The aims of this analysis are to see the effect of monetary factors such as foreign reserve and money multipliers and fiscal factor such as government expenditure toward money supply in Indonesia. The methods used in this analysis is Vector Autoregressive (VAR) or Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). This analysis uses a secondary data (three-month data) from 1986 until 2003. The result of this analysis, using VECM estimation, is that money supply, foreign reserve, and money multiplier have a short term and long term relationship. According to short term relationship, money supply and money multiplier have a positive correlation, with ceteris paribus assumption. Whereas a long term relationship shows that only foreign reserve and money multiplier have had a positive correlation, with ceteris paribus assumption. Â
Peningkatan daya saing antar daerah merupakan agenda yang sangat penting dalam mewujudkan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Dalam hal ini, inovasi dalam pembangunan yang berjalan secara komprehensif serta terjadinya kolaborasi antar aktor pembangunan merupakan faktor kunci peningkatan daya saing. Pengembangan sistem inovasi daerah (SIDa) merupakan salah satu strategi utama dalam sistem inovasi nasional yang mewadahi proses interaksi antara komponen penguatan sistem inovasi. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu ingin mengukur dan mendeskripsikan kondisi implementasi kebijakan, kondisi perkembangan capaian pengembangan kelembagaan, jejaring dan kesumberdayaan SIDa. Penelitian ini memilih Kabupaten Blora sebagai lokasi penelitian karena Pemerintah Kabupaten Blora sudah melaksanakan kebijakan terkait Penguatan SIDa. Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif terhadap implementasi penguatan SIDa di Kabupaten Blora dari tahun 2012 sampai tahun 2015. Penelitian ini menghasilkan gambaran kondisi penguatan SIDa meliputi lingkup kebijakan dan penataan unsur-unsur SIDa. Kondisi penguatan SIDa pada aras kebijakan di Kabupaten Blora baru mencapai NPS sebesar 6,9 dan masuk dalam kategori madya. Jika dilihat dari aras implementasi kebijakan SIDa di Kabupaten Blora, Pemerintah daerah baru mengajukan draft Peraturan Bupati Blora tentang SIDa. Dilihat dari perkembangan capaian penataan kelembagaan, jejaring, dan kesumberdayaan SIDa Kabupaten Blora adalah 6,6 untuk kelembagaan, 6,5 untuk jejaring, dan 5,6 kesumberdayaan. Rekomendasi penelitian ini yaitu Pemerintah Kabupaten Blora melanjutkan agenda penguatan SIDa dan sinkronisasi pengembangan inovasi dengan berbagai agenda program/kegiatan pembangunan yang ada dan melakukan proses penataan kelembagaan, jejaring, dan kesumberdayaan baik yang ada pada lingkup pemerintahan, dunia usaha, perguruan tinggi maupun masyarakat.
This research has the aim and purpose to find out the efficiency of the robusta coffee production, analize the production factors which influence the production of the coffee itself, and get the recommendation in order to improve the efficiency of the coffeee using DEA analysis and regretion in Candiroto District. The efficiency of the average robusta coffee production has not been efficient that is 73,24% . Mento area is the village that has the highest efficiency level and karawitan and Muntung village is the lowest among those villages that we observed. The factors that influence the production in Candiroto District are the width of the land, the workers, the quantity of the plants, the fertilizer, and the age of the plant. The age of the plant is the only variable which is negative toward the production of the robusta coffee. The recommendation for improving the production of the robusta coffee are the people surround the area should limit the unappropriate workers, replanting the coffee plants, reducing the unnecessary fertilizer which can cause infertility of the land, and land intensification.
Aim of this study was to analyze the strengthening of SIDA and conduct the study of the dynamics of policy implementation and achievements of the arrangement of the elements of strengthening SIDA. This study chose Magelang Municipality as the study site because Magelang Municipality Government has undertaken various development policies SIDA. The research is a qualitative description of the implementation of the strengthening of SIDA in Magelang from 2012 to 2015. Conditions SIDA strengthening at the level of policy in Magelang are on Strengthening Value SIDA (NPS) of 8.2 and has been included in the main categories. NPS on the scope of the policy can be achieved due to the support of the Mayor's commitment to strengthening policy implementation SIDA. If viewed from the level of policy implementation SIDA in Magelang, regulation (Regulation Mayor of SIDA, a mayoral decree on the Coordination Team and the Theme Priorities SIDA, Decree of the Regional Secretary of the Drafting Team Roadmap) and institutional research and development of existing and in 2015 it will draft Roadmap SIDA pending the preparation RPJMD Magelang Municipality Year 2016-2020. Judging from the development achievements of institutional arrangements, networking, and resources SIDA in Magelang Municipality with 6.2 for the institutional achievements of NPS, 7.5 for networking, and 5.3 resources. The results could be used as input for the development of SIDA districts / municipalities in Central Java. Therefore, the Coordinating Team SIDA Central Java Province along the Coordinating Team for District / City should mapping SIDA policy conditions in all districts / municipalities in Central Java
The aims of this research are describing the fisherwomen empowerment model and the supporting factors and the obstacles of the fisherwomen empowerment model in Morodemak Village-Demak Regency. From the research can be concluded that the fisherwomen in Puspita Bahari Morodemak village is the model of exploring business which is the final step of fisherwomen empowering through intregrated and effective technology implementation. The factors which enhance those models are the supports not only from the government but also from the private institusion and the society. There are some factors which slowen down them, the obstacle of having organization (materialistic and cultural obstacles, cultural patriarcy, and cultural inferiority). Morever the obstacles also can be found in the management (such as limited infrastructure machines, slicer, stoves, freezer and included the kitchen utensils and there is no production place), products distribution, and the unreachable price of the raw material for the production and the unpredictable fish whish is caught by the fishermen can be the most dangerous factors. In order to overcome those obstacles, there must be ways to help the fisherwomen in organization, improving their knowledge through training. The training can improve their knowledge in pre- production and post production in order to improve the quality of the products and can be accepted by many customers. Morever, the group of the fisherswomen needs to be given more capital, infrastructure, to run the business.
This research aims to identify the conditions of transport and tourism infrastructure, especially road access, analyze contributing factors, inhibitors, opportunities, and threats in the development of rural tourism related Candirejo tourism infrastructure, as well as the strategy to develop tourism village Candirejo tourism-related infrastructure. The research was conducted using descriptive analytical approach by using SWOT. It focused on the availability of tourism infrastructure, especially transport and access to existing highways as well as supporting infrastructure facilities at the Tourism Village Candirejo. Based on the results of SWOT analysis, the internal and external factors that influence the development of rural tourism Candirejo associated transport infrastructure: Strength (availability of local transport, cooperation cooperative with the travel agent, the road conditions are good), weakness (lack of public transport lines, dependence of domestic tourists on private vehicles, lack of supporting infrastructure such as signs and street lighting. While the opportunities (the development of strategic areas of national tourism, tourist information centers and the promotion of travel packages integrated, threats (competition between tourist villages and natural disasters). Internal and external factors that influence the development of rural tourism Candirejo infrastructure-related access roads: Strength (proximity of the village Candirejo with the main destination, the road condition most are already good, has no roads connecting the hamlets), weakness (no markings roads, lack of street width, the condition of roads connecting the hamlets still a macadam and dirt roads, and inadequate drainage). Meanwhile, Opportunities (support from government programs, national policies related to ADD /village fund budget, a culture of mutual cooperation (gotong royong), foreign tourist interest in environmentally sound infrastructure development ), threats (there is no cooperation between villages in the provision and maintenance as well as the potential occurrence of a natural disaster).
Kemiskinan merupakan masalah kompleks yang perlu ditanggulangi dengan program yang sistematis, terintegrasi dan berkelanjutan, sehingga memerlukan kelembagaan yang mapan. PNPM Mandiri Perdesaan adalah salahsatu program yang mencoba melaksanakan hal tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan melakukan kajian terhadap bentuk kelembagaan pengelola dan pemelihara kegiatan beserta aset-asetnya setelah PNPM Mandiri Perdesaan berakhir. Bentuk penelitian adalah studi kasus yang menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan sampel Kabupaten Demak dan Kabupaten Temanggung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebaiknya lembaga pengelola pasca program adalah lembaga kemasyarakatan seperti yang ditetapkan dalam PP No. 72 Tahun 2005, sehingga lembaga tersebut bekerja berdasarkan aturan hukum yang pasti, dengan tujuan utama pemberdayaan masyarakat dan bebas dari campur tangan/intervensi pemerintah.
Dieng tourism area is a potential tourism area in Central Java, both natural resources and culture, but saves the potential for conflict that is vulnerable. As a potential tourism area, Dieng's uniqueness is not only due to the diversity of tourist attractions in one region, but also is a tourist area which is divided into two administrative regions, namely Banjarnegara Regency and Wonosobo Regency. Good management of the Dieng Tourism Area will be difficult without cooperation between regions. The purpose of this study is to identify the conditions of cooperation between regions in the management of the KSPN Dieng, analyze the inhibiting and driving factors of regional cooperation and formulate strategies to strengthen tourism development policy cooperation in the KSPN Dieng. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative research locations in Wonosobo Regency, Banjarnegara, Batang and Pekalongan. The research results obtained are (1) cooperation between regions in terms of management of the KSPN Dieng which has existed from 1974 to 2012, but the collaboration is carried out partially, namely between 2 (two) districts or cooperation between the provincial government and 1 (one) district in certain tourism sub sectors; (2) factors that hamper inter-regional cooperation including there is no common perception, weak inter-sectoral coordination, lack of cooperation regulations between stakeholders, while driving factors: stakeholder support and funds, as well as the number of joint tourism events; (3) strengthening strategies that need to be carried out, namely the management of tourism destinations that are integrated and synergized by forming special institutions.
The proportion of revenues from the Central Java Locally-generated Revenue (PAD) is still dominated by local taxes, namely 83.36%. While non-tax revenues of 16.64% are derived from other legal PAD (12.81%), other wealth management results (2.94%) and retribution (0.87%). Considering the importance of increasing regional income of Central Java Province from non-tax sources, it is necessary to develop revenues derived from other legitimate income such as utilization of regional assets. from 1%, while the potential is considered to have enough prospects to be improved. Then it is necessary to formulate policy measures to improve the utilization of regional assets. The aim of the study is to identify strategies for empowering regional assets of Central Java Province and identifying alternative investment financing opportunities for empowering regional assets. Research is a qualitative descriptive study with data collection techniques using in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and documentation. The results of the study show that based on the condition of assets of Central Java Province can be grouped into potential assets and less potential assets. Less potential assets require improvements in human resources, budget management, stakeholder support (BPN, business, local government, development finance, etc.); and Deregulation. In empowering the assets of Central Java Province, it is necessary to improve asset management, and the implementation of an asset empowerment strategy by: (a). Involving third parties so as to reduce / eliminate asset maintenance costs and simultaneously increase regional income; (b). Establishing asset management cooperation. In implementing the asset empowerment strategy, it is necessary to use objective instruments. The conclusion requires the ability to entrepreneurial bureaucracy among officials and employees who manage regional assets, so that the management of regional assets can be done creatively and innovatively, and able to adapt to the development of a dynamic environment. To increase local revenue (PAD) from the contribution of regional assets, it is necessary to establish a Team / Task Force for the validation and empowerment of assets.
PNPM Mandiri Perdesaan is Indonesian Governmnets Program to decreasing poverty number in rural area based on comunity institutions. The aim of this research is to decribe the capacity and sustainability of PNPM Mandiri Perdesaan institutions. This research is case study and uses qualitative-descriptive by methode which in implemmantation of PNPM Mandiri Pedesaan in Demak and Temanggung Regencies, at Central Java Provinces. This research concludes that PNPM Mandiri Pedesaan institutions needs to legality of status, increased system and human ability.