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Local Wisdom of Taboos in Karo Language Barus, Jumat; Sibarani, Robert; Saragih, Amrin; Mulyadi, Mulyadi
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (519.029 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v2i2.671

Abstract

This research aims to explore local wisdom of taboos in Karo language. Taboo is more than prohibitions and avoidance in tradition; it normally arises from social restrictions on individual behaviour that can lead to inconvenience and danger. Taboo was created as a control for community to avoid personal and family conflict. The research was conducted in five sub-districts of Karo, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. It was carried out by using a qualitative approach with ethnographic methods.  The data of local wisdom were obtained from the interview method from nine key informants who mastered and used Karo language and culture well in their daily activities and the writer played a role as the native speaker so that he could directly feel how the culture was implemented in the daily lives of Karo society. It was found that the local wisdoms of taboos in Karo culture were attitude and eagerness to do the best for the community, since taboo rules provide a picture for them about how to express dignified words and behave glorious deeds and how to avoid mentioning disgusting words and behaving impolite manners. The rules become controls for social harmony to be maintained properly. Taboo rules were imposed not to make the society difficult to communicate with each other, but to provide a sense of security and peace for them so that they can live peacefully and harmoniously.
PENDEKATAN ANTROPOLINGUISTIK TERHADAP KAJIAN TRADISI LISAN Sibarani, Robert
RETORIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Vol. 1 No. 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Linguistic Department, Postgraduated Program, Warmadewa University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (378.884 KB) | DOI: 10.22225/jr.1.1.9.1-17

Abstract

Dalam makalah ini dibahas tentang bagaimana kajian antropolinguistik mampu membedah suatu tradisi lisan dan menghasilkan suatu analisis yang apik dari hubungan keduanya. Dalam pembahasan ada tiga pendekatan utama dalam kajian antropolinguistik yaitu performansi (performance), indeksikalitas (indexicalty), partisipasi (participation),yang  terbukti efektif dalam mengkaji hubungan struktur teks, koteks dan konteks (budaya, ideologi, sosial, dan situasi) suatu tradisi lisan yang dilatarbelakangi unsur-unsur budaya dan aspek kehidupan manusia yang berbeda-beda. Dengan mengacu pada teori Duranti (1977: 14), disimpulan dalam akhir pembahasan bahwa meskipun pendekatan antropolinguistik terhadap kajian tradisi lisan ?terkesan? tumpang-tindih dengan pendekatan linguistik budaya (cultural linguistics) dan etnolinguistik (ethnolinguistics) (lihat Folley, 1997:16 ), namun dengan jabaran penekanan tertentu pada kajian antropolinguistik, yaitu penekanan antropolinguistik dalam menggali makna, fungsi, nilai, norma, dan kearifan lokal suatu tradisi lisan, konsep ketiganya dapat dibedakan. Lebih dari pada itu, pendekatan antropolinguistik mampu merumuskan model revitalisasi dan pelestarian suatu tradisi lisan. Dalam hal inilah  ciri pembeda kajian antropolinguistik dengan pendekatan yang lain terlihat kuat dan menonjol.
MANGONGKAL HOLI AS THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF TRADITION IN BATAK TOBA SOCIETY Silalahi, Charles David Marudut; Sibarani, Robert
MAJALAH ILMIAH METHODA Vol 5 No 3 (2015): METHODA Volume 5 Nomor 3 Tahun 2015
Publisher : LP3M UNIVERSITAS METHODIST INDONESIA

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Abstract

Danau Toba sebagai ‘Monaco of Asia’ adalah salah satu issu terhangatyang dideklarasikan oleh beberapa kementerian di Republik Indonesia danpemeritah Provinsi Sumatera Utara beberapa waktu yang lalu. Sementaraitu, Mangongkal Holi sebagai tradisi tingkat tertinggi pada masyarakatBatak Toba, seharusnya dapat difungsikan sebagai momen untukmenghormati orang tua/ leluhur (roh) dan menghargai para orang tua ‘Hula-Hula’/ Tulang yang memberkati mereka selama ini; suatu aset yang sangatpotensial untuk diperkenalkan baik kepada wisatawan nasional danmancanegara. Penulis mengangkat topik ini sebagai bagian dari rangkaianpenelitian disertasinya seperti yang telah dilakukannya beberapa bulan yanglalu; ketika mencari sumber-sumber literatur tertulis, hasil wawancaradengan para praktisi budaya Batak Toba serta tentunya berdasarkan hasilmengikuti prosesi tradisi Mangongkal Holi secara langsung.
MOVEMENT TRANSFORMATION IN GAYO SYNTAX Murni, Tri; Sibarani, Robert; Setia, Eddy; Gustianingsihh, Gustianigsih
LANGUAGE LITERACY: Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (721.865 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/ll.v3i1.906

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to present syntactic descriptions of how movement transformational rules apply in Gayo syntax and to examine the status of movement transformational rules in Gayo language (henceforth GL) in the theoretical framework of Transformational Linguistics (TL) proposed by Chomsky (1965, 1981) and Suhadi (2018). In this theory there are three kinds of syntactic rules: Movement Rule, Deletion Rule and Substitution Rule. The discussion focuses on Movement Transformational Rules in GL. Transformation is the inter-related process between the deep structure and the surface structure of a sentence by the application of one or more transformational rules. The method used in this study was descriptive qualitative approach as noted by Martin (2004). Descriptive research is to portray accurately the characteristics of a particular situation or group or individual with or without special initial hypotheses about the nature of these characteristics. Thus, descriptive research design was applied to give a detail description of a certain case accurately. The data were analyzed from two angles: the application and the status of movement rules in GL, which can be compulsory, optional, and restricted. The data of this research derived from some sentences in the folklore story written in GL and the invention of the writer herself as the native speaker of the language. The finding shows that all the twelve kinds of movement transformational rules proposed by Suhadi (2018) are relevant to apply in GL. After the application of movement rules, the main finding is on the status of movement transformational rules in GL in which it is found that four movement rules are compulsory, eight are optional and there is no restricted rule in the language.
ANALYSIS OF INTERPERSONAL METAFUNCTION IN MENGKET RUMAH MBARU TRADITION KARONESE SOCIETY Perangin-angin, Alemina Br; Sibarani, Robert
AICLL: ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE Vol 1, No 1: AICLL April 2018
Publisher : Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara (UISU)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.58 KB) | DOI: 10.30743/aicll.v1i1.14

Abstract

Karonese mengket rumah mbaru tradition is a ceremony to thank God and to share happiness to the relative and friends because one manages to build his own house. Karonese has a community kinship system named merga si lima, rakut si telu, perkadekaden sisiwah tambah sada. All of them have different functions in mengket rumah mbaru tradition. There is one part of mengket rumah mbaru ceremony that all of them give some kind speech to the host. This research try to find out interpersonal metafunction meaning in the mengket rumah mbaru traditionis. This research employs descriptive qualitative to analyze interpersonal meaning performed in the ceremony by studying the utterances by anak beru, kalimbubu and senina during in one part of the ceremony. The researcher directly involves in this ceremony to observe all the data.  Theory of interpersonal meaning proposed by M.A.K Halliday is applied to analyze and classify the mood auxiliary, personal pronoun in pronoun system. The finding informed that mood positive declarative appears 88,4%. Imperative appear 10.1 %, negative declarative 0%. There are 25 modal verbal found in the ceremony, “will 52% must 16%, can 32% 0%. Personal pronoun “we” 60%, you 24, it =9, she3%, he 4%. Tenses shift future 60%, present tense 40%, and past 10%.
Oral Traditions for Multidisciplinary Approach SIBARANI, ROBERT
Journal of Oral Traditions Vol 1 No 1 (2019): October 2019
Publisher : IPMI Publisher

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Abstract

Oral Traditions for Multidisciplinary Approach
Etnografi Masyarakat dan Hukum Adat Kabupaten Humbang Hasundutan Sumatera Utara Harahap, Yudhi Ramadani; Hajar, Ibnu; Sibarani, Robert
JUPIIS: JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ILMU-ILMU SOSIAL Vol 11, No 2 (2019): JUPIIS (JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ILMU ILMU SOSIAL) DESEMBER
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24114/jupiis.v11i2.13841

Abstract

This scrip is a "blue print" of the community and customary law in Humbang Hasundutan District of North Sumatra. Aim to find solutions to resolve conflicts related to agrarian resources. Access rights to communal land, applied implementation in policy determination, exploration, conflict mitigation. Describe the legal system and local wisdom that live in indigenous peoples. The research research method uses qualitative research with the ethnographic approach of James P. Spradley. The technique of collecting data is in-depth interviews, participant observation and oral traditions. This ethnography is holistic-integrative, thick description, and qualitative analysis to get native's point of view. The results of the study revealed the mechanism of genological inheritance to children and closest relatives. Inheritance recognized as customary recession, panjaean land for boys or ulos na so buruk for boru girls. Mechanism of buying and selling ulos tu piso, dondon mortgage, giving, contract. Forms of social entities, bius, partolian, golat, huta, marga raja which are customary structures that play the role of holders of communal access rights. Decision-makers and dispute resolution, Pago-pago, Horja, Bius, Raja Nihuta, Bius Raja, Paradaton, Paripe, Nomads enculturation. The socio-political aspects of the community of Sionom Hudon, PBM, Sihas, Chair of the institution, Raja Nihuta, Bius Raja, Paradaton, Paripe.
The Performance of Mangupa Tradition in Angkola Custom, Medan, Indonesia Pane, Akhiril; Sibarani, Robert; Nasution, Ikhwanuddin; Takari, Muhammad
Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences Vol 3, No 3 (2020): Budapest International Research and Critics Institute August
Publisher : Budapest International Research and Critics University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33258/birci.v3i3.1106

Abstract

The Angkola oral tradition of mangupa is as household advice by appealing to Allah SWT. This tradition is trusted by indigenous communities to restore the spirit to the body (paulak tondi tu badan). As the object of study is the performance analysis by using Duranti theory (2001: 14) with a view of a) performance, b) indexcality, and c) participation and theory of the performance. Finnegan (1991, 1992: 92-93) states that there are 3 elements such as: a) composition, a form that is composed, b) transmission, the selection process that will continue the oral tradition, and (3) the audience. The methods used are surveys, interviews with key informants, primary data source at the ceremony and secondary data by collecting field data, analyzing data. The result of the analysis of traditional Angkola data is divided into four components: a) Ceremonial place, b) Ceremonial time c) Traditional tools, d) Traditional leaders and participants. The transmission of customary philosophy: sangap, hamomora. and hamoraon. The audiences are all who attended the Angkola traditional wedding ceremony in the tradition of mangupa. The advice on mangupa consists of: 1) mangupa text using the name of Allah SWT, 2) mangupa texts of prayer and hope, 3) mangupa text of hope, and 4) mangupa text with philosophical Angkola custom.