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ANTHRACNOSE DISEASE ON VEGETABLES CROPS IN SERANG VILLAGE, DISTRICT OF KARANGREJA, PURBALINGGA REGENCY Sucianto, Eddy Tri; Abbas, Muachiroh; Purwati, Endang Sri
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.21818

Abstract

Various vegetables are widely cultivated in Serang Village, District of Karangreja, Purbalingga Regency. This village is located at 1350 above sea level. Vegetable productions in Serang are often constrained by the presence of diseases caused by pathogenic fungi Colletotrichum sp. called anthracnose. However, there was no data regarding anthracnose attack in vegetable crops in Serang. This study aimed to find out the types of vegetable that were attacked by anthracnose disease as well as the intensity of the attack in a vegetable crops in Serang Village, Karangreja District, Purbalingga Regency. Vegetables with anthracnose were purposively selected from 10 different locations. The anthracnose disease was identified based on their symptoms and analyzed descriptively. The results showed that five different vegetable crops suffer from anthracnose, and the intensity of anthracnose ranges from 32% up to 52%. Those intensity percentages indicate that large part of vegetable crops in Serang Village was attacked by anthracnose and possibly cause a significant decrease in vegetable production in that village. Our results provide the first scientific data about anthracnose attack in Serang Village. The data is essential for the management of vegetable crops in Serang Village.
KARAKTERISTIK MORFOLOGI DAN POLA PITA IZOSIM VARIETAS MANGGA (Mangifera sp.) DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS , Sumarsono; Suparjana, Tata Brata; Purwati, Endang Sri
Prosiding Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Prosiding

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Abstract

Mangga (Mangifera indica) merupakan salah satu tanaman hortikultura yang memiliki nilai ekonomi tinggi. Untuk membedakan antara varietas mangga, penanda genetik yang digunakan karena mereka tidak dipengaruhi oleh faktor lingkungan. Salah satu penanda genetik yang sering digunakan adalah Isozim. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pola bandeng dan variasi genetik beberapa varietas mangga dari Kabupaten Banyumas berdasarkan peroksidase isozim (PER), aspartate aminotransferase (AAT), esterase (EST), asam fosfatase (ACP). Penelitian ini dilakukan di Pabrik Laboratorium Biologi, Biologi Pusat Penelitian Ilmu, IPB, Bogor dari Juni sampai September 2012. Sampling daun dari tujuh varietas mangga dilakukan dengan purposive random sampling. Setelah eletrophoresis dan scoring, data kemudian dianalisis dengan Unweighted Pair-group Method with Arithmetic (UPGMA) under Numerical Taxonomy and Multivariate Sistem (NTSYS) version 2.20i. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa EST memiliki empat pola pita yang bermigrasi anodally. AAT memiliki lima pola banding dan ACP memiliki lima pola pita yang bermigrasi anodally. PER memiliki lima pola pita yang bermigrasi anodally dan katodally, MG4 (lokal dari indramayu mangga) tidak muncul. PER, AAT, ACP dan ACP menunjukkan pola yang berbeda dari dendogram. Kombinasi dari empat isozim menunjukkan bahwa variasi genetik antara MG4 (mangga lokal indramayu) dan MG5 (mangga lokal dari gedonggincu) adalah 79%, MG1 (lokal dari golek mangga) dan Mg3 (mangga lokal arummanis) adalah 75 %.
Isolasi dan Identifikasi Jamur Endofit Tanaman Manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.) Akmalasari, Iva; Purwati, Endang Sri; Dewi, Ratna Stia
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 30, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2013.30.2.131

Abstract

Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) is one of Indonesias tropical horticultural commodities with high economic value. Mangosteen also has a lot of functions such as a producer of a wide variety of functional compounds such as anticancer, antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal that have some bioactive component i.e., micotoxin, enzyme, and antibiotics. The research was carried out to investigate the endophyte fungi in mangosteen plant tissue. Endophyte fungal isolation from mangosteen plant tissue resultsed 11 isolates which have identified Phoma sp., Acremonium sp., 2 isolates of Penicillium sp., Geotrichum sp., Pestalotiopsis sp., Botryosphaeria sp., Colletotrichum sp., Chrysosporium sp., Aspergillus sp. and Blastomyces sp., and 2 isolates have not been identified.
Growth and Protein Content Establishment of Pleurotus ostreatus on Liquid and Solid Medium Mumpuni, Aris; Ekowati, Nuraeni; Purnomowati, Purnomowati; Purwati, Endang Sri
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 9, No 3 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i3.11660

Abstract

Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation is performed using solid medium to harvest fruit body and using liquid medium to harvest mycelia in submerged culture. Modifying nutrients in the medium to increase protein content of the fruitbody and mycelia can be done through addition of nitrogen-containing materials. This study aims to determine: the appropriate composition of the liquid medium for high mycelial growth and protein content; and the exact composition of the solid medium to obtain high fruitbody product and protein content. The method was experimental with completely randomized design (CRD). The treatments were incubation of P. ostreatus on three types of liquid medium and four types of solid medium. The results showed that the optimal liquid medium composition for mycelial growth was Liquid Fermentation Medium 1 (FC1) with 10% corn fluor, and the highest protein content was in Liquid Fermentation Medium 2 (FC2 = 29.76%). While the optimal solid medium composition for fruitbody production was the medium with 3% corn starch supplement (TJ3), and the highest protein content was obtained from the medium without corn starch supplement (TJ0=24.69%). The increase of mycelial and fruitbody weight from the medium with the addition of corn material indicated a prospective in cultivation process, however effort to increase protein content of the fruit body needs further research. Cultivating P. ostreatus in mycelial phase may take shorter incubation time, may be produced in mass production with less space consuming, and higher protein content than that by producing fruitbody.
Antioxidant Potential of Ethanol and Ethyl Acetat Extract of Ganoderma sp. Mycelium Ratnaningtyas, Nuniek Ina; Purnomowati, Purnomowati; Purwati, Endang Sri; Septiana, Aisyah Tri; Ekowati, Nuraeni; Supriyadi, Adi
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i1.11512

Abstract

Ganoderma sp. Banyumas 1 isolate that reffered as Ganoderma sp. is a new discovered isolate from Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia expected to have a potential properties of antioxidant of medicinal mushroom. This study aimed to determine the antioxidant potential and the appropriate solvent for it’s extracting from Ganoderma sp. This research result showed that ethyl acetate was able to extract as many as 15.57%, while etanol was only able to extract 3.87% active compounds from dried 28 days old Ganoderma sp. mycelium cultivated in the Mushroom Complete Medium (MCM). Extract of ethyl acetate (non-polar) extraction of mycelium of Ganoderma sp. had a potential character as an antioxidant source and performed a better result than from ethanolic (polar) extraction as shown in the IC50 value. Extract from ethyl acetate extraction had an average IC50 value smaller than  from ethanolic extract (581.80 < 1285.67). Extract from ethyl acetate extraction resulted in a higher amount of phenol than that ethanolic extract 29.23 < 57.67. Inhibition percentage of both extracts at 65% was known to occur at concentration of 1000 ppm for ethyl acetate extract and 2000 ppm for ethanolic extract. An important finding was that ethyl acetate can be used as appropriate solvent for extracting antioxidant compound better than ethanolic. In conclusion, the mycelium extract of Ganoderma sp. extracted with ethyl acetate and ethanol as solvent is potential to be used as a source of natural antioxidants. This research result has benefit in developing potency of local resources as herbal resources.
EFEKTIVITAS PELET BIOFUNGISIDA Trichoderma harzianum MENGENDALIKAN Fusarium sp. PENYEBAB PENYAKIT REBAH SEMAI PADA BIBIT TANAMAN CAISIM (Brassica rapa var. parachinensis L) Fadhilah, Rubiati; Muljowati, Juni Safitri; Purwati, Endang Sri
Scripta Biologica Vol 1, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.sb.2014.1.3.555

Abstract

This research aimed to determine the effect of the interaction of the dosage with the application model of Trichoderma harzianum bio-fungicide pellet to the effectiveness of damping-off disease control caused by Fusarium sp. on the green mustard, and also to determine the most effective dosage and application model to control that disease.  This research was experimental with the factorial completely randomized design. The factors were: the dosage of T. harzianum bio-fungicide pellet, i.e., 0 g (D0), 12,5 g (D1), 25 g (D2), 37,5 g (D3), 50 g (D4), 62,5 g (D5), and 75 g (D6); and the application model of pellet, i.e., T1, T2, T3 dan T4. This research analyzed the data using the test of variety difference with 5% and 1% degree of errors, followed by least significance difference test. The results showed the interaction between dosage and application model did not affect the effectiveness of the damping-off disease control on the green mustard seedling. The dosage of T. harzianum pellets and the application model of T. harzianum pellets independently gave a significant effect on the effectiveness of biological control agent of T. harzianum toward Fusarium sp. on the green mustard seedling. The dosage of 37,5 g per 50 green mustard individuals was the most efficient amount to control the damping-off disease. The 7-day continuous application and incubation of pellet to the seeding medium before pathogen inoculation and planting were better than any other application models.