Dominicus Savio Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio
Sekolah Bisnis Institut Pertanian Bogor

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DAMPAK TRANSFER FISKAL DAN BELANJA MODAL PEMERINTAH DAERAH TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN SEKTORAL, KETIMPANGAN DAN KEMISKINAN DI INDONESIA Qomariyah, Nor; Suharno, Suharno; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 5 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1031.102 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.5.2.45-67

Abstract

National economic development goal is to improve the welfare of society and to create equitable distribution of income (Todaro and Smith, 2006). In other words, the success of economic development is indicated by the reduction of poverty and income inequality. Poverty is fundamental problem in the economic development of Indonesia and other developing countries in general. The main objectives of this study are to evaluate impacts of Infrastructural budgetary allocation on GDRP sectoral, inequality, and poverty in Indonesian provinces both in the areas where the contribution of the agricultural sector to GDRP is either high or low, in the era of fiscal decentralization. The dynamic simultaneous equation models were used in this study. It used pooled data of 2009-2013 and cross section data of 19 provinces where classified into two groups, based on the contribution of agriculture sector to the respective regional economy. The methode for parameter estimation used in this study was 2SLS. The result of the study showed that the budgetary allocation for infrastructure and agriculture increase the employment and the GRDP sectoral, decrease income inequality, and then reduce poverty both in the areas where the contribution of the agricultural sector to GRDP is either high or low. This study recomended that the central government should improve the injection of funds directly to the regions through a special allocation fund for infrastructure and agriculture as an effective impact on reducing poverty. Keywords: Economic growth, Inequalty, Infrastructure, Poverty, Specific allocation fund
FASILITASI PERDAGANGAN, KINERJA EKSPOR, DAN KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI NEGARA-NEGARA RCEP Imadidin, Raiyatu; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 6 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (972.088 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.6.2.32-46

Abstract

The growth of global economic integration has added pressure for countries to reduce trade cost to make trades more profitable and to encourage their further development. As tariffs have progressively fallen, efforts in trimming trade costs have focused increasingly on non tariff measures, which have a detrimental impact on the free flow of international trade, as such trade facilitation is considered an important complement to trade liberalization efforts aimed at fostering economic integration. Trade is expected to increase overall national income. The increase in national income can be used to improve welfare by increasing household income which translates into inequality alleviation. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a form of cooperation between 16 countries in the Association of Southeast Asian Nation and other major trading partner countries. This study uses a simultaneous panel method to identify the trade facilitation, export performance, and income inequality by using 12 countries in the RCEP region during 2011-2015 period. The results show that the advantages of trade facilitation in RCEP associated with export performance to decrease inequality in RCEP region and RCEP developing countries, but increase increase in RCEP developed countries. Keywords: Export performance, Inequality, RCEP, Trade facilitation
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KORUPSI DI KAWASAN ASIA PASIFIK Hariyani, Happy Febrina; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 5 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1044.756 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.5.2.32-44

Abstract

The phenomenon of corruption is a big problem faced by countries with rapid economic development. The problem is not only faced by developing countries, but also in some developed countries. The factors that cause corruption classified into three broad categories--economic, political and socio-cultural. The high level of corruption in a country can also cause high cost economy that could hamper economic growth through the obstacles that occur in the investment. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that affect the level of corruption and to analyze the impact of corruption on economic growth in the Asia Pacific region. The results show that public budget, political stability, and urban population affect the level of corruption. Low institutional quality, indicated by the failure of the government (corruption), has a bad influence on economic growth performance.
TRANSFORMASI STRUKTURAL: FAKTOR-FAKTOR DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP DISPARITAS PENDAPATAN DI MADURA Romli, Mohammad Saedy; Hutagaol, Manuntun Parulian; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 5 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (769.769 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.5.1.25-44

Abstract

Structural transformation is responsible for income disparity as transformation of economical structure is not supported by structural transformation of labor. This unbalanced transformation divides labour into two groups, unskilled and skilled labour. Increased income disparity is a consequence of different opportunity and intensive. This study investigated factors that account for structural transformation and its impact on disparity of income distribution in Madura using regression model of panel data. The results showed that population and income per capita significantly influenced structural transformation in Madura. Both factors significantly changed added value in agriculture and industry sector, meanwhile population was a single factor that significantly influenced service sector. Agriculture was a share sector that was effective in lowering income disparity. However, share sector of industry and service was observed to increase income disparity.
ANALISIS PERTUMBUHAN TEKNOLOGI, PRODUK DOMESTIK BRUTO, DAN EKSPOR SEKTOR INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA Awalia, Nandha Rizki; Mulatsih, Sri; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 2 No. 2 (2013): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1253.558 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.2.2.135-155

Abstract

Creative industries are seen to be important for the economic well-being, proponents suggesting that human creativity is the ultimate economic resource. This research seeks to explore the technology progress measured by total factor productivity (TFP) growth of creative industry in Indonesia, analyze how external factors influence GDP of creative industry (education, TFP growth, the number of companies, the number of labors, and government policy), and analyze the causality between GDP and export of creative industry using Granger Causality Test. This research uses panel data, representing pooled of time series data (year 2006-2013) and cross section data (14 subsectors of creative industry). The results shows that (1) TFP growth of 4 creative industry subsectors are negative: architecture, interactive games, computer programs, and research and development; (2) factors influencing the GDP of creative industry positively: education, TFP growth, the number of labors, and government policy; (3) there is two-way-causality between GDP and export of creative industry. Keywords: creative industry, TFP, panel data, Granger causality.
PENGARUH VOLATILITAS NILAI TUKAR TERHADAP KINERJA EKSPOR UTAMA PERTANIAN INDONESIA Satriana, Eka Dewi; Harianto; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio
Buletin Ilmiah Litbang Perdagangan Vol 13 No 2 (2019):
Publisher : Trade Analysis and Development Agency, Ministry of Trade of Republic of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30908/bilp.v13i2.424

Abstract

Abstrak Nilai tukar merupakan salah satu aspek yang memengaruhi daya saing ekspor. Pada tahun 2013 hingga tahun 2015, volatilitas nilai tukar mengalami kenaikan, khususnya pada triwulan akhir tahun 2015 yaitu sebesar 16,90%. Kondisi ekspor utama pertanian Indonesia pada tahun tersebut rata-rata mengalami penurunan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh volatilitas nilai tukar terhadap kinerja ekspor utama pertanian Indonesia ke negara mitra dagang utama dengan menggunakan gravity model. Ekspor utama pertanian yang dianalisis yaitu karet alam, kopi, udang, dan Crude Palm Oil (CPO). Model ARCH-GARCH digunakan untuk mengukur volatilitas nilai tukar. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa volatilitas nilai tukar berpengaruh negatif terhadap ekspor karet alam, kopi, dan udang Indonesia. Artinya, semakin fluktuatif nilai tukar rupiah maka akan menurunkan ekspor karet alam, kopi, dan udang Indonesia ke negara mitra dagang utama. Pengaruh negatif tersebut juga menunjukkan adanya penghindaran risiko yang dilakukan oleh pelaku usaha. Beberapa rekomendasi hasil kajian yang dapat dilakukan Pemerintah Indonesia adalah menjaga stabilitas nilai tukar, kemudahan akses ke lembaga keuangan, penerapan lindung nilai (hedging), kontrak jangka panjang (longterm contracts), dan menjaga pertumbuhan produksi komoditas. Kata Kunci: Volatilitas Nilai Tukar, Ekspor Utama Pertanian, Model ARCH-GARCH   Abstract The exchange rate is one aspect that affects export competitiveness. From 2013 to 2015, exchange rate volatility increased, especially in the final quarter of 2015, which was 16.90%. Indonesia's main agricultural export conditions in the year on average experienced a decline. This paper analyzes the effect of exchange rate volatility on the performance of Indonesia's main agricultural exports to major trading partner countries using the gravity model. The main agricultural exports analyzed were natural rubber, coffee, shrimp, and Crude Palm Oil (CPO). The ARCH-GARCH model is used to measure exchange rate volatility. The analysis shows that exchange rate volatility harms on Indonesia's exports of natural rubber, coffee, and shrimp. This means, the more the rupiah exchange rate fluctuates will reduce Indonesia's natural rubber, coffee and shrimp exports to the main trading partner countries. The negative influence also indicates the existence of risk aversion by business actors. Some recommendations for the Government of Indonesia based on the study findings are maintaining exchange rate stability, easy access to financial institutions, implementing hedging, long-term contracts, and maintaining commodity production growth. Keywords: Exchange Rate Volatility, Main Agricultural Exports, ARCH-GARCH Model JEL Classification: F14, F31, F41, Q17
Dampak Spillover Pusat-Pusat Pertumbuhan di Kalimantan Pasaribu, Ernawati; Priyarsono, Dominicus Savio; Siregar, Hermanto; Rustiadi, Ernan
Jurnal Ekonomi & Kebijakan Publik Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian, Badan Keahlian DPR RI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22212/jekp.v5i2.90

Abstract

Dampak spillover terhadap kinerja pusat-pusat pertumbuhan di Indonesia yang diamati selama ini belum pernah sampai kepada pengujian secara statistik. Padahal, pembuktian ada tidaknya dampak spillover secara empiris sangat diperlukan mengingat penerapan teori pusat pertumbuhan yang telah dilakukan baik oleh negara-negara maju maupun negara-negara berkembang masih menimbulkan pro dan kontra. Pengujian dampak spillover pusat-pusat pertumbuhan di Kalimantan secara khusus dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah peranannya sebagai lumbung energi nasional seperti yang tertuang dalam Program MP3EI tidak akan menimbulkan backwash effect bagi daerah sekitarnya. Pendeteksian awal akan adanya hubungan ketergantungan spasial (spatial lag dependent) antara pusat-pusat pertumbuhan di Kalimantan dan daerah sekitarnya diuji menggunakan Lagrange Multiplier Spatial Lag Dependent. Hasilnya ternyata membuktikan bahwa pertumbuhan output, pertumbuhan tenaga kerja, dan pertumbuhan investasi yang terjadi pada pusat-pusat pertumbuhan di Kalimantan secara signifikan memberikan dampak spillover negatif (backwash effect) terhadap wilayah sekitarnya. Pusat-pusat pertumbuhan secara signifikan berdampak spillover positif (spread effect) terhadap wilayah sekitarnya apabila pertumbuhan output, pertumbuhan tenaga kerja, dan pertumbuhan investasi pada pusat-pusat pertumbuhan disertai dengan aliran ekonomi ke wilayah sekitarnya. Dengan demikian, pengembangan wilayah pusat-pusat pertumbuhan di Kalimantan di masa mendatang harus diarahkan pada upaya peningkatan transaksi perdagangan antarwilayah agar dampak spillover positif dapat terjadi seperti yang diharapkan dan pertumbuhan yang diikuti pemerataan antarwilayah di Kalimantan niscaya akan terwujud.