Saudin Yuniarno
Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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PENGARUH PENERAPAN PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN PERILAKU PEMBUANGAN LIMBAH DI SENTRA INDUSTRI KERAJINAN BATIK BANYUMAS Yuniarno, Saudin; Kuswanto, Kuswanto
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7 No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

ABSTRACTEvery industrial activity yields the main product as well as the waste. The government struggles to develop the industrial sector which is safe to the environment. it is not an easy effort considering that the home industry might find it difficult to do the waste-processing which will burden the financial matter. Therefore, it is needed the wise solution to make the industry run well and the environment keep safe. This research was aimed at knowing the effect of waste-processing implementationtowards the knowledge and attitude of disposal in the industrial centre of batik Banyumas. This research was carried out in the industrial centre of Batik Banyumas. The method of this research was Quasi Experimental with One Group Pre-test Post Test type. The treatment in this research was in a form of implementation of waste-disposal coincided with lecturing, discussion, demonstration and question and answer session as well. There were 30 craftsmen as the samples in this research. The data analysis used in this research was univariate analysis, and it was known that the majority of the respondent was females having educational background of elementary school. Mean while, by using bivariate analysis, it was known that there were the effect of knowledge (p=0.00) and attitude (p=0.00) before and after being given the treatment. In conclusion, It was not guaranteed that the effect occurred on the dependent variable was due to the treatment. Moreover, it was suggested for the upcoming research to use the design of Static Group Comparison or True Experiment.Key words: waste disposal, implementation, knowledge, attitude Kesmasindo, Volume 7( 2) Januari 2015, Hal. 145-152
HUBUNGAN KUALITAS AIR SUMUR DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS) BENGAWAN SOLO Yuniarno, Saudin; Sulistiyani, Sulistiyani; Raharjo, Mursid
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2005): OKTOBER 2005
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.672 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.4.2.65 - 70

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Water has a role as media of many infectious diseases. One of disease whisch is often transmitted through water is diarrhea. The quality of water consumed by the community must be fillfull for health. So, It becomes the important thing in preventing the incidence of diarrhea.  The aim of this research was to determine the relationship between the quality of well water and the incidence of diarrhea on the community living along the riverside area of Bengawan Solo. Method: This was an observational research using cross sectional design. The subjects of this research were 66 persons staying for each upstream and downstream of Bengawan Solo.The quality of well water was assessed based on the parameters for temperature, pH, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), total dissolved solid (TDS), and E. coli.  The occurrence of diarrhea was determined by interviewing. Data would be analyzed using chi-square test at 0,05 level of significance. Result: The result of this research showed that variables which had relationship (p-value<0,05) to the incidence of diarrhea were: education, income, distance of well to septictank and to river,  knowledge, attitude, practice, pH, BOD, TDS, and E. coli content.  Well water located on upstream area of Bengawan Solo containing E. coli. Person who had well water containing  E. coli  over standard had 0,17 of probability to suffer diarrhea.  The other one, well water located on downstream area of Bengawan Solo containing total dissolved solid.  Person who had well water containing E. coli and TDS over standard had 0,13 of probability to suffer diarrhea. Conclusion: well water containing E. coli is the main variable associated to the occurrence of diarrhea on upstream area of Bengawan. The content of E. coli and TDS are two variables associated to the occurrence of diarrhea on downstream area of Bengawan. Key words :   Quality of well water, Diarrhea  Incidence, community living on the riverside of Bengawan Solo.
EFEKTIVITAS AERASI, SEDIMENTASI, DAN FILTRASI UNTUK MENURUNKAN KEKERUHAN DAN KADAR BESI (FE) DALAM AIR Febiary, Irfan; Widiyanto, Agnes Fitria; Yuniarno, Saudin
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Water is an essential material in live. Water with high level of turbidity and iron can lead to health problems. Water treatment can be done by aerasi sistem tray, sedimentation and filtration. The aim of this study was to know the effectiveness of aerasi sistem tray, sedimentation and filtration on reducing turbidity and iron level in water. This study was a quasy experiment with post test only with control group design. The methods are treatment with aerasi tray system, sedimentation, filtration, aerasi tray system-sedimentation, aerasi tray system-filtration, sedimentation-filtration, and aerasi tray system-sedimentation-filtration. The study has been conducted in Fishery and Marine Departement Laboratory UNSOED and iron level test has beed conducted in Health Laboratory o Purbalingga. The result showed treatment of aerasi tray system-sedimentation-filtration efektif toreduce turbidity and iron level in groundwater. The society can apply the aerator, sedimentation and filtration methods to reduce turbidity and iron level in groundwater
IDENTIFIKASI SIKAP KERJA DAN KELUHAN GEJALA CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDER (CTD) PADA PEKERJA PEMECAH BATU DI KECAMATAN PATIKRAJA KABUPATEN BANYUMAS Ngadiman, Ngadiman; Yuniarno, Saudin; Harwanti, Siti
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1 No 2 (2008): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Works as stone breaker is more work worked in posture of body that is not experienced causing can generate un-comfort to work and the end generates fatigue and sigh of feeling pain. The sigh indicates that the workers to experince damage symptom cumulative trauma (Cumulative Trauma Disorder/CTD), as recuring trauma effect during old causing feeling pain. The symptoms usually emerges at kind of work which monotone, position of job that is not natural, usage or conscription of muscle exceeding is ability. Effort for best prevention must be based on result of identification of posture of work and symptoms incidence experienced. Therefore, research need to be done to identify posture of job and case of CTD at stone crusher worker in subdistrict of Patikraja Banyumas regency. This kind of research is descriptive research with approach of observasional and sampletaken 60 respondens. The result of research is known by posture of job, the stone crusher workers works by using pallet to sit which is not ergonomic (100%), position sits not natural (85%), knee dint bends (85%), without synchronized of self protective decive (95%), and work environment that is not balmy (90%). While specific symptom of&nbsp; Cummulative Trauma Disorder (CTD) at stone crusher worker subdistrict of Patikraja Banyumas regency is feel back ache sigh (95%), ill at leg (91%), and sigh of symptomp Carpal Tunnel Sindrome/CTS (90%). Therefor required levying of supporting facilities for job which ergonomic to prevent incidence the symptom.
UPAYA PEMBERANTASAN NYAMUK AEDES AEGYPTI DENGAN PENGASAPAN (FOGGING) DALAM RANGKA MENCEGAH PENINGKATAN KASUS DEMAM BERDARAH Kusumawati, Yuli; Suswardany, Dwi Linna; Yuniarno, Saudin; Darnoto, S.
WARTA WARTA Volume 10, Nomor 1, Maret 2007
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/warta.v10i1.3222

Abstract

Dengue Haemoragic Fever is one of infectious diseases which cancause death. The spreading of this disease is caused by Aedes aegypti bitingthat carries Dengue Virus in its body. The importance of the mosquitoelimination by fogging is to kill adult mosquitoes which contain  DengueVirus and are ready to infect ather people. So that the spreading cahincan be severed.The elimination of Aedes aegypti done in Hajjah NuriahShabran School of Koranic studies showed satisfying result. Afterevaluating this location, it could be seen that there was no Aedes aegypti,at least its density was decreased. It also could be noticed that the commonenvironment cleanliness was increasing, there was no more Aedes aegyptibreeding places and the larvae did not exist any longer. Finally, there isunderstanding and awareness increasing of the school of Kuranic Studiesmembers in taking care of environment cleanliness properly to eliminatemosquito and the Aedes aegypti breeding places.
POLUSI AIR TANAH AKIBAT LIMBAH INDUSTRI DAN LIMBAH RUMAH TANGGA Widiyanto, Agnes Fitria; Yuniarno, Saudin; Kuswanto, Kuswanto
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v10i2.3388

Abstract

Sumber air tanah yang banyak dimanfaatkan warga adalah air sumur gali. Air sumur gali bila kondisinya tercemar baik oleh limbah domestik maupun limbah industri menyebabkan dampak terhadap kesehatan manusia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat polusi dan faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan polusi air tanah akibat limbah domestik dan limbah industri di Kelurahan Kalikabong Kabupaten Purbalingga. Penelitian kuantitatif ini dilakukan pada tahun 2012. Keseluruhan data di uji statistik deng an Fishers Exact Test. Hasil analisis bivariat menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan antara kekeruhan (p value 1,000), bau (nilai p value 0,183), warna (p value 1,000), dan rasa (p value 0,346) dengan polusi air tanah.Hasil analisis univariat menunjukkan terdapat 100% air sumur warga tidak memenuhi syarat secara mikrobiologi. Air sumur warga yang bau 47,63%, berasa 38,09%, berwarna 33,33%, keruh 28,57%. Faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan timbulnya polusi air sebesar 33,33% berasal dari limbah industri, 47,62% limbah rumah tangga, dan 19,04% berasal dari limbah perkotaan. Untuk mengurangi pencemaran air sumur gali disarankan bagi penduduk setempat untuk pembuatan tangki septik secara komunal.Many people use ground water from their wells. However, it will cause health problems if the water is contaminated by either domestic or industrial waste. This research is aimed at finding the level of pollution and the factors causing the ground water pollution by industrial and domestic waste in Kalikabong, Purbalingga District. This research was quantitative approach that has been done on 2012. Overall the data in a statistical testwith Fishers Exact Test. The results of the bivariate analysis no correlation between turbidity (p value 1.000), aroma (p value 0.183), colour (p value 1.000), and istasty (p value 0.346) with ground water pollution The result shows that 100% water is in low quality and does not meet the microbiological requirements as tested by coliform bacteria. Moreover, 47.63%water gives unpleasant smell, 38.09% water istasty, 33.33% water becomes a colour, and 28.57% water is turbid. The factors causing the water pollution is the industrial waste (33.33%), domestic waste (47.62%), and urban waste (19.04%). It is suggested that the local people should make communal septic tank facilities.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN LEACHATE TERHADAP TERBENTUKNYA BIO GAS DARI SAMPAH GARBAGE yuniarno, saudin
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7 No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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ABSTRACT Leachate is the liquid of the result effect of the rubbish organizing which contain of solution and soft suspension, microba and the rest things as the result of decomposition process. Microba in the leachate can pollute waters and endanger public health. This research used leachete from the material of garbage rubbish. The aim of this research was to know whether the leachate addition can stimulate and optimalize the formation of bio gaz. This research used is the quasi experiment by additing leachate on 5 %, 10 %, and 15 % concentration. Data collection by using primary and secondary data. To know the influence of leachate addition to the time of the forming of bio gaz analyzed by ANOVA. Then research conducted LSD trial, continued LSD trial to the know the difference between control andexperiment group. The result of the research shows that the leachate addition can stimulate and optimalize the forming of bio gaz from garbage rubbish. The leachate addition with 10 %, concentration is the most effective concentration in fastening and the forming bio gaz. For the futur research, the aplication of continued methods has potention to the developed. Key words : leachate, bio gaz, garbage rubbish. Kesmasindo, Volume 7( 1) Juli 2014, Hal 46-53
EFEKTIVITAS ALUMINIUM SULFAT DAN KAPUR DALAM MENURUNKAN BIOLOGICAL OXIGEN DEMAND (BOD) DAN TOTAL SUSPEND SOLIDS (TSS) PADA LEACHATE Yuniarno, Saudin; Kuswanto, Kuswanto
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1 No 1 (2008): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

rubbish or refuse is a part of something that cannot be used, unvorable or something that must be thrown and commonly produced from the activities done by human. The rubbish in the landfill will be docomposed, and it will result leachate. If the leachate is not well managed, it will contaminate teh ground water and surface water in Gunungtugel landfill, Purwokerto. The method of research used was experimental research and the type of the research was explanatory. The research aims to study the effectively of Alluminium Sulphate and Calcium in decreasing Viological Oxygen Deman (BOD) an Total Suspende Solid with quasi experimental research design and the research design used was pre test post test control group design. The statistic test used was paired t tes, anova with meaning level was 95 %. from the pre treatmnet research, the BOD average resulted was 283,30 mg/lt and TSS 325,88 mg/lt, with BOD content after treatment : dosage 4 g/lt=87, 16 mg/lt, dosage 5 gr/lt = 75,37 mg/lt; dosage 6 gr/lt = 91,88; dosage 7 gr/lt = 117,22 mg/lt. Meanwhile the average of TSS content after treatment was; dosage 4 gr/lt = 64,99 mg/lt; dosage 5 gr/lt; dosage6 gr/lt = 73,68 mg/lt; dosage 7 gr/lt = 112,27 mg/lt. The effective dosage resulted was 5 mg/lt. But if it is compared to SK MenKLH No. Kep 03/MenKLH/II/1991, this dosage has justfulfilled the type III of basic quality standard. The researcher suggest that dor the better result, the use of Alluminium Sulphate and Calcium are separated, so the ability of each coagulant in v=bonding organic can be more maximized. The use of Calcium will be more effective if all the flocks of the coagulation process used Alluminium Suffate have settled.
PERBEDAAN KONSENTRASI DESINFEKTAN CHLORAMINE T TERHADAP PENURUNAN ANGKA KUMAN UDARA DI RUANG PERAWATAN BAYI RSUD PROF. DR MARGONO SOEKARJO Daryanto, Agus; Yuniarno, Saudin; Gunawan, Asep Tata
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 2 No 1 (2009): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Hospital has a role to cure and recover a patient fast, but it also has potential to cause nosocomial infection disease, especially in baby care unit. One of the efforts in preventing a disease is by disinfecting the room that aims to decrease the number of air germ. The objective of this research is to know the difference of concentration and the most effective concentration toward the decreasing of air germ number in baby care unit. The research method used was unreal experiment with the population and sample of air germ in baby care unit. The sample of research was given room disinfection treatment with the fogger that contained chloramines t disinfectant, with the concentration 0,2%; 0,25%; 0,3% and 0,35%. The result of the research was analyzed by using t test that was continued with varian analysis (ANOVA) One Way through SPSS with the trusty level was 95% or a 0,05 with the probability result was 0,022 (p&lt;0,05). The strongest Chloramines T disinfectant concentration was 0,35% and most effective Chloramines T disinfectant concentration was 0.25% with the decreasing number 52,92% with the mean 185.5 CFU/m3 air. The suggested disinfecting in baby care unit using Chloramines T disinfectant with the concentration 0,25%. For further research, other disinfectant material use was suggested as efficient level comparison and disinfectant material affectivity.
EFEKTIVITAS ALUMINIUM SULFAT DAN KAPUR DALAM MENURUNKAN BIOLOGICAL OXIGEN DEMAND (BOD) DAN TOTAL SUSPEND SOLIDS (TSS) PADA LEACHATE Yuniarno, Saudin; Kuswanto, Kuswanto
Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1 No 1 (2008): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

rubbish or refuse is a part of something that cannot be used, unvorable or something that must be thrown and commonly produced from the activities done by human. The rubbish in the landfill will be docomposed, and it will result leachate. If the leachate is not well managed, it will contaminate teh ground water and surface water in Gunungtugel landfill, Purwokerto. The method of research used was experimental research and the type of the research was explanatory. The research aims to study the effectively of Alluminium Sulphate and Calcium in decreasing Viological Oxygen Deman (BOD) an Total Suspende Solid with quasi experimental research design and the research design used was pre test post test control group design. The statistic test used was paired t tes, anova with meaning level was 95 %. from the pre treatmnet research, the BOD average resulted was 283,30 mg/lt and TSS 325,88 mg/lt, with BOD content after treatment : dosage 4 g/lt=87, 16 mg/lt, dosage 5 gr/lt = 75,37 mg/lt; dosage 6 gr/lt = 91,88; dosage 7 gr/lt = 117,22 mg/lt. Meanwhile the average of TSS content after treatment was; dosage 4 gr/lt = 64,99 mg/lt; dosage 5 gr/lt; dosage6 gr/lt = 73,68 mg/lt; dosage 7 gr/lt = 112,27 mg/lt. The effective dosage resulted was 5 mg/lt. But if it is compared to SK MenKLH No. Kep 03/MenKLH/II/1991, this dosage has justfulfilled the type III of basic quality standard. The researcher suggest that dor the better result, the use of Alluminium Sulphate and Calcium are separated, so the ability of each coagulant in v=bonding organic can be more maximized. The use of Calcium will be more effective if all the flocks of the coagulation process used Alluminium Suffate have settled.