Asnath Maria Fuah, Asnath Maria
Bagian Klinik Hewan, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana, Bali

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MODEL PENGELOLAAN TERNAK DI SEKITAR HUTAN GUNUNG MUTIS DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KELESTARIAN HUTAN Kurniadi, Rahman; Purnomo, Herry; Wijayanto, Nurheni; Fuah, Asnath Maria
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (640.488 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jik.28281

Abstract

Penelitian ini mengkaji kelayakan finansial dan dampak dari model pengelolaan ternak yang ditemukan di sekitar hutan Gunung Mutis di Pulau Timor. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara terhadap 40 masyarakat sekitar hutan. Terdapat dua model pengelolaan ternak yang ditemukan di sekitar hutan. Model pertama adalah model pemeliharaan ternak di dalam kandang dan model kedua adalah model penggembalaan ternak di hutan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedua model layak secara finansial. Namun demikian, jika menggunakan biaya tenaga kerja komersial, model pemeliharaan ternak di dalam kandang secara finansial tidak layak untuk dilakukan, sedangkan model penggembalaan di hutan layak secara finansial. Model pengelolaan ternak di dalam hutan berdampak negatif terhadap regenerasi pohon sedangkan model pemeliharaan ternak di dalam kandang tidak berdampak negatif terhadap kelestarian hutan. Dari hasil penelitian disarankan agar pemerintah membatasi areal untuk penggembalaan ternak di hutan.Kata kunci: kelayakan finansial; model silvopasture; Mutis; penggembalaan ternak hutan; Timor Livestock Management Models Around Mt. Mutis Forest and Its Impact on Forest SustainabilityAbstractThe study examined the financial feasibility and impacts of livestock management models found around Mt. Mutis forest in Timor Island of Indonesia. Data was collected through interviewing 40 communities around the forest. There were two livestock management models around the forest, the first model was livestock management which raise livestock in the cattle pen, and the second model was livestock management which graze livestock in the forest. This study found that both livestock management models were financially feasible. However, if commercial cost of workers was counted, the livestock management model which raise livestock in the cattle pen was financially not feasible while livestock management model which graze livestock in the forest was financially feasible. Livestock management model which graze livestock in the forest however had negative impacts on the regeneration of trees. On the basis of this study, it is suggested that the government should limit the forest area that could be used for forest grazing.
THE REFUSAL OF LIVESTOCK OWNERS TOWARDS EXCLUSION POLICY IN PROTECTED AREA Kurniadi, Rahman; Purnomo, Herry; Wijayanto, Nurheni; Fuah, Asnath Maria
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 23 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (541.867 KB)

Abstract

Development of protected forest is often considered to be a way to preserve biodiversity and ecosystem service.  To keep protected area, Indonesia government excludinged local people from protected forest by making a policy which prohibits grazing on protected forest. However, the success of protected forest management often depends on the perception of local people because the policy has affected livestock owners who have an interest in forest use. Exclusion of local people from protected forest leads loss of people income and unemployment. This study applied a socioeconomic approach to examine and analyze the livestock owner perception on forest grazing prohibition in Timor Island of Indonesia by conducting a household survey of 36 livestock owners. The study results showed that 30.6%, 50.0%, 19.4%, 0%, and 0% of livestock owners are totally disagree, disagree, neutral, agree, and totally agree, with grazing prohibition, respectively. In addition, people perception was significantly affected by the number of livestock owned by people. It means that livestock owners mostly reject the policy on grazing prohibition. Indeed policy which prohibits grazing on the protected forest is not effective to be implemented. Government and policy maker should review the policy and consider the refusal of livestock owner toward exclusion policy. The interest of local people should be considered in developing a policy on protected forest.
LAND USE PLANNING FOR BEEKEEPING USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM IN SUKABUMI REGENCY, WEST JAVA Triantomo, Varian; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Fuah, Asnath Maria
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 6, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.6.2.168

Abstract

Beekeeping is one of the alternative businesses that can be developed without converting the existing land use. Deveoping the business of beekeeping should consider the biophysically suitable area for bees themselves and also for the bee forage availability. The objective of this study was to provide the direction of development area for beekeeping. The methods used consist ofa combination of remote sensing, geographic information system, and analytical hierarchy process. The recommended area for beekeeping in Sukabumi regency consists of two areas: forest and dry land agriculture area. The protected area has two priorities: The first priority area for beekeeping is 3,335.52 ha (6.4%), while second priority is 48,415.22 ha (93.6%) that covered 14 sub-districts. The cultivation area has three priorities: First priority area is 1,163.92 ha, second priorityarea is 6,044.98 ha, and third priority area is 2,651.21 ha that covered 9 sub-districts. Based on result of analysis with the existing beekeeping in Sukabumi regency, local government of Sukabumi regency or local farmer could develop program for beekeeping in such as sub district: Cibadak, Cicurug, Cidahu, Ciemas, Cikidang, Ciracap, Cisolok, Kabandungan, Kadudampit, Kalapanunggal, Nagrak, Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi, Sukaraja, Jampang Kulon, Pabuaran, Sagaranten, Surade, and Tegalbuleud.
THE RESPONSE OF LOCAL AND VERENIGDE DEUTCH LANVARKEN PIGS TO CORYPHA GEBANGA FEEDING SUPPLEMENTATION (RESPONS BABI LOKAL DAN BABI VERENIGDE DEUTCH LANVARKEN TERHADAP PENAMBAHAN PAKAN PUTAK) Fuah, Asnath Maria; Pattie, William Arthur
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15 No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Study to examine the growth of local breed pigs and Verenigde Deutsch Lanvarken(VDL) pigssupplemented with Corypha gebanga pith and maize have been conducted for 14 weeks. A total of 32neutered pigs (16 local breed and 16 VDL pigs) were used in the study. The average initial live weight was8.0 kg for the local breed and 12.1 kg for VDL pigs. Four feeding treatments were applied: T1-60% C.gebanga+15% maize; T2- 65% C.gebanga + 10% maize; T3-70% C.gebanga + 5% maize; and T4- 75% C.gebanga + nomaize, respectively. Live weights and feed consumption were analyzed using repeated measures, analysisof variance. The results showed that feed supplemented with different composition of C.gebanga andmaizehad no effect towards the growth of local breed pigs. However, this phenomenon was not seen in VDLpigs. The growth of VDL pigs supplemented with 75% was significantly lower (P<0.01) compared to thelocal breed pigs. It can be concluded that substitution of maize with C.gebanga has no influence towardsthe growth of local breed pigs. However, its effects on the growth of VDL pigs need further observation.
FERMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS AND NITROGEN RETENTION OF MADURA CATTLE FED COMPLETE RATIONS CONTAINING SOYBEAN POD AND BY-PRODUCTS Wiryawan, Komang Gede; Saefudin, Arief; Fuah, Asnath Maria; Priyanto, Rudi; Khotijah, Lilis; Suharti, Sri
Media Peternakan Vol. 40 No. 1 (2017): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.596 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2017.40.1.28

Abstract

This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of complete rations containing soybean pod and soybean by-products (soybean meal and tofu waste) on rumen microbial population, fermentation characteristics, nutrient digestibility, and nitrogen retention of Madura cattle. Twelve Madura cattle of 1.5 years of age were given 4 feeding treatments in triplicates in randomized block design experiment. The treatments included T0 (100% native grass) as a negative control, T1 (concentrate: grass (60:40) as a positive control, T2 (complete ration containing 15% soybean pods), and T3 (complete ration containing 30% soybean pods). The treatments were based on feeding practices commonly applied by farmers in the village. The results showed that the use of concentrate rations or complete rations containing soybean pod and by-product did not affect protozoa population, ammonia concentration, and total VFA production compared to cattle fed 100% native grass. In contrast, the use of concentrate rations or complete rations containing soybean pod and by-products reduced acetate and increased butyrate proportion compared to native grass. The use of a concentrate ration resulted the highest propionate proportion. Methane estimation increased with the use of concentrate ration or complete ration containing 15% soybean pod, but it decreased when the level of soybean pod was increased to 30%. It can be concluded that soybean pod has a potential to be used as a fiber source in beef cattle ration to substitute native grass.
PENERAPAN TEKNIK CITRA DIGITAL SEBAGAI METODE PENGUKURAN MORFOMETRIK TERNAK PADA SAPI BALI DAN PERANAKAN ONGOLE Putra, Bramada Winiar; Fuah, Asnath Maria; Nuraini, Henny; Priyanto, Rudy
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 21 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (753.529 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.63

Abstract

Morphometric measurements using digital image technique give a lot of benefits i.e., a safer method both for the researchers and the experimental animals, produce a more accurate morphometric data, reduce the stress in the experimental animals and produce a more detail and complete morphometric data. This experiment used 20 Ongole cross cattle and 20 Bali cattle with the average age of 3 years. Digital image data were collected by using DSLR camera with 18Mp resolution. The collected digital image data were analyzed by using Image J program. Parameters measured in this observation were body length, body height, hip height, pelvic height, loin height, the length of ossa vertebrae cervicales, the length of ossa vertebrae thoracicae, the length of ossa vertebrae lumbales, the length of os scapula, the length of os humerus, the length of ossa radius-ulna, the length of os metacarpale III, the length of os femoris, the length of ossa tibia-fibula, and the length of os metatarsale III. Digital image technique could replace the manual technique for morphometric measurement with a lower level of variance (<10%). Application of digital image technique for measurement of morphometric parameters in Ongole Cross and Bali cattle showed that Bali cattle has a potential for muscle deposition in body frame and body axis while Ongole Cross cattle has a potential for muscle deposition in fore and hind legs.
PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI DAN KUALITAS DAGING SAPI LOKAL MELALUI PENGGEMUKAN BERBASIS SEREALIA PADA TARAF ENERGI YANG BERBEDA Priyanto, Rudy; Fuah, Asnath Maria; Aditia, Edit Lesa; Baihaqi, Muhammad; Ismail, Muhammad
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 20 No. 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (890.399 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.2.108

Abstract

Local beef cattle is still the major source of domestic beef consumption, yet their productivity and quality is relatively low. This study was aimed to investigate productivity and meat quality traits of local beef cattle through fattening using cereals based concentrate containing different energy level. Nine Ongole cattle with average initial liveweight of 254.67 ± 20.7 kg and age between I1-I2 permanent incisor teeth were used in the study. They were fattened for four months and alloted into three different energy rations; they were low (ER) 57.88% TDN, medium (ES) 63.72% TDN, and high (ET) 69.67% TDN. The three rations had simmilar protein contents, between 12.42-12.96%. Observed parameters included cattle performance (ration and nutrition dry mater intake, daily gain, and feed conversion), carcass traits (carcass weight and percentage, fat thickness, and loin eye area at the 12th rib), and meat quality traits (pH, water holding capacity, tenderness, cooking loss, marbling score, and meat color). The results showed that cattle fed with high energy (ET) ration had the highest body weight and marbling score, and more efficient in feed conversion than medium (ES) and low energy (ER) rations. Local beef cattle productivity and there meat quality could be improve through fattening using high energy cereals based concentrate.
JOB DESIGN OF THE KLEDER IN CATTLE DISTRIBUTION CHAIN ON THE CAMARA NUSANTARA CATTLE SHIP Zulhijariyanto, Zulhijariyanto -; Fuah, Asnath Maria; Cyrilla, Lucia -; Triyonggo, Yunus -
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 4, No 3 (2019): AGROTECHNOLOGY AND SOCIOECONOMICAL WELFARE
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2019.4.3.117-122

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze and design the design of the kleder work on cattle transportation in the Camara Nusantara Livestock Ship. This study uses descriptive qualitative analysis method by conducting observations, documentation, literature studies, and direct interviews with the objects studied in the field. Primary data is obtained from the main actors and secondary data through observation, documentation, and literature. The work design was designed following the Mader-Clark approach and the cattle distribution chain was presented in the form of a flow chart. Based on the results of this study indicate that the kleder in the Camara Nusantara Livestock Ship does not yet have a design work and has not applied the job description and specifications of the work needed. This is indicated by the absence of work competency standards which are used as work guidelines so that the team does not carry out duties in accordance with their duties and authority on the Camara Nusantara Livestock Ship. Cow distribution chain that uses transportation The Camara Nusantara cattle ship has three distribution models. The most efficient distribution model is through breeders, cattle fattening companies, slaughterhouses, and consumers.
PERFORMANS REPRODUKSI SAPI BALI BERBASIS AGROEKOSISTEM DI PULAU TIMOR Habaora, Fellyanus; Fuah, Asnath Maria; Abdullah, Luki; Priyanto, Rudy; Yani, Ahmad; Purwanto, Bagus Priyo
TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 20, No 2 (2019): TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jtapro.2019.020.02.7

Abstract

Penelitian berlokasi di Pulau Timor yang dilaksanakan bulan Januari-Desember 2018. Lokasi penelitian dipilih purposive untuk agroekosistem pasture, pertanian, perkebunan, dan hutan. Penentuan responden 5-10% jumlah peternak masing-masing agroekosistem yang memiliki sapi Bali >10 ekor. Metode pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi untuk memperoleh data primer dan data sekunder. Kemudian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan umur berahi dan umur kawin pertama sapi Bali betina agroekosistem pasture 1,3 tahun dan 1,9 tahun; agroekosistem perkebunan 1,3 tahun dan 2 tahun; agroekosistem pertanian 1,4 tahun dan 1,7 tahun; dan agroekosistem hutan adalah 1,4 tahun dan 1,8 tahun. Kemudian umur sapi beranak pertama sapi betina di agroekosistem pertanian 2,8 tahun; agroekosistem pasture dan hutan 2,9 tahun; dan agroekosistem perkebunan 3 tahun. Siklus berahi dan lama berahi sapi betina di agroekosistem pasture 27 hari dan 21,5 jam; agroekosistem hutan 25 hari dan 26,8 jam; agroekosistem pertanian 24 hari dan 28 jam; dan agroekosistem perkebunan 24 hari dan 25,8 jam. Service per conception Sapi di agroekosistem perkebunan 2,2 kali; agroekosistem hutan 2,3 kali; agroekosistem pasture 2,4 kali; dan agroekosistem pertanian 2,6 kali. Periode kebuntingan sapi di agroekosistem perkebunan 9,5 bulan; agroekosistem pertanian 9,4 bulan; agroekosistem pasture 9,3 bulan; dan agroekosistem hutan 9,2 bulan. Calf crop ternak sapi di agroekosistem pasture 62,77%; agroekosistem hutan 54,74%; agroekosistem pertanian 51,41%; dan agroekosistem perkebunan 32,74%. Days open sapi di agroekosistem perkebunan 1,1 tahun; agroekosistem hutan 1 tahun; agroekosistem pertanian 9 bulan; dan agroekosistem pasture 8 bulan. Conception rate sapi di agroekosistem hutan 56%; agroekosistem pertanian 53,4%; agroekosistem pasture 50,3%; dan agroekosistem perkebunan 33,7%. Calving interval sapi di agroekosistem perkebunan 2,8 tahun; agroekosistem pertanian 2,7 tahun; agroekosistem pasture 2,5 tahun; dan agroekosistem hutan 2,4 tahun. Laju peningkatan populasi ternak per tahun di agroekosistem hutan, yaitu 11,19%; agroekosistem pasture 11,06%; agroekosistem pertanian 8,60%; dan agroekosistem perkebunan 7,44%.