Syamsuddin Millang, Syamsuddin
Universitas Hasanuddin

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PENGELOLAAN AGROFORESTRY BERBASIS KEMIRI (ALEURITES MOLUCCANA) DAN PENDAPATAN PETANI DI KECAMATAN MALLAWA Ismail, Ade Ilham; Millang, Syamsuddin; Makkarennu, Makkarennu
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.7996

Abstract

This study aims to determine the management system, composition and income of candlenut-based agroforestry systems in three villages in the Mallawa District. This research was conducted in May - July 2019 in Batu Putih Village, Tellumpanuae Village, Samaenre Village, Mallawa District. The method used is purposive sampling with respondents, namely farmers who have ?0.1 ha of land area. The number of plots made was 15 plots to determine the volume of wood and the number of respondents interviewed was 30 to determine the form of management. The data that has been collected is processed and analyzed descriptively and quantitatively. The results showed that the management of coffee-based agroforestry systems was initiated by clearing land from grass or shrubs, followed by spacing, then sources of seedlings obtained from government assistance and planting and maintenance which included weeding, pruning, fertilizing and pest control and diseases which then end with harvesting activities. The average for income in the Batu Putih Village of Rp. 24,372,359 -/ha/year, in the Village of Tellumpanue Rp. 27,875,042, -/ha/year, and the Samaenre Village in the amount of Rp. 22,985,365, -/ha/year.
STRATEGI DAN STRUKTUR NAFKAH RUMAH TANGGA PETANI AGROFORESTRI DI KABUPATEN GOWA PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN Salatalohy, Asiah; Dassir, Muh; Millang, Syamsuddin
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 2, DESEMBER 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i2.8297

Abstract

Lahan kering berlereng curam dan adanya perubahan cuaca yang tidak menentu sangat berdampak pada penghidupan petani agroforestri di Kecamatan Parigi, terutama melalui pengaruhnya terhadap produktivitas lahan sehingga mereka harus menentukan pilihan strategi nafkah selain pertanian. Penelitian ini bertujuan:      (1) mengidentifikasi modal nafkah yang dimiliki dan dimanfaatkan rumahtangga petani agroforestry (2) Mengetahui struktur nafkah rumah tangga petani agroforestri berdasarkan pemanfaatan modal nafkah (3) Menganalisis strategi nafkah rumah tangga petani agroforestry. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di desa Majannang dan Manimbahoi dengan sampel sebanyak 33 orang, menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan didukung dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Pendekatan kuantitatif dilakukan melalui survei dan menggunakan kuesioner sebagai alat penggumpul data. Pengumpulan data kualitatif dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode wawancara mendalam terhadap informan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan modal nafkah yang dimiliki dan dimanfaatkan rumahtangga petani agroforestri terdiri dari (1) modal alam berupa lahan sawah, lahan kering, hewan, mata air dan kawasan hutan (2) modal manusia berupa pendidikan dan keterampilan (3) modal sosial berupa land tenure, tree tenure, jaringan pemasaran dan kelembagaan hubungan kerja (4) modal fisik berupa jalan raya, chekdam, pasar, PLTMH dan peralatan produksi serta (5) modal finansial berupa pendapatan on farm, off farm, non farm, pendapatan kayu, tabungan dan pinjaman. Sumber pendapatan berasal dari sektor on farm (72,20%), off farm (0,61%) dan non farm (27,8%). Strategi yang dilakukan rumahtangga petani agroforestri rumah bervariasi . Dalam satu rumah tangga dapat menerapkan dua atau lebih jenis strategi nafkah.Hasil perhitungan terhadap struktur nafkah menunjukkan bahwa basis nafkah petani agroforestri adalah sektor pertanian (72,20%) dengan menerapkan delapan bentuk stategi penghidupan . 
Eksplorasi Fusarium Spp yang Berasosiasi Dengan Aquillaria Spp di Kabupaten Nunukan Kalimantan Utara N, Nurbaya; Kuswinanti, Tutik; B, Baharuddin; Rosmana, Ade; Millang, Syamsuddin
Prosiding Seminar Biologi 2015: Seminar Nasional Mikrobiologi Kesehatan dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Biologi

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Abstract

Fusarium spp adalah salah satu isolat cendawan yang berasosiasi dengan tanaman Aquillaria spp untuk menghasilkan gaharu sebagai hasil hutan bukan kayu. Penelitian ini mengambil sampel dari batang Aquillaria spp yang menunjukkan gejala pembentukan gaharu yang tumbuh secara alami pada ketinggian yang berbeda, mulai dari ketinggian 0-2000 mdpl, yang ada pada empat Kecamatan yaitu: Kecamatan Nunukan Selatan (0-100 mdpl), Lumbis (100-500 mdpl), Krayan Induk (1000-1500 mdpl), Krayan Selatan (1000-2000 mdpl) di Kabupaten Nunukan Kalimantan Utara. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendapatkan informasi mengenai isolat-isolat Fusarium pembentuk gaharu dari batang Aquillaria spp. Isolat Fusarium diperoleh dengan mengamati pertumbuhan morfologi cendawan pada media PDA. Hasil yang diperoleh diidentifikasi secara molekuler menggunakan jenis primer LSU. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada batang Aquillaria spp yang tumbuh pada ketinggian 0-100 mdpl terinfeksi oleh F. solani, ketinggian 100-500 mdpl terinfeksi oleh Fusarium sp, F. fujikuroi dan F. oxysporum, ketinggian 1000-1500 mdpl terinfeksi oleh F. solani, sedangkan Aquillaria spp yang tumbuh pada ketinggian 1000-2000 mdpl terinfeksi oleh F. solani, F. oxysporum dan F. ambrosiumKata Kunci: Aquillaria spp, cendawan, eksplorasi, Fusarium.
DESAIN AGROFORESTRI PADA LAHAN KRITIS DI DESA KAYU LOE KECAMATAN BANTAENG KABUPATEN BANTAENG Albasri, Albasri; Paembonan, Samuel A.; Millang, Syamsuddin
Jurnal Ecogreen Vol 1, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Haluoleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (167.636 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to identify the critical areas, analyze social values, assess land suitability, analyze and formulate the economic value of agroforestry design for optimal land use. The methods used in this study were the evaluation of land suitability, financial analysis, social analysis and  agroforestry design on critical lands. The results showed t the land in the study site should be included in the category of critical and rather critical. The land suitability evaluation on the plant types of the agrisylviculture type for the woody plant, commodity plants is categorized in S3ehf Class (marginal suitability), one seasoned plants is categorized in S3ehfn Class. Whereas the of woody plants and commodity plants is categorized in Nrc (not suitable) and one seasoned plants are categorized in S3rcn (marginal suitability). The result of the financial analysis on the agrisyviculture type is Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) is 2,84 and NPV Rp. 6.677.092/annual and the agrosylvopasura type is BCR of  2,48 and NPV as much as Rp. 7.885.844/annual, while maize monoculture showed a NPV of Rp. 487.247 and a BCR of 1,16. The agroforestry design based on the landscape recommended for the woody plants such as: Entrolobium cyclocarpum, Toona surenii, Gmelina arborea, planted on a ridge, the commodity plants such as: Myristica frahrans Houtt, Coffea sp, Aleurites molucana (L) Wild, Artocarpus communis Forst planted on the slopes and one seasoned plants grown on flat land. The conclusion of this research is the development of agroforestry is feasible to design agroforestry such as wood crops should be planted on ridges, MTPs crops should be planted on slopes while annual crops should be  planted on flat land. Key words:  agroforestry, land suitability, critical land, design
Potensi Biofisik Hutan Kemasyarakatan Nanggala Faradiba, Andi vika; Millang, Syamsuddin; Rijal, Syamsu
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 10 NOMOR 1, JULI 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v0i0.4109

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the biophysical potential of Nanggala Community Forest Area by inventorying vegetation types at each growth stage, calculating carbon stock, Important Value Index (IVI), and analyzing the species diversity index, and the types of NTFPs utilized. This research was conducted by taking observation plots and recording plant species and measuring tree diameter, as well as interviews with community forest farmer groups. The results showed that pine type is the most common plant in the growth category of trees, while in the growth category of piles, stakes, and seedlings are dominated by coffee. The total carbon stock of Nanggala community forest area averaged 100,93 ton per ha, the highest IVI value was 78,93% in pine type for tree growth category and 67,85% in coffee for pile growth category. The value of H in the community forest area in the Saddang watershed is categorized as being at all levels of growth. The NTFP’s potential spread in the location of the research object consists of honey, sugar palm, and bamboo.
Kualitas Air Sungai pada Berbagai Tipe Penutupan Lahan pada Sub-sub DAS di DAS Latuppa Abidin, Fauziyah; Millang, Syamsuddin; Arsyad, Usman
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 1, JULI 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i1.5933

Abstract

Water has an important role in life. The use of water in various activities must be based on water quality which is influenced by various aspects, one of it is land cover. This study aims to determine water quality, water quality standards and the effect of land cover on water. This study took samples at six points to determine the physical and chemical quality of water. The results showed that the chemical and physical quality of water in the Latuppa watershed still met water quality standards when there was no rain. Parameters that did not meet when rain occurred in the form of turbidity, TSS, and BOD in the river water of the Latuppa watershed. Water quality of the Siguntu Sub-watershed and the Mangkaluku Sub-watershed in the Latuppa River Basin is still relatively good for the use of raw water for drinking water. The water quality in the Latuppa watershed which is covered by forest land (Siguntu Sub-watershed and Mangkaluku Sub-watershed) is better than non-forested (Rantenase Sub-watershed).
Peranan Modal Sosial Terhadap Pengembangan Sistem Agroforestri di Kabupaten Bulukumba A.Samsu, Andi Khairil; Millang, Syamsuddin; dassir, Muhammad
Jurnal Hutan dan Masyarakat VOLUME 11 NOMOR 1, JULI 2019
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24259/jhm.v11i1.4107

Abstract

Agroforestry is a concept of sustainability that has various aspects in the implementation and the social capital is one of the important aspect.  This study aims to explain how social capital is applicable in community agroforestry management In Kahayya Village, Kindang Sub-district, Bulukumba District. This research uses descriptive qualitative method by using questionnaire method and structured interview with 93 respondents (farmers) who manage the land by agroforestry method. The results indicate that some aspects of social capital, such as social institutions and the level of public confidence shows good value, will be treated in terms of social networking is still showing a bad condition. The level of social capital in agroforestry management in Kahayya Village is at the elementary level of social capital. This can be seen from the condition of the community in the village of Kahayya that still tends to individual welfare but in some cases they are still able to cooperate with other communities if conditions can be mutually beneficial. Such social capital conditions may be used by relevant Institutions and agencies to support sustainable land management through agroforestry patterns as well as institutional strengthening which aims to further increase social capital under adverse criteria.