Prasetyo Ari Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
Semarang State University,

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Pengaruh Persepsi Dukungan Suami terhadap Peningkatan Etos Kerja Wanita pada Guru PNS di Kecamatan Ungaran Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
PERSONIFIKASI Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Personifikasi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/personifikasi.v3i1.717

Abstract

Bekerja merupakan kemampuan alamiah yang dimiliki para pria maupun wanita. Pada masa lalu, seorang wanita hanya dijadikan pelengkap hidup pria, yaitu teman dalam mengatur rumah tangga belaka. Kemajuan jaman telah merubah pola pikir wanita untuk menjadi wanita mandiri dari segi emosional dan finansial. Berbagai cara ditempuh untuk mewujudkan keseimbangan sebagai seorang istri dan ibu bekerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji dan mendapatkan data secara empirik pengaruh persepsi dukungan suami terhadap peningkatan etos kerja wanita. Hipotesis dalam penelitian ini adalah terdapat pengaruh persepsi dukungan suami terhadap peningkatan etos kerja wanita. Jumlah subjek penelitian ini adalah 98 wanita Guru PNS di Kecamatan Ungaran. Subjek penelitian diberikan dua macam skala yaitu skala persepsi dukungan suami dan skala etos kerja wanita. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah regression analysis. Analisis regresi membuktikan bahwa terdapat pengaruh persepsi dukungan suami terhadap peningkatan etos kerja wanita, sumbangan efektif sebesar 34,2%.
PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI, PENDIDIKAN DAN TEKNOLOGI TERHADAP IPM PROVINSI DI INDONESIA 2007-2011 Maulana, Ridwan; Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 6, No 2 (2013): September 2013
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v6i2.3886

Abstract

The aim of this study is to estimate and analize the characteristics of Indonesian household expenditure on goods and services, for example food, clothes, household utensils, housing, medical care, education, oil and transportation, gas, electricity and communication. Linear Expenditure System (LES) model and seemingly uncorrelated regression (SUR) estimation method were applied. This study has some conclusions. First, if ones have more incomes, they will proportionally allocate them for housing, oil and transportation, education, food, and medical care. Second, medical care, education and communication are categorized as superior or deluxe commodities. Third, the approximation of minimum living expenditure to survive is Rp 147.236 for a household per week. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan dan pengaruh pertumbuhanekonomi, pendidikan dan teknologi terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia dengan menggunakan data panel pada 33 provinsi di Indonesia selama 2007-2011. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan alat analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi dengan model fixed effect. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi dan pendidikan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap IPM.Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang baik dapat mendorong terciptanya infrastruktur yang menjadi pemicubanyaknya industri, fasilitas publik seperti pendidikan dan rumah sakit yang akan mendorong tingginya indeks pembangunan manusia. Hubungan antara pendidikan dengan kualitas hidup adalahsemakin tinggitingkatpendidikanseseorangmakasemakintinggiIPM Namun, teknologi tidak berpengaruh signifikan.
Causality Between Urban Concentration and Environmental Quality Pujiati, Amin; Nihayah, Dyah Maya; Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 16, No 1 (2015): JEP Juni 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Population is concentrated in urban areas can cause the external diseconomies on environment if it exceeds the carrying capacity of the space and the urban economy. Otherwise the quality of the environment is getting better, led to the concentration of population in urban areas are increasingly high. This study aims to analyze the relationship of causality between the urban concentration and environmental quality in urban agglomeration areas. The data used in the study of secondary data obtained from the Central Bureau of statistics and the City Government from 2000 to 2013. The analytical method used is the Granger causality and descriptive. Granger causality study results showed no pattern of reciprocal causality, between urban concentration and the quality of the environment, but there unidirectional relationship between the urban concentration and environmental quality. This means that increasing urban concentration led to decreased environmental quality.
PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI, PENDIDIKAN DAN TEKNOLOGI TERHADAP IPM PROVINSI DI INDONESIA 2007-2011 Maulana, Ridwan; Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 6, No 2 (2013): September 2013
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v6i2.3886

Abstract

The aim of this study is to estimate and analize the characteristics of Indonesian household expenditure on goods and services, for example food, clothes, household utensils, housing, medical care, education, oil and transportation, gas, electricity and communication. Linear Expenditure System (LES) model and seemingly uncorrelated regression (SUR) estimation method were applied. This study has some conclusions. First, if ones have more incomes, they will proportionally allocate them for housing, oil and transportation, education, food, and medical care. Second, medical care, education and communication are categorized as superior or deluxe commodities. Third, the approximation of minimum living expenditure to survive is Rp 147.236 for a household per week.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan dan pengaruh pertumbuhanekonomi, pendidikan dan teknologi terhadap indeks pembangunan manusia dengan menggunakan data panel pada 33 provinsi di Indonesia selama 2007-2011. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan alat analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi dengan model fixed effect. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi dan pendidikan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap IPM.Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang baik dapat mendorong terciptanya infrastruktur yang menjadi pemicubanyaknya industri, fasilitas publik seperti pendidikan dan rumah sakit yang akan mendorong tingginya indeks pembangunan manusia. Hubungan antara pendidikan dengan kualitas hidup adalahsemakin tinggitingkatpendidikanseseorangmakasemakintinggiIPM Namun, teknologi tidak berpengaruh signifikan.
Analysis of Competitiveness and Government Policy on Rice, Corn and Soybean Farming Bowo, Prasetyo Ari; Nurayati, Aisyah; M. Imleesh, Rabeea Muhammad
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 9, No 2 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v9i2.8235

Abstract

Rice, corn and soybean is the strategic commodities and the government always maintains their availability. Indonesia still imports rice, corn and soybean and implements the policy of tariffs, taxes and subsidies on rice, corn, soybean imports and farming inputs. Central Java is the main producer of rice, corn and soybean with the contibution of Gross Regional Domestic Product of the food crop sub-sector to the highest Provincial GRDP in Indonesian. This research examines the competitiveness and the government policy towards rice, corn and soybean farming in Central Java Province. It uses secondary data of Farming Economic Analysis from the relevant agencies and scientific publications on the international price of rice, corn and soybean that is analyzed using the quantitative descriptive method with analysis tool of Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). The PAM result shows that the rice farming in Cilacap Regency and the corn farming in Grobogan Regency have competitive and comparative advantage. The soybean farming in Grobogan only has a comparative advantage. Overall the government policies are protective towards the rice farming in Cilacap, but not protective towards the corn and soybean farming in Grobogan. The sensitivity analysis shows that the advantages and competitiveness of the rice farming in Cilacap and the corn and soybean farming in Grobogan are sensitive towards the international price changes of commodities and fertilizers, the labor cost changes, the exchange rate fluctuations of Rupiah towards USD, and the import tariff changes of commodities.
PENGARUH JUMLAH PELANGGAN PLN, HOTEL, INDUSTRI TERHADAP PENERIMAAN PAJAK PENERANGAN JALAN KOTA Prasetyo, Timung Tri; Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
Economics Development Analysis Journal Vol 5 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Economics Development Analysis Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/edaj.v5i3.14934

Abstract

Pajak penerangan jalan berkontribusi besar bagi Kota Semarang. Setiap tahunnya penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan di Kota Semarang selalu melebihi target yang telah ditetapkan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh jumlah pelanggan PLN, jumlah hotel, jumlah industri terhadap penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan. Objek penelitian ini adalah penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan di Kota Semarang periode  1985-2014. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Analisis data menggunakan analisis Regresi Linier Berganda dengan metode Ordinary Least Square (OLS). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa jumlah pelanggan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan, jumlah hotel berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan, jumlah industri berpengaruh signifikan terhadap penerimaan pajak penerangan jalan. Street lighting contribute greatly to the tax for the city of Semarang. Each year a tax receipt street lighting in the city of Semarang have always exceeded the targets that have been set. The purpose of this research is to know the influence of the number of customers PLN, the number of hotels, the amount of the tax receipt against industry street lighting. The object of this study is the tax revenue street lighting in the city of Semarang in the period 1985-2014. This research uses a quantitative approach to design research. Data analysis using Multiple Linear regression analysis with the method of Ordinary Least Square (OLS). Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that the number of influential customers significantly to tax revenues, the number of hotel street lighting effect significantly to tax revenues, the number of street lighting industrys influential tax revenues significantly to street lighting.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI EKSPOR KARET INDONESIA KE MALAYSIA TAHUN 1983-2013 Kusrini, Aini; Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
Economics Development Analysis Journal Vol 5 No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Economics Development Analysis Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/edaj.v5i4.14938

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi ekspor karet Indonesia ke Malaysia. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder. Dimana data yang diperoleh diwujudkan dalam bentuk angka dan analisis menggunakan metode statistika dan ekonometrika.  Penelitian ini menggunakan data runtut waktu (time series). Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah luas areal lahan, produksi, dan kurs rupiah terhadap ekspor karet Indonesia ke Negara Malaysia.Data di analisis dengan metode kuantitatif. Metode analisis yang digunakan Ordinary Least Square (OLS) dengan menggunakan alat bantu sofware Eviews. Berdasarkan hasil yang diperoleh bahwa luas areal lahan,Produksi,Kurs pada analisis regresi liniear berganda berpengaruh Signifikan terhadap ekspor karet Indonesia ke Malaysia. Luas lahan berpengaruh terhadap ekspor sebesar 2.050, produksi berpengaruh terhadap ekspor sebesar 0.000368, Kurs berpengaruh terhadap ekspor sebesar 0.090. Hasil penelitian dapat diberi saran yaitu Sebaiknya pemerintah dan petani karet bekerjasama meminimalisir pengalihan lahan karet, Pemberian subsidi bibit karet kepada petani karet dan Sebaiknya para eksportir mempelajari strategi dagang internasional sehingga selalu dalam posisi tawar yang baik dalam kondisi apapun. The purpose of this study to describe the factors influence of Indonesian rubber export to Malaysia. The data used in this secondary data. Where the data is obtained be formed in the form number and analysis using statistical and econometric methods. This study use time series data (time series) the variable in this study is the wide land of area, the production exchange rate againts Indonesia rubber export to the country of Malaysia. The data were analyzed with quantitative method. The method of analysis used ordinary least square  (OLS) using eviews software tool. Based on the results obtained that the wide land of area, exchange on multiple linear regression analysis significant influence in the Indonesia rubber export to Malaysia the land of area effect in export by 2050. The production amounted to 0.000368 impact to export, exchange rate effect in the export by 0090. The results of research can be given suggestions are: The government and rubber farmer should cooperate to minimize the shift of rubber plantation area, The providing subsidies the seed of rubber to the rubber farmer and  The exports should learning International trade strategy untill it is in a good bargaining position in any condition.
PENGARUH PENGELUARAN PEMERINTAH TERHADAP JUMLAH PENDUDUK MISKIN DI INDONESIA Khasanah, Miftakhul; Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
Economics Development Analysis Journal Vol 5 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Economics Development Analysis Journal

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/edaj.v5i1.14891

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis pengaruh pengeluaran pemerintah fungsi kesehatan, pendidikan, perumahan dan fasilitas umum di Indonesia tahun 2008 – 2013. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah pengeluaran pemerintah fungsi kesehatan, pendidikan, perumahan dan fasilitas umum dan jumlah penduduk miskin provinsi di Indonesia tahun 2008-2013. Data dianalisis dengan metode kuantitatif. Metode penelitian menggunakan analisis regresi data panel dengan tingkat signifikansi 95% (α=5%). Hasil analisa data dengan uji t dan F menunjukkan seluruh variabel independen berpengaruh secara negatif terhadap variabel dependen. Hasil penelitian dapat diberi saran yaitu (1) Pemerintah daerah sebaiknya menyesuaikan alokasi anggaran fungsi kesehatan hingga 10% (2)Pemerintah daerah perlu menyesuaikan alokasi anggaran pendidikan hingga mencapai 20%(3) diperlukan pembangunan sektor perumahan yang berpihak pada golongan miskin (pro poor).  The purpose of this study is to find out how much is the influence of the government’s expenditure on the function of health, education, housing and public facilities in Indonesia during 2008-2013. The sample of this study were the government’s expenditure on the function of health, education, housing and public facilities as well as the number of poor residents in Indonesia during 2008-2013. The collected data was analyzed using quantitative method. This study used panel data regression analysis with 95% significance (α=5%). The result of the analysis on t test and F test showed that all of the independent variables were influential towards the dependent variables. The suggestion corresponding to the result of this study are (1) The government should adjust the budget allocation for health function by 10% (2) the government should adjust the budget allocation for education function by 20% (3) there should be development in housing sector which is in favor of the poor residents (pro poor).
KIDPRENEUR AN EARLY EFFORT OF PLANTING ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN CHILDREN TO EMBRACE THE FUTURE Bowo, Prasetyo Ari
Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies Vol 2 No 1 (2013): June 2013
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Education Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijeces.v2i1.9220

Abstract

Population growth measured geometrically will difficult to be matched by the growth of employment opportunities that grow arithmetically. There are plenty economic factors that cause it. To meet their needs often as a challenge filled with looking for a good job and high income.Indonesia with large population only has small number entrepreneur, according the report, the number of entrepreneur in Indonesia less than one percent, meanwhile the ideal number for a country is eight percent. This circumstance still far away from seven percent of averageneighboring countries. Increasing number of entrepreneur will accelerate economic so that people can reduce dependency to job opportunity. Kidpreneur from the beginning to the children about self-employment to prepare them better when they are as adults to meet these economic challenges. Thus, the entrepreneurial is not only as an alternative but as a freedom in life to determine the way of managing their finance.
Analysis of Competitiveness and Government Policy on Rice, Corn and Soybean Farming Bowo, Prasetyo Ari; Nurayati, Aisyah; M. Imleesh, Rabeea Muhammad
JEJAK: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Vol 9, No 2 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jejak.v9i2.8235

Abstract

Rice, corn and soybean is the strategic commodities and the government always maintains their availability. Indonesia still imports rice, corn and soybean and implements the policy of tariffs, taxes and subsidies on rice, corn, soybean imports and farming inputs. Central Java is the main producer of rice, corn and soybean with the contibution of Gross Regional Domestic Product of the food crop sub-sector to the highest Provincial GRDP in Indonesian. This research examines the competitiveness and the government policy towards rice, corn and soybean farming in Central Java Province. It uses secondary data of Farming Economic Analysis from the relevant agencies and scientific publications on the international price of rice, corn and soybean that is analyzed using the quantitative descriptive method with analysis tool of Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). The PAM result shows that the rice farming in Cilacap Regency and the corn farming in Grobogan Regency have competitive and comparative advantage. The soybean farming in Grobogan only has a comparative advantage. Overall the government policies are protective towards the rice farming in Cilacap, but not protective towards the corn and soybean farming in Grobogan. The sensitivity analysis shows that the advantages and competitiveness of the rice farming in Cilacap and the corn and soybean farming in Grobogan are sensitive towards the international price changes of commodities and fertilizers, the labor cost changes, the exchange rate fluctuations of Rupiah towards USD, and the import tariff changes of commodities.