 (2016): Biodiversity
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2016.1.3.68-71

Abstract

The analysis relationship of Spirulina sp medium with chemical composition has been conducted. Chemical analysis was performed using X-Ray Fluorescence analysis. Furthermore, potention of Spirulina sp as adsorbent of metal ions was analyzed using FTIR spectroscopy. The results showed that metals such as Zn, Fe, Mn, Ca, Cu, and Mo were mainly metals in Spirulina sp. These metals were not correlated with cultivated medium of Spirulina sp. Analysis of potention Spirulina sp as metal ions adsorbent showed that Spirulina sp has functional groups –C=O and –OH as ligand. Intercation of metal ions Cu(II) and Cr(III) with Spirulina sp indicated that metal ions bond to –C=O functional group.Keywords: Spirulina sp, media composition, chemical content, metal ion, adsorptionAbstrak (Indonesian): Telah dilakukan analisis hubungan komposisi media Spirulina sp dengan kandungan kimia yang dimilikinya. Analisis kandungan kimia dilakukan dengan X-Ray Fluorescence. Selanjutnya potensi Spirulina sp sebagai adsorben dalam mengikat ion-ion logam dianalisis menggunakan spektroskopi FTIR. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa logam Zn, Fe, Mn, Ca, Cu, dan Mo merupakan logam utama yang terkandung dalam Spirulina sp. Logam-logam tersebut diasumsikan tidak berasal dari medium tumbuh Spirulina sp. Analisis terhadap potensi Spirulina sp sebagai adsorben logam berat menunjukkan bahwa Spirulina sp memiliki gugus fungsional -C=O dan –OH yang potensial sebagai ligan. Interaksi ion logam Cu(II) dan Cr(III) dengan Spirulina sp menunjukkan bahwa ion logam terikat pada gugus –C=O.Kata kunci: Spirulina sp, komposisi media, kandungan kimia, ion logam, adsorpsi