Zulvayanti Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti
Department of Obstetry and Gynecology Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung

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Five Years Data of Vaginal Swab Examination on Sexual Assault Cases inWest Java Top Referral Hospital, Indonesia Febriastry, Machrani; Sayusman, Chevi; Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Vaginal swab test is one of the way to prove that penile penetration has occurred by detection of spermatozoa or seminal fluid components in  vaginal fluid of sexual assault victims. It is also used for detecting sexually transmitted infection (STI) in  thevictims and identifying perpetrators’ DNA. The objective of this study was to describe vaginal swab examination result on sexual assault cases in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung so it can be used as an evaluation material for the management of sexual assault cases and a reference for subsequent researches related to sexual assault.Methods: Descriptive study was carried out using medical records and visumetrepertum of sexual assault victims who underwent vaginal swab examination at Dr. HasanSadikin General Hospital, Bandung from2010 to2014. Of 62 medical records which met the inclusion criteria, 3 were excluded. A total of 59 medical records were included as study subjects. Data taken were victims’ age, sexual assault’s time, examination time, penile penetration and intra-vaginal ejaculation history, also vaginal swab and STI examination result.The data were processed and presented using a frequency distribution table.Results: Spermatozoa were found in 13 cases (22.03%). Spermatozoa were found at latest 96 hours since assault. None of the victims was detected with STI.Conclusions: The successful rate of Spermatozoa detection by conducting vaginal swab in Dr. HasanSadikin General Hospital, Bandung is 22.03%. Spermatozoa can be detected even 72 hours post assault.
Knowledge Level of Pregnant Women in Cipacing Village on Nutrition and Benefits of Colostrums Reddy, Haviz; Fatimah, Siti Nur; Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

   Background: Colostrums are the only natural food that is healthy for newborn infants since colostrums contain proper nutrition needed for infants’ growth. This study aimed to reveal the knowledge level of pregnant women on nutrition and benefits of colostrums. Methods: This study used descriptive cross-sectional method on 73 pregnant women in Cipacing village, Jatinangor district, Sumedang Regency, West Java, from October 18 to November 14, 2012. A questionnaire was used. Results: The results showed that the characteristics of these pregnant women were as follows: 20-35 years old (53.4%), most were middle school graduates (42.5%), most were unemployed (72.6%), and some claimed to have never given birth before (37,0%). Mostly, the knowledge level of these pregnant women was in the category of “favorable” (84.9 %). The knowledge level with the highest percentage (100%) came from pregnant women aged above 35 years old, college graduates, employed as private employees, civil servants, or self-employed, as well as having three biological children or more. Conclusions: Sustained health promotion and counseling programs are needed to maintain already-favorable knowledge level; thus pregnant women’s knowledge on nutrition and benefits of colostrums can be applied and can also encourage these women themselves to provide colostrums for their newborn infants.Keywords: Benefits of colostrums, Jatinangor, nutrition, women’s knowledge level    DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n1.422 
Apakah Kadar β-hCG Praevakuasi dan Gambaran Proliferasi Sel Trofoblas secara Mikroskopik dapat digunakan untuk Prediksi Transformasi Keganasan pada Mola Hidatidosa? Mantilidewi, Kemala Isnainiasih; Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti; Permadi, Wiryawan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Volume 1 Nomor 1 Maret 2018
Publisher : Dep/SMF Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

AbstrakTujuan: Meneliti perbedaan karakteristik umur, paritas, besar uterus, kadar β-hCG, dan hiperproliferasi pada mola hidatidosa (MH) dengan regresi spontan dan pada MH dengan transformasi keganasan di RS Dr.Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Metode: Penelitian cross sectional deskriptif restrospektif mengambil data umur, paritas, besar uterus, kadar β-hCG pre-evakuasi, dan hiperproliferasi dari rekam medis pasien MH periode 2007-2016. Data diolah menggunakan program SPSS versi 20.0 for Windows. Nilai p<0,05 dianggap signifikan. Hasil: Dari 400 rekam medis yang dianalisis, 233 dengan data lengkap dapat dianalisis. Mayoritas pasien usia reproduktif 20-35(53,6%) tahun, paritas 1-2 (n=90, 38,6%), dan besar uterus rata-rata 19,12±4,633 (~minggu kehamilan). Kadar β-hCG <100000 mIU/mL sebanyak 78(33,5%), ≥100000 mIU/mL sebanyak 155(66,5%). Pasien dengan hiperproliferasi sebanyak 83(35,6%) sedangkan pasien tanpa hiperproliferasi sebanyak 150(64,4%). Terdapat 219(94,0%) dengan komplit MH, dan 14(6,0%) HM parsial (tidak dipublikasi). Pasien kemudian dikategorikan menjadi kelompok transformasi keganasan dan kelompok remisi spontan. Tidak terdapat perbedaan umur, paritas, dan besar uterus diantara dua kelompok (p>0,05). Perbedaan kadar βhCG (mIU/mL) dan tingkat proliferasi menunjukkan hasil signifikan (p<0.05). Kesimpulan: Kadar β-hCG preevakuasi dan status hiperproliferasi dapat digunakan sebagai prediktor transformasi keganasan pasien MH. Kata kunci: Mola hidatidosa, faktor risiko, remisi, transformasi keganasanCan Preevacuation Level β-hCG and Microscopic Trophoblast ProliferationPredict Malignant Transformation in Hydatidiform Mole?AbstractObjective: To describe differences among age, parity, size of uterus, level of β-hCG, and hyperproliferation state in HM with spontaneous remission and in that with malignancy transformation at dr.Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. Methods: This a cross sectional descriptive restrospective study of HM cases analyzing data on age, parity, size of uterus, pre-evacuation level of β-hCG, and hyperproliferation state taken from medical record of HM patients between 2007-2016. Data were statistically analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 for Windows. Result p<0.05 was considered significant.  Results: Out of 400 cases, 233 cases were selected. Those with incomplete data were not included in the analysis. Majority of patients were in reproductive age 20-35(53.6%) years old, has parity 1-2(n=90, 38.6%), and the size of uterus has mean 19.12±4.633 (~week of pregnancy). The level of β-hCG <100000 mIU/mL was 78(33.5%), ≥100000 mIU/mL was 155(66.5%). Patients with hyperproliferation were 83(35.6%) while without hyperproliferation were 150(64.4%). There were 219(94.0%) with complete HM, and 14(6.0%) partial HM (unpublished data). There were no significant differences in age, parity, size of uterus between the two groups (p>0.05). Differences on level of βhCG (mIU/mL) and proliferation state showed significant result (p<0.05). Conclusion: Preevacuation level of β-hCG and histopatology (proliferation state) may predict malignancy transformation in HM.Keywords: Hydatidiform mole, risk factors, remission, malignancy transformation
Hubungan antara Faktor Risiko Demografi dan Klinis terhadap Kejadian Persalinan Preterm Dini dan Lanjut Sasongko, Rahadyan Aji; Effendi, Jusuf Sulaeman; Sabarudin, Udin; Armawan, Edwin; Siddiq, Amillia; Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Volume 1 Nomor 1 Maret 2018
Publisher : Dep/SMF Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Tujuan: Persalinan preterm dini dan lanjut masih menjadi penyebab penting morbiditas dan mortalitas perinatal. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik pasien, menganalisis hubungan faktor risiko demografi dan klinik dengan persalinan spontan preterm dini dan preterm lanjut periode Januari 2015-Desember 2016. Metode: Penelitian secara potong lintang retrospektif dilaksanakan pada bulan April-Juni 2017 dengan sumber data rekam medis Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin. Hasil: penelitian menunjukan insidensi persalinan preterm adalah 38,54%. Diskusi: Terdapat hubungan signifikan dari faktor risiko pendidikan, jumlah perawatan antenatal, riwayat persalinan preterm, dan ketuban pecah dini terhadap kejadian persalinan spontan preterm dini dan preterm lanjut. Pendidikan SD meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm dini 2,3 kali, perawatan antenatal kurang dari 4 kali selama kehamilan meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm dini 1,6 kali, riwayat persalinan preterm sebelumnya meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm dini 1,9 kali. Ketuban pecah dini meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm lanjut 2,6 kali (p<0,05). Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara tingkat pendidikan, jumlah perawatan antenatal, riwayat persalinan preterm, dan ketuban pecah dini, dengan  persalinan spontan preterm dini dan preterm lanjut.Kata kunci: Faktor demografi, faktor klinik, persalinan spontan preterm dini, persalinan spontan preterm lanjutRelation between Demographic and Clinical Risk Factors to the Occurrence of Spontaneous Early and Late Preterm Birth Abstract     Objective: Early and late preterm birth remains an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Various studies indicate the incidence of is influenced by demographic and clinical factors affecting baby’s outcome. This study aims to analyze demographic and clinical factor’s relations of spontaneous early and late preterm birth in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, from January 2015 until December 2016. Method: Retrospective-cross sectional was conducted in April until June 2017 from Hasan Sadikin General Hospital’s medical record, collected from January 2015 to December 2016. Results: Incidence of preterm birth from January 2015 until December 2016 was 38,54%. There was significant relations of education, times of antenatal care, previous preterm birth, and premature rupture of membrane with spontaneous early and late preterm birth. Education level of elementary school increased the incidence of spontaneous early preterm birth 2.3 times, previous preterm birth increased the incidence of spontaneous early preterm birth 1.6 times, antenatal care less than 4 times increased the incidence of spontaneous early preterm birth 1.9 times. Premature rupture of membrane increased the incidence of spontaneous late preterm birth 2.6 times (p<0.05. Conclusion: there is a relations between education, times of antenatal care, previous preterm birth, and premature rupture of membrane,  with spontaneous early and late preterm birth.Keywords: Demographic factors, clinical factors, preterm spontaneous early delivery, spontaneous late preterm delivery
Perbandingan Faktor Determinan, Morbiditas dan Mortalitas Ibu dan Bayi Preeklamsi di Rumah Sakit Hasan Sadikin Bandung Periode Sebelum dan Saat Program Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional Dilaksanakan Leha, Irene; Mose, Johanes C; Handono, Budi; Anwar, Anita Deborah; Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti; Syam, Hanom Husni
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Science Volume 2 Nomor 1 Maret 2019
Publisher : Dep/SMF Obstetri & Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

AbstrakTujuan: Mencari perbedaan faktor determinan (karakteristik dan faktor risiko), morbiditas dan mortalitas ibu dan bayi dalam kasus preeklamsi pada periode sebelum dan saat program Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional dilaksanakan.Metode: Rancangan penelitian ini adalah studi cross-sectional terhadap data sekunder untuk menganalisis karakteristik faktor risiko, morbiditas dan mortalitas pada kejadian preeklamsi di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin antara periode Maret−September 2012−1 Januari 2016−31 Desember 2017. Penelitian ini dilakukan di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung pada bulan Februari−Mei 2018.Hasil: Didapatkan perbedaan yang bermakna (p<0,05) pada(usia, pasien, indikator, antenatal care, dan penyakit-penyakit)  subjek penelitian. Didapatkan peningkatan angka seksio sesarea pada kasus preeklamsi (p<0,001). Tidak ditemukan perbedaan yang bermakna pada angka kematian ibu dengan kasus preeklamsi (p=0,366). Tidak terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna pada hasil luaran perinatal pada subjek penelitian dari segi skor APGAR, kejadian stillbirth dan kematian neonatal dini.Simpulan: Pada periode saat program JKN dilaksanakan terdapat perbedaan karakteristik dan faktor risiko ibu preeklamsi, serta terdapat peningkatan angka seksio sesarea. Tidak didapatkan perbedaan angka mortalitas ibu dan luaran (morbiditas dan mortalitas) bayi.Kata kunci: preeklamsi, Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional, luaran ibu dan bayiAbstractObjective: To distinguish determinant factors (characteristics and risk factors), maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in preeclampsia cases in periods before and when the National Health Insurance program was implemented. Method: The study design is cross sectional analyticstudy  by taking the data from medical record to analyze the determinant factor (characteristics and risk factors), morbidity and mortality of preeclampsia at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung on March−September 2012 and January 2016−December 2017. This study was conducted in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung during February-May 2018.Results: There is a significant difference (P<0.05) in characteristics and risk factor subject of research in terms of age, gestational age, parity, educational degree,  ANC, a history of hypertension and cardiovascular disorder. There is an incrising of cesarean section rate on preeclampsia cases (p<0.001).There is no  significant difference in maternal mortality and perinatal outcomes (APGAR score, stillbirth and early neonatal death). Conclusion: There are differences in determinant factor (characteristics and risk factors) preeclampsia when the National Health Insurance program was implemented. There was no difference in maternal mortality and perinatal outcomes.Key words: preeclampsia, National Health Insurance, maternal and perinatal outcome
Five Years Data of Vaginal Swab Examination on Sexual Assault Cases inWest Java Top Referral Hospital, Indonesia Febriastry, Machrani; Sayusman, Chevi; Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti
Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (627.422 KB)

Abstract

Background: Vaginal swab test is one of the way to prove that penile penetration has occurred by detection of spermatozoa or seminal fluid components in  vaginal fluid of sexual assault victims. It is also used for detecting sexually transmitted infection (STI) in  thevictims and identifying perpetrators’ DNA. The objective of this study was to describe vaginal swab examination result on sexual assault cases in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung so it can be used as an evaluation material for the management of sexual assault cases and a reference for subsequent researches related to sexual assault.Methods: Descriptive study was carried out using medical records and visumetrepertum of sexual assault victims who underwent vaginal swab examination at Dr. HasanSadikin General Hospital, Bandung from2010 to2014. Of 62 medical records which met the inclusion criteria, 3 were excluded. A total of 59 medical records were included as study subjects. Data taken were victims’ age, sexual assault’s time, examination time, penile penetration and intra-vaginal ejaculation history, also vaginal swab and STI examination result.The data were processed and presented using a frequency distribution table.Results: Spermatozoa were found in 13 cases (22.03%). Spermatozoa were found at latest 96 hours since assault. None of the victims was detected with STI.Conclusions: The successful rate of Spermatozoa detection by conducting vaginal swab in Dr. HasanSadikin General Hospital, Bandung is 22.03%. Spermatozoa can be detected even 72 hours post assault.
Knowledge Level of Pregnant Women in Cipacing Village on Nutrition and Benefits of Colostrums Reddy, Haviz; Fatimah, Siti Nur; Zulvayanti, Zulvayanti
Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (684.763 KB)

Abstract

   Background: Colostrums are the only natural food that is healthy for newborn infants since colostrums contain proper nutrition needed for infants’ growth. This study aimed to reveal the knowledge level of pregnant women on nutrition and benefits of colostrums. Methods: This study used descriptive cross-sectional method on 73 pregnant women in Cipacing village, Jatinangor district, Sumedang Regency, West Java, from October 18 to November 14, 2012. A questionnaire was used. Results: The results showed that the characteristics of these pregnant women were as follows: 20-35 years old (53.4%), most were middle school graduates (42.5%), most were unemployed (72.6%), and some claimed to have never given birth before (37,0%). Mostly, the knowledge level of these pregnant women was in the category of “favorable” (84.9 %). The knowledge level with the highest percentage (100%) came from pregnant women aged above 35 years old, college graduates, employed as private employees, civil servants, or self-employed, as well as having three biological children or more. Conclusions: Sustained health promotion and counseling programs are needed to maintain already-favorable knowledge level; thus pregnant women’s knowledge on nutrition and benefits of colostrums can be applied and can also encourage these women themselves to provide colostrums for their newborn infants.Keywords: Benefits of colostrums, Jatinangor, nutrition, women’s knowledge level    DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n1.422