Asdi Agustar
Faculty of Agricultural Technology Andalas University, West Sumatera, 25163, Indonesia

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ECOTOURISM SEBAGAI SALAH SATU STRATEGI PENINGKATAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT PESISIR DI KOTA PARIAMAN Maswar, Fuadi; Agustar, Asdi; Ifdal, Ifdal
JISPO : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 9, No 1 (2019): JISPO Vol 9 No 1 2019
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/jispo.v9i1.4642

Abstract

Ecotourism is developed in accordance with the existing potential and natural conditions based on 3 (three) main principles, namely efforts to conserve natural resources, environmental education for the community, especially tourists, and empowering the surrounding community. The three main ecotourism destinations in Pariaman City are Angso Duo Island, Turtle Breeding and Mangrove Forest. The research is aimed to describe ecotourism activities and identify its impact to economy of pariaman local poeple in Pariaman City. The study used survey methods with qualitative and quantitative approaches. Data on the implementation of ecotourism is obtained through in-depth interviews with key informants (key informants) consisting of managers, tourists and communities using qualitative descriptive analysis. In other hand, the data related to the impact of developing ecotourism on the economy of the Pariaman local poeple is obtained through surveys of respondents consisting of pariaman locel poeple who owned economic activities both directly and indirectly with ecotourism activities using quantitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that Ecotourism activities in Pariaman City had not yet been managed according to this principle as well, but the existence of destination ecotourism had shown a positive impact on the economy of the pariaman local poeple.
OPTIMALISASI POTENSI SUMBER DAYA PETANI UNTUK PEMELIHARAAN SAPI POTONG RAKYAT PADA BASIS PERTANIAN BERBEDA DI SUMATERA BARAT Agustar, Asdi; Hellyward, James; Zein, Mardiati
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 5 No 1 (2015): Pastura Vol. 5 No. 1 Tahun 2015
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (279.659 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2015.v05.i01.p12

Abstract

Beef cattle raising have been doing as sideline business in farming systems. Such conditions lead to frequent farmers are not fully paying attention. Therefore, the potential for increased economic value is very likely obtained when competencies resource owned by the farmers can be utilized optimally. The study aims to map the the resource owned by the farmers in particular the potential of land, feed resouces and family labour. The study was conducted at three (3) areas with different agricultural commodity basis, using the survey with 180 respondent randomly selected. The results shown that farmers at the smallholders estate area have more resources than both farners in the crop and horticulture basis areas. In all three areas of research, utilization of resoources are still not optimal. Optimizing the use of available resources is still possible to increase the scale of beef cattle raising in the three areas of research.
Pelaksanaan Program Kemitraan Pola Perusahaan Inti Rakyat (PIR) Pemeliharan Broiler dan Implikasinya Terhadap Pendapatan Peternak di Kota Pekanbaru Agustar, Asdi
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 12, No 1 (2007): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.12.1.1-11.2007

Abstract

The aims of the present study were to evaluate the biological and economic performances of broiler raising between farmers as member and non members of nucleus-plasma scheme (PIR) in Pekanbaru city. Thirty broiler farmers from each member and non member of PIR were visited and interviewed to collect data: mortality rate, body weight gain, production cost and revenues. The data were then calculated to find out: net income and return to equity. Results showed that the biological and economical performances in term of mortality, daily weight gain and profitabilities of broiler raised farmer of member of PIR were found better than that of raised by the PIR members. These indicated that the program of nucleus-plasma scheme gave no improvement in farming practices and profitability for the farmer in Pekanbaru city.
Pelaksanaan Program Gerakan Pensejahteraan Ekonomi Masyarakat Pesisir dan Dampaknya di Kelurahan Pasie Nan Tigo, Kota Padang Dewi, Thahira Kemala; Agustar, Asdi; Mahdi, Mahdi
JPPUMA Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan dan Sosial Politik Universitas Medan Area Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JPPUMA Juni
Publisher : Universitas Medan Area

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.149 KB) | DOI: 10.31289/jppuma.v7i1.2139

Abstract

This study aims to discover how The Coastal Community Economic Welfare Program (GPEMP) programwas implemented and its impact on the orientation of fishermen's family income-sources in Pasie Nan Tigo Subdistrict, Koto Tangah District, Padang City. The method used in this study is a case study method with key informants as the main data source. Interviews were conducted with key informants and direct observations in the field related to the problems raised in this study.Data analysis through a qualitative approach.The results showed that the GPEMP program had been implemented in accordance with the implementation instructions, except in the GPEMP assistance delivery phase, namely the assistance of developing fish culture with the help of a fixed net package and tilapia cultivation equipment where there were differences in the specifications of the goods delivered with the supposed ones. The GPEMP program has impacts on the orientation of fishermen's family income sources in Pasie Nan Tigo Subistrict, namely: 1) fishermen's family income sources developed to become not only from fishing, but also from other new alternative livelihoods, such as fish cultivation, fish processing diversification, and cattle farming, and 2) fishermen's effectiveness working hours increases as well as involvement of fishermen's wives and children’s involvement in the business.
PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM SANITASI TOTAL BERBASIS MASYARAKAT (STBM) DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT DI KABUPATEN LIMA PULUH KOTA Sitra, Elian; Agustar, Asdi; Erwin, Erwin
JISPO : Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 9, No 1 (2019): JISPO Vol 9 No 1 2019
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/jispo.v9i1.4662

Abstract

This event will be based on research of the program of Community Lead Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Lima Puluh Kota District. This study aims to describe the implementation of the program and to know the changes the behavior of the environmental health of the community by the existence of the CLTS program in Lima Puluh Kota District.This study used a survey method, which is primary data sourced from the respondent became the main data to answer problems that questionable on this research. Data collection was done through in-depth interviews and questionnaires on 75 respondents.The results showed that program execution CLTS ranging from planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the involved community. The community was given a major role in this program. The role of the Government in the program only facilitates CLTS ultimately completely turned over to community self-help. The CLTS programs have succeded in changing knowledge and attitudes towards Open Defecation and Hand Wash Use Soap, but has not succeeded in changing the behavior of society as a whole. The implementation are the first and the second pillar, Stop Open Defecation and Hand Wash Use Soap, while pillars 3, 4, 5 have not been implemented yet.
PEMANFAATAN DANA DESA DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN DI KABUPATEN PESISIR SELATAN Gusti, Yenni; Agustar, Asdi; Osmet, Osmet
Jurnal Ilmiah MEA (Manajemen, Ekonomi, & Akuntansi) Vol 4 No 2 (2020): Edisi Mei - Agustus 2020
Publisher : LPPM STIE Muhammadiah Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (619.216 KB)

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui  pemanfaatan dan efektifitas dana desa dalam pengentasan kemiskinan di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan antara tahun 2015 sampai dengan tahun 2018, dengan dugaan ada pengaruh dana desa terhadap penurunan angka kemiskinan di desa/nagari di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey dengan populasi target seluruh nagari yang ada di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan. Data yang digunakan terdiri dari 2 jenis data yaitu data primer dan data sekunder. Unit analisis penelitian adalah nagari yang dilaksanakan secara statistik random sampling. Model ekonomi masyarakat dijadikan strata yaitu  nagari yang sumber ekonomi penduduknya mayoritas tanaman pangan, dari pesisir/kelautan dan dari hasil perkebunan/kehutanan. Jumlah sampel penelitian sebanyak 30 nagari dari 182 jumlah nagari yang ada di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis deskriptif dan Regresi Linear sederhana antara jumlah dana yang diterima dengan penurunan KK miskin. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemanfaatan dana desa di Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan tahun 2015 ? 2018 digunakan untuk penyelenggaraan pemerintahan 43,13%, program pembangunan desa sebesar 51,90%, program pembinaan desa sebesar 4,13% dan program pemberdayaan masyarakat sebesar 0,85%. Sesuai dengan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 43 Tahun 2014 yaitu 70% dari jumlah dana desa dialokasikan untuk pembangunan desa dan 30% digunakan untuk penyelenggaraan pemerintahan. Dari hasil penelitian anggaran untuk penyelenggaraan pemerintahan lebih dari 30% yaitu 43,13%, akibatnya mempengaruhi program dan kegiatan yang terdapat pada pembangunan desa dimana pada program tersebut terdapat kegiatan pengentasan kemiskinan. Hasil analisis regresi linear sederhana yang dilanjutkan dengan pengujian hipotesis uji t dengan tingkat kesalahan ? = 5%. Hasil analisis regresi menunjukkan bahwa  tidak terjadi hubungan yang signifikan antara Dana Desa dengan penurunan KK miskin atau peningkatan jumlah dana desa tidak diiringi dengan penurunan angka kemiskinan.