Iman Prihandono
Faculty of Law, Universitas Airlangga

Published : 5 Documents
Articles

Found 5 Documents
Search

LITIGATING CROSS-BORDER ENVIRONMENTAL DISPUTE IN INDONESIAN CIVIL COURT: THE MONTARA CASE Prihandono, Iman; Dewanti RK, Esty Hayu
Indonesia Law Review Vol 5, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.348 KB) | DOI: 10.15742/ilrev.v5n1.124

Abstract

In August 2009, a wellhead blowout of took place at an offshore drilling facility named the Montara platform, on the north coast of Australia. This incident releases crude oil into the sea and continued until November 2009. The Montara platform owned by PTTEP Australasia Pty. Ltd., a company incorporated under the laws of Australia, and is a subsidiary of PTT Exploration and Production Public Company Limited, a Thailand based, state-owned oil company. Based on samples taken by the East Nusa Tenggara Municipality in the waters along the coast Kolbano, Desa Tuafanu, District Kualin, South Central Timor, it was found that the sea water has been polluted with crude oil. There was an indication that the crude oil is identical to those of at the Montara well head platform. This incident has been detrimental to at least 9.000 fishermen and seaweed farmers along the coast of West Timor Sea, with total losses estimated at USD2.4 billion. This article examines the possibility of a lawsuit brought by the affected communities to the Indonesian civil court. This article finds that that filing a lawsuit against PTTEP AA, the operator of the Montara Platform, may be possible. Article 100 RV of the Indonesian civil procedure provide an opportunity to sue foreign entity when contractual relationship exist. This article seeks to map the possible parties involved in the dispute should the victims decide to bring this case to Indonesian civil court. It aims at assisting the victims in preparing their case and obtaining the best possible outcome for remedy.
Litigating Economic, Social and Cultural Rights against Transnational Corporations in Indonesian Court Prihandono, Iman
Hasanuddin Law Review VOLUME 3 ISSUE 3, DECEMBER 2017
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/halrev.v3i3.1152

Abstract

States should take appropriate steps to ensure the effectiveness of domestic judicial mechanisms when addressing business-related human rights abuses. These steps may include ways to reduce legal, practical and other relevant barriers that could lead to a denial of access to remedy. To a certain degree, these problems exist in Indonesia’s judicial remedy mechanism. This article examines court decisions in five cases involving Transnational Corporations (TNCs). These decisions are examined to identify challenges and opportunities in bringing a case on ESC rights violations against TNCs. It is found that claim on ESC rights violation may be brought to the court, and the court has jurisdiction to entertain the case. However, of the five cases filed against TNCs, only in one case has the court decided in favour of the plaintiff. Most of the cases were rejected on procedural matters. This situation suggests that it remains burdensome for the victims of ESC rights violations to seek remedy at the court. There are procedural burdens that has to be faced by plaintiff when bringing ESC rights case against corporations, particularly TNCs. Nevertheless, there are new develop-ments in relation with pursuing ESC rights in court. One of the important development is private business contract between the govern-ment and private corporations may be annulled by the court, if the exercise of the contract would violate the governments obligation to fulfil human rights of the citizens
Adaptation of Contract Models of Oil and Gas: A Comparative Study Husna, Cut Asmaul; Hastuti, Lina; Prihandono, Iman
Hang Tuah Law Journal VOLUME 1 ISSUE 1, APRIL 2017-SEPTEMBER 2017
Publisher : Universitas Hang Tuah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30649/htlj.v1i1.9

Abstract

Differences in law systems, constitution, legislation, and regimes in oil and gas business across the world enforce to have a comparative study by extending laws in oil and gas. It is, from global perspective, implemented a constant demand to the law to take essentialization categories as its base. Nature required universalism, an analysis of valid and constant law sifted toward cosmopolitan law. Manifestation of globalization was transformed and corresponded to natural regulations in adapting a contract model. Oil and gas and its exploring development within global law systems included Civil Law, Common Law, Socialist Law, Scandinavia Law, and Islamic Law. Important discoveries in oil and gas sector, therefore, might have changes by universally global cosmopolitan law.
Pengaturan Karakteristik Beneficiary Owner di Indonesia Purwijanti, Kusrini; Prihandono, Iman
Notaire Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Volume 01 No 1, Juni 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.172 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ntr.v1i1.9098

Abstract

Tulisan ini dibuat untuk menganalisa ruang lingkup dan jangkauan pengaturan karakteristik Pemilik Manfaat (Beneficiary Owner) serta potensi penggunaan Pengaturan keterbukaan Pemilik Manfaat terhadap Korporasi di sektor pertambangan di Indonesia. Metode penelitian hukum yang digunakan adalah pendekatan perundang-undangan (statute approach), pendekatan konseptual (conceptual approach) dan pendekatan kasus (case approach). Tulisan ini menunjukkan Keberadaan Beneficial Owner (BO) telah dikenal dalam konstruksi hukum Indonesia. Meskipun pada UU PT dan UU Penanaman Modal tidak secara tegas mengatur mengenai BO, namun pengaturan BO telah nampak pada regulasi yang lebih teknis yaitu dalam bidang perpajakan. Kejelasan BO akan dapat membantu dalam menentukan pertanggungjawaban hukum bila pelanggaran hukum oleh korporasi terjadi. Lahirnya Perpres 13/2018 semakin memperkuat kewajiban membuka dan mengenali BO di Indonesia. Sehingga Perpres 13/2018 dapat menjadi instrumen yang membantu mengenali dan mengidentifikasi pihak yang paling bertanggungjawab atas kerugian yang terjadi akibat operasi usaha korporasi. Oleh karena itu, perlu adanya sanksi yang tegas bagi perusahaan yang tidak menjalankan prinsip pengenalan dan keterbukaan BO. Sehingga sebaiknya kewajiban keterbukaan BO diatur kedalam instrumen hukum Undang-undang sehingga memuat mekanisme sanksi administratif dan pidana.
Business and Human Rights Concerns in the Indonesian Textile Industry Prihandono, Iman; Religi, Fajri Hayu
Yuridika Vol 34, No 3 (2019): Volume 34 No 3 September 2019
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.499 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ydk.v34i3.14931

Abstract

Indonesia is the tenth largest textile exporter in the world. The textile industry has long been the major industry to absorb labour force in the country. The textile industry substantially contributes to the national economic growth by employing 3.58 million workers, or 21.2 per cent of the total labour force in the manufacturing industry. The textile business has been growing over the previous decade. Based on the Bank of Indonesia report, this industry significantly contributes to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Indonesia. The contribution increased from Rp96.3trillion (US$7billion) in 2010 to Rp139.4trillion (US$10.2billion) in 2015. However, the textile industry in Indonesia does not only positively contribute to the country?s economic growth, it also creates negative impacts, such as environmental issues. As will be explained further, these environmental impacts include environmental damage caused to the Citarum River and Sukoharjo. The textile industry?s contribution to pollution is also high at a global level. Among the G20 countries, Indonesia is ranked 2nd for the highest levels of water pollution caused by the textile industry with 29.25 per cent, slightly below Turkey (32.21 per cent). Even though most of the international brands, such as GAP, H&M and Inditex, have already adopted human rights standards and policies, there are still many cases that show the failure of these companies to uphold human rights. For this reason, the implementation of international standards is needed to achieve a more sustainable textile industry. This article discusses business and human rights concerns in relation to the Indonesian textile industry. It addresses several environmental issues caused by the textile industry, discusses human rights standards and policies in the textile industry, and finally shows possible ways of implementing such international standards (i.e. Eco Label and the Bangladesh Accord) in Indonesia.