Noviatri Noviatri, Noviatri
Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Unand

Published : 8 Documents
Articles

Found 8 Documents
Search

KARAKTERISTIK BAHASA INDONESIA ORANG MINANGKABAU Almos, Rona; Reniwati, Reniwati; Noviatri, Noviatri
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.088 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2013.12104

Abstract

The Indonesian is multi spoken languages society. Besides speaking with the official language (bahasa Indonesia), they also speaking in their own mother language. The use of local languages or the mother tongue is preferably as second language. Therefore, the acquisition of Indonesian, especially for Minangkabau society is strongly influenced by the structure of the first language. This is called as dialect or style.  Slang or style can be seen from the lingual units that used by the speakers of the language. Lingual unit is a unit of language that carries meaning, both lexical and grammatical meaning. Unit lingual include morphemes, words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and discourse. In addition, there is another element which is the smallest unit in the language, segmental elements (phonemes) and supra-segmental elements (intonation). The results of the data analysis showed that there are some unit lingual speech marking Indonesian Minang people, namely: elements of segmental and supra-segmental elements, phatic, and sentence structure. In term of segmental elements, I have found six phonemes in Minangkabau language that affects Indonesian, phonemes are: /e/, /p/, /s/, /k/, and /j/. Moreover, in supra-segmental elements it appears that there tends to tone up the filler constituent predicate function. In declarative sentences, tone up there on the last syllable. In interrogative sentences, tone up tens to present in interrogative qualifiers. In imperative sentences, the intonation rising filler constituents tend be found in the predicate function, especially on the final syllable.
SINGKATAN DAN AKRONIM DALAM SURAT KABAR: KAJIAN BENTUK DAN PROSES Noviatri, Noviatri
ARBITRER Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Arbitrer
Publisher : ARBITRER

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The reason for choosing abbreviation as the object of research is motivated by the phenomenon of widespread and high usage of abbreviation in the community, especially in the newspaper. In addition, based on the process of formation, the abbreviation used in many newspapers are not consistent with the general process of abraviation. In terms formation the abreviation in newspaper are not follow the rules of abreviation formation which violated the grammar of Bahasa Indonesia. The theory used in this research is the theory of abbreviation and formation process proposed by Kridalaksana (2010) which divides abreviation into five types, 1) abreviation, 2) acronym, 3) beheading, 4) contraction, and 5) symbol of letter. Results of the data analysis whows there are 1562 (one thousand five hundred and sixty-two) abbreviation in the newspaper with 9 (nine) processes, including three of them are new process (research findings) and 896 (eight hundred and ninety-six) acronymy used in newspapers with 31 (thirty-one) process and 19 pieces are employed new process. Thus, based on formation process of abbreviations and acronyms there are 22 (twenty-two) new processes. Keyword: Language, form, abbreviation, acronymy, process
BAHASA MINANGKABAU DI DAERAH ASAL DENGAN BAHASA MINANGKABAU DI DAERAH RANTAU MALAYSIA: KAJIAN DIALEKTOLOGIS Reniwati, Reniwati; Noviatri, Noviatri; Aslinda, Aslinda; Midawati, Midawati
JURNAL ARBITRER Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ar.3.2.173-180.2016

Abstract

Dalam makalah ini dibandingkan bahasa Minangkabau yang digunakan di daerah asal dengan bahasa Minangkabau yang digunakan di daerah rantau Malaysia. Kajian beruang lingkup dialektologi karena isolek yang digunakan di rantau Malaysia dihipotesiskan sebagai variasi dari bahasa Minangkabau. Satuan bahasa yang dibandingkan adalah leksikon. Perhitungan persamaan dan perbedaan bentuk leksikal dengan menggunakan metode dialektometri diperoleh tingkat variasi bahasa dari titik-titik pengamatan yang dibandingkan. Hasil perhitungan tersebut menunjukkan bahwa tingkat variasi bahasa yang paling tinggi adalah perbedaan subdialek.
Affixes of Minangkabau Language in The Origin and Rantau Area: Study of Morphological Variation Noviatri, Noviatri; Reniwati, Reniwati; Asnan, Gusti
JURNAL ARBITRER Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ar.4.2.86-92.2017

Abstract

The article aims to examine the similarities and differences between Minangkabau languages in the origin regions 50 Kota and Pasaman West Sumatra compared to rantau areas Kampar and Rokan Hulu Riau. The study is done by dialectology approach which focuses on affixes. The data are collected by using conversational observation method along with the interview and record techniques. The data are analyzed by using identity method along with immediate constituent analysis and advanced techniques, comparative and contrastive techniques. The result shows there similarities and differences of Minangkabau affixes between both areas.Keyword: Affix, dialectological, Minangkabau, origin, rantau
PENERAPAN MODEL TERAPI LINGUISTIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERBICARA PENDERITA DISARTRIA Sastra, Gusdi; Noviatri, Noviatri
Ranah: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Ranah
Publisher : Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5266.714 KB) | DOI: 10.26499/rnh.v2i2.5

Abstract

Penelitian tentang terapi linguistik sudah banyak dilakukan terhadap pasien yang menderita disartria. Disartria adalah gangguan dalam bertutur yang disebabkan oleh kerusakan sistem saraf pusat yang secara langsung mengontrol aktivitas otot-otot yang berperan dalam proses tuturan dalam pembentukan suara pengucapan. Kajian ini membahas tiga isu, yakni bentuk-bentuk lingual dapat diterapkan pada penderita disartria sebelum memperoleh terapi linguistik, pengaruh-pengaruh emosional terhadap pengetahuan leksikal dan semantis dari pasien, dan capaian model terapi linguistik yang diterapkan pada pasien disartria yang kemampuan bertuturnya sudah cacat. Dalam menganalisis data, kajian ini menggunakan teori Prins (2004) dan metode Nunan (1992) yang dipadu dengan Sudaryanto (1993). Bersadarkan penelitian yang sudah dilakukan sebelumnya, dan dengan menerapkan model terapi linguistik, ditemukan bahwa terdapat peningkatan berbicara pasien, hampir 40 persen dari indeks pengetahuan atau informasi lingual, 20 persen semantik, dan 40 persen perasaan. Indeks lingual sangat penting sebagai sebuah cara terapi bagi pasien yang menderita disartria. Peningkatan dalam kemampuan bertutur ini menambah rasa percaya diri bagi penderita disatria di dalam kehidupan sosial.
AKRONIMISASI DALAMBEBERAPA DOKUMEN DI LINGKUNGAN UNIVERSITAS ANDALAS PADANG: KAJIAN BENTUK DAN PROSES Noviatri, Noviatri
Puitika Vol 13, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Penggunaan abreviasi atau kependekan, khususnya  akronim, sudahmerambah ke dalam berbagai ruang media, baik media lisan, mataupun media tertulis. Salah satu media tertulis yang banyak menggunakan akronimisasi ialah  dokumen Universitas Andalas. Bentuk akronim  yang digunakan sangat beragam dengan  proses pembentukanyang  beragam pula. Proses pembentukan akronmi yang terdapat dalam beberapa dokumen di lingkungan Universitas Andalas banyak yang baru sehingga banyak yang  tidak sesuai dengan  proses pembentukan akronim yang sudah ada . Atau sebaliknya,  proses yang ada sekarang  dipandang sudah  tidak representatif  lagi untuk mewadahi proses pembentukan akronim  yang  digunakan pada masa kini. Selain itu, beberapa bentuk  akronim  yang digunakan tersebut  tidak lagi mengacu pada kaidah fonotaktik bahasa Indonesia.Fenomena inilah yang melatarbelakangi penulis  untuk memilih akronim  sebagaiobjek kajian.Penulisan artikel ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bentuk-bentukakronim  yang digunakandalam beberapa  dokumen di lingkungan Universitas Andalas dan menjelaskan proses pembentukan masing-masingnya.Teori yang digunakan adalah teori akronim dan proses pembentukannya yang dikemukakan oleh Kridalaksana (2010), Chaer dan  arifin (2015).). Selainitu, sebagai penunjang juga digunakan beberapa hasil penelitian Noviatri dan Reniwati mengenai abreviasi  (2014 dan  2015) dan kamus abreviasi bahasa Indonesia yang juga ditulis oleh Noviatri dan Reniwati ( 2015).  Kridalaksana (2010) membagi abreviasi  atas lima bentuk, yaitu: 1) singkatan, 2) akronim, 3) penggalan, 4) konstrkasi, dan 5) lambang huru.  Berdasarkan hasil  pembahasan ditemukan   227 (dua ratus dua puluh tujuh) buah bentuk akronim yang digunakan dalam beberapa dokumen di lingkungan Unand. Berdasarkan  proses pembentukannya, ada 21 (dua puluh satu) proses pembentukan akronim.  Sebagian besar dari proses tersebut merupakan proses pembentukan akronim baru.
Struktur Fonologis Nama Orang Minangkabau Reniwati, Reniwati; Noviatri, Noviatri; Almos, Rona
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 4, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Name of the Minangkabaunese has its own characteristics which can be recognized through the phonological structure. This article describes the number of word length Minangkabau name, the number of syllables, and the nature of each syllable of the name. There are three methods and research techniques used in this study: providing data, data analysis, and presentation of analysis results. Based on the number, the phonological structures of the Minangkabaunese names have two tendencies. First, people over 43 years old tend to consist of 1 (one) word name. In contrast, less than 44 years old tend to consist of two words name. Based on the number of syllables, the Minangkabaunese names also have two tendencies. First, over 43 years old the name tends to consist of three (3) syllables followed by a name consisting of 2 (two) syllables. The name of the Minangkabau people under 44 years are more varied, there consist of 2 to 5 syllables, some of them consisting of 6 to 7 syllables. Furthermore, the long name is not found Minangkabau consisting of one syllable and exceeds 7 syllables. Finally, based on the nature, there are two properties of syllables in the Minangkabaunese name which are closed syllables and open syllables.
PENGGUNAAN ADVERBIA BAHASA INDONESIA DALAM MEDIA CETAK LOKAL DI KOTA PADANG: KAJIAN MORFOLOGIS DAN SINTAKSIS Noviatri, Noviatri; Aslinda, Aslinda
Puitika Vol 16, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/puitika.16.1.61--77.2020

Abstract

The writing of this paper is motivated by the phenomenon of the use of adverb in print media, especially in local newspapers in the city of Padang. The use of adverb, shows the diversity of forms with different behaviors. In this connection, this study aims to describe the forms of adverb used in local print media in the city of Padang and explain their morphological, syntactic and semantic behavior. There are three research methods and techniques used in this paper, 1) data supply methods and techniques, 2) data analysis methods and techniques, and 3) data analysis methods and techniques. The population of this study is the entire use of adverb in local newspapers in the city of Padang. The research sample is adverb used in two newspapers, the Padang Ekspres newspaper and the Haluan newspaper. Based on its shape, there are two forms of adverb used in local newspapers, namely monomorfemis and polymorphemic adverbs. Based on the behavior, the adverbs used in local newspapers have different behavior. Keywords: Adverb, newspaper, forms, behavior