Nuning Damayanti
KK Senirupa-Fakultas Senirupa dan Desain ITB

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Artifak Purba Pasemah: Analisis Ungkap Rupa Patung Megalitik di Pasemah Suryanegara, Erwan; Damayanti, Nuning; Yudoseputro, Wiyoso
Journal of Visual Art and Design Vol 1, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (990.765 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/itbj.vad.2007.1.1.9

Abstract

Prehistoric relics, especially those of megalithic traditions, were found many in the plateau of Pasemah. From several types of megalithic artefacts, megalithic idols are the one that excessively found in Pasemah. Unfortunately, scientific information about these ancient artefacts in Pasemah is still scarcely to be found, especially in the form of visual data and reports. Based upon this notion, this research conducted a study to investigate, document and describes the existence, depiction, the object, expression style, symbol, and attribute of the megalithic idols of Pasemah; using the approach of ungkap rupa. The study discovers that the proponent society of megalithic culture in Pasemah had used and applied bronze. They had good ability in chiseling idols from big stones of andesit, formed it in sharp corners and created accurate forms. The depicted idols show that its form has a dynamic pictorial postures and shapes, although some are also made in the style of realistic expression. The idols are formed in a leaning forwards posture, its head or face tilted upward, and its feet usually visualized in the bended forms, depicting austronesoid man and animals complete with its attribute and symbols. Further, the study indicates that these megalithic idols were representations of symbolic-mystical beliefs of a Pasemah’s society which were based on cosmology of the past. Accordingly, these idols were inseparable parts of Pasemah’s ancestor veneration rituals. The distinctiveness of these idols is found in their dynamics—both in pictorial and realistic depiction— that seem to be the masterpiece of megalithic idols of Pasemah at that time. The idols visualize the complete body part of austronesoid man and/or animals (head, body, foot/feet, and hand), which indicates that the megalithic idols of Pasemah represents a mystical culture of a society that whorshiped the spirit of their ancestors, live as an agrarist society of farmer (peladang) system, and encourages the patriotic characteristic of man.
VISUALISASI PEREMPUAN PADA LUKISAN TRADISIONAL TIONGHOA DI INDONESIA (Analisis karya-karya seni lukis Lee Man Fong dan Chiang Yu Tie) Pandanwangi, Ariesa; Damayanti, Nuning
PANGGUNG Vol 27, No 2 (2017): The Revitalization of Tradition, Ritual and Tourism Arts
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v27i2.254

Abstract

ABSTRACT Both Lee Man Fong - a male painter - and Chiang Yu Tie - a female painter - are Chinese who migrated to Indonesia. In the beginning of the 20th century, Lee Man Fong lived in Bali while Chiang Yu Tie lived in Java. Many of their artworks were collected by the National Palace and many government officers. The questions of this research are visualization of the women as the object of paintings of both artists and gesture of the women in the paintings of both artists. The purpose of the research is to enrich the documentary infrastructure about women as object in the social area of visual arts which has not been studied much. The research method that will be used is qualitative method with purpose sampling. The result of the research will show that both artists are very familiar with a particular social life during their stay in a certain place, so that their perceptions are focused in excavating the women object in their artworks.Keywords: Chiang Yu Tie, Chinese, Lee Man Fong, Painting, Woman.ABSTRAK Lee Man Fong adalah pelukis laki-laki dan Chiang Yu Tie adalah pelukis perempuan. Keduanya adalah orang Tionghoa yang merantau ke Indonesia. Pada tahun 1900 an Lee Man Fong tinggal di Bali sedangkan Chiang Yu Tie tinggal di Jawa Barat. Karya keduanya banyak dikoleksi oleh Istana Negara juga oleh pejabat pemerintahan. Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui visualisasi perempuan yang dijadikan objek pada lukisan tradisional tionghoa dan gestur perempuan pada objek karya seni lukis kedua seniman tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melengkapi infrastruktur pendokumentasian tentang objek perempuan dalam medan sosial seni rupa yang belum banyak dibahas. Metode penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif dengan purpose sampling. Hasil penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa kedua seniman tersebut sangat akrab dengan lingkungan sosial ketika mereka tinggal disuatu daerah, sehingga pengamatannya banyak di fokuskan pada penggalian objek perempuan dalam karya seni lukisnya.Kata kunci: Chiang Yu Tie, Lee Man Fong, Perempuan, Seni lukis, Tionghoa. 
VISUALISASI PEREMPUAN PADA LUKISAN TRADISIONAL TIONGHOA DI INDONESIA (Analisis karya-karya seni lukis Lee Man Fong dan Chiang Yu Tie) Pandanwangi, Ariesa; Damayanti, Nuning
PANGGUNG Vol 27, No 2 (2017): The Revitalization of Tradition, Ritual and Tourism Arts
Publisher : LP2M ISBI Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26742/panggung.v27i2.254

Abstract

ABSTRACT Both Lee Man Fong - a male painter - and Chiang Yu Tie - a female painter - are Chinese who migrated to Indonesia. In the beginning of the 20th century, Lee Man Fong lived in Bali while Chiang Yu Tie lived in Java. Many of their artworks were collected by the National Palace and many government officers. The questions of this research are visualization of the women as the object of paintings of both artists and gesture of the women in the paintings of both artists. The purpose of the research is to enrich the documentary infrastructure about women as object in the social area of visual arts which has not been studied much. The research method that will be used is qualitative method with purpose sampling. The result of the research will show that both artists are very familiar with a particular social life during their stay in a certain place, so that their perceptions are focused in excavating the women object in their artworks.Keywords: Chiang Yu Tie, Chinese, Lee Man Fong, Painting, Woman.ABSTRAK Lee Man Fong adalah pelukis laki-laki dan Chiang Yu Tie adalah pelukis perempuan. Keduanya adalah orang Tionghoa yang merantau ke Indonesia. Pada tahun 1900 an Lee Man Fong tinggal di Bali sedangkan Chiang Yu Tie tinggal di Jawa Barat. Karya keduanya banyak dikoleksi oleh Istana Negara juga oleh pejabat pemerintahan. Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui visualisasi perempuan yang dijadikan objek pada lukisan tradisional tionghoa dan gestur perempuan pada objek karya seni lukis kedua seniman tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melengkapi infrastruktur pendokumentasian tentang objek perempuan dalam medan sosial seni rupa yang belum banyak dibahas. Metode penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif dengan purpose sampling. Hasil penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa kedua seniman tersebut sangat akrab dengan lingkungan sosial ketika mereka tinggal disuatu daerah, sehingga pengamatannya banyak di fokuskan pada penggalian objek perempuan dalam karya seni lukisnya.Kata kunci: Chiang Yu Tie, Lee Man Fong, Perempuan, Seni lukis, Tionghoa.