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SMOKE EXPOSURE AND OCCUPATIONAL RELATED WITH LUNG FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY IN COASTAL COMMUNITIES Sudayasa, I Putu; Pratama, Indra Dika; Eso, Amiruddin
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2017: Proceeding International Seminar of Occupational Health and Medical Sciences (I-SOCMED) 2017 ?
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Fish curing industry is generally an informal industry that is managed by the community. Regulations on health and safety protection of the workforce and the surrounding communities have received less attention. This study aims to determine the association of smoke exposure and occupation with pulmonary function capacity in coastal communities Lalonggasumeeto village. This research was ananalytic observational with cross sectional study. The sample size were 118 samples with consecutive sampling techniques. Data analysis was performed using chi-square test. This study found that respondents with exposure to smoke less then and until 8 hours/day was (52.5%) and respondents with exposure to smoke more than 8 hours/day was (47.5%). Respondents work as fish fumigation as much as 50%. Respondents with normal pulmonary function capacity was (46.6%) and respondents with abnormal pulmonary function capacity found (53.4%). The analytic results showed, that were smoke exposure and occupation (p-value = 0.000), associated with lung functional capacity. These result conclude that there were association of smoke exposure and occupation with pulmonary function capacity in coastal communities. Sugested, the workers should using personal protective equipment when performing fish fumigation and home ventilations were not adjacent to the fumigation place. Keywords: lung capacity,  pulmonary function, smoke exposure, coastal communities, occupation
FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKO YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN GANGGUAN PENDENGARAN PADA KARYAWAN TAMBANG Asrun, Asriani Asrun; Zamrud, L.M.; Sudayasa, I Putu
MEDULA Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (142.384 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/medula.v1i1.183

Abstract

Gangguan pendengaran akibat bising ialah gangguan pendengaran yang disebabkan akibat terpajan oleh bising yang cukup keras dalam jangka waktu yang cukup lama dan biasanya diakibatkan oleh bising lingkungan kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kebisingan lingkungan kerja, lama waktu kerja, lama masa kerja dan pemakaian alat pelindung telingasebagai faktor risikogangguan pendengaranpada pekerja tambang. Jenis penelitian adalah studi deskriptif analitik dengan rancangan case control, dilakukan dengan pengambilan data sampel kasus gangguan pendengaran, hasilpemeriksaan audiometri kesehatan kerja PT. Antam Pomalaa Kabupaten Kolaka pada tahun 2012. Sampel dalam penelitian ini 140 responden, yang diambil secara simple random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kebisingan lingkungan kerja merupakan faktor risiko kejadian gangguan pendengaran (OR=3,795; 95 % CI=1,866-7,716), lama waktu kerja merupakan faktor risiko gangguan pendengaran(OR= 2,333 ; 95 % CI=1,166-4,668), lama masa kerjamerupakan faktor risiko gangguan pendengaran (OR= 2,389 ; 95 % CI=1,212-4,708) dan pemakaian alat pelindung telinga merupakan faktor risiko gangguan pendengaran (OR= 3,299 ; 95 % CI= 1,641-6,631). Simpulannya, kebisingan lingkungan kerja, lama waktu kerja, lama masa kerja, dan pemakaian alat pelindung telinga merupakan faktor risiko kejadian gangguan pendengaran pada karyawan tambang. Kata kunci : gangguan pendengaran, karyawan pt. antam pomalaa, pertambangan, faktor risiko, kebisingan lingkungan kerja, pemakaian alat pelindung telinga.
COBEK ANTIK : THE EFFECT OF COCOR BEBEK LEAVES EXTRACT TO BLOOD SUGAR LEVEL ON DIABETIC MODEL RAT Sawitri, Putu Ayu; Sety Dewi, Wayan Chandra; Amalia, Annisa Rizky; Sudayasa, I Putu; Agastia, Gayuh
MEDULA Vol 6, No 3 (2019): Edisi Suplemen
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.099 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/medula.v6i3.9654

Abstract

ABSTRAK Latar  Belakang:  Indonesia  merupakan  negara  yang  memiliki  keanekaragaman  hayati  yang dapat diolah menjadi berbagai macam obat. Salah satunya adalah cocor bebek (Kalanchoe pinnata). Kalanchoe pinnata  mengandung  fenol total, Flavonoid, Lycophenes dan  ??Carotenes dan diketahui memiliki  berbagai  macam  aktivitas  farmakologi  antara  lain  penyembuh  luka,  anti-diabetes,  anti- inflamasi dan analgesik yang baik, bahkan secara empiris efektif sebagai antipiretik. Tujuan: penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daun  cocor bebek (Kalanchoe pinnata) terhadap  kadar  gula  darah  tikus  diabetes.  Metode  :  Daun  cocor  bebek  yang  sudah  dikeringkan diekstraksi dengan metode maserasi menggunakan pelarut  etanol. Tikus yang digunakan sebanyak 15 ekor yang dibagi menjadi 5 kelompok. Kelompok I sebagai kontrol positif diberikan suspense glibenclamide ,dan  kelompok II, III,    dan IV sebagai kelompok perlakuan  yang  diberikan  suspense ekstrak etanol daun cocor bebek dengan masing-masing konsentrasi 10%, 20%, 30% b/v. Dan kelompok V sebagai kontrol negatif diberikan  NaCMC 1% b/v. Hasil : Hasil penelitian berdasarkan analisis uji normalitas Shapiro-Wilk dilanjutkan dengan uji beda T berpasangan   menujukkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak daun cocor bebek dengan konsentrasi 5%,10%,15% b/v dapat berpengaruh sebagai antidiabetik dan khusus untuk konsentrasi ekstrak 30% memiliki pengaruh yang lebih baik dan memiliki kemiripan dengan kelompok kontrol positif yang diberi obat glibenclamide. Simpulan : pemberian ekstrak daun cocoe bebek, berpengaruh terhadap penuruan kadar gula darah tikus model diabetik. Daun cocor bebek dapat dikembangkan menjadi produk herbal anti diabetik alias Cobek Antik. Kata kunci: antidiabetik, cocor bebek, gula darah, Kalanchoe pinnata, tikus diabetik
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE Ardiansyah, Muhammad Rizal; Noor, Nur Nasry; Sudayasa, I Putu
MEDULA Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (203.538 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/medula.v1i1.186

Abstract

Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) sampai saat ini merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat di Indonesia yang cenderung meningkat. Kejadian DBD di Kelurahan Anawai Kecamatan Wua-wua, Kendari, bulan Januari-Maret tahun 2013,sebanyak 10 kasus dengan jumlah kematian 1orang. Upaya yang dilakukan untuk mengurangi penularan penyakit DBD adalah dengan mengendalikan vektor penyakit DBD melalui kegiatan Pemberantasan Sarang Nyamuk (PSN). Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan, sikap dan lingkungan terhadap pengendalian vektor penyakit demam berdarah dengue di Kelurahan Anawai, Kecamatan Wua-wua, Tahun 2013.Metode penelitian bersifat observasional analitik dengan rancangan penelitian cross-sectional study. Besar sampel penelitian 300 responden, diambil dengan menggunakan teknik stratified random sampling dan data diuji dengan Chi-Square.Hasil penelitian, terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan kepala keluarga (? = 0,012), sikap kepala keluarga (? = 0,017), tempat perindukan nyamuk (? = 0,000), kebiasaan membersihkan tempat penampungan air (TPA) (? = 0,000) terhadap pengendalian vektor penyakit di Kelurahan Anawai Kecamatan Wua-wua,Kendari, tahun 2013.Simpulannya, terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap dan lingkungan terhadap pengendalian vektor penyakit DBD di Kelurahan Anawai, Kecamatan Wua-wua tahun 2013. Kata kunci : pengendalian vektor penyakit demam berdarah dengue, pengetahuan, sikap, tempat perindukan, kebiasaan membersihkan tpa
CORRELATION BIOMECHANICAL METHOD OF MANUAL MATERIAL HANDLING WITH LOW BACK PAIN Sudayasa, I Putu; Ibnu I, Muhammad Idris; Widjaya, Mario Polo
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2017: Proceeding International Seminar of Occupational Health and Medical Sciences (I-SOCMED) 2017 ?
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.655 KB)

Abstract

Low back pain is feeling of pain in the lumbosacral and sacroiliac region, often spreading to the upper and lower limbs. Manual material handling (MMH) is still needed because it can be done in the limited space and dependent of physical activity. If MMH is not ergonomically used, it would cause tissue damage, due to excessive lifting load. The aimed of research is to determine the relationship of manual material handling with low back pain. The study design was observational analytic with cross sectionalapproach. Population were all of unloading workers in the Marine Nusantara Port, Kendari, as many as 268 people. The purposive sampling technique was used to recruit 120 respondents. Data was analyzed using Chi Square test, as well as alternative of Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Results of study showed a correlation between manual material handling with the incidence of low back pain (p= 0.003). The other risk factor, such as age (p= 0.537), smoking (p = 0.988 ), exercise habits (p= 0.854), overweight (p=0.306) did not significantly correlated with low back pain. It can be concluded that manual material handling is the determinant  factor of  low back pain, among Marine Nusantara Port, Kendari.  Key Words: manual material handling, biomechanical methodes, low back pain, unloading workers, physical activity, Nusantara Marine Port
ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO MEROKOK, STRES DAN RIWAYAT KELUARGA YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER Sudayasa, I Putu; Subijakto, Sjarif; Sahrul, Wa Ode Asfiyai
MEDULA Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.374 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/medula.v1i2.193

Abstract

Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the world, including Indonesia. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 60 % of all causes of death of heart disease are coronary heart disease (CHD). Coronary heart disease can attack at reproductive age and cause of sudden cardiac arrest and death. This study aims to determine smoking, stress and family history are risk factors associated with the incidence of coronary heart disease. This research is an observational analytic study with case control design. This research was done at the General Hospital Bahteramas Southeast Sulawesi Province in February-March 2014. Sample in this study consisted of 49 respondents of cases and 49 respondents of controls were taken by purposive sampling with matching on age, sex, blood pressure, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, body mass index and history of alcohol consumption. Data collection using medical records and questionnaires. The statistical test using odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals. The results showed that smoking is a risk factor associated with the incidence of coronary heart disease (OR = 2.450, 95 % CI = 1.050 - 5.713), stress is a risk factor that is associated with the incidence of coronary heart disease (OR = 6.250, 95 % CI = 2.353 -16.598) and family history are risk factors associated with the incidence of coronary heart disease (OR = 9.4, 95 % CI = 2.005 - 44.061). Smoking, stress and family history are risk factor associated with coronary heart disease with opportunities respectively at 2,4 times, 6,2 times and 9,4 times compared with control population.Keywords : Coronary Heart Disease, Smoking, Stress, Family History, Premature CAD
HUBUNGAN LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN INFEKSI SALURAN PERNAPASAN AKUT (ISPA) PADA MASYARAKAT PESISIR KELURAHAN LAPULU KECAMATAN ABELI TAHUN 2014 Yusuf, Milawati; Sudayasa, I Putu; Nurtamin, Tomy
MEDULA Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.265 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/medula.v3i2.2550

Abstract

Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. ARI in Indonesia was ranked 6th in the world, reaching 6 million cases per year. One of factors that influence incidence of ARI is house environment. This study aimed to determine the relationship  bertween house environment with acute respiratory infections (ARI) incidence in coastal communities in Lapulu Village, Subdistrict of Abeli 2014. This study is analytical observational with cross sectional study design. The sample size was 88 samples by applying proportional sampling technique. The independent variable were household crowding, natural ventilation, natural lighting, humidity, floor type, wall type and location of the kitchen. The data were analyzed by using chi-square test. The result at  significance level ? = 0,05 showed that there is relationship between  household crowding (p-value = 0,000, CC = 0,415), natural ventilation (p-value=0,000, CC=0,394) , natural lighting (p-value= 0,001, CC= 0,330) , and humidity (p-value=0,015, CC= 0,250) with ARI incidence. Meanwhile, floor type (p-value=0,880, CC= 0,016), wall type  (p-value=0,084, CC= 0,181), and location of the kitchen (p-value=0,582, CC= 0,059) does not show a relationship with ARI incidence. The conclusion that there are relationship between household crowding, natural ventilation, natural lighting and humidity with ARI incidence. In contrast, floor type, wall type, and location of the kitchen are not related with ARI incidence. Keywords : Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), house environment, coastal communities
Pengaruh Minuman Tradisional Kameko Terhadap kadar SGOT, SGPT, dan Jaringan Hati Mencit (Mus musculus) Hafizah, Indria; Sudayasa, I Putu; Uddu, Waode Sitti Asfiah; Imran, Muhammad; Yakin, Aynul
Pharmauho Vol 3, No 1 (2017): Pharmauho
Publisher : Pharmauho

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh minuman tradisional kameko terhadap kadar alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), dan kerusakan jaringan hati mencit (Mus musculus). Mencit yang digunakan sebanyak 18 ekor masing – masing perlakuan terdiri atas 9 ekor yang dibagi atas 2 kelompok perlakuan yaitu kelompok etanol 2% dan kameko. Kelompok etanol 2% dan kameko diberi perlakuan selama 14 hari. Marka biokimia yang dilacak adalah kadar ALT dan AST  dalam serum serta perubahan histologi jaringan hati. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kadar AST kelompok etanol 2% (1632 U/l) lebih tinggi di bandingkan kelompok kameko (1154 U/l), sementara kadar ALT lebih tinggi pada kelompok kameko (1263 U/l )  dibanding etanol 2% (1015 U/l). Pemberian etanol 2 % dan kameko mengakibatkan perubahan struktur mikroskopis (nekrosis) jaringan hati mencit dengan rasio AST/ALT > 0,8. Kerusakan jaringan hati akibat toksisitas dari etanol.Kata kunci: kameko, alanine transaminease, aspartate aminase,nekrosis
ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO KETUBAN PECAH DINI DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM BAHTERAMAS Hastuti, Heny; Sudayasa, I Putu; Saimin, Juminten
MEDULA Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (229.205 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/medula.v3i2.2553

Abstract

Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) is an important issue in the obstetric-related difficulty premature birth and the occurrence of infections which increases morbidity and perinatal mortality and cause an infection in the mother, therefore treatment PROM requires action that is detailed so that it can decrease the incidence of labor prematuritas and infection in the uterus. This research aims to analyze the risk factors associated with the incidence of PROM in RSU Bahteramas. This type of research is observational analytic study with nested case control design. This research was conducted in RSU Bahteramas and on research using secondary data, namely medical record of the patient. The sample in this research is the mother who experienced PROM and sample control on research this is a mother who experienced the birth normal delivery. Total sample of 178 sample consisting of  89sample cases and 89 the sample control. The data were analyzed using Odds Ratio test. The results showed that maternal age is a risk factor for the incidence of PROM with OR = 4.95 (2,52-9.72; 95%), maternal parity is a risk factors with OR = 9.94 (4.44-22, 24; 95%), education level is a risk factors with OR = 2.43 (1,32-4.49; 95%) and Gemelli was not a risk factor of PROM with the OR = 2.61 (7.77-0.88; 95%).Maternal age, Maternal Parity and education level is a risk factors in the incidence of PROM and gemelli is not a risk factor for incident PROM in RSU Bahteramas from January 2013 ? December 2014.Keywords: PROM, Maternal age, maternal parity, education level and Gemelli.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP DENGAN PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA HAYATI LAUT UNTUK KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT PESISIR KECAMATAN SOROPIA Sudayasa, I Putu; Lawenga, Ratih Harlyan
MEDULA Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Halu Oleo University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.569 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/medula.v3i2.2554

Abstract

The level of biodiversity in Indonesia as a tropical country is very high, the potential of marine biological resource makes the sea of Indonesia called as Marine Mega-Biodiversity region in the world. Therefore it was expected especially in coastal communities can take and utilizing of marine biological resource optimally, especially for conventional and traditional for health. However basical knowledge and attitude of coastal communities about coastal and marine resources primarily for its management is still lack. The lack of the basical knowledge can affect the inability of society to engage in the use of coastal and marine resources, especially the utilization of marine biological resources in health. The aim of this research was to determine the relationship between knowledge and attitude to the utilization of marine biological resource for health on coastal communities area of Soropia wich one of coastal areas in Southeast Sulawesi with high potential of marine biological resorces. The research method used observational design with cross sectional approach. The subjects of the research were coastal communities in Soropia located in three villages, namely Tapulaga, Leppe and Bajoe. This research was conducted for January 2016, with 292 respondents of population. The sample were selected by using stratified random sampling technique that obtained 167 respondents. Bivariate analysis was performed by Chi square and Fisher test.The result of bivariate analysis showed that there was significant relationship between knowledge (p=0,000) and the utilization of marine biological resource for health and there was significant relationship between attitude (p=0,014) and the utilization of marine biological resource for health. This research concluded that there were significant relationship between knowledge and attitude to the utilization of marine biological resource for health in the coastal community area of Soropia. The present research suggested that there would be further research that investigated the efficacy of Enhalus acoroides root as the alternative treatment to resolve Diabetes disease, Semele cordiformis as the alternative medication to cure Hepatitis disease and Siganus sp. bile as the alternative analgesic medication to wounds caused by fish bone.Keywords: marine biological resource,health, knowledge, attitude, coastal community