Gde Dwitya Arief Metera, Gde Dwitya Arief
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Workplace and Home: Understanding the Sai Baba Movement in Bali as an Urban Phenomenon Metera, Gde Dwitya Arief
JURNAL KAJIAN BALI (JOURNAL OF BALI STUDIES) Vol 1, No 2 (2011): BALI DALAM GLOBALISASI DAN GLOKALISASI
Publisher : JURNAL KAJIAN BALI (JOURNAL OF BALI STUDIES)

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Abstract

AbstractSince the transition to post-New Order Indonesia in 1998, new religiousmovements such as Sai Baba have become popular in Bali. In contrastwith the New Order era when Sai Baba was under strict scrutiny, thesegroups are now warmly accepted by a far wider audience and especiallyfrom educated affluent urbanites. In this paper, I discuss several factorsthat make Sai Baba movement generally an urban phenomenon. I askhow change taking place in Bali regarding the economic and demographiccontext may have contributed to the people’s different mode of religiousarticulation. The economic transformation from agricultural economyto modern industrial economy in Bali has changed people’s occupationsand forced urbanization. I argue that the transformation also createstwo emerging cultural spaces of Workplace in the city and Home inthe villages of origin. Workplace is where people are bound to moderndisposition of time and Home is where people are tied to traditionaldisposition of time. These two cultural spaces determine people’s modeof religious articulation. As people move from their villages of origin tothe city, they also adopt a new mode of religious articulation in an urbancontext. I suggest that to understand the emergence of new religions andnew mode of religious articulation in Bali we have to look at specifictransformations at the economic and demographic level.
Taking Religion More Seriously: Beyond Secular Assumption in Studying Religion and Politics in Indonesia Metera, Gde Dwitya Arief
Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Demokrasi, HAM dan Militer
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2865.825 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jpp.v14i2.729

Abstract

This review looks at two important recent publications by leading scholars on Indonesian politics namely Vedi Hadiz’s Islamic Populism in Indonesia and the Middle East, and Michael Buehler’s The Politics of Shari’a Law: Islamist Activists and the State in Democratizing Indonesia. Both publications have advanced the literature analytically by offering new approaches in a literature that is saturated by culturalist and, more recently, institutionalist arguments. Buehler’s book, however, is better-equipped in meeting the challenge offered by Benedict Anderson to understand the unique motive of religious politics in Indonesia than Hadiz’s book. Buehler has managed to acknowledge the success of Islamist politics in Indonesia in asserting religious laws in the public sphere. Hadiz, by contrast, still treats the case of Indonesia as a case of failure of Islamist politics primarily by relying on the electoral performance of Islamist actors as an indicator. Ultimately, the two publications should be welcomed warmly by the student of religion and politics in Indonesia. Keywords: Islamist politics, Indonesian politics, Islamic populism, Shari’a bylaws, Democratization.
Local Politics and the Formation of Sub-National Imagined Communities: Metera, Gde Dwitya Arief
Kawalu: Journal of Local Culture Vol 2 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Laboratorium Bantenologi UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten

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This essay looks at two cases of cyber citizen organizations namely Tabanan Lovers and Buleleng jengah. The two cyber citizen organizations emerged from some initiatives to organize members of Facebook community who come from the same hometown, namely Tabanan and Buleleng regency in Bali. In their later development, the two Facebook groups evolve into a space as well as a medium for the cyber citizens to voice their critical political aspiration. Early observation shows that the two groups share similar characteristic of becoming “imagined communities” mediated by not necessarily print media, but instead social media like Facebook. A question that this essay would like to suggest as a future research agenda is what necessitates the formation of these “subnational imagined communities” which takes place at the regency level and not at provincial level? Through tracing the history of their conception and through online participatory observation, this essay aims at providing a preliminary discussion to help illuminate the formation of these two sub-national “imagined communities”. More specifically, the discussion points to a link connecting local politics of pilkada and the formation of Tabanan Lovers and Buleleng jengah. Keywords: Local Politics, Tabanan, Bali, Buleleng Jengah