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ISOLASI DAN ELUSIDASI STRUKTUR SENYAWA TRITERPENOID DARI KULIT BATANG AMBACANG (Mangifera foetida L.) SERTA UJI BRINE SHRIMP LETALITY TEST (BSLT) Santoni, Adlis; -, Sabariah; Efdi, Mai
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 9, No 1 (2015): September
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v9i1.252

Abstract

A brine shrimp toxic compound has been isolated from Mangifera foetida L. steam bark. Based on spectroscopic data (IR,1H- NMR, 13C-NMR 1D and 2D), the structure of this compound was identified as mangiferenes B, C30H47O2. In this study, the n-hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol extracts and isolated compound showed toxic effects (LC50 471.9543; 534.5209, 678.4421, and 22.1615 μg/mL, respectively). The toxicity degree among the three extracts and isolated compound is isolated compound > n-hexane extract > ethyl acetate extract > methanol extract.
Isolasi Dan Karakterisasi Terpenoid Serta Uji Antioksidan Dari Ekstrak Kulit Batang Shorea singkawang Efdi, Mai; Syafrizayanti, Syafrizayanti; Sari, Dian Kumala
CHEMPUBLISH JOURNAL Vol 1 No 2 (2016): Chempublish Journal
Publisher : Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (475.162 KB)

Abstract

Isolasi dan karakterisasi terpenoid dari fraksi etil asetat ekstrak kulit batang Shorea singkawang telah dilakukan. Senyawa ini diisolasi dengan metode maserasi, kromatografi kolom, dan rekristalisasi serta dikarakterisasi dengan metode spektroskopi. Terpenoid tersebut berupa padatan putih dengan titik leleh 140-142°C dan berdasarkan data GC menunjukkan adanya 1 puncak. Berdasarkan data spektroskopi UV dan IR, senyawa hasil isolasi dalam pelarut metanol menunjukkan serapan maksimum pada panjang gelombang 201 nm dan memiliki gugus –OH, -CH2, -CH3, dan geminal dimetil namun belum diketahui posisi dari gugus-gugus tersebut. Hasil uji antioksidan dengan metode DPPH menunjukkan ekstrak etil asetat memiliki potensi sebagai antioksidan dengan EC50 sebesar 0,075%. Kata kunci : Shorea singkawang, terpenoid, uji antioksidan  
A Triterpenoid Compound From The Leaves of Lantana camaraLinn. Kartika, Kartika MZ; Suryati, Suryati; Efdi, Mai
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i1.18

Abstract

A triterpenoid compound has been isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Lantana camaraLinn leaves. The isolation was performed by chromatography of gravitation column with a gradient elution system using hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol. Purification by recrystallization produces a white solid (20 mg) with a melting point of 288-289 °C. The results of elucidation of UV, IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, HMBC, HSQC, DEPT and COSY spectral data, it is known that the isolated triterpenoid compound is 22β-angeloyloxy-9-hydroxy-3-oxo-olean-12- en-28-oicacid with molecular formula C35H52O6. Keywords—Lantana camaraLinn, Chromatography of gravitation column, Triterpenoid, C35H52O6
KAJIAN BIOAKTIFITAS DAN ANALISA KANDUNGAN SENYAWA METABOLIT SEKUNDER DARI TUMBUHAN Hornstedtia scyphifera var. fusiformis DENGAN HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chrimatography) Santoni, Adlis; Efdi, Mai; Suhada, Akmel
Jurnal Zarah Vol 5 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Zarah
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Kimia, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji

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Abstract

Hornstedtia scyphifera var. fusiformis merupakan tumbuhan endemik dari famili Zingiberaceae yang tersebar di Sumatera. Tumbuhan ini  mengandung beberapa metabolit sekunder seperti fenolik, flavonoid, saponin, triterpenoid, steroid dan alkaloid. Pengujian Bioaktifitas meliputi uji antioksidan dan antibakteri. Aktivitas antioksidan ditentukan dengan metoda DPPH. Sedangkan aktivitas antibakteri diuji dengan metode difusi cakram terhadap bakteri Staphylococcus aureus (bakteri gram positif) dan Escherichia coli (bakteri gram negatif). Hasil analisa aktitifitas antioksidan dari ketiga ekstrak, diperoleh bahwa ekstrak metanol menunjukkan aktifitas antioksidan yang paling aktif dengan IC50 = 51,8943 mg/L dibandingkan dua ekstrak lainnya. Ketiga esktrak Hornstedtia scyphifera var. fusiformis memberikan aktivitas antibakteri, selanjutnya esktrak n-heksan dan etil asetat pada konsentrasi 500 ppm memiliki zona hambat 10 mm terhadap bakteri Escherichia coli  dan Staphylococcus aureus memiliki zona hambat 10,3 mm. Untuk mengetahui jumlah senyawa metabolit sekunder  yang terkandung dalam  tumbuhan ini dilakukan analisa dengan HPLC.
INHIBISI KOROSI BAJA RINGAN MENGGUNAKAN BAHAN ALAMI DALAM MEDIUM ASAM KLORIDA: Review Stiadi, Yeni; Arief, Syukri; Aziz, Hermansyah; Efdi, Mai; Emriadi, E.
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 10, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i2.321

Abstract

The corrosion of steel and its alloys is an important problem in industry, especially in acidic environments. Mild steel is one of the important alloys of iron which has many industrial applications because of its excellent mechanical properties, but mild steel is susceptible to corrosion. Corrosion problems need to be a concern and must be handled properly. Hydrochloric acid is widely used for pickling, cleansing, decomposition and metal etching, on the other hand also contributes to corrosion of metal surfaces. Plant extracts investigated the properties, mechanisms of adsorption and efficiency of inhibition as environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitors for various steel materials in different acidic media. The efficiency of corrosion inhibition of steel from plant extracts analyzed ranged from 72-98% and generally as a mixed-type inhibitor. Most of the inhibitors are adsorbed on the steel surface through a physisorption mechanism.
The potency of secondary metabolites from traditional medicine plants as anti cancer agent Efdi, Mai
Majalah Kedokteran Andalas Vol 37 (2014): Supplement 2 | Published in December 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Andalas University

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Abstract

The seconday metabolites from traditional medicine plants have played an important role incancer treatment. Exploration of natural active compounds from medicinal plants for cancertreatment has attracted substantial attention worldwide. Several secondary metabolites thatwere isolated fom the plants, such as vincristne, vinblastine, campthothecins, have been usedhave been used clinically for over 40 years. Numerous techniques have been developedto obtain compounds for drug discovery including isolation from plants, synthetic chemistry,screening bioassays. As part of efforts to discover phytochemicals as anticancer agent, ourgroup were isolated several compunds mainly from Annonaceae and Melliaceae family thatshowed active againts human leukemia HL-60 cells.
Identifikasi Senyawa Metabolit Sekunder, Uji Antimikroba dan Antioksidan Ekstrak Akar Gantung Hornstedtia Scyphifera Var. Fusiformis Holttum (Sijangkang) Santoni, Adlis; Efdi, Mai; Suhada, Akmel
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 10, No 2 (2019): September
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v10i2.335

Abstract

Hornstedtia scyphifera var. fusiformis Holttum is endemic plant of Zingiberaceae family that distributed in Sumatera. Hornstedtia scyphifera var. fusiformis Holttum contained some secondary metabolite such as phenolic, saponin, triterpenoid and alkaloid. The biological activity of methanol, ethyl acetate, and n-hexane extracts from Hornstedtia scyphifera var. fusiformis Holttum suspended roots was tested for antibacterial and antioxydant activity. Antioxidant activity was analized by DPPH method. The antibacterial activity  was tested by used disk difussion method againts Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (gram-positive bacteria) and Escherichia coli (gram-negative bacteria). Almost all of Hornstedtia scyphifera var. fusiformis Holttum suspended roots extract were given antibacterial activity, nonetheless the biggest inhibition zone of Escherichia coli that was inhibited by n-hexane and ethyl acetate extracts which have inhibition zone 10 mm at  concentration 500 mg/L and also againts Staphylococcus aureus, the biggest inhibition by ethyl acetate and n-hexane extracts which have inhibition zone 10.30 mm at concentration 500 mg/L. Among all extracts tested, methanol extract of the possessed moderate free radical scavenging activity with IC50 = 51.89 mg/L.
ISOLASI SENYAWA TRITERPENOID DAN UJI ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK n-HEKSAN DAUN KAYU ARA (Ficus aurata (Miq.) Miq) Santoni, Adlis; Efdi, Mai; Bumali, Restu
Jurnal Riset Kimia Vol 10, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jrk.v12i2.268

Abstract

Triterpenoid isolation from n-hexane extract of kayu ara leaves (Ficus aurata (Miq.) Miq) has been performed. The Isolation has been done by column chromatography method using silica gel as a stationary phase and n-hexane and ethyl acetate as mobile phase with isocratic method and it is continued by trituration method. Isolated compound has white amorphous shape, decomposed at 86-87ºC and gives single spot with reddish brown violet in LB reagent and in H2SO4 reagent on TLC test. UV spectra indicate the presence of double bonds in the isolated compound at 204 nm λmax and IR spectra showed -OH functional group at 3290 cm-1, -CH stretching at 2912,90 cm-1, C=C at 1676 cm-1, C-O stretching at 1054,93 cm-1, and at 1374 cm-1 is spectra of geminal dimethyl compound that are characteristic of triterpenoids which supports ultraviolet spectroscopic data. Antibacterial activity test showed that isolated compound is active in inhibiting the growth of gram-positive bacteria Staphyloccocus aureus and gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli.
Isolation of Flavonoid Compound and Antioxidant Activity of Salix tetrasperma Roxb. Leaves Januarti, Ria; Santoni, Adlis; Efdi, Mai
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.42

Abstract

Salix Tetrasperma Roxb. is a plant that found in Indonesia were used as traditional medicine such as diabetes and wound healing. In this study, a flavonoid compound of the ethyl acetate extract of Salix tetrasperma Roxb. leaves was isolated by chromatography technique and the antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH assay. The isolation led to obtain 5,7-dihydroxy-3'-methoxyflavone based on NMR spectra. The ethyl acetate extract exhibited the highest antioxidant activity with the IC50 is 65.89 µg/mL. This study shows that the Salix tetrasperma Roxb. has good potential as source of antioxidant agent.
Antibacterial Activity and Structure Elucidation of Salicin from Stem Bark of Salix tetrasperma ROXB. Ramadhani, Sari; Santoni, Adlis; Efdi, Mai
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v4.i2.47

Abstract

Salix tetrasperma Roxb. (Family Salicacaeae) is a plant that used as traditional medicine for anti-inflammatory, analgesic, reduces fever, and itching medicine. In this study was carried out extraction, isolation, structure elucidation of salicin from Salix tetrasperma Roxb. stem bark and it’s antibacterial activity. The extraction method was used the maceration method by n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol solvents. Isolation of compound from ethyl acetate extract of Salix tetrasperma Roxb. stem bark using chromatography methods and obtained white solid (15 mg). The structure was elucidated using spectroscopic analysis, including Ultraviolet (UV), Infrared (IR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and comparative literature, identified as salicin compound with molecule formula C13H18O7. Antibacterial activity was evaluated against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria using disk diffusion method. This compound has a great an antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria with clear zone diameter of 10.2 ± 0.3 mm. This shows that the Salix tetrasperma Roxb. stem bark has great potential as a source of antibacterial compound