Agung Dwi Wahyu Widodo
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine/Airlangga University, Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya.

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THE VENTILATION-TO-AREA RATIO AND HOUSE LIGHTING RELATE TO THE INCIDENCE OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS Muhammad, Adil Jihad; Lestari, Pudji; Widodo, Agung Dwi Wahyu
Althea Medical Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1285.964 KB) | DOI: 10.15850/amj.v7n1.1821

Abstract

Background: Indonesia is one of the heavy burden countries with high pulmonary tuberculosis incidence in the world. The physical condition of houses is one of the environmental factors on how the infection spreads. The objective of this study was to provide supporting facts between the physical environment of the houses and the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis.Methods: This was an observational analytic study with a case-control design, using checklists among pulmonary tuberculosis patients (n 32) and their healthy controls (n 32). Study subjects were chosen by simple random sampling. The study was performed from March to August 2019 at the Public Health Center (Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat, Puskesmas) in Sawahan district, Surabaya. The incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis was related to various factors, including window existence, window opening habit, ventilation-to-area ratio, humidity, temperature, lighting, and occupancy density. The collected data were analyzed using the chi-square test to assess statistical significance with a p-value <0.05 was considered significantly related.Results: The ventilation-to-area ratio (p<0.05) and house lighting (p<0.00) were related to pulmonary tuberculosis incidence, whereas other factors such as window existence, window opening habit, temperature, and occupancy density were not.Conclusions: The ventilation-to-area ratio and house lighting have been proven to be related to pulmonary tuberculosis incidence. Government regulation on building permit needs to be encouraged to reduce the spreading and the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis.
Empirical Antibiotic Therapy Assessment of Patients diagnosed with Sepsis in Intermediate Care Ward of Internal Medicine Department of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital according to Gyssens Method Adiwinoto, Ronald Pratama; Sustini, Florentina; Hardiono, Hardiono; Widodo, Agung Dwi Wahyu; Hidajat, Boerhan; Hadi, Usman
Oceana Biomedicina Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Oceana Biomedicina Journal
Publisher : Universitas Hang Tuah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.601 KB) | DOI: 10.30649/obj.v1i2.17

Abstract

Rational empirical antimicrobial therapy is an important component of sepsis patient management. This study aimed to assess the rationality of empirical antimicrobial therapy in patients diagnosed with sepsis admitted in intermediate care ward of internal medicine department (RPI) of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital from January 2016 to July 2017. Medical records of 91 patients diagnosed with sepsis were collected and studied retrospectively in period from July 2017 to November 2017. 91 (85.05%) medical records from 107 sepsis patients were evaluated. Cultures and antimicrobial sensitivity tests were carried out in 21 (23.07%) patients. 14 patients yielded positive culture results, 9 of which were MDRO positive with ESBL as resistant marker. Empirical antibiotic therapies for these patients were reviewed according to Gyssens method.73 (80.2%) of 91 patients were deemed receiving appropriate empirical antibiotic therapies. Ceftriaxone IV injection as monotherapy or combination therapy were the most common empirical antibiotic therapies (82 in 91 patients, 90.1%), despite local microbiologic flora and antibiogram show most pathogens were resistant to ceftriaxone. Mortality rate in this study was high, 92.3% (84 patients died) despite rational empirical antibiotic therapies were high. This study concluded that empirical antibiotic therapies in sepsis patients according to guidelines adopted in Soetomo General Hospital, albeit deemed rational, was no longer appropriate according to local antibiogram issued by microbiological department of Soetomo General Hospital. Keywords: Empirical Antibiotics Therapy, Gyssens criteria, Intermediate Care Ward, Sepsis, Septic Shock
COMPARISON OF FOSFOMYCIN TROMETAMOL WITH CIPROFLOXACIN FOR UNCOMPLICATED UTI DUE TO E.COLI IN WOMEN budiono, heri; Hardjowijoto, Sunaryo; Djojodimedjo, Tarmono; Soebadi, Doddy M; Widodo, Agung Dwi Wahyu; Budiono, Budiono
Indonesian Journal of Urology Vol 22 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Indonesian Urological Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32421/juri.v22i1.96

Abstract

Objective: To compare clinical therapeutic effects (frequency, dysuria, and pyuria), microbiology, pharmacokinetics index Cmax/MIC Fosfomycin Trometamol 3 gr single dose with Ciprofloxacin 2 x 500 mg/12 hours for 5 days in the treatment of uncomplicated UTI in women due to Escherichia coli (E.Coli). Materials &amp; Methods: Experimental observational design from February until July 2013. Twenty two women with uncomplicated UTI due to E.Coli performed clinical and microbiological examination. Pharmacokinetics index (Cmax/MIC) is looked for. Patients are divided 2 group, Ciprofloxacin 500 mg/12 hours 5 days and Fosfomycin Trometamol single dose. Repeat clinical and microbiological evaluation is performed in 7 days after therapy. Statistic analysis use Chi Square test, Paired T test, and Independent T test. Results: In the treatment of uncomplicated UTI in women, Fosfomycin Trometamol single dose therapy provides clinical cure (dysuria 81.2%, p = 0.338, frequency 90.9%, p = 0.004, pyuria 90.9%, p = 0.009) much better than Ciprofloxacin 500 mg/12 hours 5 days. Fosfomycin Trometamol single dose therapy also provides bacteriological eradication (100%) better than Ciprofloxacin 500 mg/12 hours 5 days (p = 0.035). Fosfomycin Trometamol single dose had a higher pharmacokinetics index (Cmax/MIC) compared to Ciprofloxacin 500 mg/12 hours (p = 0.035). Conclusion: Fosfomycin Trometamol single dose therapy is superior to Ciprofloxacin 500 mg/12 hours 5 days in the treatment of uncomplicated UTI in women. Keywords: Therapeutic effect, fosfomycin trometamol, ciprofloxacin, uncomplicated UTI, Escherichia coli.
Distribusi dan Antibiogram MRSA dari Spesimen Darah selama Empat Semester di RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya Sutandhio, Silvia; Widodo, Agung Dwi Wahyu; Wasito, Eddy Bagus
JURNAL WIDYA MEDIKA Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB)

Abstract

MRSA bloodstream infection is hospital-acquired problem that is difficult to treat. Bacteria spread to body organs, create multiple loci of infection, and survive in the presence of beta-lactam antibiotics. Study of distribution and antibiogram of MRSA from blood specimens was done in four semesters; i.e. July–December 2014, January–June 2015, July–December 2015, and January–June 2016. Blood of patients suspected for bloodstream infection was drawn aseptically, transferred into liquid medium, and sent to Clinical Microbiology Laboratory of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital. Medium with microbial growth was subcultured on solid medium, and incubated for 18-24 hours in aerobic condition. Identification and susceptibility test were done with BD Phoenix, and interpreted based on Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute 2015. Of total 107 MRSA isolates; 23 isolates (22%) were collected on July–December 2014, 12 isolates (11%) on January–June 2015, 25 isolates (23%) on July–December 2015, and 47 isolates (44%) on January–June 2016. MRSA mostly isolated from internal disease wards (45%). Isolates are sensitive to linezolid (91%), quinupristin-dalfopristin (83%), fosfomycin (82%), and vancomycin (80%). Trend of MRSA bloodstream infection is increasing. Although antibacterial agents against MRSA are available, it is best to prevent MRSA transmissions and infections.
Perbandingan Distribusi Dan Pola Kepekaan Acinetobacter baumannii Terhadap Antimikroba Di RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya Periode Januari–Maret 2015, April–Juni 2015, dan Januari–Maret 2016 Sutandhio, Silvia; Widodo, Agung Dwi Wahyu; Alimsardjono, Lindawati; Wasito, Eddy Bagus
JURNAL WIDYA MEDIKA Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK WIDYA MANDALA SURABAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.157 KB)

Abstract

Acinetobacter baumannii is an environmental bacteria that can cause opportunistic infections such as ventilator-associated pneumonia, burn wound infection, urinary tract infection, and sepsis in immunocompromised patients. A. baumannii infections are troublesome because the bacteria resistance to many antimicrobial agents. Surveillance of distribution and sensitivity pattern of A. baumannii is best to be done frequently in hospitals.Venous blood as much as 10 milliliters was drawn aseptically and transferred into liquid medium Bactec® to be sent to Clinical Microbiology Laboratory of Dr. Soetomo General and Teaching Hospital. Medium that showed bacterial growth was subcultured on Blood Agar Plate and MacConkey Agar, and incubated for 18-24 hours in aerobic condition. Identification and susceptibility test were done with semi-automated system BD Phoenix, and interpreted based onClinical and Laboratory Standards Institute 2015.A. baumannii collected on trimester January-March 2015 were 30 isolates, with 19 isolates being Multidrug Resistant(MDR) A. baumannii (63%) and 6 isolatesPandrug Resistant(PDR)A. baumannii (20%). Isolates from trimester April-June 2015 were 32 isolates, with 21 isolates being MDR A. baumannii (66%) and 2 isolates PDR A. baumannii (6%). Isolates from trimester January-March 2016 were 40 isolates, with 22 isolates being MDR A. baumannii (55%) and 2 isolates PDR A. baumannii (5%).A. baumannii mostly isolated from Intensive Care Unit, followed by Internal medicine ward, Pediatric ward, Surgery ward and Emergency Department. High sensitivity of A. baumanniion trimester January-March 2016 was to imipenem (50%), meropenem (50%), amikacin (53%), cotrimoxazole (53%), dan cefoperazone-sulbactam (55%).. MDRA. baumannii mostly isolated from ICU, which reflects high burden of antimicrobial use. At this moment, antimicrobial agents that can be used as empirical therapy for A. baumannii infection are imipenem, meropenem, amikacin, cotrimoxazole, and cefoperazone-sulbactam. The entire hospital member must implement the Infection Control and Prevention and Antimicrobial Stewardship Program to preventnosocomial infections byA. baumanniiand the emergence of MDRA. baumannii.
ANIMAL MODELS WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME MARKERS INDUCED BY HIGH FAT DIET AND FRUCTOSE Hidayati, Larantika; Widodo, Agung Dwi Wahyu; Hidayat, Boerhan
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Online First Article
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v1i1.266

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome is lipid and non-lipid metabolism disorder due to the association of several factors such as physiological, clinical, biochemical, and interrelated factors. People with metabolic syndrome can be diagnosed by fulfilling 3 of 5 criteria, including obesity and increased waist circumference, increased TG levels, increased blood pressure, hyperglycemia, and increased High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) serum. The high-fat diet disrupts tissue lipid metabolism, so insulin resistance occurs due to lipotoxicity. Besides, some studies use a combination of mixtures (fructose, sucrose) and fat-rich food components to build metabolic characteristics in mice that affect human characteristics. The purpose of this study was to make an animal model with a metabolic syndrome marker induced by the High Fat Diet (HFD) consisting of pork oil and chicken egg yolk, as well as fructose from simple and economical ingredients. This study was an experimental study using experimental animals of male Rattus norvegicus strain wistar, which were grouped into three random treatment groups, namely the control group, HFD group, and High Fat Diet Fructose (HFDF) group. The number of samples used was 27 rats, with nine rats in each group. The animal was induced for four weeks, then measured levels of FPG, HD, and TG. From the research that has been done, it is found that there are significant differences in levels of Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG), High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL), and Triglycerides (TG) (p
EVALUASI JARINGAN DALAM STUDI IN VIVO PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK PROPOLIS PADA MODEL LUKA INFEKSI Hendrata, Winona May; Sandhika, Willy; Widodo, Agung Dwi Wahyu
Majalah Biomorfologi Vol 29, No 2 (2019): Majalah Biomorfologi
Publisher : Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.476 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mbiom.v29i2.2019.32-39

Abstract

Background: Infection in wound could lead to various consequences including scarring and occurrence of sepsis. With increasing prevalence of resistant strain bacteria, option for treating infected wound need to be constantly expanded. Propolis, a product of honey bee, is a potential treatment which has been studied to have various effects including antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant. Objective: The study aims to assess the effect of propolis toward wound healing, by evaluating wound macroscopic and microscopic appearance. Material and method: Propolis extract were made using maceration technique using ethanol. Thirty Rattus norvegicus male rats were divided into six groups: three groups for treatment and three groups for control. Incision wound were made in the back and was infected with Methicillin ResistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Propolis was administered orally on daily basis. Wound excision for observation were done on day3, 5, and 7. The tissue were processed using haematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining for microscopic observation. The distance of normal tissue surrounding the wound were measured using image analysis program. Result: Macroscopic observation showed fewer visible wound in the propolis extract treated group. Measurement by microscopic observation on day 3 also demonstrated more narrow wound width in propolis extract treated group (405.75 ? 110.11 ?) compared to the control group (806.20? 644.41?). Conclusion: The result of this study suggests that propolis extract by oral administration promotes the healing of infected wound as shown within microscopic and microscopic observation.