Rahayu Kusumastuti
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Journal : TRI DASA MEGA - Jurnal Teknologi Reaktor Nuklir

PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF RDE ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEM IN VARIOUS REACTOR POWER CONDITION Irianto, Ignatius Djoko; Dibyo, Sukmanto; Sriyono, Sriyono; Salimy, Djati H; Kusumastuti, Rahayu; Pancoko, Marliyadi
JURNAL TEKNOLOGI REAKTOR NUKLIR TRI DASA MEGA Vol 21, No 3 (2019): October 2019
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Dan Keselamatan Reaktor Nuklir (PTKRN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17146/tdm.2019.21.3.5570

Abstract

Reaktor Daya Eksperimental (RDE) is an experimental power reactor based on High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) technology with thermal power of 10 MW. As an experimental power reactor, RDE is designed for electricity generation and provides thermal energy for experimental purposes. RDE energy conversion system is designed with cogeneration configuration in the Rankine cycle. To ensure the effectiveness of its cogeneration, the outlet temperature of the RDE is set at 700°C and steam generator outlet temperature is around 530°C. Analysis of the performance of the energy conversion system in various power levels is needed to determine the RDE operating conditions. This research is aimed to study the performance characteristics of RDE energy conversion systems in various reactor power conditions. The analysis was carried out by simulating thermodynamic parameter calculations on the RDE energy conversion system and the overall cooling system using the ChemCad program package. The simulation is carried out by increasing the reactor power from 0 MW to 10 MW at constant pressure and constant mass flow rate. The simulation results show that the steam fraction at the steam generator outlet increases starting from 3 MW reactor power and reaches saturated steam after the thermal power level of 7.5 MW. From the results, it can be concluded that with constant mass flow rate and operating pressure, optimal turbine power is obtained after the reactor thermal power reached 7.5 MW.Keywords: RDE, Energy Conversion System, Performance, Reactor Power, ChemCad
REACTOR CAVITY COOLING SYSTEM WITH PASSIVE SAFETY FEATURES ON RDE: THERMAL ANALYSIS DURING ACCIDENT Kusumastuti, Rahayu; Sriyono, Sriyono; Juarsa, Mulya; Tjahjono, Hendro; Irianto, I. D.; Setiadipura, Topan; Salimy, D. H.; Hafid, A.
JURNAL TEKNOLOGI REAKTOR NUKLIR TRI DASA MEGA Vol 21, No 2 (2019): JUNI 2019
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Dan Keselamatan Reaktor Nuklir (PTKRN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17146/tdm.2019.21.2.5499

Abstract

Reaktor Daya Eksperimental (RDE) is an experimental power reactor based on HTGR technology that implements inherent safety system. Its safety systems are in compliance with ?defense in depth? philosophy. RDE is also equipped with reactor cavity cooling system (RCCS) used to remove the heat transferred from the reactor vessel to the containment structure. The RCCS is designed to fulfil this role by maintain the reactor vessel under the maximum allowable temperature during normal operation and protecting the containment structure in the event of failure of all passive cooling systems. The performance and reliability of the RCCS, therefore, are considered as critical factors in determining maximum design power level related to heat removal. RCCS for RDE will use a novel shape to efficiently remove the heat released from the RPV through thermal radiation and natural convection. This paper discusses the calculation of RCCS thermal analysis during accident. The RPV temperature must be maintained below 65ºC. The accident is assumed that there is no electricity from diesel generator supplied to the blower. The methodology used is based on the calculation of mathematical model of the RCCS in the passive mode. The heat is released through cavity by natural convection, in which the RCCS is capable to withdraw the heat at the rate of 50.54 kW per hour.Keywords: Passive safety, RCCS, RDE, Thermal analysis
EFFECT OF DUKEM INHIBITOR ON AISI 1010 IN THE SECONDARY COOLING SYSTEM OF RSG GAS Kusumastuti, Rahayu; Sumaryo, Sumaryo; Sriyono, Sriyono
JURNAL TEKNOLOGI REAKTOR NUKLIR TRI DASA MEGA Vol 20, No 2 (2018): JUNI 2018
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Dan Keselamatan Reaktor Nuklir (PTKRN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17146/tdm.2018.20.2.4471

Abstract

The secondary coolant of RSG GAS is an open system whose components are easy to interact with oxygen from surrounding environment to initiate corrosion. Corrosion controls are usually done by adding inhibitors. Dukem inhibitors are one alternative substitute inhibitor that may be used in the secondary cooling system of RSG GAS. The purpose of this study is to find out the optimum dukem concentration that needs to be added to RSG GAS secondary cooling system and to understand the interaction phenomenon between dukem inhibitors and AISI 1010 material. The analysis of orthophospat content as an active compound in dukem inhibitors is done by FTIR and UV-vis spectrophotometer. The phenomenon of interaction between inhibitors and material is studied by FTIR, SEM and XRD. Corrosion test with potentiostat is performed to assess the optimal concentration of dukem inhibitor which should be added. From the results of FTIR analysis, it is known that the active compounds in dukem inhibitors are ortho-phosphate. The analysis using UV-vis spectrophotometer showed that orthophospat concentration is 4.2 ppm. The SEM analysis demonstrated the presence of an inhibitor layer, which is capable of masking the surface porosity. The AISI 1010 material has better corrosion resistance when inhibitor was injected to the coolant of 150 ppm. The corrosion rate decreased by by 45.20% from 10.95 mpy to 6.02 mpy. The type of dukem inhibitor is mixed type inhibitor. Visually, corrosion product was not formed in the AISI 1010 surface during immersed in the inhibitor solution but it is clearly adhered on surface when immersed in solution added by inhibitors. It can be concluded that dukem inhibitors can be used as inhibitors in RSG GAS secondary cooling systems.Keywords: dukem, inhibitor, corrosion, secondary cooling system, RSG GAS. PENGARUH INHIBITOR DUKEM terhadap proses korosi pada SISTEM PENDINGIN SEKUNDER RSG GAS. Sistem pendingin sekunder RSG GAS merupakan sistem pendingin resirkulasi terbuka. Komponen pendingin ini mudah berinteraksi dengan udara luar yang mengandung banyak oksigen sehingga dapat mempercepat proses korosi. Salah satu cara pengendalian korosi adalah dengan penambahan inhibitor. Inhibitor dukem merupakan salah satu alternatif inhibitor pengganti yang dapat di gunakan pada sistem pendingin sekunder. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui konsentrasi penambahan dukem yang optimal ke pendingin sekunder RSG GAS dan untuk mengetahui fenomena interaksi inhibitor dukem terhadap material AISI 1010. Analisis kandungan ortophospat sebagai senyawa aktif pada inhibitor dukem dilakukan dengan FTIR dan spektrofotometer uv-vis. Fenomena interaksi antara inhibitor dengan material di lakukan dengan analisis FTIR, SEM dan XRD. Uji korosi dengan potensiostat akan memberikan informasi konsentrasi optimium inhibitor dukem dan tipe inhibitor yang sebaiknya di gunakan. Dari hasil analisis FTIR diketahui bahwa kandungan senyawa aktif pada inhibitor dukem adalah senyawa orto-phospat. Analisis menggunakan spektrofotometer uv-vis memperoleh kadar ortophospat sebesar 4,2 ppm. Analisis SEM menunjukkan adanya lapisan inhibitor yang mampu menutupi porositas (spheroid) pada permukaan AISI 1010. Analisis XRD menunjukkan adanya komposisi produk korosi oksida FeO(OH) pada permukaan AISI 1010 jika tidak ditambahan inhibitor. Material AISI 1010 mempunyai ketahanan terhadap korosi yang lebih baik ketika inhibitor ditambahkan ke dalam pendingin sebesar 150 ppm. Hal ini terlihat dari penurunan kecepatan laju korosi sebesar 45,20%  dari 10,95 mpy menjadi 6,02 mpy. Analisis tafel menunjukkan inhibitor dukem merupakan jenis inhibitor campuran. Secara visual, produk korosi tidak terbentuk pada permukaan AISI 1010 ketika direndam dalam larutan inhibitor sedangkan produk korosi terlihat jelas pada specimen tanpa inhibitor. Dari penelitian ini dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa inhibitor dukem dapat digunakan sebagai inhibitor pada sistem pendingin sekunder RSG GAS. Kata Kunci : dukem, inhibitor, korosi, pendingin sekunder,  RSG GAS