Tertianto Prabowo
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung

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EFFECTS OF CORE STRENGTH TRAINING USING STABLE VERSUS UNSTABLE SURFACES ON LOWER BODY QUALITY IN 8TH GRADE MALE AND FEMALE STUDENTS IN A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN BANDUNG Dwidarti, Sitti Juhana; Prabowo, Tertianto; Sungkar, Ellyana
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n1.1050

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Objective: To investigate the effects of core strength training performed on stable (CSTS) compared to unstable surfaces (CSTU) on physical fitness in school-aged boys and girls.Methods: In this study, 72 (36 males, 36 females) untrained healthy subjects (mean age: 14±1 years, age range: 13?15 years) were randomly assigned to a CSTS group for stable surface (n = 36; 18 males and 18 females) or a CSTU group for unstable surface (n = 36; 18 males and 18 females). Core strength training performed on stable as compared to unstable surfaces were assessed on pre- and post-tests. Training period lasted 6 weeks (2 sessions/week). The components of physical fitness were assessed using standing long jump test,  stand-and-reach  test,  20-m  sprint  test, jumping  sideway test, and y balance  test.   Results: This study showed significant results in increased components of physical fitness in both CSTS and CSTU groups (p<0.05). The increase of physical fitness for CSTU was better than CSTS (p<0.05). There were differences of physical fitness between gender in both groups (p<0.05) except for stand-and-reach test (p>0.05).Conclusion: Core strength training performed on unstable and stable surfaces increases all components of physical fitness in youths. Core strength training performed on unstable surface can better improve the physical fitness compared to the stable surface. There were differences of physical fitness between gender in both groups except for stand-and-reach test.Keywords: Resistance training, physical fitness, gender DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n1.1050
EFEK KINESIO TAPING PADA LATIHAN PENGUATAN OTOT KUADRISEPS TERHADAP KEKUATAN OTOT KUADRISEPS SAN STATUS FUNGSIONAL PENDERITA OSTEOARTHRITIS LUTUT Nayanti, Anggia P; Prabowo, Tertianto; Sari, Dian M
Journal of Medicine and Health Vol 2 No 5 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Kristen Maranatha

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28932/jmh.v2i5.1555

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Osteoarthritis (OA) lutut ditandai dengan adanya degradasi kartilago sendi lutut. Gejala OA lutut berupa nyeri sendi, kaku, berkurangnya luas gerak sendi, kelemahan otot kuadriseps dan kesulitan melakukan aktivitas sehari-hari. Pemberian kinesio taping &nbsp;pada latihan penguatan otot kuadriseps diketahui meningkatkan kekuatan otot kuadriseps, menurunkan nyeri dan meningkatkan kemampuan fungsional penderita OA lutut. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui efek kombinasi kinesio taping &nbsp;dengan pada latihan penguatan otot kuadriseps terhadap kekuatan otot kuadriseps dan status fungsional penderita OA lutut. Metode yang digunakan adalah double-blind randomized controlled trial. Sebanyak 26 wanita penderita OA lutut dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok, yaitu kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok kontrol. Kelompok perlakuan diberikan kinesio taping &nbsp;dan latihan penguatan otot kuadriseps, kelompok kontrol mendapat sham taping dan latihan penguatan otot kuadriseps. Dilakukan pengukuran kekuatan otot kuadriseps dan penilaian WOMAC sebelum perlakuan dan setelah 4, 6 dan 8 minggu. Terdapat perbedaan bermakna pada kekuatan otot dengan penambahan kinesio taping &nbsp;pada minggu ke-6 (p = 0,019) dan tidak didapatkan perbedaan yang bermakna (p&gt;0,05) pada minggu ke-4 dan 8 serta selisih nilai WOMAC pada minggu ke-4, 6 dan 8. Pemberian kinesio taping &nbsp;pada latihan penguatan otot kuadriseps memberikan manfaat peningkatan kekuatan otot kuadriseps pada minggu ke-6 namun tidak berpengaruh terhadap status fungsional penderita OA lutut. &nbsp; Kata kunci: Kinesio taping, Latihan Penguatan, Osteoarthritis, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC)
Demographic Profile of Knee Osteoarthritis Patients in a Teaching Hospital West Java, 2013 Nugrahaputra, Tranggana; Prabowo, Tertianto; Sadeli, Henny Anggraini
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Osteoarthritis is the most common degenerative musculoskeletal diseases occur worldwide. It usually affects the weight-bearing joint such as knee and vertebra. Osteoarthritis is influenced by various risk factors. The aim of the study was to identify the demographic profile of knee osteoarthritis patients.Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was performed to 247 medical records of knee osteoarthritis patients who attended to Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in 2013. The inclusion criteria were medical records that consisted of age, sex and occupation of the patients, and payment methods. Exclusion criteria were incomplete of the necessary data mentioned in the inclusion criteria. The study was conducted from August until November 2014. The collected data were analyzed and presented using frequency distribution.Results: From all the patients, 40.9% was 60-69 years old, 77.7% were women and 82.6% were retired patients. Most of the patients had a social health insurance.Conclusions: Majority of patients is 60–69 years old women, retired and has the financial protection. [AMJ.2015;2(4):597–600] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n4.468
Body Mass Index and Western Ontario & McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung in November 2012 Mohamad Dat, Ainna Binti; Prabowo, Tertianto; Tahid, Alwin
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Osteoarthritis is one of the major disabilities among elderly. One of its well-recognized potent risk factors is obesity. The aim of this study was to identify the body mass index and severity of knee osteoarthritis patients who were treated in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung.Methods: A descriptive study was carried out to 9 patients of the Medical Rehabilitation Policlinic at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in November 2012. Patients were diagnosed as having knee Osteoarthritis based on American College of Rheumatology clinical classification. Exclusion criteria were patient having previous trauma in spine and lower limb, having bleeding disorder like hemophilia, incomplete data in medical records and incomplete data in questionnaire. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) was used to measure the intensity of pain, stiffness, and functional difficulty.  The weight (kg) and height (cm) of the patients were measured and the Body Mass Index was calculated by Weight (kg)/Height² (m). The data were analyzed using frequency distribution.Results: The patients who came to the Medical Rehabilitation Policlinic had ranged in age from 57 to78 years, mostly female with knee Osteoarthritis bilateral. Out of 9 patients, 5 patients were overweight, followed by normal BMI and obese type I. Patient with obese type 1 had the highest WOMAC score.  Conclusions: Most of the patients with knee osteoarthritis bilateral are overweight and the patient with obese type 1 has the highest WOMAC score. DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n3.521
Fall Risk Based on Timed Up and Go Test in Elderly at Nursing Home in West Java, Indonesia Selvadurai, Thiruchelvam; Prabowo, Tertianto; Pratiwi, Yuni S.
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Falls are major cause of morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. Mobility assessment is important in preventing  falls in elderly. This study was conducted to determine the level of fall risk in elderly people at Karitas Cimahi Nursing Home, West Java, Indonesia by using ‘timed up and go test’(TUG).Methods:This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Karitas Cimahi Nursing Home from June–November 2013. The risk of falls was categorized into two; high and low risk of falls. High risk of falls indicated when the participants complete the TUG test with time taken >10 seconds, and low risk of falls indicated when the time taken is <10 seconds. To identify the level of fall risk in elderly people the test which is recommended by the American Geriatric Society was used. The sampling technique used was total sampling. Data was analyzed and presented by using frequency tables.Results: From a total of 32 elderly population at Karitas Cimahi Nursing Home, a total of 20 participated in this study. The ‘Timed up and go test’ result for all the participants were >10 seconds. Conclusions: The level of fall risk in elderly people at Karitas Cimahi Nursing Home based on the  test showed  that all participants,  both male and female, regardless of using assistive device have high level risk of falls. [AMJ.2017;4(1):83–6] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n1.1025
Physical Performance of West Java Soccer Athletes during February to December 2012 Anwary, Army Zaka; Purba, Ambrosius; Prabowo, Tertianto
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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  Background: Soccer is one of the sports included in the 18th National Sports Week (Pekan Olahraga Nasional, (PON) 2012, in Riau. Soccer requires a good physical condition to perform various football techniques such as running, shooting, dribbling, tackling, sliding, throw-in and heading. A good physical component can be achieved through a well-rounded program in accordance to the periodization training program. This study was conducted to describe the physical performance of the West Java’s football athletes in order to develop periodization training program and to predict the athletes’ performance.Methods: A descriptive study was carried out on 23 West Java’s football athletes using secondary data from West Java’s KONI sports medicine team test reports during the period of February to December 2012. The variables in this study were 7 predominant physical components in football as follows: muscle strength, muscle endurance, speed, agility, flexibility, explosive leg muscle power, and general endurance (VO2 max). All components were categorized asInsufficient, Fair, Good, Excellent, and Perfect compared to the central KONI standards.Results: The leg muscle strength, abdominal muscle endurance, speed, agility of all athletes were not considered perfect. Not one of the components was above 50% which was the excellent category. Only Arm and shoulder endurance (56.5%), speed (68.18%), and leg muscle power (52.17%) were in good category. The most of the results regarding the athletes’ leg muscle strength was categorized as fair. All results in the abdominal endurance were in insufficient category.Conclusion: Not all physical performance components are achieved perfectly by all of the football athletes.Keywords: Athletes, football, physical performance DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n1.442 
Correlation between Body Mass Index and Disability in Patient with Chronic Low Back Pain Teck, Tiang Soon; Prabowo, Tertianto; Kurniani, Nani
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Low back pain is discomfort presented below the margin of the 12th thoracic rib and above the inferior gluteal fold with or without leg pain. It is also a major cause of disability. Several risk factors have been identified for contributing low back pain. It is important to determine whether body mass index (BMI) can affect the disability in patients with chronic low back pain. Oswestry disability index (ODI) questionnaire has been used to measure the severity of disability. Thus, the focus of study was to determine correlation between BMI and disability in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: Sixty two patients aged 18 years old or more who were clinically diagnosed as having low back pain at least 3 months participated in this study in the period of October to November 2015 in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. Total sampling method was used. Gender, age, weight, height, BMI and disability were recorded using ODI questionnaire. This analytical study was cross sectional study and the ordinal variable was analyzed using linear regression analysis.Results: Females had higher proportion (77). Chronic low back pain patients were equally distributed on normal weight and overweight categories. Patient with chronic low back pain had higher chances of developing moderate disability. There were positive correlation between BMI and disability. Nevertheless, there was no statistically analysis difference between model 1 and 2.Conclusions: The BMI affects the disability in patients with chronic low back pain. [AMJ.2016;3(4):624–8] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n4.949
Correlation between Forced Expiratory Volume One Second and Vital Capacity with VO2 Maximum Rahmania, Siti Khadijah; Prabowo, Tertianto; Tessa, Putri
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: Medical students need to cope with their tight schedule, which also demand a good physical fitness to do those activities. Insufficient leisure time and exhausting activities impede students’ capacity on having routine physical exercise to maintain their physical fitness. Cardiopulmonary endurance describes a person physical fitness level, and lung function is one basic component of cardiopulmonary endurance. Without optimal lung function, circulatory system in the body cannot work properly. This study aimed to determine whether lung function giving a significant correlation with the cardiorespiratory endurance which are measured by Forced Expiratory Volume One Second (FEV1), Vital Capacity (VC), and VO2Maximum (VO2max), respectively.Methods: This study was conducted in September–October 2013 to the students of Faculty of Medicine at Universitas Padjadjaran academic year 2010–2012, using the cross-sectional method. Sample was taken through simple random sampling process. There were 34 male and 34 female students after controlling for covariates. Direct measurement using spirometer used to determine lung function and maximum oxygen uptake was measured by assessing Rhyming Step Test result. Correlation coefficient was then calculated by Pearson correlation test.Results: The correlation between FEV1with VO2max of male students giving a value of p=0.442, while for VC obtained a value of p=0.259. Female students result giving a value of p=0.746 for the FEV1with VO2max, and p=0.489 for the VC with the VO2max.Conclusions: There is no significant correlation between FEV1 and VC with the VO2max of the respondents. [AMJ.2016;3(3):430–3] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n3.868
Correlation between Computer Workstation and Location of Musculoskeletal Disorders Bagaskoro, Hafiz Ambyo; Prabowo, Tertianto; Setiawan, Setiawan
Althea Medical Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Background: The use of computer has been widely increased. This intensifies the risk of musculoskeletal disorders on long-term office workers. This study aims to find out the characteristics of musculoskeletal disorders in office workers with computer workstation which then lead to the presence or absence of the correlation between the two in order to avoid the pains endured.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out from September–November 2014 in Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia. Seventeen samples were obtained from three different departments (finance and academics) by total sampling. The data was collected by validated questionnaire and it was analyzed by using simple linear regression method.Results: From 17 samples in total, 16 claimed that their workstation needs to be evaluated. Furthermore, the prevalent areas of musculoskeletal were shoulders (12 persons), lower back (10 persons), neck (9 persons), knee (9 persons), upper back (7 persons). The analysis using simple linear regression method showed no significant correlation between workstation characteristics and musculoskeletal disorders (p-value = 0.515).Conclusions: There is no correlation found between workstation characteristics and musculoskeletal disorders. [AMJ.2016;3(2):323–8]DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n2.793
EFFECTS OF QUADRICEPS STRENGTHENING EXERCISE ON QUADRICEPS MUSCLE STRENGTH AND ITS RELATION TO LOWER EXTREMITY LEAN MASS Desiana, Istingadah; Moeliono, Marina Annette; Prabowo, Tertianto
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 5, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To discover whether quadriceps resistance exercise could increase quadriceps strength as well as its relation to lower extremity lean mass. Methods: This study was a pre- and post- experimental study in which 36 participants with knee OA grade 2 and 3 were recruited. Assesment of leg lean mass and quadriceps strength was taken before and after intervention. Participants practiced quadriceps isotonic resistance exercise 3 times a week for 8 weeks. This study was conducted in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung from September 2014 to February 2015.Results: After the intervention, an increase in quadriceps strength was seen but not in the lower extremity lean mass. Statistical analysis showed that there was no correlation between lower extremity lean mass and quadriceps strength.Conclusions: Quadriceps strength is found to increase after intervention. No increase is found in the lower extremity lean mass.Keywords: Osteoarthritis, leg lean mass, quadriceps strength, quadriceps strengthening exercise DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v5n2.1010