Wahyudi Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Social Culture Research Center, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (PMB-LIPI), Jakarta

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BREAKING THE SILENCE: ARTICULATING THE MEMORIES OF THE TANJUNG PRIOK VICTIMS Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities Vol 5 (2015): General Issue: Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
Publisher : LIPI Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (202.719 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jissh.v5i1.21

Abstract

For the victims of atrocities, the past is not the past: it remains a trauma. The more they try to forget, the more entrenched their memories become. Hence, memory is a means for sustaining their quest for justicea way victims and their advocates can keep faith in their pursuit of truth, accountability and legal restitution. Unlike the situation during the Suharto presidency when the Indonesian people were silenced, this paper is now able to examine the memories, now articulated, of the people a?ected by the Tanjung Priok tragedy, which have appeared since Suhartos fall. This gives momentum to a new phase of political development in which Indonesians, particularly the victims of violence, may break their silence to pursue justice. The following questions need to be asked: what are the circumstances that have encouraged the victims to articulate their memories in the 17 years since Suhartos departure? In what way have they kept their memories fresh? This paper argues that the main reason they articulate their memory is because of the traumas that always haunted them during the Suharto presidency. The trauma and injustices experienced; the torture, gaol, and the stigma attached to them by the Suharto regimes propaganda, all ensured that the general Indonesian social memory of the events at Tanjung Priok was false and distorted. But those sites of memory, the rites, monuments, and memoirs served to strengthen the articulation of those memories to enable some redress after Suharto regime had ended.
INDONESIAN MUSLIM KILLINGS: REVISITING THE FORGOTTEN TALANG SARI TRAGEDY (1989) AND ITS IMPACT IN POST AUTHORITARIAN REGIME Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies Vol 6, No 1 (2016): Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies
Publisher : IAIN Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18326/ijims.v5i2.1-34

Abstract

Although the Talang Sari tragedy as a part of the representation of Indonesian Muslim oppression during the authoritarian regime, it is relatively lesser known for Indonesian public. The avoidance of the most Indonesian Muslim who did not support it is one of those facts. Indeed, they did a less attention to talk and to articulate the case to the public. This paper intends to revisit the case of the Talang Sari as one of the unsolved human rights violation during the authoritarian regime. It is not only exploring the case and also examining the context of violence, but also tracing dynamic of the case during and post of authoritarian regime by the emergence of Islah agreement as cultural impu- nity to forget the past for many victims. The questions deals with in this paper are following: what kind of conditions that made the Talang Sari was happen- ing in East Lampung in 1989, South Sumatra during the Suharto presidency? How did the Suharto regime control the discourse of the tragedy in Indone- sian public that eventually encourage most Indonesian Muslim did not actively respond the killings? Although the reformasi era gives an opportunity break silences by asking justice to the current Indonesian government on hu- man rights violation, why those cases, especially the Talang Sari, are unsolved? This paper divided into three parts to answering the questions. Firstly, it is to understand the case of Talang Sari by discussing the context of the New Order?s policy on Indonesian Muslim and its political ideology. Secondly, it is to read deeply mass media in making discourse on the case as one of the triggers for most Indonesian Muslim did not respond it. Thirdly, it is to analyze the Islah agreement (reconciliation in Islamic term) as the primary factor that contrib- uted why cultural impunity has seemingly embedded to bring justice to the victims of violence generally in the post of Suharto regime. Meskipun Peristiwa Talang Sari sebagai bagian dari representasi penindasan masyarakat Muslim Indonesia selama rejim otoriter berkuasa, peristiwa itu jarang diketahui oleh publik Indonesia. Pengabaian kebanyakan Muslim Indo- nesia yang tidak mendukung upaya penyelesaian kasus tersebut adalah salah satu buktinya. Bahkan, mereka tidak membicarakan dan mengangkat kasus Talang Sari di ruang publik. Artikel ini bermaksud melihat kembali peristiwa Talang Sari sebagai salah satu kasus pelanggaran yang belum diselesaikan. Selain mengeksplorasi kasus, menjelaskan konteks kekerasan, artikel ini juga menelusuri dinamika kasus tersebut sebelum dan pasca rejim Orde Baru, khususnya seiring dengan kemunculan Islah sebagai Impunitas Kultural untuk melupakan masa lalu oleh sebagaian korban. Pertanyaannya yang diajukan dalam artikel ini adalah: kondisi-kondisi semacam apa yang membuat kasus Talang Sari terjadi di Lampung Timur pada tahun 1989, Sumatera Selatan saat presiden Suharto berkuasa? Bagaimana rejim Suharto mengontrol wacana peristiwa tersebut yang membuat kebanyakan masyarakat Islam Indonesia tidak menanggapi peristiwa tersebut? Meskipun pasca rejim Orde Baru memberikan kesempatan untuk menyelesaikan kasus tersebut dengan mendesak untuk mengajukan keadilan kepada pemerintah Indonesia, mengapa peristiwa Talang Sari tidak atau belum diselesaikan hingga sekarang?. Untuk menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut, saya membagi penjelasan ini kepada tiga bagian. Pertama, memahami kasus Talang Sari dengan mendiskusikan konteks kebijakan rejim Orde Baru dalam menghadapi umat Islam dan ideologi politiknya. Kedua, membaca lebih dalam media cetak dalam membuat wacana peristiwa tersebut melalui liputan yang dibuat. Asumsi ini diajukan karena liputan media tersebut menjadi salah satu penyebab mengapa kebanyakan umat Islam tidak merespon peristiwa tersebut. Ketiga, menganalisis persetujuan Islah, rekonsiliasi dalam perspektif Islam sebagai faktor utama yang memberikan kontribusi terhadap impunitas kultural untuk membawa keadilan ke jalan yang lebih sulit kepada korban secara umum pasca rejim Suharto.
When Ulama Support A Pop Singer: Fatin Sidqiah and Islamic Pop Culture in Post-Suharto Indonesia Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 52, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre, Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2014.522.351-373

Abstract

Television, music videos, films, and pop bands are all part of global popular culture and thought to be the product of “the west”. These media are therefore often seen as a threat to the identities of nationalities, local cultures, and religious groups. In contrast, in the context of Indonesian Muslims, the Indonesian Ulama Council’s (Majelis Ulama Indonesia, MUI) showed support for Fatin Shidqia Lubis to the singing contest of Indonesian X Factor, 2013. This paper intends to study the presence of Fatin Sidqiah as the winner of Indonesian X Factor and the response of Indonesian muslims regarding Islamic popular culture in Indonesia. This paper argues that the presence of Islamic popular culture in Indonesia through books, novels, films, as well as fashion, show that Indonesian Islam and muslims are compatible not only with democracy but also with global popular culture. In addition, the presence of Fatin is a symbol of young Indonesian muslims who already connect globally. Whatever they consume in terms of popular culture is intrinsic to the creation of their hybrid identities, as both Indonesian muslims and global citizens.[Televisi, musik, film, dan bands merupakan bagian dari budaya popular dunia dan selalu dipandang sebagai produk “barat”. Karenanya, media ini sering dianggap sebagai ancaman bagi identitas nasional, budaya lokal, dan kelompok agama. Namun, dalam konteks keindonesiaan, Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) memberikan dukungan kepada Fatin Sidqia Lubis dalam kompetisi menyanyi “Indonesian X Factor” Tahun 2013. Tulisan ini mencoba menelisik kemunculan Fatin sebagai pemenang “Indonesian X Factor” dan tanggapan masyarakat mengenai budaya pop Islam di Indonesia. Melalui artikel ini penulis berpendapat bahwa kehadiran budaya pop di Indonesia dalam berbagai buku, novel, film, serta pakaian menunjukkan bahwa Islam dan masyarakat Islam di Indonesia tidak hanya sejalan dengan demokrasi, tetapi juga dengan budaya pop dunia. Lebih dari itu, Fatin adalah simbol muslim muda Indonesia yang telah terhubung dengan dunia. Apa pun yang mereka nikmati dalam hal budaya pop telah menciptakan identitas ganda: sebagai muslim Indonesia sekaligus sebagai warga dunia.]
Ponsel, Gaya Hidup, dan Kelas Menengah Dalam Negara Orde Baru: Telaah Awal Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Jurnal Sosioteknologi Vol 15, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Kelompok Keahlian Ilmu Kemanusiaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (424.059 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/sostek.itbj.2016.15.1.1

Abstract

Berbeda dengan pasca rejim Orde Baru, di mana kebanyakan orang memiliki ponsel, dengan pilihan dan bentuk yang berbeda-beda, saat rejim Orde Baru berkuasa, khususnya sejak tahun 1990-an, hanya segelintir kelas menengah yang memiliki ponsel. Tulisan ini memaparkan signifikansi ponsel bagi orang Indonesia dengan memfokuskan pada era rejim Orde Baru. Di sini, saya mengajukan tiga pertanyaan mengenai hal tersebut; bagaimana kemunculan ponsel pada era rejim Orde Baru? Bagaimana respon masyarakat ketika itu? Apa makna kehadiran ponsel bagi masyarakat Indonesia kebanyakan? Kehadiran ponsel pada era Orde Baru disambut hangat oleh anggota masyarakat, khususnya kelas menengah (elit) Indonesia seiring dengan perubahan sistem ponsel dari analog menuju digital. Alih-alih sekedar sebagai alat komunikasi untuk memudahkan pembicaraan, kehadiran ponsel menjadi gaya hidup sama seperti barang-barang ternama lain yang mereka konsumsi. Ponsel sebagai gaya hidup ini memunculkan ketegangan kelas antara kelas menengah dan bawah yang ditandai dengan munculnya aksi kriminal. Sebagaimana saya tunjukkan dalam artikel ini, maksud aksi kriminal ini bukanlah melulu sebagai bentuk tindakan kriminal sebagaimana umumnya, melainkan sebagai bentuk, yang saya sebut Hidup Nggayani (lifestyling), ketidakmampuan seseorang untuk mengkonsumsi barang-barang yang lebih mahal tetapi kemudian ia membeli barang-barang bekas atau mencari ponsel tiruan yang lebih murah. Artikel ini menyimpulkan bahwa gaya hidup kelas menengah itu tidak melulu dikontruksikan sebagai kelas yang mengkonsumsi pakaian, musik, dan makanan, tetapi juga terkait dengan tindakan mereka dalam menyikapi ponsel.  
WHEN ISLAMISM AND POP CULTURE MEET: A POLITICAL FRAMING OF THE MOVIE "212: THE POWER OF LOVE" Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Studia Islamika Vol 27, No 1 (2020): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36712/sdi.v27i1.9205

Abstract

This article examines the film 212: The Power of Love, which has been perceived as apolitical in political circumstances, and which was explicitly endorsed by new religious authorities. By critiquing the notion of Post-Islamism employed by scholars, this paper argues for the concept of Pop-Islamism, which emphasizes the contribution of political agents outside of political parties. I consider the following three questions: What is the primary reason behind creating a film in the context of the 212 movements? How does it deal with the event? What kind of Islam has been represented? This article argues that the medium of film is used to legitimize accusations of blasphemy made against Ahok through a singular interpretation of events, which represent Islam as a peaceful and tolerant religion. Subsequently, the film obscures select facts and issues to conceal the connection between the 212 movement and electoral politics in Jakarta. It does so by framing those issues apolitically in the context of increased Islamization in Indonesia.
When Ulama Support A Pop Singer: Fatin Sidqiah and Islamic Pop Culture in Post-Suharto Indonesia Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Al-Jamiah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 52, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Al-Jamiah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2014.522.351-373

Abstract

Television, music videos, films, and pop bands are all part of global popular culture and thought to be the product of “the west”. These media are therefore often seen as a threat to the identities of nationalities, local cultures, and religious groups. In contrast, in the context of Indonesian Muslims, the Indonesian Ulama Council’s (Majelis Ulama Indonesia, MUI) showed support for Fatin Shidqia Lubis to the singing contest of Indonesian X Factor, 2013. This paper intends to study the presence of Fatin Sidqiah as the winner of Indonesian X Factor and the response of Indonesian muslims regarding Islamic popular culture in Indonesia. This paper argues that the presence of Islamic popular culture in Indonesia through books, novels, films, as well as fashion, show that Indonesian Islam and muslims are compatible not only with democracy but also with global popular culture. In addition, the presence of Fatin is a symbol of young Indonesian muslims who already connect globally. Whatever they consume in terms of popular culture is intrinsic to the creation of their hybrid identities, as both Indonesian muslims and global citizens.[Televisi, musik, film, dan bands merupakan bagian dari budaya popular dunia dan selalu dipandang sebagai produk “barat”. Karenanya, media ini sering dianggap sebagai ancaman bagi identitas nasional, budaya lokal, dan kelompok agama. Namun, dalam konteks keindonesiaan, Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) memberikan dukungan kepada Fatin Sidqia Lubis dalam kompetisi menyanyi “Indonesian X Factor” Tahun 2013. Tulisan ini mencoba menelisik kemunculan Fatin sebagai pemenang “Indonesian X Factor” dan tanggapan masyarakat mengenai budaya pop Islam di Indonesia. Melalui artikel ini penulis berpendapat bahwa kehadiran budaya pop di Indonesia dalam berbagai buku, novel, film, serta pakaian menunjukkan bahwa Islam dan masyarakat Islam di Indonesia tidak hanya sejalan dengan demokrasi, tetapi juga dengan budaya pop dunia. Lebih dari itu, Fatin adalah simbol muslim muda Indonesia yang telah terhubung dengan dunia. Apa pun yang mereka nikmati dalam hal budaya pop telah menciptakan identitas ganda: sebagai muslim Indonesia sekaligus sebagai warga dunia.]
INDONESIA YANG DIBAYANGKAN: PERISTIWA 1965-1966 DAN KEMUNCULAN EKSIL INDONESIA Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.317 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v17i1.122

Abstract

As a newly independent country, Sukarno as Indonesian president had a big plan to develop Indonesia, namely to build economic, politic, and governmental infrastructure independently. One way to take was both developing human resource capabilities and creating a new potential generation among Indonesian students by sending them to study in the developed countries. However, the imagined dream had disappeared along with the events of 1965-1966 which marked by the movement of September 30, 1965. This paper focuses on pre and post of the 1965-1966 events by raising two questions; how was Indonesia being imagined by the Sukarno presidency within the context of foreign policy in the Cold War era by sending the Indonesian students for studying overseas? What was the impact of the 1965-966 events that they were facing? This article shows that the event of 1965-1966 does not only break a dream that imagined by Sukarno, but also causes the emergence of Indonesian exiles community that had been finally forced them to become a stateless citizen. Although they are no longer Indonesian citizen, both of their memory and social activities of Indonesia have been still so strong up to now. In the term of Benedict Anderson’s words, they are well-known as community of long-distance nationalism. Kata kunci: Sukarno, the 1965-1966 tragedy, exiles, long distance nationalism
ISLAH SEBAGAI DALIH: STUDI KASUS ‘PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK’ PERISTIWA TANJUNG PRIOK (1984) DAN TALANG SARI (1989) PASCA REZIM ORDE BARU Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 16, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.73 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v16i1.56

Abstract

Abstract A term of islah is quite familiar for Indonesian Muslims. It is an Islamic reconciliation term adopted from Al-Quran and Sunnah to end a conflict. With this term, those people who have been conflicting try to improve their relation to look for a better future by getting rid of their anger and vengeance. The cases of Tanjung Priok (1984) and Talang Sari (1989) tragedy, which caused hundreds of killed Muslims during Soeharto regime, are real examples to see how islah is practiced. Instead of being the best way for conflict resolution, it was part of the problems causing those cases unfinished in the formal court. It had caused the group of the victims divided within two groups; pros and cons of islah. Using islah as the pretext, many of the victims tended to finish it informally with the violators, although the rest still insisted to bring it to the court. The fragmented memory among them about the cases caused a lot of difficulties to prove it legally. Exploring the Islam sources as well as the case of Tanjung Priok and Talang Sari in Post-New Order Regime, this paper examines whether islah is a solution or precisely a part of the problem. This paper aims to put the term of islah and its significant in a proper way; therefore, this paper can contribute to the development of peace and conflict studies. Keywords: Islah, Tanjung Priok (1984), Talang Sari (1989), islamic law, victims, conflict resolution
RIA RICIS AND NEW PLATFORM OF ISLAMIC POPULAR CULTURE Akmaliah, Wahyudi
DINIKA : Academic Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 4, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22515/dinika.v4i3.1706

Abstract

Not only change the landscape of popular culture, but the presence of social media also reshapes the structure and the agency. Nowadays, social media can turn ordinary people to celebrities. Using Instagram and YouTube, Ria Ricis has become a piety celebrity who shows her Islamic identity through Islamic performance by wearing the veil in a casual way and earns money from her uploaded videos in social media. Based on a case study of this figure, this paper raises questions related to Islamic popular culture in Indonesia: How does Indonesian define their public sphere currently amid the growth of social media usage? How does Indonesian Muslim respond to social media as a part of digital technology amidst Islamization in the post of an authoritarian regime? What is the possibility of tension for that young Indonesian Muslim as micro-celebrity while facing the three factors related, Islamic identities, enjoyment, and economic benefits? This paper argues that the new media platform has not only affected Indonesian Muslims? lifestyles, but also the way in which they negotiate Islamic values, secular life, and economic interest. Keywords: Ria Ricis, Social Media, Islamic Popular Culture, and Digital Economy
WHEN ULAMA SUPPORT A POP SINGER: FATIN SIDQIAH AND ISLAMIC POP CULTURE IN POST-SUHARTO INDONESIA Akmaliah, Wahyudi
Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies Vol 52, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Al-Jami'ah Research Centre

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/ajis.2014.522.351-373

Abstract

Television, music videos, films, and pop bands are all part of global popular culture and thought to be the product of ?the west?. These media are therefore often seen as a threat to the identities of nationalities, local cultures, and religious groups. In contrast, in the context of Indonesian Muslims, the Indonesian Ulama Council?s (Majelis Ulama Indonesia, MUI) showed support for Fatin Shidqia Lubis to the singing contest of Indonesian X Factor, 2013. This paper intends to study the presence of Fatin Sidqiah as the winner of Indonesian X Factor and the response of Indonesian muslims regarding Islamic popular culture in Indonesia. This paper argues that the presence of Islamic popular culture in Indonesia through books, novels, films, as well as fashion, show that Indonesian Islam and muslims are compatible not only with democracy but also with global popular culture. In addition, the presence of Fatin is a symbol of young Indonesian muslims who already connect globally. Whatever they consume in terms of popular culture is intrinsic to the creation of their hybrid identities, as both Indonesian muslims and global citizens.[Televisi, musik, film, dan bands merupakan bagian dari budaya popular dunia dan selalu dipandang sebagai produk ?barat?. Karenanya, media ini sering dianggap sebagai ancaman bagi identitas nasional, budaya lokal, dan kelompok agama. Namun, dalam konteks keindonesiaan, Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) memberikan dukungan kepada Fatin Sidqia Lubis dalam kompetisi menyanyi ?Indonesian X Factor? Tahun 2013. Tulisan ini mencoba menelisik kemunculan Fatin sebagai pemenang ?Indonesian X Factor? dan tanggapan masyarakat mengenai budaya pop Islam di Indonesia. Melalui artikel ini penulis berpendapat bahwa kehadiran budaya pop di Indonesia dalam berbagai buku, novel, film, serta pakaian menunjukkan bahwa Islam dan masyarakat Islam di Indonesia tidak hanya sejalan dengan demokrasi, tetapi juga dengan budaya pop dunia. Lebih dari itu, Fatin adalah simbol muslim muda Indonesia yang telah terhubung dengan dunia. Apa pun yang mereka nikmati dalam hal budaya pop telah menciptakan identitas ganda: sebagai muslim Indonesia sekaligus sebagai warga dunia.]