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THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND PRICE FLUCTUATIONS TO INCOME OF RUBBER FARMERS AT BURAI VILLAGE OGAN ILIR Rosana, Elly; Yulius, Yulius; Thirtawati, Thirtawati; Paramita, Dewi
Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 16 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal Penyuluhan
Publisher : Department of Communication and Community Development Sciences and PAPPI (Perhimpunan Ahli Penyuluh Pertanian Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25015/16202027188

Abstract

The objectives of this study to analyzing climate change on rubber productivity in Burai Village and differences in rubber farmers' income and family consumption patterns in Burai Village before and after falling rubber prices. This research was conducted from October to December 2017. This study was a survey research which took 30 samples from 160 rubber farming households using simple random sampling method. The results of this study indicate that climate change has an impact on the productivity of rubber farming in the village of Burai, where there was a decline in rubber productivity by 14.44 percent from 1,345.80 kg / ha in 2012 to 1,151.42 kg/ha in 2016, while farmers' income rubber in 2012 and 2016 decreased by 67.73 percent. The difference in income of rubber farming families in 2012 and 2016 was Rp 6,267,390.6 per year, meaning that there was a decrease of 11.78 percent. Large differences in consumption patterns before and after the decline in rubber prices by Rp 476,933.34 per year or an increase of 1.40 percent compared to 2012, in line with Engel's Theory which states that the smaller a person's income, the greater the income used for food consumption.
POLA PEMASARAN PRODUKSI PADI LAHAN PASANG SURUT DI KABUPATEN BANYUASIN SUMATERA SELATAN Riswani, Riswani; Yunita, Yunita; Rosana, Elly; Trisnawati, Trisnawati
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.165 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.3.2.2014.119

Abstract

Banyuasin district is one of the rice producing regions in South Sumatra which rely on sub-optimal land type with category tidal land to produce rice production. The statistical data showed that Banyuasin District is a region that produces the highest rice production of rice-producing areas in South Sumatra. However, the high level of production is not able to guarantee farmers' income is also high, and prices at the consumer level will be low. This is because rice prices received by farmers is still relatively quite low. The condition is the main attraction of researchers to conduct this research with the aim to analyze the pattern of marketing tidal swamp rice production through the analysis of marketing channels, marketing margins, marketing efficiency level and method of pricing of each institution tidal swamp rice marketing in the District Banyuasin This study was conducted in District Rambutan Banyuasin Regency, with time data collection in April-May 2014. The results showed that there are two groups of marketing channels tidal swamp rice production in the district which are both classified as Banyuasin indirect marketing channels. Pricing method of rice is determined by the merchant so that farmers are recipients of the price (price taker) while marketing agency is a price maker. The calculation of the value of marketing margins in both marketing channel marketing agency in each figure shows the range varies with Rp.400 per kg to Rp, 3,100, - per kg. The analysis shows that the pattern of marketing efficiency marketing tidal swamp rice production is already relatively efficient, with the highest levels of efficiency are the major traders.
THE IMPACT OF USING COMBINE HARVESTER TECHNOLOGY ON SOCIAL ECONOMIC CONDITIONS OF SWAMP RICE FARMERS AND HARVEST WORKERS IN SOUTH SUMATERA Januarti, Indri; Junaidi, Yulian; Rosana, Elly
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 15 No. 3 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 3, November 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1136.402 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.15.3.299

Abstract

The objectives of this research were: (1) to analyze the use of labor allocation, productivity and income of swamp rice farmers of users and non-users of combine harvester technology; (2) to explore the impact of combine harvester technology and other factors on rice farm income; and (3) to analyze the impacts of using combine harvester technology on the socio-economic condition of farmers and harvest workers. From the result of the research, it can be seen that the amount of labor allocation in swamp rice farming conducted by farmer users of combine harvester is smaller than that of the non-users, that is 57,60 HOK and 117,63 HOK respectively. The productivity of swamp rice farming on the users is 4.543.56 kg per hectare per year in the form of dry grains whereas that of the non-users only reached 4,423,33 kg per hectare per year. Income of swamp rice farming using combine harvester is larger if compared with that of the non users that is equal to Rp14,942,737.16 per hectare per year for the users and Rp9,954,095.76 per hectare per year for the non-users. From the result of regression analysis, it can be seen that dummy variables of combine harvester technology, experience of farming, productivity, fertilizer cost, pesticide cost and labor cost have significant impacts on rice farmer income. Combine Harvester technology has both positive and negative impacts on social, economic and technical conditions in swamp rice farming for the farmers and worker harvesters.Keywords: combine harvester, social, economy, rice, swamp
PENGOLAHAN PANGAN BERBAHAN DASAR JAGUNG MENJADI BERBAGAI PRODUK MAKANAN Rosana, Elly
Jurnal Pengabdian Sriwijaya Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Pengabdian Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Kegiatan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dengan Judul Pengolahan pangan berbahan dasar jagung menjadi berbagai produk makanan telah selesai dilaksanakan di Kelurahan Timbangan Kecamatan Indralaya Utara, Kabupaten Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan.  Kegiatan diawali dengan sosialisasi kepada ibu-ibu yang berminat pada pengolahan jagung menjadi berbagai produk makanan dan penentuan jadwal kegiatan.  Bahan baku yang digunakan adalah buah jagung segar yang sudah dipipil dan dihaluskan.  Bahan baku  diolah menjadi rolade jagung, bubur jagung sehat dan es jagung manis.Pemberian materi penyuluhan dilakukan, secara langsung dengan demontrasi membuat produk olahan pangan. Manfaat dari kegiatan ini antara lain adalah: 1) meningkatkan pengetahuan dan memberikan informasi kepada khalayak sasaran bagaimana mengolah jagung menjadi berbagai pangan olahan dan 2) meningkatkan pendapatan rumah tangga melalui usaha skala rumah tangga.
PENYULUHAN DAMPAK PERUBAHAN IKLIM DAN ADAPTASINYA TERHADAP USAHATANI PETANI KARET DAN NANAS DI DESA BURAI Rosana, Elly
Jurnal Pengabdian Sriwijaya Vol 7, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Jurnal Pengabdian Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Kegiatan Pengabdian Masyarakat dengan tema pemanasan global telah dilaksanakan di Desa Burai, Kabupaten Ogan Ilir Sumatera Selatan. Kegiatan ini berlangsung dari bulan Juli ? Oktober di masyarakat petani karet dan nanas. Kegiatan diawali dengan sosialisasi kepada Kepala Desa sebagai tokoh masyarakat. Pengabdian ini dilakukan dengan metode penyuluhan. Materi yang diberi mengenai perubahan iklim, dampak perubahan iklim baik dilingkungan maupun usahatani karet dan nanas dan cara mengatasinya. Selain itu masyarakat diajak melakukan aksi mitigasi dengan menanam pohon pada lingkungan tinggal atau menanam puhon dilingkungan kebun. Diharapkan dengan adanya penyuluhan ini, bertambah pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai perubahan iklim dan cara mengatasinya.
KERENTANAN DAN RESPON ADAPTIF MASYARAKAT PETANI PADI RAWA LEBAK TERKAIT PERUBAHAN IKLIM DI SUMATERA SELATAN Simbolon, Rahel Lasmaria; Thirtawati; Asyiek, Fauzia; Rosana, Elly
AGRIPITA JOURNAL Vol 2 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Agribisnis dan Pembangunan Pertanian
Publisher : Agripita Publisher

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Abstract

Climate change presents a significant impact on peatland farmer where during the last 5 years has been disrupting the continuity of rice farming in Pinang Mas village. Floods, droughts, and pest attacks increase on their farm has led to a decline in rice production and farmers' income. This study aims to: 1) Measure the level of socio-economic vulnerability and 2) Identifying farmer adaptation strategies. This survey was conducted in Pinang Mas village, Sungai Pinang, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra. The data was taken in August to October 2015. As many as 65 samples out of 652 households were taken by simple random sampling method. The results of this study indicate that the level of socio-economic vulnerability of farmers by measuring the vulnerability of natural resources, human resources, financial resources, social resources, and physical resources, currently on vulnerable criteria (scored 79.32). Some of the strategies that farmers have done are ecological adaptation strategy by shifting the time of planting, changing the type of seed, rice seed redeem with neighbors or other villagers who had decent planted; economic strategy by selling livestock, switch livelihoods, and reduce consumption, and social adaptation strategies carried out by rely on neighbors and government assistance.
ANALISIS PRODUKTIVITAS DAN PENDAPATAN KELAPA SAWIT PETANI PLASMA DAN SWADAYA DI SUMATERA SELATAN Lifianthi; Oktarina, Selly; Rosana, Elly
AGRIPITA JOURNAL Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Agribisnis dan Pembangunan Pertanian
Publisher : Agripita Publisher

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Abstract

The oil palm plantation business system for Musi Banyuasin (Muba) and Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) is divided into two: the people's own smallholders (swadaya) and smallholders' plantation system (plasma), based on the plantation business managed by smallholders and self-help farmers, the management of oil palm can be seen from the pattern of production factor utilization and the production of both plantation systems. Factor of production is very determine the size of production produced, that is in the form of Fruit Fruit Bunch (TBS). Factors used are land area, fertilizer, herbicide and labor. Based on the result of the research, there are differences in the pattern of cultivation between plasma and self-help in both districts. The election of these two districts is due to the fact that the oil palm plantation is quite large compared to other districts managed by smallholders and self-help farmers. The results of the research indicate that there is a difference in the pattern of production factor utilization, which draws on the pattern of farming use of production factors in Muba Regency, where self-employed farmers in Urea and KCL use more than plasma farmers. While in OKI Regency in its herbicide use very little once per year. Production and income earned respectively show the difference between plasma farmers and self-help with the same plant age between 20 to 21 years.