Articles

KELIMPAHAN RELATIF DAN PREFERENSI HABITAT PADA KEPITING MANGROVE (UCA SPP.) DI KABONGA KECIL, DONGGALA, SULAWESI TENGAH Aprilyanto, Donny; Fahri, Fahri; Annawaty, Annawaty
Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology Vol 6, No 3 (2017): Volume 6 Number 3 (December 2017)
Publisher : Univ. Tadulako

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kelimpahan relatif dan preferensi habitat kepiting mangrove Famili Ocypodidae (Uca spp.)di zona intertidal di Kabonga Kecil, Donggala, Sulawesi Tengah. Koleksi sampel dilaksanakan pada bulan Januari 2017 menggunakan metode purposive sampling pada 4 stasiun. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 6 spesies kepiting genus Uca di Kabonga Kecil yaitu Uca annulipes,U. triangularis, U. perplexa, U. dussumieri, U. demani, dan U. vocans yang tersebar pada 3 tipe habitat yaitu substrat berlumpur, substrat berpasir dan substrat pasirberlumpur.Kelimpahan dari  masing-masing spesies adalah U. dussumieri 75%; U. demani100%; U. demani 68,67%; dan 4: U. dussumieri 67,65% berturut-turut dari stasiun 1 sampai 4. Hutan mangrove di Kabonga Kecil memiliki suhu substrat yang berkisar antara 26ºC ? 30ºC sedangkan pH berkisar antara 5,0% ? 6,1%.
EFEKTIVITAS PERANGKAP YANG DIGUNAKAN DALAM KOLEKSI MAMALIA KECIL RODENSIA DAN EULIPOTYPHLA Irsaf, Zulkurnia; Annawaty, Annawaty; Achmadi, Anang Setiawan
Biocelebes Vol. 12 No. 3 (2018)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Ecological studies of small mammals often use several methods with various traps. Effective use of traps can increase the number of catches in this study. Small mammal samples were taken using the method of removal sampling for species diversity and set the traps using random purposive sampling method. In this case we use three types of traps, i.e. snap traps with roasted coconut bait smeared with peanut butter, pitfall traps with drift fence and rat snare with fruit as bait. Collection and installation of bait done at 07.00 WITA in the morning. From this study it is known that the use of traps falls very effectively in the study of small mammals, especially those living in terrestrial. This report provides information on common methods and effective traps are used in studying the diversity of small mammals.
HABITAT PREFERENCES AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE FRESHWATER SHRIMPS OF THE GENUS CARIDINA (CRUSTACEA: DECAPODA: ATYIDAE) IN LAKE LINDU, SULAWESI, INDONESIA Annawaty, Annawaty; Wowor, Daisy; Farajallah, Achmad; Setiadi, Dede; Suryobroto, Bambang
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 23 No. 2 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

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The objectives of this study were to reveal ecological preferences and distribution of all species of Caridina found in Lake Lindu and their catchment area. Specimens from 39 sampling sites were caught using tray net and hand net. There are three species of Caridina found in the lake system, i.e. Caridina linduensis, Caridina kaili and Caridina dali. There is no overlapping distribution among the species. Caridina kaili is a true riverine species and it is never encountered sympatric with C. dali nor C. linduensis. This species is abundant in streams and ditches with moderate flow running water and gravel?cobble substrate. It is mainly spread within streams west to the lake. Both C. daliand C. linduensis can be found in the lake and streams with very slow current to almost stagnant water, muddy sand substrate and associated with roots of water plants and leaf litter. However, C. dali is never occurred together with C. linduensis and they are less abundant compare to C. kaili. Distribution of Caridina spp. in Lake Lindu is probably affected by the temperature of their habitats and the occurrence of introduced fish such as Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), and an alien riceland prawn (Macrobrachium lanchesteri). These introduced and alien species can have the potency to become predators or competitors for the Caridina spp. It is also the first record for M. lanchesteri present in Lake Lindu.
JENIS PAKAN DAN PILIHAN PAKAN YANG DIBERIKAN OLEH MASYARAKAT PADA KELOMPOK BERCAMPUR M. TONKEANA-HECKI DI CAGAR ALAM PANGI BINANGGA Fitriana, Fitriana; Damayanti, Wanda; Gunawan, M. Sarif Indra; Annawaty, Annawaty; Fahri, Fahri
Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Volume 7 Number 2 (August 2018)
Publisher : Univ. Tadulako

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis dan pilihan pakan kelompok bercampur Macaca tonkeana-hecki di kawasan Cagar Alam Pangi Binangga, yang dilakukan mulai bulan November sampai Desember 2016. Pengumpulan data pakan dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Scanning sampling. Pakan yang diamati ialah pakan hasil olahan yang diberikan secara langsung oleh masyarakat lokal atau pengguna jalan trans Sulawesi (Tawaeli-Toboli). Setiap pakan yang terlihat dikonsumsi oleh Macaca dicatat jenisnya dan dihitung setip 5 menit. Berdasar hasil pengamatan, terdapat 14 jenis pakan non-alami atau pakan yang diberi oleh pengunjung. Jenis pakan non-alami atau pakan yang diberi oleh pengunjung dengan persentase tertinggi yaitu pisang (Musa paradisiacal L.) 41,87% dan terendah klengkeng (Dimocarpus longan Lour.), lalampa (pakan hasil olahan) dan wortel (Daucus carota L.) 0,35%. 
ASOSIASI JENIS BURUNG DI TAMAN WISATA ALAM WERA KECAMATAN DOLO BARAT KABUPATEN SIGI BIROMARU SULAWESI TENGAH Denda, Abd Manan Al Raja; Annawaty, Annawaty; Ihsan, Moh; Pitopang, Ramadhanil
Biocelebes Vol. 12 No. 3 (2018)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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Association of bird species in Wera Nature Park, had been done from March to April 2016. This research aimed to discover the association among bird species existing in  Wera Nature Park of West Dolo Sub-District of Sigi Regency of Central Sulawesi. The method used was transect method, which was by making plots measuring 20x20 m totaling 15 plots and were placed along the transect line with a length of 50 m. To find the relationship among the species, the researcher used association analysis which were counted based on the 2x2 contingency table. The result was then confirmed by using X² Chi-square table. Based on the analysis result, it can be found that there are seven associations formed, namely tricoloured munia (Lonchura malacca) and the lemon-bellied white-eye (Zosterops chloris) bird species, collared kingfisher (Halcyon chloris) and yellow-billed malkoha (Phaenicophaeus calyorhinchus), sooty-headed bulbul (Pynonotus aurigaster) and lemon-bellied white-eye (Zosterop schloris), lemon-bellied white-eye (Zosterops chloris) and rusty-breasted cuckoo (Cacomantis sepulclaris), yellow-billed malkoha (Phaenicophaeus calyorhinchus) and uniform Swiftlet (Colacalia vanikorensis), white-necked myna (Streptocitta albicollis) and brahminy kite (Haliastur indus), tricoloured munia (Lonchura malacca) and rusty-breasted cuckoo (Cacomantis sepulclaris).
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG PADA AREAL TAMAN WISATA ALAM WERA, SIGI, SULAWESI TENGAH, INDONESIA Evanjeli, Evanjeli; Annawaty, Annawaty; Ramadanil, Ramadanil; Ihsan, Mohammad
Biocelebes Vol. 13 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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The objectives of this study were to determine the species composition, attendance level, species diversity and evenness of birds in Wera Nature Park, Sigi, Central Sulawesi. Data of birds was collected during February - March 2016 using point count method or IPA (Index Point of Abundance) by placing an observer at a systematically and predetermined point, then record and identify the birds directly by visually encountered or indirectly by voice. T-test was used to determine differences in bird species diversity between morning and afternoon at the 95% confidence level. During the study period, 35 avian species belonging to 21 families were identified. The families with most members were Colubridae and Cuculidae, each of the families have 6 species member. In addition, 6 endemic species to Sulawesi were also recorded. Based on the guild, 10 species of birds were 100% in the occurance. Results of evenness of birds and bird species diversity in Wera Nature Park did not differ significantly between morning and afternoon. It seems to be influenced by the availability of food in the Wera Nature Park both in the morning and afternoon. So TWA Wera is still a appropriate habitat for the bird life. 
DESKRIPSI KATAK TERBANG SULAWESI, RHACOPHORUS EDENTULUS (MUELLER, 1894) DARI DANAU KALIMPA’A, TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, SULAWESI, INDONESIA : CATATAN HABITAT DAN DISTRIBUSI Putri, Auni Ade; Fahri, Fahri; Annawaty, Annawaty
Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 1 (2018): Volume 7 Number 1 (March 2018)
Publisher : Univ. Tadulako

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Katak Terbang Sulawesi, Rhacophorus edentulus adalah katak endemik Sulawesi. Walaupun demikian, informasi terkini mengenai tingkat kemunculan, status, dan persyaratan ekologisnya, masih sangat kurang sehingga tergolong dalam kategori Data Deficient (DD) oleh International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Untuk tujuan tersebut, artikel ini berisi informasi ilmiah mengenai deskripsi, habitat dan distribusi R. edentulus di kawasan Danau Kalimpa?a Taman Nasional Lore Lindu (TNLL) Sulawesi Tengah. Berdasarkan hasil pengamatan yang dilakukan pada bulan Maret sampai Mei 2017, jenis ini berhasil dikoleksi dari 5 titik dibagian Timur Laut sampai Selatan Danau Kalimpa?a TNLL, pada ketinggian 1.643 mdpl ? 1.673 mdpl. Artikel ini menambah catatan baru mengenai distribusi jenis ini di Sulawesi Tengah, khususnya TNLL, sehingga diharapkan dapat dijadikan dasar manajemen dalam menentukan status konservasi dan pelestarian R. edentulus di kawasan tersebut
MONITORING KETAHANAN HIDUP SEMUT HITAM Dolichoderus thoracicus Smith PADA SARANG BUATAN DI TANAMAN KAKAO Murnawati, Murnawati; Annawaty, Annawaty; Umrah, Umrah
Biocelebes Vol. 12 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : Biology Department, Mathematics and natural science, Tadulako University

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The Black Ant, Dolichoderus thoracicus Smith have long been recognized as a potential biological control agent in Cocoa plantation. The aims of this study were to determine how long D. thoracicus can survive on artificial nests in cacao plantation and to identify the ant competitor of D. thoracicus. The research conducted in three cocoa plantation i.e. Desa Labuan Panimba, Desa Langaleso, and Desa Pantoloan in Donggala District, Sulawesi Tengah. Artificial nest of D. thoracicus made from bamboo and palm leaves smeared with palm sugar solution and then hung in cocoa trees. The black ant, D. thoracicus can be survived for thirty days in the cacao plantation in Desa Labuan but only one day in Desa Langaleso. The weaver ant (Oecophylla smaragdina) and Philidris sp. were identified as the competitors of D. thoracicus ants inside the artificial nests. Keywords: Dolichoderus thoracicus, artificial nests and ant competitors.
KARAKTERISTIK SARANG TARSIUS WALLACEI DI LEBANU, SIGI, SULAWESI TENGAH Alferi, Alferi; fahri, fahri; annawaty, annawaty
Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology Vol 6, No 3 (2017): Volume 6 Number 3 (December 2017)
Publisher : Univ. Tadulako

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Tarsius wallacei Merker et al., 2010 adalah primata endemik Sulawesi yang penyebarannya terbatas di Sulawesi Tengah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik sarang T. wallacei di habitat alaminya di Lebanu, Sigi, Sulawesi Tengah. Penelitian menggunakan metode observasi dengan variable utama berupa jenis pohon sarang, bentuk sarang, lingkaran pohon dan serta suhu dan kelembaban sarang, sedangkan variabel penunjang berupa vegetasi di sekitar sarang. Dari hasil penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa sarang T. wallacei di Desa Lebanu adalah pohon Ficus spp dengan karakter pohon berongga, relatif gelap dan memiliki akar gantung yang banyak. Ketinggian sarang dari permukaan tanah bervariasi  antara 4 m sampai 7 m. Suhu sarang tarsius pada pagi hari berkisar antara 23,120C-24,120C dan pada malam hari berkisar antara 24,960C?25,160C sedangkan kelembaban berkisar antara 86%-90,2% pada pagi hari dan 80,8%-81% pada malam hari. Jenis tumbuhan di sekitar sarang tarsius di dominasi oleh Leea indica dari Famili Vitaceae.
STRUKTUR MORFOLOGI DAN ANATOMI BURUNG ENDEMIK SULAWESI CABAI PANGGUL-KELABU (DICAEUM CELEBICUM MűLLER, 1843) Aksarina, Ririn; Fahri, Fahri; Annawaty, Annawaty
Natural Science: Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Volume 7 Number 2 (August 2018)
Publisher : Univ. Tadulako

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Abstract

Cabai panggul-kelabu (Dicaeum celebicum M?ller, 1843) adalah burung yang termasuk ke dalam ordo Passeriformes, famili Dicaeidae. Spesies ini merupakan burung endemik pulau Sulawesi dan pulau-pulau sekitarnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui mofologi dan anatomi dari beberapa sistem organ D. celebicum. Pengamatan ini menggunakan empat ekor D. celebicum jantan. Burung tersebut dianestesi menggunakan kloroform sebelum dilakukan pembedahan dan menentukan anatomi tofografi beberapa organ pernapasan, organ pencernaan dan organ reproduksi, didokumentasikan dan digambar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan D. celebicum termasuk burung berukuran kecil dan berleher pendek, tipe paruh pemakan buah dan biji serta tipe kaki anysodactil.Struktur anatomi organ visceral D. celebicum yaitu memiliki trachea yang terletak di sebelah kanan esofagus.Pulmo terletak di sebelah dorsal dan kaudal thorax. Hepar terdiri dari dua lobus. Ren terletak pada rongga synsacrum dan berwarna coklat gelap. Testis memiliki bentuk bulat seperti kacang tanah dan terletak pada bagian ventral ren.