Dias Pradadimara
History Department, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Published : 6 Documents
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RICE IN COLONIAL AND POST COLONIAL SOUTHEAST ASIA: A FOOD REGIME ANALYSIS Pradadimara, Dias
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 25, No 1 (2015): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v25i1.3418

Abstract

This paper traces the ways in which rice, as a global commodity, has been produced and sold in various regions in Southeast Asia from the colonial era to the present days. This paper employs a food regime analysis first introduced by Harriet Friedmann (1982) and later developed together with Philip McMichael (1989) to look at the global political economy of rice. In this paper, it will be shown how various colonial and post colonial states in Southeast Asia (including Thailand who was never formally colonized) through their policies have practically divided the region where Burma (now Myanmar), Thailand and Vietnam in the mainland have become major rice producer and exporter, while Indonesia, Malaya (now Malaysia), and the Philippines in the archipelagic Southeast Asia have become major rice importers although at the same time producers and exporters of other agro-commodities (coffee, sugar, rubber).Keywords: rice history, food regime, Southeast Asia Artikel ini menelusuri cara di mana padi sebagai komoditas dunia diproduksi dan dijual di beberapa daerah di Asia Tenggara mulai zaman kolonial sampai sekarang. Artikel ini menggunakan analisis “food regime” yang pertama kali diperkenalkan oleh Harrier Friedman (1982) dan kemudian dikembangkan bersama oleh Philip (1989) untuk mengetahui politik ekonomi global dari padi. Dalam artikel ini, akan dilihat mengenai bagaimana negara kolonial dan pasca-kolonial yanb berbeda di Asia Tenggara (termasuk Thailand yang tidak pernah dijajah sebelumnya) melalui kebiakannya, yang hampir membagi wilayahnya, di mana Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, dan Vietnam telah menjadi produsen dan eksportir utama terbesar, sedangkan Indonesia dan Malaya (Malaysia) dan Filipina di Asia Tenggara telah menjadi produsen dan eksportir komoditas pertanian lain (kopi, gula, karet) dalam waktu yang bersamaan.Kata kunci: sejarah beras, food regime, Asia Tenggara. 
Modal Britania di Indonesia Masa Kolonial Pradadimara, Dias
MOZAIK HUMANIORA Vol 16, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (144.896 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mozaik.v16i2.5842

Abstract

AbstrakPeranan Britania dalam ekonomi kolonial di Indonesia, utamanya pada abad kesembilan belas, masih jarang dikaji. Tulisan ini diawali dengan melihat peran penting yang dimainkan oleh para saudagar Britania dan rumah-rumah dagang Britania dalam periode ketika pemerintah kolonial meningkatkan cengkeramannya dalam ekonomi kolonial sejak tahun 1820-an. Kebijakan utama yang mencerminkan hal ini adalah cultuurstelsel atau kebijakan pengaturan pertanian sekaligus monopoli perdagangan melalui Nederlandsche Handel Maatschappij (NHM). Penelitian ini melacak bagaimana para saudagar dan rumah-rumah dagang Britania mengarungi persaingan usaha di tengah meningkatnya tekanan kepada mereka bahkan hingga masa pascakolonial. Dengan melihat perkembangan modal Britania serta peranan pedagang dan pengusaha Britania di Hindia sejak awal abad kesembilan belas hingga masa kemerdekaan, dapat ditunjukkan pentingnya modal dan pemain ekonomi yang tidak secara langsung terkait dengan negara. Berdasarkan gambaran sepintas mengenai pengusaha dan modal Britania di Hindia bisa ditunjukkan adanya peranan “swasta” dalam transformasi ekonomi kolonial. Pengusaha dan modal Britania masuk ke dalam sektor-sektor di mana negara belum siap masuk. Kata kunci: ekonomi kolonial, Jawa, modal, saudagar Britania AbstractThe British role in the colonial economy in Indonesia, especially in the nineteenth century, is seldom highlighted. This study focuses on looking at the important role played by the British merchants and merchant houses in 1820s. In the beginning of this period, the Dutch colonial state increased its tight grip on the colonial economy through a series of policies—most notably the cultuurstelsel or the cultivation system as well as the trading monopoly through the Nederlands Handels Maatschappij (NHM). Furthermore, the present study traces the ways in which the British merchants and merchant houses navigated their ways; on the contrary, they did not increase their pressure in the post-colonial era. By examining the development of British capital and the role of British merchants in the colonial period of Indonesia since the beginning of the nineteenth century until post-colonial era, it is shown that capital and merchants had significant roles. Based on the findings on British capital and merchants in colonial era, private sector played a role in colonial ecomomy transformastion. Thus, British capital and merchants penetrated to sectors that was ovelooked by government. Keywords: British merchants, capital, colonial economy, Java
DIBENTUKNYA NEGARA KOLONIAL DI SULAWESI BAGIAN SELATAN DI ABAD KE-19 Pradadimara, Dias
Lensa Budaya: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Budaya Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Lensa Budaya
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This contribution is an attempt to look at events which constituted as the early founding of the colonial state in southern Sulawesi in the 19th century, especially after 1824. These events were parts of a long historical process where the colonial state was formed and at the same time resisted by local power holders. The main tools in administrative reorganization and colonial control in 1824 were the Nieuw Organisatie and the renewed Bungaya Treaty. After 1850, rapid trade growththrough Makassar, the conquest of Bone, and reorganization of the judicial system all contributed to the stabilization of the new colonial state.
DARI MAKASSAR KE MAKASSAR: ASPEK DEMOGRAFI DAN POLITIK PROSES “ETNISASI” SEBUAH KOTA Pradadimara, Dias
Populasi Vol 14, No 1 (2003): Juni
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (36.458 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jp11838

Abstract

The city of Makassar, once named Ujung Pandang, in South Sulawesi, underwent tremendous transformation in the 20th century. This transformation significantly changed the image of the city from a cosmopolitan town to a provincial and “ethnic” city. This article shows that the changes of the city’s image did not happen by itself. There were changing structural conditions, namely demographic and political conditions, which allowed the changes to happen.Since early 20th century the population of the city has grown exponentially. First, in-migrants from the surrounding regions in the eastern part of Indonesia flocked into the city until early 1950s. Second, due to the rebellion and unrest in the countryside of South Sulawesi since 1950 inmigrants, mostly refugees, from Bugis-speaking areas in even larger number swarmed Makassar. Parallel with the demographical changes, the political scene in the city (and the province) was increasingly dominated by politicians and bureaucrats of South-Sulawesi origins. The Permesta rebellion in late-1950s triggered the departure of mostly non-South Sulawesi politicians away from the region leaving the political stage fully in the hands of local politicians. The “ethnic-ization” of the city was made possible by these demographical and political changes.
LAHIRNYA SATU MASYARAKAT BARU MIGRASI DAN PERUBAHAN SOSIAL DI KALIMANTAN TIMUR SEPANJANG ABAD KE-20 Pradadimara, Dias
Populasi Vol 12, No 2 (2001): Desember
Publisher : Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jp12287

Abstract

The flow of large number of migrants into Province of East Kalimantan has created a region known broadly as the province established by newcomers. As a discourse of indigenous and native vis-a-vis outsiders comes forth, the local government has better autonomy and authority to deciding the fate of its own territory. hue to an enormous number of migrants who have long been settled down in the area, it is exceedingly hard to determine who are considered as natives of East Kalimantan and who are the indigenous real Kutai.The ethnic Banjar in East Kalimantan has no longer continued practicing its specific traditional culture life. This, is similarly eventuated with the ethnic Java which has been separated from its native land is supposedly considered as Javanese". This circumstance is currently transpired in East Kalimantan, a process of recreation of what is considered influential in the context of social and political domain of a new society.
RICE IN COLONIAL AND POST COLONIAL SOUTHEAST ASIA: A FOOD REGIME ANALYSIS Pradadimara, Dias
Paramita: Historical Studies Journal Vol 25, No 1 (2015): PARAMITA
Publisher : History Department, Semarang State University and Historian Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/paramita.v25i1.3418

Abstract

This paper traces the ways in which rice, as a global commodity, has been produced and sold in various regions in Southeast Asia from the colonial era to the present days. This paper employs a food regime analysis first introduced by Harriet Friedmann (1982) and later developed together with Philip McMichael (1989) to look at the global political economy of rice. In this paper, it will be shown how various colonial and post colonial states in Southeast Asia (including Thailand who was never formally colonized) through their policies have practically divided the region where Burma (now Myanmar), Thailand and Vietnam in the mainland have become major rice producer and exporter, while Indonesia, Malaya (now Malaysia), and the Philippines in the archipelagic Southeast Asia have become major rice importers although at the same time producers and exporters of other agro-commodities (coffee, sugar, rubber).Keywords: rice history, food regime, Southeast AsiaArtikel ini menelusuri cara di mana padi sebagai komoditas dunia diproduksi dan dijual di beberapa daerah di Asia Tenggara mulai zaman kolonial sampai sekarang. Artikel ini menggunakan analisis food regime yang pertama kali diperkenalkan oleh Harrier Friedman (1982) dan kemudian dikembangkan bersama oleh Philip (1989) untuk mengetahui politik ekonomi global dari padi. Dalam artikel ini, akan dilihat mengenai bagaimana negara kolonial dan pasca-kolonial yanb berbeda di Asia Tenggara (termasuk Thailand yang tidak pernah dijajah sebelumnya) melalui kebiakannya, yang hampir membagi wilayahnya, di mana Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, dan Vietnam telah menjadi produsen dan eksportir utama terbesar, sedangkan Indonesia dan Malaya (Malaysia) dan Filipina di Asia Tenggara telah menjadi produsen dan eksportir komoditas pertanian lain (kopi, gula, karet) dalam waktu yang bersamaan.Kata kunci: sejarah beras, food regime, Asia Tenggara.