Retno Woro Kaeksi, Retno Woro
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ANALISIS KUALITAS AIR TANAH UNTUK KONSUMSI PADA LERENG VOLKAN DAERAH KLATEN JAWA TENGAH Anna, Alif Noor; -, Suharjo; Kaeksi, Retno Woro; -, Rudiyanto
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2015: Prosiding Bidang MIPA dan Kesehatan The 2nd University Research Colloquium
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Groundwater is a natural resource that must be managed and preserved well. Monitoring of groundwater quality essential as vulnerable ground water pollution, so the quality is declining, which in turn can not be used for domestic and non-domestic purposes. The aim of this study is to analyze the quality of groundwater in the volcanic slope of district Klaten, Central Java. The research method that used is survey. The analysis of the results based on the quality standard ofdrinking water in accordance PERMENKES No. 907/Menkes/SK/VII/2002. The data which collected are land form, shallow groundwater data, groundwater pressure, and springs. The results were obtained: (1) the landforms in Klaten are divided into four units, namely slopes and volcanic peaks, volcanic foot, volcanic fluvial plains, and a structural, (2) the quality of shallow groundwater in Klaten is under the standard that is set by PERMENKES No. 907/Menkes/SK/VII/2002 or it can be consumed.Keywords: groundwater quality, land form, volcanic slope, Consumption
Impact of Economic Crisis to Family Planning Realination on Poor Household in Banjarsari District, Surakarta Astuti, Wahyuni Apri; Priyono, P; Kaeksi, Retno Woro; Musiyam, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 15, No 1 (2001): July 2001
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v15i1.4659

Abstract

This study is carried out in Nusukan, Banjarsari, Surakarta. The problems that are related to economic crisis in Indonesia are the supply of contraception, the weakening of people purchasing power so they influence the realization of family planning program. The goals of the study are: to know the supply of contraception for poor household, to study the influence of the effect of economic crisis for the participant of family planning, to study the change of birth control and its effective strategy and to know the quality of family planning service. The data are collected using observation, and questionnaire. The study takes the area in which it has more productive couple, the percentage of poor families and the prosperous families I that belong to productive couple whose age 20 to 49 years old, at least they have two children, and participant of family planning or ever followed it. The result of the study shows that 82% respondents can get contraception easily before and at economic crisis. It is one of the important factors, for which the participant of family planning is still high. Although the economic crisis influences the price of contraception and family Income, it does not affect the participant of family planning. 87% respondents participate actively the family planning. This shows that the people have realized the importance of family planning program. There is an impact of economic crisis for the change of the ways of birth control. 38% respondents have changed over their strategy from modern to traditional contraception and the contrary, and from modern contraception to the other one. Some of them are abstention. The level of the people adaptation is high enough. They use various ways to prevent of being pregnant. 92% respondents do not want to be pregnant. If it happens an unwanted pregnancy, 15% of the respondents will abort their pregnancy. This is the challenge for the officers and the government to supply safe and accurate contraception and to give clear explanation about the effect of abortion from healthy and religious aspect. The service of family planning by the government and private institution is good enough (81%). Respondents can get contraception (especially tablet) easily; cheap and free of charge, but the other ones such as spiral is more difficult because it is more expensive and limited.
Evaluasi Kemampuan Lahan Kecamatan Kedawung Kabupaten Sragen Jawa Tengah Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi; Anna, Alif Noor; Kaeksi, Retno Woro
Forum Geografi Vol 6, No 1 (1992): July 1992
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v6i1.4687

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengklasifikasi dan mengevaluasi kelas kemampuan lahan, serta memetakan kelas kemampuan lahan Kecamatan Kedawung, Kabupaten Sragen, Jawa Tengah. Hasil akhir disajikan dalam Peta Kelas Kemampuan Laban skala 1:50.000. Klasifikasi kelas kemampuan lahan didasarkan pada jumlah skor factor-faktor lahan yang menguntungkan dan yang merugikan dari metoda Soepraptohardjo (1962 dengan modifikasi). Faktor-faktor lajan tersebut dinilai pada setiap satuan bentuk lahan. Satuan bentuk lahan diperoleh melalut interpretasi peta topografi, peta geologi dan pengama!an lapangan. Dari basil klasifikasi didapatkan bahwa daerah penelitian seluas 2375 hektar (49.1%) mempunyai kelas kemampuan lahan kelas I 2,400 hektar (49.6%) dengan kelas kemampuan lahan kelas II, dan 62.5 hektar (1.3%) mempunyai kelas kemampuan lahan kelas IV. Kemampuan laban Kelas I menyebar pada bentuk lahan Lembah Fluvial terkikis ringan dan Lereng Kaki Volkan terkikis Ringan, kelas II pada satuan bentuk lahan Lembab Fluvial terkikis sedang dan Lereng Bawah Volkan terkikis ringan, sedangkan Kelas IV terletak pada satuan bentuk lahan Lembab Fluvial terkikis berat. Adapun faktor penghambat pada kemampuan laban kelas II adalah erosi dan lereng, sedangkan pada Kelas IV adalah erosi, lereng, tanah dan batuan. Berdasarkan Faktor penghambat maka lahan ini termasuk dalam Sub-kelas II el dan Sub-kelas IV elsb.
Negotiating Ability of Using Condom to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV/AIDS of Commercial Sex Worker Woman in Region Surakarta Widodo, Arif; Kaeksi, Retno Woro
Forum Geografi Vol 19, No 2 (2005): December 2005
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v19i2.4847

Abstract

The data from Board of Health in Surakarta City, on 8 September 2005, from 155 commercial sex worker woman had blood examined, there were 7 persons positive in HIV. One of factor affecting the high infection HIV/AIDS in women commercial sex worker was low use of condom. Aims of this research was to know factor-factor associated with didn’t use of condom and social aspect negotiations about using condom (education, economics status, working experience, devilling place, occupation, ethnic, religious, and income). This research is qualitative research using guided group discussion technique, in-depth interview, and participatory observation. Subject for this research were 30 persons, consist of 25 commercial sex worker, 3 guest, 1 room owner, and 1 parent. Independent variables in this research are social economics characteristic, demography and community characteristics. Dependent variables as PPSK capability in condom using negotiating to prevent sexually transmitted disease and HIV/AIDS. Commonly, despite knowing that everyone, including themselves, is vulnerable to AIDS infection, the respondents ignore asking the guest/partners for condom use. Most of them don’t ask for condom use due to their fear of either being the target of the guest anger and bad words, or losing money from them. Women commercial sex worker Silir in using condom and prevent sexual transmitted disease had free education from Board of Health in Surakarta City. In the street prostitutes are low support from peer, room owner, hotel owner, or guest about using condom for women commercial sex worker in illegal place, caused women commercial sex worker in the street more potential and high risk to spread sexual transmitted diseases than they were operated in Silir. The low capability of the street prostitutes for negotiating condom use with the guest customers results from: misperception on "safe-sex" behavior for seeking "help", economic and psychology pressure, free and uncontrolled companion relationship unavailability of condom in the room. This research result serve as an assessment study of the need which will be developed into a comprehensive promotion strategy.
The Strategy Of The Homeless Survival In Surakarta Kaeksi, Retno Woro; Umrotun, Umrotun; Susanto, Susanto; Handayani, Triana Nur; Nugroho, Satriyo
Forum Geografi Vol 16, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

The research is carried out in Surakarta. The goal of the study is to know: the characteristic of the homeless, the factors that cause them to he the homeless and the strategis of the homeless to survive in Surakarta. The research uses survey method, while its area is chosen purposively. The research also uses primary and secondary data. The primary data is obtained by interviewing the respondents with questionnaire, while secondary data is based on the information got from the relevant institution.The resjoondents are taken 10 % randomly from all the population. The results of the rsearch show that the homeless are 11-8 years old (96.66%), most of them are boys (91.11%). The majority of the respondents did graduate from the Lower Secondary School (55.56%); most of them come from outside of Surakarta (62%). Their primary activity is as singing beggars (62,22 %) and their daily income is about RP 10. 000 RP 14. 000 (60.00%). Their parents are uneducated people. They are only graduated from Elementary School (7S.56%).The factors that cause them to he homeless are the economic factor 77.78%, lack of family attention (13.33%) and the willingness to he independent (80.89%). Based on the  result this research, we know that the poverty has made the children become homeless. The strategis to survive are: they are thrif (40%), add their time to work (13.13%), move to other place (11.11%) and save their money (15.56%).
Consumption of Water for Household Needs and the Affecting Factors at Banyudono Boyolali Anna, Alif Noor; Kaeksi, Retno Woro; Priyana, Yuli
Forum Geografi Vol 14, No 1 (2000)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

The consumption of drinking water for a community is different from one area to the other. This is normally influenced by the population development, socio-economic, cultural, and physical conditions mainly related to the supply of drinking water and how to exploit it. Banyudono district is an area located in the regency of Boyolali. The development of this area depends on Boyolali City and Kartasura district. Such a location enables the area to have a process of the physical and socio-economi developments. In addition, it has an influence upon social behaviour to consume water. This research is aimed at knowing the average consumption of household need and analyzing the factors influencing the utilization of water as drinking water. The result of this research indicated that 1) the average consumption of a human being for drinking water was 79,37 litter a day. It means that the onsumption of a human being for drinking ater generally ranged from 60 to 80 litter a day; 2) most of the ater was consumed to meet basic needs such as cooking, drinking, bathing, and washing; 3) the difference of the average consumption was influenced by the kind of water source and how to exploit it; 4) a parameter of the most significant socio-economic condition that took effect on the average consumption for drinking water was the parameter of income with correlation of 0.362 and the significant level of 0.01.
Impact of the Presence of Bunker of Liquid Organic Fertilizer (POC) on Groundwater for Drinking in Sambungmacan Sragen Anna, Alif Noor; Suharjo, Suharjo; Kaeksi, Retno Woro
Forum Geografi Vol 17, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Abstract

The study of impact of the banker of liquid organic fertilizer (POC) on groundwater is carried out in Sambungmacan Sragen. The banker is made of concrete cement and it is located in the settlement area. This bunker causes obstruction for population, such as the smell bad, many died cassava, plants, and well pollution. The source of these obstruction is the leakage that permeates on groundwater used for drinking water. The aims of this study are know 1) the apportion of the groundwater pollution; 2) the level of groundwater pollution of drinking water. The result of the study shows that POC has permeated two population’s wells that are located in radius eight meters. The water of wells is muddy and smells bad. Finally the well in north side of the banker is not used anymore, while the well in the west side of the banker, its water is still fresh after it has been drained twice. After the banker of liquid organic fertilizer (POC) is not be used anymore and the well which is polluted by POC has been drained, cause of that, the quality of groundwater in the research area generally still fullfills the requirement of drinking water, except the well in north side of the banker because it is polluted (the smell and color). So that, classification groundwater pollution in research area is still in very low level.
Impact of Using Pendowo Liquid Organic Fertilizer Toward Land Potential at Jenar, Sragen, Central Java Kaeksi, Retno Woro
Forum Geografi Vol 16, No 2 (2002)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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The objectives of this research are to know the content of chemical elements found in waste of fluid organic in Jenar Banker in sub district of Jenar, Sragen and to know the influence of fluid organic fertilizer on the potency of area in Jenar. The collected data in this research are 1) topography, 2) geology, 3) geomorphology process, 4) area used, 5) horizon of the soil, 6) soil texture, 7) soil structure, 8) pH of the soil, 9) Nitrogen, 10) Phosphate, 11) Calium, 12) Calcium, 13) Magnesium, 14) the characteristic of physics and chemical elements in waste of Pendowo fluid organic fertilizer, and 15) the data dealing with interviewing to the civilization. For getting the area taken as the sample, this research uses stratified random sampling. While the analysis used in this study is descriptive method. The result of this research shows that 1) the main stone as the material for forming the land consists of sandstone, tuff of sand, limestone and clay (eaten for medicinal puposes); the relief is wave until making the hill, the plant consists of jati (teak), sonokeling, and the seasonal plants that exist in tegalan (dry field near the rie field but used for vegetables and other secondary crops), farm, and tebu (sugar cane) land. The land that has not influenced by the amine fertilizer, the characteristi of pH soil is base (more than 7,5). The structure of crumbs up to clump soil and texture of clay which have sand are relevant with jati (teak) and sonokeling growth. 2) the chemical elements of fluid organi fertilizer in Banker are not relevant with the chemical elements which are proposed by Paluraya Company. The element of nitrogen proposed is 4% while the result of the research shows 3,93%; 3,6%; 2,26%; 0,887%; 0,09%; 0,137%; 0,171%; 0,156%; 0,187%; 0,167%; 0,175%; and 0,108%. The pH of the fertilizer proposed is 5,5 – 6,5 while the finding of the research shows there are pH 4,65; pH 3,6; pH 4,5; and pH 5,41. The element of phosphate proposed is 0,3% while the result of the research shows that is less of 0,3%, they are 0,22%; 0,1%; 0,001%; 0,0053%; 0,0095%; 0,0077%; 0,0053%; 0,0047%; 0,0052%; 0,0055%; and 0,0072%. The element of calcium proposed is 1,2% but the finding of the analysis from 9 sample of calcium elements are less of 0,2%. 3) The potency of the land lower from time to time and it will become serious problems because there is a series changes of soil structure to be clay strong, the forming of complex cropping board of salt, pedal lay and pH soil become sour. By becoming sour, so the growth of the pants and the development of the plants in the area of the research will be destroyed more over, they will not grow anymore.
The Roles of Geographical Study in Spatial Arragement and Regional Development (A Case Study in Sukoharjo District) Priyono, Kuswaji Dwi; Kaeksi, Retno Woro
Forum Geografi Vol 10, No 2 (1996)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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The following issue explains the role of geography study in spatial lay-out and regional development, taking the regional development of Sukoharjo regency as the case study. The role of geography study in spatial lay-out and regional development lies mainly in the effort to achieve geo information system, i.e. information of regional landscape with its all characteristics, regional problem, regional development potential and the definitive factor of regional development. Making use of geography analysis, Sukoharjo as a brief out line has three geomorphology units with its different physic potential and soial economy, and up  to the present it has a tendency of different land  function. The three units of geomorphology mention above are: alluvial plain, fluvio-volcanic foot plain of Lawu, and shouthern hill slope of Baturagung. And then, to  support the area development of JOGLOSEMAR the future development strategies of Sukoharjo regency is distinguished into three zones, i.e.: industry and comercial zone, urban residential and institution zone, open sphere land and recreation zone.
Development and Environmental Resources Conservation Kaeksi, Retno Woro
Forum Geografi Vol 10, No 2 (1996)
Publisher : Forum Geografi

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Development is a certain coveted by all people in which included the natural resource development of living members, because a large part of human necessity is supplied by the natural resource. Thus, the more population the more necessities of the natural resource consumed. Natural resource availability is limited while the development is in progress. In such condition the resource is getting decrease and finally destroyed, unless we develop its and make a provision in replacement. Acording to what  is said by, it is needed a human knowledge about environmental concept of living members in order that in the desired development realization an environmental conservation will be protected permanently.