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The Prevalence of Human Immunodefiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) Subtypes and Transmission Method among HIV/AIDS Infection Patient in Tulungagung, East Java Indonesia Ardianto, Achmad; Khairunisa, Siti Qamariyah; Kotaki, Tomohiro; Witaningrum, Adiana Mutamsari; Qushay, M.; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Rahayu, Retno Pudji; Widiyanti, Prihartini; Utomo, Budi; Lusida, Maria Inge; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 5 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

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Abstract

The rapid epidemic growth of HIV is continuing in Indonesia. There are some factors which have influenced the spreading of this epidemic in Indonesia, such as the poor awareness to avoid unsafe free sex attitude and the sharing of needles and syringes among intravenous drug users (IDUs). The sexual transmission of HIV has also apparently increased in Tulungagung. Commercial sex workers play a significant role in the spread of HIV in Tulungagung. People in Tulungagung have worked at other countries as Indonesian migrants. This condition can cause the increase number of HIV-1 case and the possibility of genetic variation (subtype) HIV-1 in Tulungagung. This research is aimed to analyze the subtype and to determine estimation of transmission mode on infected patient of HIV-1 and AIDS who came to Seruni clinic Dr. Iskak hospital in Tulungagung. 40 HIV?AIDSpatients were interviewed to determine the subtype and the transmission mode. The results showed that 14 of 40 plasma samples (35%) were successfully to amplified and sequenced. OverallCRF01-AE wereidentified as predominant subtype among HIV/AIDS patients in Tulungagung. Based on individual information, 31 of 40 subjects (77%) were heterosexual transmission.
THE PREVALENCE OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFIENCY VIRUS-1 (HIV-1) SUBTYPES AND TRANSMISSION METHOD AMONG HIV/AIDS INFECTION PATIENT IN TULUNGAGUNG, EAST JAVA INDONESIA Ardianto, Achmad; Khairunisa, Siti Qamariyah; Kotaki, Tomohiro; Witaningrum, Adiana Mutamsari; Qushay, M.; Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Rahayu, Retno Pudji; Widiyanti, Prihartini; Utomo, Budi; Lusida, Maria Inge; Nasronudin, Nasronudin
Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease Vol 5, No 5 (2015)
Publisher : Institute of Topical Disease

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.969 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijtid.v5i5.305

Abstract

The rapid epidemic growth of HIV is continuing in Indonesia. There are some factors which have influenced the spreading of this epidemic in Indonesia, such as the poor awareness to avoid unsafe free sex attitude and the sharing of needles and syringes among intravenous drug users (IDUs). The sexual transmission of HIV has also apparently increased in Tulungagung. Commercial sex workers play a significant role in the spread of HIV in Tulungagung. People in Tulungagung have worked at other countries as Indonesian migrants. This condition can cause the increase number of HIV-1 case and the possibility of genetic variation (subtype) HIV-1 in Tulungagung. This research is aimed to analyze the subtype and to determine estimation of transmission mode on infected patient of HIV-1 and AIDS who came to Seruni clinic Dr. Iskak hospital in Tulungagung. 40 HIV?AIDSpatients were interviewed to determine the subtype and the transmission mode. The results showed that 14 of 40 plasma samples (35%) were successfully to amplified and sequenced. OverallCRF01-AE wereidentified as predominant subtype among HIV/AIDS patients in Tulungagung. Based on individual information, 31 of 40 subjects (77%) were heterosexual transmission.
PENYULUHAN DAN PELATIHAN DENGUE PADA IBU SERTA DETEKSI DINI INFEKSI DENGUE PADA PASIEN DENGAN SUSPEK INFEKSI DENGUE DI TULUNGAGUNG, JAWA TIMUR Juniastuti, Juniastuti; Rossyanti, Lynda; Wahyunitisari, Manik R; Ardianto, Achmad; Setiabudi, Rebekah J; Pusarawati, Suhintam; Setyowati, Dewi; Wulandari, Putri S
Jurnal Layanan Masyarakat (Journal of Public Services) Vol 4, No 1 (2020): JURNAL LAYANAN MASYARAKAT
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jlm.v4i1.2020.230-236

Abstract

Tulungagung Regency in East Java, is a Dengue endemic area, but the movement of 1 house 1 jumantik / larva monitor (Government program for controlling Dengue vectors), which involves every family in the inspection, monitoring and eradication of mosquito larvae, has not yet been implemented. The objectives of this community service activity are 1) increasing maternal knowledge about Dengue, 2) increasing maternal efforts in eradicating Aedes mosquito larvae (Dengue vectors) and 3) improving mother's skills in monitoring mosquito larvae in Karangrejo District; and 4) determine the proportion of early dengue infection at the Karangrejo Health Center. The method used is counseling, training and laboratory examinations (rapid test with the NS1 Dengue kit). This community service obtained the conclusion of counseling can increase the knowledge of dengue in mothers, counseling can increase maternal efforts in eradicating mosquito larvae, training to improve the skills of mothers in monitoring mosquito larvae, there are 10.8% of patients with symptoms of dengue infection who show positive NS1.abstrakKabupaten Tulungagung di Jawa Timur, merupakan daerah endemis Dengue, namun gerakan 1 rumah 1 jumantik/juru pemantau jentik (program Pemerintah untuk pengendalian vektor Dengue) yaitu yang melibatkan setiap keluarga dalam pemeriksaan, pemantauan, dan pemberantasan jentik nyamuk, masih belum banyak diterapkan. Tujuan kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah 1) meningkatkan pengetahuan ibu tentang Dengue, 2) meningkatkan upaya ibu dalam memberantas tempat perindukan jentik nyamuk Aedes (vektor Dengue) dan 3) meningkatkan ketrampilan ibu dalam memantau jentik nyamuk di Kecamatan Karangrejo; serta 4) menentukan proporsi kejadian infeksi Dengue secara dini di Puskesmas Karangrejo. Metode yang digunakan adalah penyuluhan, pelatihan dan pemeriksaan laboratorium (uji cepat dengan kit NS1 Dengue). Pengmas ini memperoleh simpulan penyuluhan dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dengue pada ibu, penyuluhan dapat meningkatkan upaya ibu dalam memberantas tempat perindukan jentik nyamuk, pelatihan meningkatkan ketrampilan ibu dalam memantau jentik nyamuk, ada 10,8% pasien dengan gejala infeksi Dengue yang menunjukkan NS1 positif.