Articles

Found 3 Documents
Search

SUHU TERBAIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PERTUMBUHAN DAN KELANGSUNGAN HIDUP BENIH KEPITING BAKAU Scylla serrata DI SISTEM RESIRKULASI Hastuti, Yuni Puji; Affandi, Ridwan; Radhita Millaty; Nurussalam, Wildan; Tridesianti, Siska
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 11 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (585.121 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v11i2.22727

Abstract

One of the abiotic factors that affects the growth and the survival of mud crabs is temperature. The optimum temperature media will result in increasing of growth rate and survival rate on mud crabs Scylla serrata because it is related to the metabolism process. This study aimed to examine the effect of temperature on the survival rate (SR) and spesific growth rate (SGR) of mud crab through the reaction of physiological condition. This study consisted of the treatments with the temperature of 25 °C (A), the temperature of 27 °C (B), the temperature of 29 °C (C), dan the temperature of 31 °C (D). Based on the research result obtained 29 °C is the best temperature for the maintenance of mud crab with recirculation system, this can be seen from the result of feed conversion ratio, specific growth and survival of mud crab that have the best than other treatments.
Optimum salinity for growth of mangrove crab Scylla serrata seed in recirculation systems Hastuti, Yuni Puji; Affandi, Ridwan; Safrina, Mafatih Devi; Faturrohman, Kurnia; Nurussalam, Wildan
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 1 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2897.309 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.14.50-57

Abstract

ABSTRACT One of the abiotic factors that affects the growth and the survival of crabs is salinity. The optimum salinity media will give maximum impact on mangrove crab Scylla serrata due to the osmoregulation process. This study aimed to examine the effect of salinity on the survival rate (SR) and spesific growth rate (SGR) of mangrove crab through the reaction of physiological condition. The treatments were rearing mangrove crab at the salinity medium of 15 ppt (A), 20 ppt (B), 25 ppt (C), and 30 ppt (D). Result showed that different salinity performed a significant effect (P<0.05) on the survival rate and specific growth rate of the crabs. The low level of stress, shown by the high value of total hemocyte and the low osmotic pressure, has made salinity of 25 ppt was the optimum condition for the mangrove crab rearing. Keywords: salinity, survival, specific growth rate, mangrove crab  ABSTRAK Salah satu faktor abiotik yang memengaruhi pertumbuhan dan kelangsungan hidup kepiting adalah salinitas. Salinitas media optimum akan memberikan efek yang maksimal pada kepiting bakau Scylla serrata sehubungan dengan proses osmoregulasi tubuhnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh salinitas pada kelangsungan hidup dan laju pertumbuhan spesifik kepiting bakau melalui reaksi kondisi fisiologis. Penelitian ini terdiri atas perlakuan salinitas media 15 ppt (A), 20 ppt (B), 25 ppt (C), dan 30 ppt (D). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perbedaan salinitas media pemeliharaan kepiting bakau memberikan perbedaan nyata (P<0,05) pada kelangsungan hidup dan laju pertumbuhan spesifik kepiting bakau. Rendahnya tingkat stres pada salinitas 25 ppt dijelaskan dengan tingginya jumlah total hemosit dan rendahnya tekanan osmotik sehingga salinitas 25 ppt merupakan kondisi optimum bagi pemeliharaan kepiting bakau. Keywords: salinitas, kelangsungan hidup, laju pertumbuhan spesifik, kepiting bakau
The frequency of calcium and magnesium differences in recirculation systems for increasing production of mudcrab Scylla serrata seed Nurussalam, Wildan; Nirmala, Kukuh; Supriyono, Eddy; Hastuti, Yuni Puji
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3436.105 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.16.2.144-153

Abstract

ABSTRACTMolting phase is one of many factors that can inhibit mudcrab growth. Recirculation system in culturing mudcrab has a weakness which is the decreasing of ions. Calcium and magnesium in the water can affect the molting phase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the best additional frequency of calcium and magnesium in recirculation system. This research used mudcrab seeds that have weight of 54.856±2.195 gram. This research used completely randomized design with four treatments and three replicates. The treatments were additional frequency of Ca and Mg, comprised of four levels, without additional Ca and Mg (A), additional 30 mg/L Ca and 30 mg/L Mg in every five days (B), additional 30 mg/L Ca, and 30 mg/L Mg in every 10 days (C), and additional 30 mg/L Ca and 30 mg/L Mg in every 15 days (D). The result showed that total of biomass in every treatments were A (379.99±86.16 gram), B (517.65±103.94 gram), C (808.68±59.29 gram), and D (1,054.41±73.54 gram). The highest final biomass was the D treatment (1,054,41±73.54), which was significantly different to others (P<0.05).Keywords: mudcrab, resirculation, calcium, magnesium, molting, production  ABSTRAKSalah satu faktor penghambat pertumbuhan kepiting bakau adalah fase molting. Sistem resirkulasi budidaya kepiting bakau memiliki kelemahan yaitu berkurangnya ion-ion. Fase moting pada kepiting bakau sangat dipengaruhi oleh keberadaan ion kalsium dan magnesium dalam air. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan frekuensi waktu penambahan kalsium dan magnesium terbaik dalam sistem resirkulasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan benih kepiting bakau dengan berat rata-rata 54,856±2,195 gram. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan penambahan Ca dan Mg sebanyak 30 mg/L terdiri atas empat macam frekuensi, yaitu tanpa penambahan Ca dan Mg (A), frekuensi lima hari sekali (B), frekuensi 10 hari sekali (C), dan frekuensi 15 hari sekali (D). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan jumlah biomassa masing-masing perlakuan adalah A (379,99±86,16 gram), B (517,65±103,94 gram), C (808,68±59,29 gram), dan D (1.054,41±73,54 gram). Perlakuan terbaik diperoleh pada perlakuan D dengan jumlah biomassa sebesar (1.054,41±73,54 gram) ini berbeda nyata (P<0,05) dengan perlakuan lainnya. Kata kunci: kepiting bakau, resirkulasi, kalsium, magnesium, molting, produksi