Sucik Maylinda
Laboratorium Pemuliaan Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

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Hubungan Bobot Telur dan Indeks Telur dengan Bobot Tetas Itik Dabung di Kabupaten Bangkalan Okatama, Mahardika Setya; Maylinda, Sucik; Nurgiartiningsih, V.M Ani
TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 19, No 1 (2018): TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (479.344 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jtapro.2018.019.01.1

Abstract

ABSTRACKBangkalan Regency has a potensial local Dabung duck. A study was conducted on the duck eggs, including egg weight, egg index and hatching weight. This study aims to determine the relationship between egg weight and egg index with hatching weight. The research material was 150 eggs of Dabung duck. The origin of eggs was from the parent duck with the age  ±7-9 months and the age of  eggs was 1-5 days. Research methods the experiment with how to incubate Dabung duck eggs in a simple to use machine incubate. Dabung duck analysis result showed average egg weight 63,65g/egg, egg index 76,50% and hatching weight 43,03g/tail. Positive correlation relationship between egg weight with hatching weight and give a real influence (P<0.05), while the egg index with hatching weight shows a positive correlation relationship and shows real influence (P<0.05). The results of the regression analysis (A) shows Dabung duck egg weight with hatching weight Y=-1.809+0.704X. Results of a regression analysis (A) shows the egg index with hatching weights Y=10.619+0.424X. Regression coefficient of the egg weight and the egg index are positive. Results of the regression analysis (B) of egg weight and eggs index with hatching weight Y=-16.312+0.694X1+0.198X2. Regression coefficients are positive. Result showed that Dabung duck has average egg weight 63.65 g/egg, egg index 76.50% and hatching weight 43.03g/tail. Correlation between egg weight and egg index with hatching weight was significant (P<0,05). Regression (A) and (B) in Dabung duck indicate the of the relationship of egg weight and egg index to hatching weight is positive. Keywords : 
Genetic Polymorphism at Acaca Locus and Its Relationship With Productive Performances in Ettawa Crossbred Goat Maylinda, Sucik; Susilorini, Tri Eko; Surjowardojo, Puguh
Research Journal of Life Science Vol 2, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (545.852 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.rjls.2015.002.01.3

Abstract

Research with aim to estimate genetic polymorphism at ACACA (Acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase ) locus in Ettawa Crossbred goat wan its relationship with production traits was done at goat population in Batu, Lawang and Ampel Gading. 46 female goats were taken it’s blood sample to isolate the DNA and continue with PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) and RFLP (Restricted Fragment Length Polymorphism). PCR was used to amplify ACACA gene fragment in intron 3’ about 200 bp with primer F : 5’ – AGT GTA GAA GGG ACA GCC CAG C – 3’ and R : 5’ – GTG GAA TGA CAC ATG GAG AGG G – 3’; RFLP was used to test mutation of that fragment in particular place (point) using restriction enzyme RSA1. Variables were alelles and genotypes composition in population, milk and fat content, and birth weight of kid. Result showed that (a) genetic polymorphism at locus ACACA in three location was high that is 44,22 %, with allele frequency of G (p) = 33 % and allele T (q) = 67 %; (b) no relationship between the high polymorphism with productive performance of goat in fat and protein content, and birth weight of kid. It was concluded that in goat population there was a high polymorphism at ACACA gene, and that polymorphism was not related to production.
Polymorphism of Growth Hormone Gene in Selecting Etawah Crossbred (PE) Goats Susilorini, Tri Eko; Kuswati, Kuswati; Maylinda, Sucik
Research Journal of Life Science Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (614.749 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.rjls.2017.004.02.8

Abstract

Although Etawah Crossbred (PE) goat is considered to be dual purpose (meat and milk) goat, it is mainly raised for meat production. Since early 1990, there has been a growing interest of the farmer in some places to raise PE goat for milk production without sacrificing its role to produce kids for meat. Although milk yield of PE goat was not as high as milk yield of some other dairy goats, the ability of PE goat to cope with harsh local environment, particularly climate and feed conditions, was an advantage. Therefore, raising PE goat would still be an important part of farmer activities in the rural areas in Indonesia. Identification of the genes underlying livestock production traits leads to more efficient breeding programs and it is a promising way to improve production traits of farm animals. Growth hormone is a polypeptide hormone which is the major regulator of the metabolic procedures of growth and development and it is encoded by GH gene. The objective of this study was to detect the genetic polymorphism of GH gene in major Etawah Crossbred (PE) goat using PCR-RFLP. The PCR amplified fragment were digested with HaeIII endonuclease and the result showed the presence of two genotype CC and CD. The total frequency were 47.0% and 53.0% for CC and CD genotype respectively in 94 tested goats. Statistical analysis showed that in the fragment amplified by the pair of  primer, CD genotype had significant higher birth weight and weight of 100 days old (weaning weight) than CC genotype (P<0.01). In conclusion that GH gene may be a mayor gene or linked to the mayor gene to affect the weight traits and the polymorphic site could be used to select the goat weight in marker-assisted selection program.
KARAKTERISTIK SAPI SONOK DAN SAPI KERAPAN PADA UMUR YANG BERBEDA DI KABUPATEN PAMEKASAN PULAU MADURA Nugraha, Chairdin Dwi; Maylinda, Sucik; Nasich, Moch
TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 16, No 1 (2015): TERNAK TROPIKA
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.254 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jtapro.2015.016.01.9

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis sifat kuantitatif pada sapi Sonok dan sapi Kerapan pada umur yang berbeda di kabupaten Pamekasan, Madura. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah 24 ekor sapi Sonok dan 24 ekor sapi Kerapan.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalahsurvey dan pengukuran di lapang. Variabel yang diamati meliputi lingkar dada (LD), panjang badan (PB), tinggi badan (TB), tinggi pinggul (TP) dan bobot badan (BB). Hasil penelitian diperoleh rata-rata LD, PB, TB, TP dan BB berturut-turut pada sapi Sonok PI0: (121,34 ± 11,23 cm), (99,90 ± 9,35 cm), (101,55 ± 7,46 cm), (101,00 ± 6,94 cm) dan (141,68 ± 30,15 kg) sedangkan Sapi Sonok PI1: (138,00 ± 8,89 cm), (115,36 ± 5,87 cm), (111,50 ± 4,29 cm), (109,33 ± 4,95 cm) dan (201,29 ± 25,14 kg). Ukuran statistik vital sapi Kerapan PI0: (116,05 ± 12,33 cm), (104,10 ± 10,47 cm), (101,22 ± 6,30 cm), (101,98 ± 5,49 cm) dan (130,90 ± 33,09 kg) sedangkan Sapi Kerapan PI1: (122,00 ± 17,36 cm), (102,78 ± 18,61 cm), (102,90 ± 8,70 cm), (105,80 ± 6,32 cm) dan (205,60 ± 179,13 kg). Hasil uji-t tidak berpasangan menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh umur terhadap statistik vital pada sapi Sonok adalah sangat nyata (P<0,01) sedangkan pada sapi Kerapan tidak nyata. Statistik vital sapi Sonok kelompok umur PI1 (18-24 bulan) lebih tinggi dari kelompok umur PI0 (<18 bulan). Kata kunci: Statistik vital, lingkar dada, panjang badan, tinggi badan, tinggi pinggul, bobot badan, sifat kuantitatif, sifat kualitatif.
KARAKTERISTIK SAPI MADURA BETINA BERDASARKAN KETINGGIAN TEMPAT DI KECAMATAN GALIS DAN KADUR KABUPATEN PAMEKASAN Pradana, Angga Putra; Busono, Woro; Maylinda, Sucik
TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 16, No 2 (2015): TERNAK TROPIKA
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.712 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jtapro.2015.016.02.9

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik sapi Madura betina yang dipelihara di ketinggian tempat yang berbeda di Kabupaten Pamekasan. Materi yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah sapi Madura betina umur kurang dari 1 sampai 1,5 tahun sebanyak 12 ekor pada dataran rendah, 21 ekor pada dataran tinggi dan sapi Madura betina umur lebih dari 1,5 sampai 2 tahun sebanyak 28 ekor pada dataran rendah, 19 ekor pada dataran tinggi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sapi Madura betina pada umur dan ketinggian tempat yang berbeda memiliki sifat kualitatif yang sama yakni warna dominan tubuh merah kecoklatan, memiliki tanduk, memiliki warna putih pada kaki, memiliki garis punggung, serta memiliki warna hitam di bagian bawah telinga dan ujung ekor berwarna hitam. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian rataan lingkar dada di dataran tinggi lebih tinggi yaitu 141,1±7,8 cm dibanding dengan rataan lingkar dada di dataran rendah yakni 133,6±10,4 cm. Rataan panjang badan di dataran tinggi lebih tinggi yaitu 116,7±7,1 cm dibanding dengan rataan panjang badan di dataran rendah yakni 111,1±6,6 cm. Rataan tinggi badan di dataran tinggi lebih tinggi yaitu 114,0±3,8 cm dibanding dengan rataan tinggi badan di dataran rendah yakni 112,1±5,4 cm. Rataan bobot badan di dataran tinggi lebih tinggi yaitu 212,8±26,8 kg dibanding dengan rataan bobot badan di dataran rendah yakni 154,0±36,8 kg. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa suhu rektal di dataran tinggi lebih rendah yaitu 37,9±0,6oC dibanding dengan rataan suhu rektal di dataran rendah yakni 38,0±0,5oC. Rataan frekuensi pernapasan di dataran tinggi lebih rendah yaitu 28,7±2,8/menit dibanding dengan rataan frekuensi pernapasan di dataran rendah yakni 30,7±1,89/menit. Rataan HTC di dataran tinggi lebih rendah yaitu 2,2±0,1 dibanding dengan rataan HTC di dataran rendah yakni 2,3±0,1.Kata Kunci: HTC, sapi Madura betina, statistik vital.
GROWTH HORMONE GENE POLYMORPHISM OF DONGGALA SHEEP Dg. Malewa, Amirudin; Hakim, Lukman; Maylinda, Sucik
AgriSains Vol 20, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FAPETKAN UNTAD

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (343.514 KB)

Abstract

The study aimed to know the gene polymorphism of growth hormone (GH) of Donggala sheep as potential candidate gene that control the growth characteristics. A total of 50 sheeps from farm community localities (Palu, Central Sulawesi) were analyzed laboratory in BIOMOL FMIPA UB through PCR-RFLP with HinfI enzyme. Results obtained the genotypes of Donggala sheep for PCR-RFLP Hinf1 with genotype AA, AB, BC are 0,933, 0,044 and 0,022. The frequency of A, B and C alleles for Donggala sheep are 0.967, 0.022 and 0.011. PIC value (Polymorphic Information Content) of Donggala sheep is 6.5%. Although PIC value is low, PCR-RFLP Hinf1 finders still have a polymorphic allele variety. Sequence of the three PCR samples also found polymorphisms at the nucleotide base level after comparing them with Lohi breed sheep sequences. Sequence comparisons have a similarity of 97%. Mutations for Donggala sample (20) occurred 16 points while those for Donggala sample (57) occured for 26 points. The point of mutation in the nucleotide base is the cause of polymorphism.Keyword: Donggala sheep, GH genes, PCR-RFLP, Hinf1.
The Effects of Non-Genetic Factors on The Birth Weight, Litter Size and Pre-Weaning Survive Ability of Etawah Cross-Breed Goats in The Breeding Village Center in Ampelgading District Susilorini, Tri Eko; Kuswati, Kuswati; Maylinda, Sucik
Research Journal of Life Science Vol 4, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (668.882 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.rjls.2017.004.03.4

Abstract

A total of 106 late gestation goats (age 4-5 months of pregnancy) records each of Etawah Crosbred goats kept on small farmer over a period of 10 years were assessed to determine the effects of environmental factors on them. Body Condition Score is non-genetic factor and in dairy goats to predicted milk production, fertility, and general health of the animal because BCS is visualisasi from feeding manajement. The objective of this study was to investigated the relationship between Body Condition Score (BCS) of late gestation with litter size and birth weight on etawah crossbred goats. The results showed that the average of litter size and birth weight (kg) were 1.89±0.66 and 3.84±0.73 respectively. The relationship between BCS with litter size were 0.13 (very low) and the relationship between BCS with birth weight were 0.11 (very low). The conclusion of this research is BCS of late gestation had positive correlation on litter size and birth weight, however this was low and birth weight as first indicator of future growth rate.