Isna Hikmawati, Isna
Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto. Jl Raya Dukuh Waluh, PO BOX 202 Purwokerto 53182

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PETA DEMOGRAFI MASYARAKAT DAERAH ENDEMIS DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) Hikmawati, Isna; Mujahid, Ikhsan
Proceeding Seminar LPPM UMP 2015: Buku III Bidang Ilmu Kesehatan dan Sains Teknik, Proceeding Seminar Nasional LPPM 2015, 26 Se
Publisher : Proceeding Seminar LPPM UMP

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Kurangnya gambaran masyarakat di daerah endemis DBD seringkali membuat upaya-upaya program pemberantasan demam berdarah menjadi tidak efektif. Tujuan penelitian membuat peta demografi masyarakat untuk langkah awal identifikasi kebutuhan masyarakat dalam pengendalian demam berdarah. Metode Penelitian deskriptif untuk menggambarkan karakteristik  demografi masyarakat. Hasil penelitian Peta karakteristik demografi masyarakat untuk status pekerjaan sebagian besar ibu rumah tangga, umur antara 41-50,  pendidikan sekolah dasar, dan kasus kejadian DBD terbanyak ada di RW 3. Peta kondisi tempat tinggal  masyarakat  seimbang antara lingkungan sanitasi baik dan kurang. Peta praktek pencegahan demam  berdarah  pada masyarakat masih kurang baikKata Kunci : Masyarakat Endemis, DBD
KESUKAAN NYAMUK Aedes aegypti BERTELUR PADA KONTAINER BERWARNA GELAP DAN KONTAINER TIDAK BERWARNA GELAP Setiyabudi, Ragil; Hikmawati, Isna
medisains Vol 4, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : medisains

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Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a disease that one still becomes a problem in Indonesia. It can become anoutbreak disease.Objective: To investigate Aedes aegypti behavior for spawn in the dark container and non dark container. Methods: The study method is quasi experimental research with the one shot case study design. Data analysis is using thedescriptive analysis and analytical analysis (t-test). Results: The study results shown the difference of Aedes aegypti larva mean in the dark container and non dark containerwhere p value = 0.001 (p<0.05, 95% CI).Conclusions: Aedes aegypti much more like for spawn in the dark container compare with non dark container.
ANALYSIS OF RISK FACTORS WORM INFECTION EVENTS IN PUBLIC ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS 01 AND 02 IN THE AREA OF WORK GRENDENG II DISTRICT HEALTH DISTRICT NORTH PURWOKERTO BANYUMAS Pipiet, Pipiet; Hikmawati, Isna; Yuliarti, Yuliarti
medisains Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Edisi Khusus
Publisher : medisains

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Background: The prevalence of infection Soil Transmitted Helmith (STH) in Indonesia is still high at 60% -70% of primary school age children due to the tropical climate and high humidity as well as sanitation andhygiene conditions are still low so as to inhibit the growth and development of physical and intelligence.Objective: To know the relationship respondent characteristics,nutritional status, snack consumption and environmental sanitation.Methods: The study observai cross sectional analytic approach. Simple random samplingtechnique sampling, sample 64 respondents are randomly 3-5 class. Analysis of therelationship worm infection using Chi Square test statistics with degrees of significance(α) 0.05. Laboratory tests with the modified method between Kato Katz and buoyant.Results: Based on the results, the prevalence of worm infection at 5.5% there was no significant relationship betweenage and worm infection (p = 0.907), gender (p = 0.051), socioeconomic (p = 0.363), parental education (p = 0.141),snack consumption (p = 0.446), nutritional status (p = 0.547), household sanitation (p = 0.606) with the incidence ofworm infection and no significant relationship between the incidence of school sanitation worm infection (p = 0.024).Conclusion: Based on these results it can be concluded that there is a relationship between theincidence of school sanitation worm infection in primary school students 01 and 02 GrendengNorth Purwokerto Banyumas. It is recommended to keep the school environment clean, especiallythe toilets / latrines to prevent and control the spread of worm in the elementary school students.Keywords: Student Characteristics, Nutritional Status, Snack Consumption, Environmental Sanitation.
STUDI FENOMENOLOGI BERBAGAI HAMBATAN DALAM PEMBERANTASAN DBD (DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE) DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS Hikmawati, Isna; Purwito, Dedy
medisains Vol 13, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : medisains

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Background : Dengue fever is an illness that is now internationally paid attention with more than 50 millionscases each year. In Indonesia the prevalensi of dengue fever is still high. On 2007 there are 71 cases for each100.000 people and the percentage of mortality reaches 1,010% for each 100 patients of this illness. The are12 provinces which have been noted as the great case area/KLB of dengue fever (anonimy,2004). Every yearsthis epidemic always happen. One of cause decreasing of effectiveness of mosquito’s vector control and alsothe wrong view about the treatment of dengue fever  as well as narrow participation of community in vectorcontrol. Purpose : The Research purpose to identification various obstacle efforts to eliminate of  dengue haemoragicfever from agent factors, host factors and environment factors.Methods : Research design is qualitative with fenomenologi approach. Informant consist 8 participant fromtwo distric recent and long time of endemic. Take of data with interview, observation and sheet of data self.Result : The Result of research that obstracle of vectors elimination are from agent not yet vactination,and community have breeding place of aedes aegypti. Obstracle of host, community participation of vectorcontrol and role of health official in health education not yet maksimum. Obstracle of environment cleanlinessof environment not yet optimum, so will cause of risk transmition of DHF as communicable diseases incommunity. Conclution this research to prevention of dissemination dengue haemoragic fever from agent, hostand environment factors be needed participation of community be continue in activity of elimination breedingplace aedes aegypti, as well as support from health official.Keywords: Fenomenologi, Obstacle, eliminate of  dengue haemoragic fever
ANALISIS SURVEILENS VEKTOR, LINGKUNGAN FISIK DAN PERILAKU PADA EPIDEMI DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) DI DESA BOJONGSARI KECAMATAN KEMBARAN Hikmawati, Isna; Purwito, Dedy
medisains Vol 15, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : medisains

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Dengue hemorrhagic fever is an infectious disease characterized by sudden high fever with no obvious causeof red spots on the skin. DHF is caused by dengue virus is transmitted to humans through the bite of Aedes mosquitoesaegepty. Health centers in the region of Kembaran II Kecamatan Kembaran Banyumas Central Java cases in 2011 untilthe month of May 2012 occurred 36 cases. Environmental factors and poor peoples behavior can cause dengue fever.This research to purpose relationship between environmental factors and behavior on the incidence of dengue in theregion of sub-district health center II Kembaran Kecamatan Kembaran, Banyumas, Central Java. This method used thedesign of observational analytic study with case-control approach. The sample in this study is the family of denguecases as many as 30 families and control families as many as 30 families. Sampling technique using purposive sampling.Analysis using logistic regression Results: Indicates that the mobilization (p = 0.020) and practice (action) (P = 0.038)there is a relationship with the occurrence of DHF. Room temperature while the home (p = 0.554), presence of larvae (p= 0.228), knowledge (p = 0.165) and attitude (p = 0.739) there was no association with the incidence of dengue. Based onmultivariate analysis of the mobilization variables (p = 0.020) were the most effect on the incidence of DHF. Conclusionthere is a relationship between mobilization and practice (action) on the incidence of dengue prevention. The mostdominant factor is the mobilization. Health workers in order to improve the dissemination to the public to seek selfprotectedfrom mosquito bites by using reppelent especially when traveling out to work, school and other purposes.Key words: DHF, environmental factors, behavior.
DAMPAK IBU PEKERJA TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK GIZI ANAK (KASUS PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI KEC. TAMBAK KAB. BANYUMAS TAHUN 2006) Hikmawati, Isna; Elsanti, Devita; Swasti, Keksi Girindra
medisains Vol 4, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : medisains

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Background: Nowadays many women expand herself in economics sector, all at once as subject that is as employee notconsumer. Objective: Purpose of this study is to know the impact of mothers employee toward child nutrition characteristics (nutritionstatus, degree of haemoglobin, and breakfast habit). Methods: This study is explanatory research with cross-sectional design. Respondents was student elementary school inTambak  Subdistrict  year 2006. Data was collected using the cluster sampling method. Statistical analysis was using thedescriptive analysis with correlation test and t  test. Results: The correlation statistical analysis was showed nutrition status p = .218, degree of haemoglobin p = .120 andbreakfast habit p = .884. These three variables was not significant (p > .05).Conclusions: There was no impact of mothers employee toward child nutrition characteristics (nutrition status, degree ofhaemoglobin, and breakfast habit).
ANALISIS PENGETAHUAN DAN TINDAKAN SENAM KEGEL TERHADAP PENYEMBUHAN LUKA PERINEUM PADA IBU NIFAS DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS PURWOKERTO SELATAN Kurniati, Citra Hadi; Wulan, Intan Sari; Hikmawati, Isna
PHARMACY: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia (Pharmaceutical Journal of Indonesia) Jurnal Pharmacy, Vol. 11 No. 01 Juli 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/pji.v11i1.846

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ABSTRAK Selama kehamilan dan persalinan ibu mengalami perubahan fisik seperti dinding perut menjadi kendor, longgarnya liang senggama dan otot dasar panggul. Pada saat persalinan ibu bisa mengalami laserasi perineum. Laserasi perineum dipengaruhi oleh faktor ibu dan janin. Penyembuhan luka perineum dapat dipengaruhi beberapa faktor. Salah satunya dipengaruhi oleh senam kegel. Fungsi senam kegel yaitu membuat jahitan lebih merapat, mempercepat penyembuhan, meredakan hemoroid, meningkatkan pengendalian atas urin. Bidan memberikan pengetahuan senam kegel mulai dari masa hamil sampai masa nifas selesai. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa pengetahuan dan tindakan senam kegel terhadap penyembuhan luka perineum pada ibu nifas di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Purwokerto Selatan. Jenis penelitian adalah survey analitik, dengan rancangan penelitian korelasional. Metode pendekatan dengan menggunakan cross-sectional. Populasi keseluruhan ibu postpartum yang ada di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Purwokerto Selatan, sedangkan ibu-ibu postpartum dengan luka perineum maksimal derajat II di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Purwokerto Selatan. Pengolahan data dilakukan untuk menganalisis hubungan dua variabel tersebut dengan uji Chi Square (χ2). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hubungan pengetahuan senam kegel terhadap penyembuhan luka perineum pada ibu nifas menunjukan nilai X² hitung 11,980 dengan nilai p value = 0,003. Sedangkan hubungan tindakan senam kegel terhadap penyembuhan luka perineum pada ibu nifas perhitungannya menunjukan X² hitung 8,613 dengan nilai p value = 0,013. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan senam kegel dengan penyembuhan luka perineum dan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara tindakan senam kegel dengan penyembuhan luka perineum. Kata kunci: luka perineum, senam kegel. ABSTRACT Mother experienced physical change during pregnancy and delivery such as loosing-fitting abdominal wall, vagina, and pelvic muscles. During the delivery mother also might experience perineum laceration. Perineum laceration and its healing was affected by mother and baby factors. One of the factors was kegel excercise. The advantages were neater stiches, accelerating healing, relieving hemorrhoid, improving control over urine. Midwife gave the knowledge on kegel exercise during the pregnancy period until the end of puerperium. The aim of this study was to analyze knowledge and treatmant of kegel excercise to perineum healing on puerperal mother in the working area of Purwokerto Selatan Health Center. The research used analytical survey with correlational design and cross-sectional approach. The population was all post-partum mothers in the working area of Purwokerto selatan Health Center, while the samples were mothers with perineum wound maximum degree II in the working area of Purwokerto Selatan Health center. Data analysis was done to analyze two variables by chi test. The result showed that the correlation of kegel excercise knowledge to perineum wound healing was X2 count 11.980 with p value = 0.003. While the correlation of kegel excercise to perineum wound healing was X2 count 8.613 with p value = 0.013. There was significant relation between kegel excercise and its knowledge to perineum wound healing. Key words: perineum wound healing, kegel excercise.
UPAYA PREVENTIF PEMBERIAN EDUKASI DIABETUS MELLITUS PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP IBU – IBU AISYIAH Isnaini, Nur; Hikmawati, Isna
MEDISAINS Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : MEDISAINS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v13i1.1828

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Latar belakang: Indonesia masuk ke dalam sepuluh negara dengan jumlah kasus diabetes mellitus terbanyak di dunia. Indonesia berada pada peringkat keempat di dunia pada tahun 2000 setelah India, China, dan Amerika dengan jumlah kasus sebesar 8,4 juta orang dan diprediksi akan meningkat pada tahun 2030 menjadi 21,3 juta orang. Edukasi menjadi salah satu pilar yang sangat penting untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap untuk menghindari komplikasi diabetes jangka panjang. Tujuan:Untuk mengetahui pengaruh upaya preventif pemberian edukasi diabetes mellitus terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap ibu ibu Aisyiah ranting Karang talun kidul. Metode: Quasi Ekspreminen dengan desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah bentuk one group pre test-post test design. Tidak ada kelompok pembanding (kontrol) tetapi dilakukan observasi pertama (pre-test) sebelum pemberian intervensi dan dilakukan post test setelahnya untuk mengetahui perubahan yang terjadi menggunakan uji Wilcoxon Hasil:Terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna tingkat pengetahuan sebelum dan sesudah diberikan edukasi penyakit Diabetus Mellitus dengan nilai p=0.00.Terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna sikap terhadap penyakit Diabetus Melitus sebelum dan sesudah diberikan edukasi dengan nilai p=0,00. Kesimpulan:Pemberian edukasi tentang penyakit DM efektif untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan meningkatkan sikap pada ibu ibu Aisyiah ranting Karang talun kidul dengan adanya perubahan yang bermakna sebelum dan setelah pemberian edukasi. Kata kunci : Edukasi, diabetus mellitus, pengetahuan, sikap.
Pengaruh indeks masa tubuh terhadap kadar gula darah sewaktu Isnaini, Nur; Hikmawati, Isna
MEDISAINS Vol 14, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : MEDISAINS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v14i1.1046

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Latar Belakang : Diabetes Melitus merupakan suatu gangguan metabolisme karbohidrat, protein dan lemak yang ditandai oleh hipergikemia. Obesitas merupakan faktor risiko utama untuk terjadinya DM. Tujuan : Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah melihat pengaruh dari Indeks Masa Tubuh dengan kadar GDS warga Aisyiah Ranting Karang talun kidul. Metode: Desain pada penelitian ini observasi analitik cross-sectional. Variabel yang hendak diteliti hanya diukur pada satu kali pengukuran saja. Hasil pengukuran IMT dan GDS dianalisa menggunakan uji corelasi product moment untuk melihat adakah pengaruh antara IMT dengan kadar GDS. Hasil: Hasil ρ value = 0,480 dengan nilai α = 0,05 (ρ value > α) sehingga tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan antara IMT dengan kadar gula darah (GDS). Nilai coefisien corelasi = 0,85 sehingga dapat diartikan terdapat hubungan tetapi tidak erat antara IMT pada kategori obesitas dan kadar GDS (>200mg/dl). Kesimpulan: Hasil ρ value >0.05 sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa IMT responden tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan dengan kadar GDS tetapi dilihat dari nilai coefisien corelasi terdapat hubungan tetapi tidak erat antara IMT dengan GDS karena pada responden dengan IMT obesitas, kadar GDS melebihi nilai normal dan berada pada kategori DM Kata kunci : Diabetus Melitus, Gula Darah Sewaktu (GDS), Indeks Masa Tubuh (IMT)
Screening Pola Makan pada Pasien Diabetes Militus dengan Food Frequency Questioner Isnaini, Nur; Hikmawati, Isna
Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari (JKS)
Publisher : Institut Penelitian Matematika, Komputer, Keperawatan, Pendidikan dan Ekonomi (IPM2KPE)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (689.046 KB) | DOI: 10.31539/jks.v2i1.316

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The purpose of this study was to determine diet pattern screening in diabetes mellitus patients with a food frequency questioner. This research is descriptive research by looking at food type of staple, vegetables, fruits and other food and drinks using food frequence questionnaire. The frequency of food consumption is seen in a day, or week, or month, or within a year. Results: The most frequent food consumed by DM patients in Puskesmas 1 Cilongok is 24 people (60%) and followed by tempe consumption as many as 22 people (55%) with eating frequency> 1x / day. Vegetables that are often consumed are kangkung as many as 34 people (85%) and fruits are often consumed is 35 people mango (87.5%) and bananas as many as 21 people (22.5%). Conclusion: Screening of DM patients not only with the type of food but also needs to be done also the measurement of quantities and hours of eating so it can see the type of quantities and hours due to food factors become one of the causes of the incidence of DM. Keywords: diabetus mellitus, food frequence questioner.