Alif Noor Anna, Alif Noor
Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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ANALISIS KUALITAS AIR TANAH UNTUK KONSUMSI PADA LERENG VOLKAN DAERAH KLATEN JAWA TENGAH Anna, Alif Noor; -, Suharjo; Kaeksi, Retno Woro; -, Rudiyanto
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Groundwater is a natural resource that must be managed and preserved well. Monitoring of groundwater quality essential as vulnerable ground water pollution, so the quality is declining, which in turn can not be used for domestic and non-domestic purposes. The aim of this study is to analyze the quality of groundwater in the volcanic slope of district Klaten, Central Java. The research method that used is survey. The analysis of the results based on the quality standard ofdrinking water in accordance PERMENKES No. 907/Menkes/SK/VII/2002. The data which collected are land form, shallow groundwater data, groundwater pressure, and springs. The results were obtained: (1) the landforms in Klaten are divided into four units, namely slopes and volcanic peaks, volcanic foot, volcanic fluvial plains, and a structural, (2) the quality of shallow groundwater in Klaten is under the standard that is set by PERMENKES No. 907/Menkes/SK/VII/2002 or it can be consumed.Keywords: groundwater quality, land form, volcanic slope, Consumption
PEMBUATAN JALUR EVAKUASI ALTERNATIF BERDASARKAN MODEL SIMULASI BANJIR LUAPAN SUNGAI BENGAWAN SOLO DI KOTA SURAKARTA MENGGUNAKAN SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS (SIG) Priyana, Yuli; -, Priyono; Anna, Alif Noor; Sigit, Agus Anggoro; -, Rudiyanto
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to create a disaster evacuation paths based on the results of flood modeling. The method used in this research is least cost path. The results obtained from this study were (a) the impact of a simulation model to land use is the buildings area 885,36 m2, water area 10.621,97 m2, vacant land with rare vegetation area 68.916,64 m2, vacant land with vegetation area 78.925,16 m2, and settlement area 137.251,78 m2, and (b) evacuation paths produced by the method of least cost path is two lanes in Kampung Sewu and 2 lanes in the village of Jebres. The least cost path choose lane from the first starting point in intersection of three road of Beton and go accros Gotong Royong road to evacuation point in Jami?Mosque. Both of the starting point in the Bengawan Solo river embankment can to the evacuation point Sawunggaling Mosque. Jebres evacuation route in the village there are two lines of evacuation. The first lane evacuation from the starting point in intersection three road of Kentingan to the front Psychiatric Hospital Surakarta, and then to the front office Psychotherapy Center Surakarta North toward straight up in Al-Fath Mosque. Both are alternative evacuation route from the starting point in a four-way intersection in the middle of densely populated settlements can pass the road to the west to get stuck, then straight over the bridge, past the front of the Student Dormitory UNS, then to the evacuation site Al-Fath Mosque.Keywords: simulation model, evacuation route, GIS
ANALISIS MORFOLOGI DAN MORFOSTRUKTUR SERTA PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP BANJIR LUAPAN SUNGAI BENGAWAN SOLO HULU TENGAH -, Suharjo; Anna, Alif Noor; Cholil, Munawar; -, Rudiyanto
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Bengawan Solo river flow changes is estimated to occur about 2 or at least a million years ago. The image interpretation results obtained ancient Bengawan Solo river which has become a valley winding naturally potential to be flood-prone areas. The aim of this study is to asses the condition of morphology and morphostructure of River Bengawan Solo and the impact towards flood overflow. This research use survey method. Data analyzed by quantitative descriptive technique, assisted with GIS analysis. The results of this study are (a) the morphology of the present; positive skewed figures means that the material is the result of fluvial processes and susceptible to flood overflow. The direction of the flow is toward the North, to the North Coast of Java which is lower, (b) morphostructure at the present; Solo River water level leads to the North, but at a certain point, there are seen places which are uphill or places which are higher than before, which are must lower for a uphill or a higher place than before, which are should be lower. This cause the tilt to rise. Silting and erosion occurs at a certain point. Point 11-18 are the point that be the impact of streamlining river, so its flow getting swift. At some point (between 11-18) it seem very close the distance between the water height and the ground level, means that the water height close to the height of the surface, so that leaving it vulnerable to flood overflow. This condition is particularly worrying in case of rain with a large quantity of water that will be up and overflow onto the surface. At point 11, 13, and 16 clear to see that the river is very shallow if it is compared to other points.Keywords: morphology, morphostructure, Flood Overflow, Watersheed
Role of Water Resources in Determining Spatial Planning of Region Anna, Alif Noor
Forum Geografi Vol 12, No 2 (1998)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v12i2.473

Abstract

In planning a spatial order in a territory , it is necessary to take acount of three aspects of natural resources, human resources, and living environment. Based on the reality, so it is necessary  to think of two sides: potential human resources and environment and human resources. One of the resources that is absolutely needed by creatures is water. Concerning the spatial order, the water is greatly needed in a variety of life. As the other resources, the reserve of the water also get limited. Because of its limitation, it is necessary to control the potential water sources in a territory before determining a design of good spatial order. It means that in planning the spatial order must be based on the rule and regulation of preserving its resource.
Study on Runoff Debit in the Catchment Area of Waduk Gajah Mungkur Wonogiri Anna, Alif Noor; Priyana, Yuli
Forum Geografi Vol 6, No 2 (1992): December 1992
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v6i2.395

Abstract

AbstractWater resource is one of natural resources, that is very vital. It needed to be used and to be kept throughly. For those purposes need good and directed plan, in which one of the basic component of it plan have to be supported by available a complete hydrological data and it analysis. One of hydrological data analysis is to estimate runoff of catchement area, which can be used for planning the hydrologi construction. This research aim: 1) to calculate the run off discharge by thornwaite Mather Method, monthly, annualy, and the average on the catchment through a sample of Keduang, Temon, Alang, and Wuryantoro areas; 2) to analyze the difference of the run off discharge (at no. 1) by observation resulted from trend analysis. Based on the calculation, it appears, thornwaite-mather method showed that high discharge (moreover limit 0) in dry month. From the research result, it appears, that calculation discharge graphic had lower differentation than observation discharge graphic. From sample of catchment areas that have been investigated, from the highest to the lowest deviation was Wuryantoro catchment area (78,8%), Temon catchment area (47,38%), Alang catchment area (46,45%), and Keduang catchment area (24,98%) respectively). The condition like above caused by intervation of man. Not only did he influence vegetatively, but he influenced technically as well. From these conservation, technical conservation (flood and construction and reservoir) was the highest influence to run off discharge calculation. The run off discharge that was calculated by thornthwite-Mather Method based on air temperate, rainy, altitude, and water holding capacity only, but groundwater supply didn’t be calculated.
The Technical Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System to Predict the Peak Discharge Which Uses the Characteristic of Physical Environment of Catchments Area In Elo Sub Catchments Area in Central java Santoso, Sugiharto Budi; Anna, Alif Noor; Lestari, Dyah Pratiwi Cahyo
Forum Geografi Vol 16, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

This research is carried out in Elo sub catchments area that contains of the regency and the municipality of Magelang and Temanggung. The goals of this study are: (1) to predict the peak discharge by using the characteristic variable of catchments physical environment by means of the aerial photo interpretation,  to examine the technical accuracy of remote sensing to detect coeficient run off which used to predict the peak discharge. The research uses the aerial photo of black and white panchromatic on the scale 1:50. 000 in I994. It issupported by secondary data and field survey.The research method is the integration between the technical remote sensing and the Geographical Information System (SIG). Field survey is used to check the result of aerial photo interpretation and to collect the data that cannot he obtained from the image. The sample uses the purposive stratified sampling.The results of the research show that: (1) the aerial photo of black and white panchromatic on the scale 1:50. 000 is obtained to interpret the slope area and it is not good to interpret the accuracy of the covered arm is about 87% and 77,4 %, (2) the current coeflicient which is accounted hased on the table of Cook method is about 40,36% - deviates 39,94% from the field data; (3) the peak discharge in Elo sub catchments area with rational formula is about 3022,03 m/second, while the peak discharge as the observation result is about 112,675 m/second. Its large of research area causs the time to peak takes a long time, which causes raining intensity increases. The increasing value of raining intensity and the flow coeficient makes the value of peak discharge increases that larger than measured peak discharge.
The Role of Aeolin in The Formation of Earth Surface Configuration and The Influencing Factor Anna, Alif Noor
Forum Geografi Vol 11, No 2 (1997)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

Configuration of the earth surface is molded by the interaction of endogenous and exogenous forces. The outcome of the interaction usually has the shape of special charracter. Configuration charracter is then applied to grouping of more simple form called landform. It so happens that one of the landform function is to make geomorphology research more easier. Que of the earth surface configuration is molded by wind force the result of this activity is called the landform which is originally molded by wind process. There are two folds function of wind process i.l: erosion (= coracoid process and deposifronal force). Coracoid process usually takes place on vertical as well as horizontal plane. Coracoid on vertical plane will have the shape of yardang, while on horizontal plane has the shape of pillars, needless, and zenguen. It so happens that depositional wind will shape ripples, sanddunes, and loess.
Role of Water Resources in Determining Spatial Planning of Region Anna, Alif Noor
Forum Geografi Vol 12, No 2 (1998)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

In planning a spatial order in a territory , it is necessary to take acount of three aspects of natural resources, human resources, and living environment. Based on the reality, so it is necessary  to think of two sides: potential human resources and environment and human resources. One of the resources that is absolutely needed by creatures is water. Concerning the spatial order, the water is greatly needed in a variety of life. As the other resources, the reserve of the water also get limited. Because of its limitation, it is necessary to control the potential water sources in a territory before determining a design of good spatial order. It means that in planning the spatial order must be based on the rule and regulation of preserving its resource.
The Influence of Social-Economic Condition of People to Landuse Change and the Influence of Landuse Change to Runoff at Bodri Watershed, Kendal Laviati, Riani; Anna, Alif Noor; Suharjo, Suharjo
Forum Geografi Vol 17, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

This study is carried out in chacthment area of Bodri. The goals of this study are to kno the influence of economic social condition of population on the change of the kind of landuse and the influence of the change of the kind of landuse on the run-off area. This study uses survey method. The collected data are the economic social data of the population and the physical condition data in the research area. The result of the study shows that the economic social condition of the population in chatchment area of Bodri influences on the decrease of landuse. The decrease in landuse is 22.27% which used settlement, dry land cultivation (3.14%), yard (1.07%), plantation (0.44%), wet land cultivation (2.28%), embankment (0.25%), street and others (6.73%). The decrease in landuse causes peak discharge of Hydrograph in 1997, 1999, 2000, and 2001 increases respectively 87.32 m/second, 101.26 m/second, 58.37 m/second, 89.82 m/second, with each volume of direct flow 7.123.392 m, 6.011.604 m, 11.784.672 m, and 9.459.954 m. The run-off coefficient in 1992, 1997, 1999, 2000, and 2001 increase 7.7%, 13%, 19.8%, 23.2%, and 27.03%, with coefficient of annual flow 46.98%, 72%, 55.21%, 61,79%, and 75.55%. The increasing of the run-off coeficient and annual flow describes that the ratio both the discharge of maximum and minimum monthly flow becomes bigger. It means that in rainy season it will be flood immediately and in dry season it will be drought easily.
Bricks and Roof Crafting: Spatial Changes on Land and the Solution Anna, Alif Noor
Forum Geografi Vol 10, No 2 (1996)
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Abstract

As a natural resource land has a strategic position in various development progress mainly as an infrastructure and means of settlement. At present it seems that land demand is getting increase adjusts to population growth and development rate. In connection to this question land problem has a close linkage in clay mining to obtain raw material of brick and tile. Clay as a manufactured raw material is usually extracted out from soil of agricultural field. Apparently, the clay mining has much changed physical and non physical condition, among others; lowering of land surface, reduction of soil fertility, micro relief changes, area constraction of groundwater charge supply, and there will be a decrease of flora and fauna variation at the operation area of the clay mining.